Australian Mammalogy Australian Mammalogy Society
Journal of the Australian Mammal Society
RESEARCH ARTICLE

From den to dust: longevity of three dingoes (Canis lupus dingo) on Fraser Island (K’gari)

Linda Behrendorff A C and Benjamin L. Allen B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A The University of Queensland, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Gatton, Qld 4343, Australia. Present address: Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing, Fraser Island, Qld 4581, Australia.

B The University of Southern Queensland, Institute for Agriculture and the Environment, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia.

C Corresponding author. Email: linda.behrendorff@npsr.qld.gov.au

Australian Mammalogy 38(2) 256-260 https://doi.org/10.1071/AM16005
Submitted: 27 October 2015  Accepted: 10 April 2016   Published: 9 May 2016

Abstract

The Australian dingo (Canis lupus dingo) is a common and well studied species, yet very little is known about the longevity of free-ranging individuals because most field studies are too short to obtain this information. Fraser Island, off the east coast of Queensland, contains a closed dingo population of high conservation value, and where a portion of them have been captured and subsequently monitored using ear tags and microchips for management purposes since 2002. We use these data to describe the longevity of three individual dingoes, including one female captured, microchipped and ear-tagged as a subadult in February 2003, recaptured and retagged in March 2012, and then found dead in October 2014. Longevity data and other observations demonstrate that wild dingoes can live for at least 13 years and successfully produce litters for at least 10 years. Such life-history data are useful for evaluating the dynamics and stability of dingo populations of conservation concern.

Additional keywords: age, canid, demography, ear tagging, reproduction, survival, top-predator, wild dog.


References

Allen, B. L., Engeman, R. M., and Leung, L. K.-P. (2014). The short-term effects of a routine poisoning campaign on the movement behaviour and detectability of a social top-predator. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 21, 2178–2190.
The short-term effects of a routine poisoning campaign on the movement behaviour and detectability of a social top-predator.CrossRef | 24043505PubMed |

Allen, B. L., Higginbottom, K., Bracks, J. H., Davies, N., and Baxter, G. S. (2015). Balancing dingo conservation with human safety on Fraser Island: the numerical and demographic effects of humane destruction of dingoes. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 22, 197–215.
Balancing dingo conservation with human safety on Fraser Island: the numerical and demographic effects of humane destruction of dingoes.CrossRef |

Allen, L. R., and O’Bryan, L. (2011). Guide to field estimating the age of wild dogs. Biosecurity Queensland, Toowoomba.

Appleby, R., and Jones, D. (2011). Analysis of preliminary dingo capture–mark–recapture experiment on Fraser Island: final report to Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. Griffith University, Brisbane.

Baxter, G., and Davies, N. (2013). Tracking dingoes on Fraser Island: final report on Stage 2 of the Dingo Population Study. The University of Queensland, Brisbane.

Bell, J., and Seed, A. (1994). ‘Dictionary of the Gubbi-Gubbi and Butchulla Languages.’ (Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies: Canberra.)

Catling, P. C. (1979). Seasonal variation in plasma testosterone and the testis in captive male dingoes, Canis familiaris dingo. Australian Journal of Zoology 27, 939–944.
Seasonal variation in plasma testosterone and the testis in captive male dingoes, Canis familiaris dingo.CrossRef |

Catling, P. C., Corbett, L. K., and Newsome, A. E. (1992). Reproduction in captive and wild dingoes (Canis familiaris dingo) in temperate and arid environments of Australia. Wildlife Research 19, 195–209.
Reproduction in captive and wild dingoes (Canis familiaris dingo) in temperate and arid environments of Australia.CrossRef |

Corbett, L. K. (1988). Social dynamics of a captive dingo pack: population regulation by dominant female infanticide. Ethology 78, 177–198.
Social dynamics of a captive dingo pack: population regulation by dominant female infanticide.CrossRef |

Corbett, L. K. (2001). ‘The Dingo in Australia and Asia.’ 2nd edn. (J.B. Books: Adelaide.)

Corbett, L. K. (2008). Canis lupus ssp. dingo. IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org [accessed 20 April 2011].

Crowther, M. S., Fillios, M., Colman, N., and Letnic, M. (2014). An updated description of the Australian dingo (Canis dingo?Meyer, 1793). Journal of Zoology 293, 192–203.
An updated description of the Australian dingo (Canis dingo?Meyer, 1793).CrossRef |

DASET (1991). Nomination of Fraser Island and the Great Sandy Region by the Government of Australia for inclusion in the World Heritage List. Queensland Government (Department of the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories), Brisbane.

DERM (2008). Fraser Island sustainable visitor capacity study. Department of Environment and Resource Management, Brisbane.

Fleming, P. J. S., Thompson, J. A., and Nicol, H. I. (1996). Indices for measuring the efficacy of aerial baiting for wild dog control in north-eastern New South Wales. Wildlife Research 23, 665–674.
Indices for measuring the efficacy of aerial baiting for wild dog control in north-eastern New South Wales.CrossRef |

Fleming, P., Corbett, L., Harden, R., and Thomson, P. (2001). ‘Managing the Impacts of Dingoes and Other Wild Dogs.’ (Bureau of Rural Sciences: Canberra.)

Harmon-Price, P. (1995). ‘Fraser Island, World Heritage Area: Treasures in the Sand.’ (Weldon Publishing: Sydney.)

Hoylan, J., Boyd, D. K., Mack, C. M., and Pletscher, D. H. (2005). Longevity and productivity of three wolves, Canis lupus, in the wild. Canadian Field Naturalist 119, 446–448.

Jackson, S. M., and Groves, C. P. (2015). ‘Taxonomy of Australian Mammals.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Jones, E., and Stevens, P. L. (1988). Reproduction in wild canids Canis familiaris from the eastern highlands of Victoria, Australia. Australian Wildlife Research 15, 385–394.
Reproduction in wild canids Canis familiaris from the eastern highlands of Victoria, Australia.CrossRef |

Kershaw, K. A. (1969). ‘Quantitative and Dynamic Ecology.’ (Edward Arnold Publishers: London.)

Kershaw, K., Allen, L., Lisle, A., and Withers, K. (2005). Determining the age of adult wild dogs (Canis lupus dingo, C. l. domesticus and their hybrids): I. Pulp cavity: tooth width ratios. Wildlife Research 32, 581–585.
Determining the age of adult wild dogs (Canis lupus dingo, C. l. domesticus and their hybrids): I. Pulp cavity: tooth width ratios.CrossRef |

Krebs, C. J. (2008). ‘Ecology: the Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance.’ 6th edn. (Benjamin-Cummings Publishing: San Francisco, CA.)

Skalski, J. R., Ryding, K. E., and Millspaugh, J. (2010). ‘Wildlife Demography: Analysis of Sex, Age and Count Data.’ (Academic Press: San Diego, CA.)

Smith, B. (2015). ‘The Dingo Debate: Origins, Behaviour and Conservation.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Stephens, D., Wilton, A. N., Fleming, P. J. S., and Berry, O. (2015). Death by sex in an Australian icon: a continent-wide survey reveals extensive hybridisation between dingoes and domestic dogs. Molecular Ecology 24, 5643–5656.
Death by sex in an Australian icon: a continent-wide survey reveals extensive hybridisation between dingoes and domestic dogs.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2MXhvVyitbbN&md5=b0401a57adea281781a1d355dceb94c4CAS | 26514639PubMed |

Tourism Queensland (2002). Fraser Island visitor survey. Tourism Queensland research department, Brisbane.

Woodall, P. F., Pavlov, P., and Twyford, K. L. (1996). Dingoes in Queensland, Australia: skull dimensions and the identity of wild canids. Wildlife Research 23, 581–587.
Dingoes in Queensland, Australia: skull dimensions and the identity of wild canids.CrossRef |



Export Citation Cited By (2)

View Altmetrics