Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology


Y. Liu A , O. Østrup D , J. Li A , G. Vajta E , L. Lin A , P. M. Kragh A , S. Purup B and H. Callesen A

A Inst. Genet. Biotech., Aarhus Univ., Aarhus, Denmark;

B Inst. Anim. Health Biosci., Aarhus Univ., Aarhus, Denmark;

C Inst. Hum. Genet., Aarhus Univ., Aarhus, Denmark;

D Dpt. Anim. Vet. Basic Sci., KU-LIFE, Copenhagen, Denmark;

E PIVET Medical Centre, Perth, Australia

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 22(1) 192-192
Published: 8 December 2009


Pretreatment of somatic cells to promote subsequent reprogramming during somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) may significantly improve efficiency of the technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Xenopus laevis egg extract pretreatment of porcine fetal fibroblast cells using different permeabilization agents prior to SCNT. Fibroblasts were permeabilized using streptolysin O (SLO; 300 ng mL-1, 30 min, 37°C) or digitonin (7 μg mL-1, 2 min, 4°C), and exposed to egg extract for 1 h or 0.5 h, respectively. Cell membranes were resealed in DMEM supplemented with 2 mM CaCl2 for 2 h. After culture for 1, 3, and 5 days (for SLO) or 3 and 5 days (for digitonin), the SLO extract-treated cells (SETC) and digitonin extract-treated cells (DETC) were used as donor karyoplasts for handmade cloning. Controls were SCNT with nontreated cells. Embryos were evaluated for cleavage rate (Day 2), blastocyst rate (Day 6), and total cell numbers of blastocysts. Statistical differences were analyzed by ANOVA. Results are summarized in Table 1. When SETC were used as donors, blastocyst rates were significantly lower compared with the controls, except when the donor cells were cultured for 3 days after treatment. Blastocysts of the latter group also had higher total cell number. With DETC as donors, blastocyst rates and total cell number of embryos at Day 6 reconstructed with cells cultured for 5 days were higher than those in other groups. Results indicate that extract treatment of the donor cells after SLO-permeabilization can give higher number of cells in cloned blastocysts but not improve overall embryo development. However, digitonin treatment for donor cell permeabilization improved both embryo development and cell number of blastocyst. The latter effect was detected only 5 days after the treatment. In conclusion, qualitative efficiency of porcine SCNT could be improved with a combined donor cell permeabilization and extract treatment.

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