Australian Systematic Botany Australian Systematic Botany Society
Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of plants
REVIEW

Biogeographical units matter

Augusto Ferrari
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, FURG, Campus Carreiros, Avenida Itália, quilômetro 8, Prédio 6, 96203-900, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

B Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Avenida Bento Gonçalves 9500, 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Australian Systematic Botany 30(6) 391-402 https://doi.org/10.1071/SB16054
Submitted: 22 November 2016  Accepted: 13 June 2017   Published: 31 January 2018

Abstract

One of the recurrent themes in historical biogeography relates to the units of analysis, their definition and identification. Although areas of endemism are usually accepted as the standard units of study, other units have been suggested, as well as several methods for identifying them. There is no consensus on which units are best suited for the studies; however, the effect of the units and area schemes on analytical results is acknowledged. Here, I review the literature on biogeographic units, their uses and recommendations, highlighting the relevance of the use of more than one area-classification scheme in empirical studies.


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