Australian Journal of Zoology Australian Journal of Zoology Society
Evolutionary, molecular and comparative zoology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

It’s a girl! A female southern elephant seal born in Western Australia

Clive R. McMahon A G , Michele Thums B , Miecha Bradshaw C , Steven Busby C , Vaughn Chapple C , Melissa Evans C , Stephen Goodlich C , Clair Holland D , Holly Raudino E , Paul Rebuck C and Mark A. Hindell F
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Sydney Institute of Marine Science, 19 Chowder Bay Road, Mosman, NSW 2088, Australia.

B Australian Institute of Marine Science, Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre, University of Western Australia (M096), 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia.

C Metropolitan Marine Parks, Swan Coastal District, 39 Northside Drive, Hillarys, WA 6025, Australia.

D Perth Zoo, 20 Labouchere Road, South Perth, WA 6151, Australia.

E Department of Parks and Wildlife, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, Bentley, WA 6983, Australia.

F Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas. 7001, Australia.

G Corresponding author. Email: clive.mcmahon@utas.edu.au

Australian Journal of Zoology 65(3) 179-182 https://doi.org/10.1071/ZO17036
Submitted: 7 July 2017  Accepted: 15 September 2017   Published: 27 October 2017

Abstract

Southern elephant seals typically breed on subantarctic islands and breeding in more temperate regions is rare. This small female (~1.42 m) that weaned after 25 days is smaller than the average weaned female elephant seal and her survival prospects are correspondingly low (20–35%). The fact that the elephant seal was successfully weaned offers some insight into the breeding plasticity in this species.

Additional keywords: Integrated Marine Observing System, Mirounga leonina, survival.


References

Bell, C. M., Burton, H. R., Lea, M. A., and Hindell, M. A. (2005). Growth of female southern elephant seals Mirounga leonina at Macquarie Island. Polar Biology 28, 395–401.
Growth of female southern elephant seals Mirounga leonina at Macquarie Island.CrossRef |

Bryden, M. M., O’Connor, S., and Jones, R. (1999). Archaeological evidence for the extinction of a breeding population of elephant seals in Tasmania in prehistoric times. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 9, 430–437.
Archaeological evidence for the extinction of a breeding population of elephant seals in Tasmania in prehistoric times.CrossRef |

Caddy, A. (2015). First elephant seal born on King Island in 200 years. Available at: http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/news/2015/12/first-king-island-seal-pup-in-200-years.

Carrick, R., Csordas, S. E., and Ingham, S. E. (1962a). Studies on the southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina (L.). IV. Breeding and development. CSIRO Wildlife Research 7, 161–197.
Studies on the southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina (L.). IV. Breeding and development.CrossRef |

Carrick, R., Csordas, S. E., Ingham, S. E., and Keith, K. (1962b). Studies on the southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina (L.). III. The annual cycle in relation to age and sex. CSIRO Wildlife Research 7, 119–160.
Studies on the southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina (L.). III. The annual cycle in relation to age and sex.CrossRef |

Corrigan, L. J., Fabiani, A., Chauke, L. F., McMahon, C. R., de Bruyn, M., Bester, M. N., Bastos, A. D. S., Campagna, C., Muelbert, M. M. C., and Hoelzel, A. R. (2016). Population differentiation in the context of Holocene climate change for a migratory marine species, the southern elephant seal. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 29, 1667–1679.
Population differentiation in the context of Holocene climate change for a migratory marine species, the southern elephant seal.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC28XhsV2ksrzO&md5=e3aa277da89f549ce08f91946d0dbcf5CAS |

Desprez, M., Harcourt, R., Hindell, M. A., Cubaynes, S., Gimenez, O., and McMahon, C. R. (2014). Age-specific cost of first reproduction in female southern elephant seals. Biology Letters 10, 20140264.
Age-specific cost of first reproduction in female southern elephant seals.CrossRef |

Hindell, M. A., and Burton, H. R. (1988). Seasonal haul-out patterns of the southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) at Macquarie Island. Journal of Mammalogy 69, 81–88.
Seasonal haul-out patterns of the southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) at Macquarie Island.CrossRef |

Hindell, M. A., McMahon, C. R., Bester, M. N., Boehme, L., Costa, D., Fedak, M. A., Guinet, C., Herraiz-Borreguero, L., Harcourt, R. G., Huckstadt, L., Kovacs, K. M., Lydersen, C, McIntyre, T, Muelbert, M, Patterson, T, Roquet, F, Williams, G, and Charrassin, J.-B. (2016). Circumpolar habitat use in the southern elephant seal: implications for foraging success and population trajectories. Ecosphere 7, e01213.
Circumpolar habitat use in the southern elephant seal: implications for foraging success and population trajectories.CrossRef |

Hoelzel, A. R., Halley, J., O’Brien, S. J., Campagna, C., Arnbom, T., Le Boeuf, B. J., Ralls, K., and Dover, G. A. (1993). Elephant seal genetic variation and the use of simulation models to investigate historical bottlenecks. The Journal of Heredity 84, 443–449.
Elephant seal genetic variation and the use of simulation models to investigate historical bottlenecks.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2cXisVWjurc%3D&md5=4eef67a75d00daa2e2c587c199c07e14CAS |

Laws, R. M. (1956). The elephant seal (Mirounga leonina Lin). II. General, social and reproductive behaviour. Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey Scientific Reports 13, 1–88.

Laws, R. M. (1994). History and present status of southern elephant seal populations. In ‘Elephant seals: Population Ecology, Behaviour, and Physiology’. (Eds B. J. Le Boeuf and R. M. Laws.) pp. 49–65. (University of California Press: Berkeley, CA.)

Lewis, M., Campagna, C., and Quintana, F. (1996). Site fidelity and dispersion of southern elephant seals from Patagonia. Marine Mammal Science 12, 138–147.
Site fidelity and dispersion of southern elephant seals from Patagonia.CrossRef |

Mawson, P. R., and Coughran, D. K. (1999). Two recent breeding records of southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina L.) from Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 22, 195–197.

McMahon, C. R., and Campbell, D. (2000). Southern elephant seals breeding at Peterson Island, Antarctica. The Polar Record 36, 51.
Southern elephant seals breeding at Peterson Island, Antarctica.CrossRef |

McMahon, C. R., van den Hoff, J., Burton, H. R., and Davis, P. D. (1997). Evidence for precocious development in female pups of the southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina, at Macquarie Island. In ‘Marine Mammal Research in the Southern Hemisphere. Volume 1: Status Ecology and Medicine’. (Eds M.A. Hindell and C. Kemper.) pp. 92–96. (Surrey Beatty: Sydney.)

McMahon, C. R., Burton, H. R., and Bester, M. N. (2003). A demographic comparison of two southern elephant seal populations. Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 61–74.
A demographic comparison of two southern elephant seal populations.CrossRef |

McMahon, C. R., Bester, M. N., Burton, H. R., Hindell, M. A., and Bradshaw, C. J. A. (2005). Population status, trends and a re-examination of the hypotheses explaining the recent declines of the southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina. Mammal Review 35, 82–100.
Population status, trends and a re-examination of the hypotheses explaining the recent declines of the southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina.CrossRef |

McMahon, C. R., New, L. F., Fairley, E., Hindell, M. A., and Burton, H. R. (2015). The effects of body size and climate on post weaning survival of elephant seals at Heard Island. Journal of Zoology 297, 301–308.
The effects of body size and climate on post weaning survival of elephant seals at Heard Island.CrossRef |

Nicholls, D. G. (1970). Dispersal and dispersion in relation to the birth site of the southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina, of Macquarie Island. Mammalia 43, 147–159.

Shaughnessy, P. D., Kemper, C. M., and Ling, J. K. (2012). Records of vagrant phocid seals (family Phocidae) in South Australia. Australian Mammalogy 34, 155–169.
Records of vagrant phocid seals (family Phocidae) in South Australia.CrossRef |

Slade, R. W., Moritz, C., Hoelzel, A. R., and Burton, H. R. (1998). Molecular population genetics of the southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina. Genetics 149, 1945–1957.
| 1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXlsFehurc%3D&md5=37f3ee9a62295ddc5a8965e1cfa9c9b1CAS |



Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation

View Altmetrics