An observational study of the impact of the 2014 XX Commonwealth Games on the sexual and reproductive health services in Glasgow, ScotlandRebecca Metcalfe A C , Rebecca R. Acquah A , Janine Simpson A , Gwendolyn Allardice B and Andrew Winter A
A Sandyford Sexual Health Services, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, 2-6 Sandyford Place, Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow, Scotland, G3 7NB, UK.
B Health Services Section, Public Health, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, West House, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow, G12 0XH, UK.
C Corresponding author. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sexual Health 13(5) 480-483 https://doi.org/10.1071/SH16011
Submitted: 20 January 2016 Accepted: 11 May 2016 Published: 4 July 2016
Background: Large sporting events have raised concerns about the effect on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) of visiting and resident populations to the host city and increased demand on SRH services. However, there is little evidence to support these concerns. The aim of this study is to investigate if the 2014 XX Commonwealth Games had an effect on the service demands of a Glasgow city-wide integrated SRH service. Methods: Electronic patient records, city-wide pharmacy data and case note review was used to assess aspects of SRH; this included overall attendance at integrated services, clinic and community emergency contraception prescriptions, victims of sexual assault, acute sexually transmissible infections (STIs), post exposure prophylaxis after sexual exposure (PEPSE) prescriptions, condom distribution and termination of pregnancy. Results: There was a significant decrease in core sexual health attendances, total acute STIs and emergency hormonal contraception prescriptions. There was no change in PEPSE prescriptions or the number of reported sexual assaults throughout the city. Conclusions: This study found no evidence that the 2014 XX Commonwealth Games placed any increased demand on the local SRH services, and showed no increase in STIs, emergency hormonal contraception prescriptions or sexual assaults. These findings will help service planning in host cities hosting future large sporting events.
Additional keywords: service planning, STIs, emergency contraception, service demand, sporting events.
References Deering K, Shannon K. Fears of an influx of sex workers to major sporting events are unfounded. BMJ 2012; 345 e5845
| Fears of an influx of sex workers to major sporting events are unfounded.CrossRef | 22945955PubMed |
 Hall V, Charlett A, Hughes G, Brook G, Maguire H, Mercer CH, Coyne K, Cassell J, Crook P. Olympics and Paralympics 2012 mass gathering in London: time-series analysis shows no increase in attendances at sexual health clinics. Sex Transm Infect 2015; 91 592–7.
| Olympics and Paralympics 2012 mass gathering in London: time-series analysis shows no increase in attendances at sexual health clinics.CrossRef | 25855624PubMed |
 McNulty AM, Rohrsheim R, Donovan B. Demand for sexual health services during the Olympic Games: both sides of the Sherman effect. Int J STD AIDS 2003; 14 307–8.
| Demand for sexual health services during the Olympic Games: both sides of the Sherman effect.CrossRef | 12803936PubMed |
 Shanmugaratnam S, Horne P, Coyne K. Olympic outreach: testing for sexually transmitted infections in construction workers. Int J STD AIDS 2012; 23 659–60.
| Olympic outreach: testing for sexually transmitted infections in construction workers.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DC%2BC3s%2Fit1ekug%3D%3D&md5=1af891d8963b2613ddc38fac855875e2CAS | 23033522PubMed |
 Delve W , Richter M, De Koker P, Chersich M, Temmerman M. Sex work during the 2010 FIFA World Cup: results from a three wave cross sectional survey. PLoS One 2011; 6 e28363
| Sex work during the 2010 FIFA World Cup: results from a three wave cross sectional survey.CrossRef |
 International Organization for Migration. Trafficking in Human Beings and the 2006 World Cup in Germany. IOM migration research series. 2007. Available online at: http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/free/mrs29.pdf [verified December 2014].
 Commonwealth Games Federation. Glasgow 2014. XX Commonwealth Games post-games report. Available online at: http://www.thecgf.com/games/2014/G2014-Official-Post-Games-Report.pdf [verified December 2014].
 Civil Contingencies Planning Unit, Public Health Protection, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde. 2014 Commonwealth Games primary care manual, version 1.0 July 2014. Available online at: http://www.glasgowlmc.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/2014-Commonwealth-Games-Primary-Care-Manual.pdf [verified July 2015].
 Thompson A. Pharmacy services at the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games. Pharmaceut J 2014; 292 646
| Pharmacy services at the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games.CrossRef |
 Sanchez-Vivar A. Public health monitoring of the XX Commonwealth Games Glasgow 2014. Oral Presentation ESCAIDE. Stockholm, November 2014. ESCAIDE abstract book. ESDC. Available online at: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/ESCAIDE/programme/presentations/Documents/17.1%20ASanchezVivar%20Surveillance%20Games%20ESCAIDE%202014%20v%2003.pdf [verified July 2015].
 Bailar JC, Ederer F. 202. Note: Significance factors for the ratio of a Poisson variable to its expectation. Biometrics 1964; 20 639–43.
| 202. Note: Significance factors for the ratio of a Poisson variable to its expectation.CrossRef |