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Effects of adenosine triphosphate on the vase life of cut carnation flowers

L. Song A B , H. Liu A B , X. Su A B , Y. You A B and Y. Jiang A C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A South China Botanical Garden, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou LeYiJu 510650, The People’s Republic of China.

B Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, The People’s Republic of China.

C Corresponding author. Email:

Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 46(1) 137-139
Submitted: 17 January 2005  Accepted: 23 May 2005   Published: 9 February 2006


The addition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to vase solutions at a concentration of 0.01-0.50 mmol/L markedly extended the vase life of cut carnation flowers at 25°C and 80-90% relative humidity. The most beneficial effect on vase life was observed at 0.1 mmol/L ATP, with a 28% extension over non-ATP-treated flowers. Furthermore, the addition of ATP at 0.1 mmol/L increased flower size by 12% by the end of the vase-holding period and significantly extended the time to maximum flower expansion by 1.7 days, compared with non-ATP-treated flowers held in distilled water. Our data suggest that exogenous ATP supply is an effective method to extend the vase life of cut carnation flowers.

Additional keywords: energy, extension, handling, post-harvest.


The authors thank Dr Andrew Macnish for his assistance in the review of this manuscript.


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