145 CHANGES IN OXYGEN COMSUMPTION RATES OF EMBRYOS IN KOREAN CATTLEC. Y. Choe A , S. R. Cho A , J. K. Son A , S. H. Choi A , C. Y. Cho A , J. B. Kim A , S. J. Kim A , D. Kang B and D. S. Son A
A National Institute of Animal Science, Namwon, Jeonbuk, Korea;
B Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Gyeongnam, Korea
Reproduction, Fertility and Development 22(1) 231-231 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RDv22n1Ab145
Published: 8 December 2009
Oxygen consumption has been regarded as a useful indicator for assessment of mammalian embryo quality. This study was carried out to identify whether oxygen consumption rates measured in bovine embryos using SECM can be used as a standard criteria to evaluate bovine embryo quality. Oxygen consumption of bovine embryos at various developmental stages was measured and analyzed using SECM and ANOVA analysis, respectively. We found that the oxygen consumption significantly increased in blastocyst-stage embryos compared to other stage embryos (from 2-cell stage to morula stage), indicating that oxygen consumption reflects the cell number (5.2-7.6 × 1014 mol-1 s-1 v. 1.2-2.4 × 1014 mol-1 s-1, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between 2-cell-stage embryos and 8-cell-stage embryos. In the morula-stage embryos, the oxygen consumption of in vivo derived embryos was significantly higher than that of in vitro produced embryos (4.0 × 1014 mol-1 s-1 v. 2.4 × 1014 mol-1 s-1, P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in consumption of oxygen by in vivo and in vitro derived bovine blastocyst-stage embryos (P > 0.05). Good-quality embryos with grade 1 or 2 showed significantly higher oxygen consumption than grade 3 or 4 embryos. These results showed that SECM could measure oxygen consumption in bovine embryos and the oxygen consumption could reflect embryonic development stage and embryo quality.