278 EFFECT OF FOLLICULAR WAVE SYNCHRONIZATION AND SUPERSTIMULATION ON THE NORMALITY OF BOVINE EMBRYOS PRODUCED IN VITROK. Imai A , T. Somfai A , M. Ohtake A , Y. Inaba A , Y. Aikawa A , S. Sugimura A , H. Yoshioka A , S. Kobayashi A and K. Konishi A
A National Livestock Breeding Center, Nishigo, Fukushima 961-8511, Japan;
B National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0901, Japan
Reproduction, Fertility and Development 22(1) 296-296 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RDv22n1Ab278
Published: 8 December 2009
We previously reported that follicular wave synchronization by dominant follicle removal on Day 5 and the start of a superstimulatory treatment on Day 7 after ovum pick-up (OPU) was effective to increase oocyte quality (Imai et al. 2008 Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 20, 182). The present study was designed to examine the effect of superstimulatory treatment-induced follicular wave synchronization on quality of embryos obtained by OPU and in vitro production. Japanese Black cows were reared under the same feeding and environmental conditions and 2 OPU sessions were conducted in each cow. The first OPU session was performed in 7 cows at arbitrary days of estrous cycle using a 7.5-MHz linear transducer with needle connected to an ultrasound scanner. Then, follicles larger than 8 mm in diameter were aspirated and CIDR was inserted on Day 5 (the day of first OPU session = Day 0). The cows then received 30 mg of FSH twice a day from Days 7 to 10 in decreasing doses (4, 4, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1 mg per shot) by i.m. injections. Cloprostenol (PGF; 0.75 mg) was administered in the morning of Day 9. The second OPU session was performed 48 h after PGF administration (Day 11) and only follicles larger than 5 mm in diameter were aspirated. The CIDR was removed from the cows just before OPU. Grade 1 and 2 cumulus oocyte complexes were in vitro matured, fertilized (IVF), and cultured as described by Imai et al. (2006 J. Reprod. Dev. 52, Suppl. S19-29). Some zygotes were fixed and stained to check their sperm penetration. Embryo development was monitored by time-lapse cinematography for 168 h after IVF. Cleavage pattern of embryos was classified morphologically into normal and abnormal (including those with multiple fragments, protrusions, 3 to 4 blastomeres, and uneven cell division) groups at their first cleavage. Normal penetration rate of second OPU session was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of the first OPU session. There were no differences in the mean percentage of total blastocyst and grade 1 blastocyst rates between the first (45.2 and 46.9%, respectively) and second (47.5 and 41.8%, respectively) OPU sessions. However, the rates of blastocysts developing from embryos that were beyond the 4-cell stage at 48 h after IVF was significantly (P < 0.05) higher after the second OPU session (81.2%) than after the first OPU session (67.4%). Furthermore, a significant difference (P < 0.05) was found in the rates of normal cleavage at the first cell division in embryos that developed to the blastocyst stage between the first and second OPU sessions (53.3% and 73.9%, respectively). These results indicate that superstimulatory treatment-induced follicular wave synchronization improved the normality of fertilization and development of cattle oocytes obtained by OPU.
This work was supported by the Research and Development Program for New Bio-industry Initiatives.