185 NONSURGICAL EMBRYO TRANSFER FOR PRODUCTION OF PIGS BY IN VITRO FERTILIZATION AND SOMATIC CELL NUCLEAR TRANSFERJ.-G. Yoo A , M.-R. Park A , H.-N. Kim A , Y.-G. Ko A , J.-Y. Lee A , N.-W. Hyung A , B.-S. Yang A , S.-B. Park A and J.-S. Woo A
Animal Biotechnology Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration, Suwon, Republic of Korea
Reproduction, Fertility and Development 22(1) 251-251 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RDv22n1Ab185
Published: 8 December 2009
Instead of surgical embryo transfer (ET) in the pig, nonsurgical ET is a hopeful method to increase the efficiency of biotechnology applications such as cloning and transgenesis. In this study, we conducted surgical and nonsurgical ET methods after somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) with MHC miniature pig cells to find out the best condition for production of cloned miniature pigs. Ovaries were obtained from prepubertal crossbred gilts at a local slaughterhouse. Oocytes were matured for 40 to 44 h at 38.5°C under 5% CO2 in air. As donor cells, fibroblast cells were cultured from ear skin tissue of 8-month-old MHC inbred miniature pigs. Fibroblast cells were cultured, passaged (3 to 8 passages), and used as donor cells for NT. After the enucleation and injection process, eggs were held in TCM-199. For fusion, 2 DC pulses of 1.2 kV cm-1 were applied for 30 μs. Both IVF and SCNT embryos were cultured in PZM-3 medium. After IVF, 84.9% (411/484) of embryos cleaved and 27.3% (132/484) of embryos reached the blastocyst stage. In the SCNT group, 80.8% (231/286) of eggs fused and 25.9% (60/286) of embryos developed to blastocysts. For surgical ET, approximately 200 SCNT embryos were transferred into oviducts of each synchronized recipient. For nonsurgical ET, embryos were cultured in PZM-3 for 6 days after SCNT and IVF, and then good quality blastocyst stage embryos were selected for ET. The pregnancy status of recipients at Day 30 was determined by ultrasound scanning. Using Day 30 of gestation as an endpoint, the nonsurgical ET method (47.3%, 9/19) had a similar pregnancy rate as the surgical ET method (56.5%, 13/23). Further study is needed to optimize the nonsurgical ET method especially for SCNT eggs.
This work received grant support from the Agenda Program (no. 200901FHT010305535), Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea.