A revision of the tropical white-flowered species of Comesperma (Polygalaceae) in AustraliaAndrew J. Ford A D , David A. Halford B , Marlien Van Der Merwe C and Michael T. Mathieson B
A CSIRO, Land and Water, Tropical Forest Research Centre, Maunds Road, Atherton, Qld 4883, Australia.
B Queensland Herbarium, Brisbane Botanic Gardens Mt Coot-tha, Mt Coot-tha Road, Toowong, Qld 4066, Australia.
C Royal Botanic Gardens, National Herbarium of NSW, Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia.
D Corresponding author. Email: email@example.com
Australian Systematic Botany 30(2) 159-182 https://doi.org/10.1071/SB16044
Submitted: 26 October 2016 Accepted: 5 May 2017 Published: 17 August 2017
A taxonomic treatment is presented for all eight white-flowered Comesperma species that occur in tropical Australia (here defined as north of latitude 21°S). In total, eight species are circumscribed, of which five are new species and one is new subspecies, viz. C. albimontanense A.J. Ford & Halford, C. anemosmaragdinum A.J. Ford & Halford, C. minutum A.J. Ford & Halford, C. rhyoliticum A.J. Ford & Halford, C. sabulosum A.J. Ford & Halford and C. secundum subsp. oligotrichum A.J. Ford & Halford. Notes on habitat, distribution and conservation status are provided. A key to all 10 tropically distributed Comesperma species, including two non-white flowered species, is given.
ReferencesBailey FM (1899) ‘The Queensland Flora Part 1.’ (H.J. Diddams and Co.: Brisbane, Qld, Australia)
Chodat R (1893) Monographia Polygalacearum. Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d’Histoire. Naturelle de Genève 31, 1–500.
Department of the Environment (2012) Interim biogeographic regionalisation for Australia, ver. 7. Available at http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/land/national-reserve-system/science-maps-and-data/australias-bioregions-ibra%C2%A0. [Verified 31 March 2015]
Eriksen B (1993a) Floral anatomy and morphology in the Polygalaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 186, 17–32.
| Floral anatomy and morphology in the Polygalaceae.CrossRef |
Eriksen B (1993b) Phylogeny of the Polygalaceae and its taxonomic implications. Plant Systematics and Evolution 186, 33–55.
| Phylogeny of the Polygalaceae and its taxonomic implications.CrossRef |
Eriksen B, Persson C (2007) Polygalaceae. In ‘The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Vol. 9’. (Ed. K Kubitzki) pp. 345–363. (Springer: Berlin, Germany)
Ford AJ, Hardesty BD (2012) Species adaptation to both fire and climate change in tropical montane heath: can Melaleuca uxorum (Myrtaceae) survive? Pacific Conservation Biology 18, 319–324.
| Species adaptation to both fire and climate change in tropical montane heath: can Melaleuca uxorum (Myrtaceae) survive?CrossRef |
Freire-Fierro A, Pastore JFB (2013) Monnina goiana (Polygalaceae), a well-known but misidentified Brazilian species. Systematic Botany 38, 143–147.
| Monnina goiana (Polygalaceae), a well-known but misidentified Brazilian species.CrossRef |
IUCN (2012) ‘IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1’, 2nd edn. (IUCN: Gland, Switzerland)
Keighery GJ (2002) Two new species of Comesperma (Polygalaceae) from Western Australia. Nuytsia 15, 53–57.
Kerrigan RA (2012) A treatment for Polygala of northern Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 25, 83–137.
| A treatment for Polygala of northern Australia.CrossRef |
Monro A (2003) Systematics of the Australian Polygalaceae and Xanthophyllaceae. PhD thesis, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
Pastore JFB (2010) Bredemeyera hebeclada, a new combination in Polygalaceae. Novon 20, 314–316.
| Bredemeyera hebeclada, a new combination in Polygalaceae.CrossRef |
Pedley L (1981) Two new species of Polygalaceae from central Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 3, 127–129.
Pedley L (1984) A revision of Comesperma (Polygalaceae) from Queensland. Austrobaileya 2, 7–14.
Van Steenis CGGJ (1968) Notes on Bredemeyera (Comesperma) with a new Papuan species and the Australian species listed. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 17, 377–384.
| Notes on Bredemeyera (Comesperma) with a new Papuan species and the Australian species listed.CrossRef |
Wheeler JR, Rye BL, Koch BL, Wilson AJG (Eds) (1992) ‘Flora of the Kimberley Region.’ (Department of Conservation and Land Management: Perth, WA, Australia)
Williams KA (1987) ‘Native Plants of Queensland: Vol. 3.’ (K.A.W. Williams: Brisbane, Qld, Australia)
Williams P, Kimlin S and Anchen G (2002) Post-fire plant regeneration in three adjacent habitats on the Burra Range, White Mountains National Park. Internal report, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. Townsville, Qld, Australia.