Australian Systematic Botany Australian Systematic Botany Society
Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of plants
L. A. S. JOHNSON REVIEW (Open Access)

Botanical illustration and photography: a southern hemisphere perspective

Ellen J. Hickman A C , Colin J. Yates B and Stephen D. Hopper A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Centre of Excellence in Natural Resource Management and School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Albany, WA 6330, Australia.

B Science Division, Department of Parks and Wildlife, Bentley, WA 6983, Australia.

C Corresponding author. Email: ellen.hickman@uwa.edu.au

Australian Systematic Botany 30(4) 291-325 https://doi.org/10.1071/SB16059
Submitted: 15 December 2016  Accepted: 18 August 2017   Published: 21 December 2017

Journal Compilation © CSIRO 2017 Open Access CC BY-NC-ND

Abstract

To examine claims that the role of botanical art in systematic botany is diminishing because of advances in photography, this review considers relevant literature and includes a quantitative analysis of trends in modern journals, monographs and floras. Our focus is on southern hemisphere systematic botany because, relative to the northern hemisphere, this is poorly represented in modern reviews of botanical art and photography. An analysis of all digitally available papers in Nuytsia, the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Garden, Muelleria, Telopea, Austrobaileya and Systematic Botany established that, although photographic illustrations have increased since 2000, botanical illustrations have not always diminished. The cause of these trends is unknown, but it is likely to be due to several factors, including sourcing funding for production of botanical illustration, editorial preference for the use of illustrations or photographs, author preference for either illustrations or photographs, and moving to online publication, with no charges for colour reproduction. Moreover, the inclusion of botanical artists as co-authors in some scientific publications signals an ongoing and important role. Botanical illustration brings sharp focus and meticulous attention to detail regarding form and structure of plants. Photography is useful at the macro-scale for habitat and whole-plant traits, as well as at the micro-scale for anatomical textures and ultrastructure. These complementary approaches can be important components of taxonomic discovery, with the potential for a new role in modern trait analysis in molecular phylogenies.

Additional keywords: art, botanical journal, botanical monographs, composite illustration, drawing, golden age, image, photographs, scientific illustration, trait.


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