32 MicroRNA-29b Improves the Quality and Developmental Potential of Blastocysts Derived from Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer in CattleW.-J. Zhou A , S. Liang A and X.-S. Cui A
Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Korea
Reproduction, Fertility and Development 30(1) 155-155 https://doi.org/10.1071/RDv30n1Ab32
Published: 4 December 2017
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs with important roles in diverse cellular processes. miR-29b plays a crucial role during somatic cell reprogramming. However, studies of the function of miR-29b in embryogenesis are limited. The aim of the current study was to explore the effects of miR-29b on the developmental competence of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos as well as the underlying mechanisms of action. The expression level of miR-29b was lower in bovine SCNT embryos at the pronuclear, 8-cell, and blastocyst stages compared with IVF embryos (P < 0.05). To determine the function of miR-29b in the bovine SCNT embryo, we microinjected a miR-29b mimic and inhibitor into bovine SCNT zygotes. The results showed that miR-29b significantly decreased the expression of Dnmts (Dnmt3a/3b and Dnmt1) in bovine SCNT embryos (P < 0.05). We further investigated SCNT embryo developmental competence and found that miR-29b overexpression during bovine SCNT embryonic development does not improve developmental potency (P > 0.05) but down-regulation inhibits developmental potency (P < 0.05). Although miR-29b overexpression does not improve the developmental potency of bovine SCNT embryos, the quality of bovine SCNT embryos at the blastocyst stage improved significantly (P < 0.05). The expression of pluripotency factors (OCT4 and SOX2) and cellular proliferation rate were significantly higher in blastocysts from the miR-29b overexpression group than the control and down-regulation groups (P < 0.05). In addition, outgrowth potential in blastocysts after miR-29b overexpression was also significantly greater in the miR-29b overexpression group than in the control and down-regulation groups (P < 0.05). Taken together, these results demonstrated that miR-29b plays an important role in bovine SCNT embryo development.