Australian Systematic Botany Australian Systematic Botany Society
Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of plants
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The genera Chiastocaulon, Cryptoplagiochila and Pedinophyllum (Plagiochilaceae) in Australia

Matt A. M. Renner A D , Margaret M. Heslewood A , Simon D. F. Patzak B , Alfons Schäfer-Verwimp C and Jochen Heinrichs B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia.

B Ludwig Maximilian University, Faculty of Biology, Department of Biology and Geobio-Center, Menzinger Straße 67, D-80638 Munich, Germany.

C Mittlere Letten 11, D-88634 Herdwangen-Schönach, Germany.

D Corresponding author. Email: matt.renner@rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au

Australian Systematic Botany 29(5) 358-402 https://doi.org/10.1071/SB16029
Submitted: 15 July 2016  Accepted: 2 November 2016   Published: 22 December 2016

Abstract

Molecular and morphological data support the recognition of seven species of Chiastocaulon in Australia, of which four, namely C. braunianum and C. geminifolium comb. nov. from tropical north-eastern Queensland and C. proliferum and C. flamabilis sp. nov. from Tasmania (and New Zealand), represent new records. The other three species accepted for Australia are C. biserialis, C. dendroides and C. oppositum. Chiastocaulon conjugatum is excluded from the Australian flora, because previous Australian records are based on misidentifications of C. braunianum and Plagiochila retrospectans. Pedinophyllum monoicum, reported for Australia from a single locality in Victoria, is excluded from the Australian flora because all credible records are based on misidentifications of Syzygiella tasmanica. The Papua New Guinean Chiastocaulon takakii comb. nov. is reinstated from synonymy under C. dendroides on the basis of morphological evidence. Descriptions and illustrations of all Australian species, and dichotomous keys to species of the Chiastocaulon lineage in Australia and New Zealand, are provided.


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