Australian Systematic Botany Australian Systematic Botany Society
Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of plants
RESEARCH ARTICLE

A taxonomic revision and morphological variation within Eucalyptus series Subulatae subseries Spirales (Myrtaceae) of southern Australia

D. Nicolle A B and M. A. Whalen A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A School of Biological Sciences, The Flinders University of South Australia, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.

B Corresponding author. Email: Dean.Nicolle@dn.com.au

Australian Systematic Botany 19(1) 87-112 https://doi.org/10.1071/SB04037
Submitted: 10 September 2004  Accepted: 24 May 2005   Published: 27 February 2006

Abstract

Variation in adult and seedling morphology within Eucalyptus series Subulatae subseries Spirales, a group of mallee and woodland tree taxa distributed across southern Australia, was examined. A total of 35 adult morphological characters and 13 seedling characters was included in the phenetic analyses of 150 individuals representing 40 populations covering all the taxa and the broad geographical distribution of the subseries and also including E. brockwayi and E. salmonophloia for comparative purposes. Based on phenetic analyses of adult and seedling characters, six taxa are recognised within E. subser. Spirales and seedling characters are important in delimiting these taxa. Of the seven subspecies of E. oleosa described by Johnson and Hill (1999), two subspecies, E. oleosa subsp. oleosa and subsp. repleta could not be distinguished from one another based on either adult or seedling morphology. Similarly, the three subspecies, E. oleosa subsp. ampliata, wylieana and victima, could not be distinguished. A new taxonomy for E. subser. Spirales based on phenetic analyses combined with extensive field, glasshouse and herbarium examination of all taxa in the subseries is presented. Six terminal taxa in the subseries are recognised, viz. E. delicata, E. longicornis and E. oleosa with subspp. oleosa, ampliata, corvina and cylindroidea. Within E. oleosa, E.oleosa subsp. oleosa and subsp. ampliata are not readily distinguishable on the basis of adult morphology alone. Eucalyptus oleosa subsp. repleta is synonymised with subsp. oleosa, and E. oleosa subspp. wylieana and victima with subsp. ampliata. Keys to the taxa of the subseries are presented.


Acknowledgments

We thank Duncan Mackay for statistical advice and assistance throughout the project, Geoff Lloyd for glasshouse assistance, and Robyn Barker and Helmut Toelken (AD) for valuable discussions. The senior author would like to thank John Connors, Malcolm French and Bob Nicolle for field support and assistance, Denise and Malcolm French for hospitality while in Western Australia and Ian Brooker and Malcolm French for ongoing discussions about eucalypts and general advice. Peter Lang (DENR, Adelaide) provided locality information on some species. We thank the staff of the Plant Biodiversity Centre (South Australia), the Australian National Herbarium (Canberra) and the Western Australian Herbarium for allowing access to their facilities, specimens and data. This work was undertaken at The Flinders University of South Australia with funding support from a Flinders University ARC Small Research Grant, a National Parks Foundation of South Australia Research Grant and support from the Mark Mitchell Research Foundation. CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra, provided support that allowed for the collection of specimens in the deserts of SA and WA. The collection of herbarium specimens and accompanying seed to grow progeny as part of this study was undertaken with the following scientific research permits. South Australia: Z24187 1, K24185 1; Victoria: 10001395; Western Australia: NE001372, SL003358, SL004012, SW005045, SL005679.


References


Belbin, L (1993). ‘PATN Pattern Analysis Package.’ Version 3.5. (CSIRO Division of Wildlife and Ecology: Canberra)

Boland DJ (1977) Abnormal Eucalyptus leucoxylon F. Muell. seedlings. Australian Forestry Research 7, 151–161. open url image1

Briggs, JD ,  and  Leigh, JH (1996). ‘Rare or threatened Australian plants.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)

Brooker MIH (1968) Phyllotaxis in Eucalyptus socialis F. Muell. and E. oleosa F. Muell. Australian Journal of Botany 16, 455–468.
CrossRef |
open url image1

Brooker MIH (1970) Seedling morphology and classification in the Bisectae group of eucalypts. Australian Journal of Botany 18, 67–75.
CrossRef |
open url image1

Brooker MIH (1976) Two new combinations in Eucalyptus from Western Australia. Australian Forestry Research 7, 65–67. open url image1

Brooker MIH (1979) A revision of the informal series Foecundae Pryor and Johnson of the genus Eucalyptus L’Herit. And notes on variation in the genus. Brunonia 2, 125–170. open url image1

Brooker MIH (2000) A new classification of the genus Eucalyptus L’Her. (Myrtaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 13, 79–148.
CrossRef | open url image1

Brooker, MIH ,  and  Kleinig, DA (1990). ‘Field guide to Eucalypts. Vol. 2. South-western and Southern Australia.’ (Inkata Press: Melbourne)

Brooker, MIH ,  and  Kleinig, DA (2001). ‘Field guide to eucalypts Vol. 2. South-western and Southern Australia.’ 2nd edn . (Inkata Press: Melbourne)

Brooker, MIH , Slee, AV , Connors, JR ,  and  Duffy, SM (2002). ‘Euclid, eucalypts of southern Australia.’ 2nd edn . (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)

Burbidge NT (1947) Key to the South Australian species of Eucalyptus L’Herit. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 71, 137–163. open url image1

Chappill JA, Ladiges PY (1992) Geographical variation in morphology of Eucalyptus mannifera and allied taxa. Australian Systematic Botany 5, 359–372.
CrossRef | open url image1

Chippendale, GM (1988). ‘Flora of Australia. Volume 19, Myrtaceae—, .’ (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra)

Gardner CA (1942) Contributiones florae Australiae occidentalis XI. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 27, 165–210. open url image1

Gardner CA, Watson EM (1950) The Western Australian varieties of Eucalyptus oleosa F. Muell. ex. Miq. and their essential oils. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Western Australia 34, 73–86. open url image1

Holmgren, PK , Holmgren, NH ,  and  Barnett, LC (1990). ‘Index herbariorum. Part I: The herbaria of the world.’ 8th edn . (Bronx: New York)

Hopper SD, Campbell NA, Caputi N (1984) Geographical variation, subspecies discrimination and evolution in fruit, leaves and buds of Eucalyptus caesia (Myrtaceae). Nuytsia 5, 179–194. open url image1

Johnson, LAS ,  and  Hill, KD (1988). Appendix—new taxa, combinations and lectotypifications. In ‘Flora of Australia. Volume 19, Myrtaceae—’. pp. 507–510. (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra)

Johnson LAS, Hill KD (1999) Systematic studies in the eucalypts. 9. A review of series Sociales (Eucalyptus subgenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Bisectaria, Myrtaceae). Telopea 8, 165–218. open url image1

Kelly AE, Napier AC, Hopper SD (1995) Survey of rare and poorly known eucalypts of Western Australia. CALMScience Supplement , 1–207. open url image1

Maiden JH (1911) Notes on Western Australian eucalypts, including description of new species. Journal of the Natural Historical and Science Society of Western Australia 3, 165–190. open url image1

Maiden JH (1916) Notes on Eucalyptus (with descriptions of new species) No. 4. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49, 309–331. open url image1

Maiden JH (1919) Notes on Eucalyptus No. 7 (with descriptions of four new species). Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 52, 57–73. open url image1

Maiden, JH (1920). ‘A critical revision of the genus .’ Vol. 4. Part 39. (Government Printer: Sydney)

Miquel FAW (1856) Stirpes novo-Hollandas a Ferd. Mullero collectas. Nederlandsch Kruidkundig Archief 4, 127–128. open url image1

Mueller FJH (1878) Fascicles 88–93. Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 11, 14. open url image1

Nicolle, D (2000). ‘Currency Creek Arboretum eucalypt research.’ Vol. 1. (D. Nicolle: Adelaide)

Nicolle D (2005) A taxonomic revision and morphological variation within Eucalyptus series Subulatae subseries Decussatae and Decurrentes (Myrtaceae) of Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 18, 473–524.
CrossRef |
open url image1

Nicolle D, Conran JG (1999) Variation in the Eucalyptus flocktoniae Complex (Myrtaceae) and the description of four new taxa from southern Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 12, 207–239.
CrossRef |
open url image1

Nicolle D, Byrne M, Whalen MA (2005) A taxonomic revision and morphological variation within Eucalyptus series Subulatae subseries Oleaginae (Myrtaceae), including the oil mallee complex, of south-western Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 18, 525–553.
CrossRef |
open url image1

Nicolle D, Whalen MA, Mackay DA (2006) Morphological variation and phylogenetic relationships within Eucalyptus series Subulatae (Myrtaceae) of Southern Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 19, 59–86. open url image1

Wright IJ, Ladiges PY (1997) Geographical variation in Eucalyptus diversifolia (Myrtaceae) and the recognition of new subspecies E. diversifolia subsp. hesperia and E. diversifolia subsp. megacarpa.  Australian Systematic Botany 10, 651–680.
CrossRef | open url image1








Export Citation