Sexual Health Sexual Health Society
Publishing on sexual health from the widest perspective
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Disparities of sexual orientations by sex and urban or rural residence among youth in China

Chao Guo A , Lihua Pang A , Lei Zhang A , Gong Chen A , Zhenjie Wang A and Xiaoying Zheng A B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Institute of Population Research/WHO Collaborating Centre on Reproductive Health and Population Science, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China.

B Corresponding author. Email: xzheng@pku.edu.cn

Sexual Health 13(5) 497-499 https://doi.org/10.1071/SH16041
Submitted: 12 March 2016  Accepted: 17 June 2016   Published: 19 August 2016

Abstract

This study explores the distribution of sexual orientations and examined disparities by sex and rural and urban residency of non-heterosexual youth, aged 15–24 years, in China. Data was derived from a 2009 nationally representative survey. Among 22 288 participants, 0.79% identified as homosexual, 1.47% identified as bisexual, and 4.26% were unsure about their sexual orientation. Compared with male youth and urban youth, female youth (adjusted odds ratio = 1.37, 95% confidence interval: 1.23–1.52) and rural youth (adjusted odds ratio = 1.23, 95% confidence interval: 1.09–1.40) were more likely to be non-heterosexual. More efforts should be made to enhance sex education and legal protection for non-heterosexual youth in China.

Additional keywords: gender, non-heterosexual, residence, sexual orientation, youth.


References

[1]  Perrin EC. Sexual orientation in child and adolescent health Care. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers; 2002.

[2]  Shilo G, Savaya R. Mental health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth and young adults: differential effects of age, gender, religiosity, and sexual orientation. J Res Adolesc 2012; 22 310–25.
Mental health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth and young adults: differential effects of age, gender, religiosity, and sexual orientation.CrossRef |

[3]  Garofalo R, Wolf RC, Kessel S, Palfrey SJ, DuRant RH. The association between health risk behaviors and sexual orientation among a school-based sample of adolescents. Pediatrics 1998; 101 895–902.
The association between health risk behaviors and sexual orientation among a school-based sample of adolescents.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaK1c3jt1Gnsg%3D%3D&md5=a45f5828475dd62933ab9fe84637424aCAS | 9565422PubMed |

[4]  Saewyc E, Skay C, Richens K, Reis E, Poon C, Murphy A. Sexual orientation, sexual abuse, and HIV-risk behaviors among adolescents in the Pacific Northwest. Am J Public Health 2006; 96 1104–10.
Sexual orientation, sexual abuse, and HIV-risk behaviors among adolescents in the Pacific Northwest.CrossRef | 16670224PubMed |

[5]  Tao L. Study of homosexuality in high school students and their state of mind and relationship with parents rearing modes. Chinese J Human Sexuality 2005; 14 6–10. [in Chinese]

[6]  Lu XH. The homosexual orientation among college students and their attitude to homosexual. Theory Res 2014; 30 70–1. [in Chinese]

[7]  Huang YY, Pan SM. The multigender and sexual orientation among adolescents in China: based on the national sample survey among people aged 14–17 years old, 2010. China Youth Study 2013; 6 57–64. [in Chinese]

[8]  Zheng XY, Chen G, Han YL, Chen H, Lin T, Qiu Y. Survey of youth access to reproductive health in China. Population and Development 2010; 16 2–16. [in Chinese]

[9]  Guo C, Zhang L, Wang ZJ, Gong C, Zheng X. Prevalence of and disparities in HIV-related sexual risk behaviours among Chinese youth in relation to sexual orientation: a cross-sectional study. Sex Health 2016;
Prevalence of and disparities in HIV-related sexual risk behaviours among Chinese youth in relation to sexual orientation: a cross-sectional study.CrossRef | 27248516PubMed |

[10]  Sang TD. The emerging lesbian: female same-sex desire in modern China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; 2003.

[11]  Chen JJ, Liu HY, Xie ZM. Effects of rural–urban return migration on women’s family planning and reproductive health attitudes and behavior in rural China. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2010.

[12]  Wang JC, Chen XJ, Zhang P. Survey of northwestern university urban and rural sex education and related strategies exploration: Take Gansu Colleges as an example. Guide of Sci & Educ 2013; 33 191–2. [in Chinese]



Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation