Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
FOREWORD

Bernard Michael Bindon — reproductive physiologist, animal scientist, research leader

K. W. Entwistle A I , L. J. Cummins B , M. A. Hillard C , J. E. Kinder D , T. O’Shea E , L. R. Piper F , J. Thimonier G and J. F. Wilkins H

A ‘Studley’, Uralla, NSW 2358, Australia.

B ‘Ivanhoe’, Cavendish, Victoria 3314, Australia.

C Chemicon Australia Ltd., Locked Bag 1, Armidale, NSW 2350, Australia.

D Department of Animal Science, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

E University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351, Australia.

F CSIRO Livestock Industries, Locked Bag 1, Armidale, NSW 2350, Australia.

G 44 Enclos Galilée, Mauguio, 34130, France.

H NSW Department of Primary Industries, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2650, Australia.

I Corresponding author. Email: kentwis2@une.edu.au

Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 46(2) i-xii http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EA05222
Submitted: 25 August 2005  Accepted: 19 September 2005   Published: 3 March 2006

Abstract

This paper is a foreword to a series of papers commissioned on ‘the impact of science on the beef industry’, where the Beef CRC-related collaborative scientific work of Professor Bernard Michael Bindon will be reviewed. These papers will be presented in March 2006, as part of a ‘festschrift’ to recognise his wider contributions to the Australian livestock industries for over 40 years. Bindon’s career involved basic and applied research in many areas of reproductive physiology, genetics, immunology, nutrition, meat science and more recently genomics, in both sheep and cattle. Together with his collaborators, he made large contributions to animal science by improving the knowledge of mechanisms regulating reproductive functions and in elucidating the physiology and genetics of high fecundity livestock. His collaborative studies with many colleagues of the reproductive biology and genetics of the Booroola Merino were amongst the most extensive ever conducted on domestic livestock. He was instrumental in the development of immunological techniques to control ovulation rate and in examining the application of these and other techniques to increase beef cattle reproductive output. This paper tracks his investigations and achievements both within Australia and internationally. In the later stages of his career he was the major influence in attracting a large investment in Cooperative Research Centres for the Australian cattle industry, in which he directed a multi-disciplinary approach to investigate, develop and disseminate science and technology to improve commercial cattle productivity.


References

An electronic version containing a full list of the 280 plus publications of Bernie Bindon is currently being prepared and will be available from the Beef CRC in the near future. The following references are those quoted in this Foreword.

Al-Obaidi SAR Bindon BM Hillard MA O’Shea T Piper LR 1986 Suppression of ovine plasma FSH by bovine follicular fluid: neutralization by plasma from ewes immunized against an inhibin enriched preparation from bovine follicular fluid. Journal of Endocrinology 111 1 5

Al-Obaidi SAR Bindon BM Findlay JK Hillard MA O’Shea T 1987 a Plasma follicle stimulating hormone in Merino ewes immunized with an inhibin-enriched fraction from bovine follicular fluid. Animal Reproduction Science 14 39 51
DOI

Al-Obaidi SAR Bindon BM Hillard MA O’Shea T 1987 b Reproductive characteristics of lambs actively immunized early in life with inhibin-enriched preparations from follicular fluid of cows. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 81 403 414

Anderson ST Bindon BM Hillard MA O’Shea T 1998 Increased ovulation rate in Merino ewes immunized against small synthetic peptide fragments of the inhibin a subunit. Reproduction, Fertility and Development 10 421 433
DOI

Bindon BM 1969 a Blood flow in the reproductive organs of the mouse after hypophysectomy after gonadotrophin treatment, during the oestrus cycle and during early pregnancy. Journal of Endocrinology 44 23 36

Bindon BM 1969 b Fate of the unfertilized sheep ovum. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 20 183 184


Bindon BM 1969 c Follicle stimulating hormone content of the pituitary gland before implantation in the mouse and rat. The Journal of Endocrinology 44 349 356


Bindon BM 1969 d Mechanism of inhibition of implantation in suckling mice. Journal of Endocrinology 44 357 362


Bindon BM 1969 e Role of the pituitary gland in implantation in the mouse: delay of implantation by hypophysectomy and neurodepressive drugs. Journal of Endocrinology 43 225 235


Bindon BM 1969 f The incorporation of 131iodinated human serum albumin in the ovary and uterus before implantation in the mouse. Journal of Endocrinology 45 543 548


Bindon BM 1971 a Systematic study of pre-implantation stages of pregnancy in the sheep. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 24 131 147


Bindon BM 1971 b The role of progesterone in implantation in the sheep. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 24 149 158


Bindon BM 1972 Genetic differences in ovarian response to gonadotrophin by the Merino ewe. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 28 145 146


Bindon BM 1973 a Pituitary and ovarian mechanisms in implantation. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 18 Supplement 167 175


Bindon BM 1973 b Genetic differences in plasma luteinizing hormone of the prepubertal lamb. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 32 347 348


Bindon BM 1975 Ovulation in ewes selected for fecundity. Effect of synthetic GnRH injected on the day of oestrus. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 44 325 328


Bindon BM 1984 Reproductive biology of the Booroola Merino sheep. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 37 163 189


Bindon BM 2001 Genesis of the Cooperative Research Centre for the Cattle and Beef Industry: integration of resources for beef quality research (1993–2000). Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 41 843 854
DOI

Bindon BM, Anderson ST, Cummins LJ, Findlay JK, Hillard MA, O’Shea T, Paull D, Tsonis CG, Wilkins JF (1994) Manipulation of reproduction in sheep and cattle by vaccination against inhibin-related peptides. In ‘Vaccines in agriculture. Immunological applications to animal health and production’. (Eds PR Wood, P Willadsen, JE Vercoe, RM Hoskinson, D Demeyer) pp. 85–96. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)

Bindon BM Blanc MR Pelletier J Terqui M Thimonier J 1975 Preovulatory gonadotrophin and ovarian steroid changes in French sheep breeds different in fecundity. Does FSH stimulate follicles? Proceedings of the Endocrine Society of Australia 18 64

Bindon BM Blanc MR Pelletier J Terqui M Thimonier J 1979 Periovulatory gonadotrophin and ovarian steroid patterns in sheep of breeds with differing fecundity. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 55 15 25


Bindon BM Blanc MR Pelletier J Terqui M Thimonier J 1976 Oestrus and ovulation following luteolysis by prostaglandin analogue in sheep of four breeds of different prolificacy. Réunion S.S.F. - S.F.E.S.F., Tours-Nouzilly, Annales. Biologica Animale Biochemestry Biophysics 16 169


Bindon BM Burrow HM Kinghorn BP 2001 Delivery of CRC outcomes to beef industry stakeholders. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 41 1073 1087
DOI

Bindon BM Ch’ang TS Turner HN 1971 Ovarian response to gonadotrophin by Merino ewes selected for fecundity. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 22 809 820 DOI

Bindon BM Ch’ang TS Evans RE 1974 Genetic effects of LH release by oestradiol and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone in prepubertal lambs. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 36 477

Bindon BM Emmens CW Smith MSR 1973 Research related to the control of fertility. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 18 Supplement 235


Bindon BM Findlay JK Piper LR 1985 Plasma FSH and LH in prepubertal Booroola ewe lambs. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 38 215 220


Bindon BM Hillard MA 1992 Hormonal induction of twins in beef cattle. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 19 439 440


Bindon BM Jones NM 2001 Cattle supply, production systems and markets for Australian beef. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 41 861 877
DOI

Bindon BM Lamond DR 1966 a Description of a mouse colony used for research in reproductive physiology. Journal of the Institute of Animal Technicians 17 6 15

Bindon BM Lamond DR 1966 b Diurnal component in the response by the mouse to gonadotrophin. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 21 249 261


Bindon BM Lamond DR 1969 Effect of hypophysectomy on implantation in the mouse. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 18 43 50


Bindon BM Piper LR 1976 a Seasonality of ovulation rate in Merino ewes differing in fecundity. Theriogenology 6 621
DOI

Bindon BM, Piper LR (1976b) Assessment of new and traditional techniques of selection for reproduction rate. In ‘Sheep breeding. Proceedings of 1976 International Congress, Muresk, WA’. (Eds GJ Tomes, DE Robertson, RJ Lightfoot) pp. 357–372. (West Australian Institute of Technology: Perth)

Bindon BM Piper LR 1977 Induction of ovulation in sheep and cattle by injection of PMSG and ovine anti-PMSG immune serum. Theriogenology 8 171 DOI

Bindon BM, Piper LR, Evans R (1982) Reproductive biology of the Booroola Merino. In ‘The Booroola Merino. Proceedings of a Workshop held in Armidale, August 1980’. (Eds LR Piper, BM Bindon, RD Nethery) pp. 21–34. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)

Bindon BM, Piper LR, Ch’ang TS (1984a) Reproductive performance of crossbred ewes derived from Booroola and control Merinos and joined to rams of two terminal sire breeds. In ‘Reproduction in sheep’. (Eds DR Lindsay, DT Pearce) pp. 243–246. (Australian Academy of Science: Canberra)

Bindon BM Piper LR Thimonier J 1984 b Pre-ovulatory LH characteristics and time of ovulation in Booroola and control Merinos and in cattle selected for twinning. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 71 519 523

Bindon BM Piper LR Cahill LP Driancourt MA O’Shea T 1986 Genetic and hormonal factors affecting superovulation. Theriogenology 25 53 70
DOI

Bindon BM Roberts EM 1964 Control of ovarian activity in ewes with progestagens. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 7 397 399

Bindon BM Tassell R 1969 Losses of FSH activity due to fractionation and lypophilization of sheep and rat pituitary tissue. Journal of Endocrinology 44 131 132


Bindon BM Thimonier J Piper LR 1978 Timing of the pre-ovulatory LH discharge in high fecundity sheep. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Reproductive Biology 10 82


Bindon BM Turner HN 1974 Plasma LH of the prepubertal lamb: a possible early indicator of fertility. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 39 85 88


Bindon BM Waites GMH 1968 Discrepancy in weight and blood flow in the left and right testis and epididymis of the mouse before and after hypophysectomy. Journal of Endocrinology 40 333 334


Corbet NJ Miller RG Bindon BM Burrow HM D’Occhio MJ Entwistle KW Fitzpatrick LA Wilkins JF Kinder JE 1999 Synchronization of estrus and fertility in Zebu beef heifers treated with three estrus synchronization protocols. Theriogenology 51 647 659
DOI

Cornu C Bindon BM Piper LR 1982 Artificial rearing of lambs: evaluation of French techniques and equipment in New South Wales. Wool Technology and Sheep Breeding 30 171 174

Cummins LJ 1992 Twinning in cattle (Contract review). Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 19 438 447


Cummins LJ 1994 Beef cattle twinning (Contract review). Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 20 27 36


Cummins LJ Clark AJ McLeod IK Wilkins JF Williamson PJ Hennessy DW Hillard MA Pashen RL Darrow MD 1992 Induced twins by embryo transfer. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 19 440 441


Cummins LJ De Knegt L Clark AJ McLeod IK 1994 The effect of twinning and stocking rate on calf growth at Hamilton. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 20 32 33


Cummins LJ O’Shea T Bindon BM Lee VWK Findlay JK 1983 Ovarian inhibin content and sensitivity to inhibin in Booroola and control strain Merino ewes. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 67 1 7


Cummins LJ O’Shea T Al-Obaidi SAR Bindon BM Findlay JK 1986 Increase in ovulation rate after immunization of Merino ewes with a fraction of bovine follicular fluid containing inhibin activity. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 77 365 372


Cushman RA Allan MF Snowder GD Thallman RM Echternkamp SE 2005 Evaluation of ovulation rate and ovarian phenotype in puberal heifers from a cattle population selected for increased ovulation rate. Journal of Animal Science 83 1839 1844


Davis GH (2003) Major genes affecting ovulation rate in sheep. In ‘Proceedings of an international workshop on major genes and QTL in sheep and goats. 8–11 December, 2003, Toulouse, France’. pp. 2–06. (INRA: Paris)

Driancourt MA Jego Y Cahill LP Bindon BM 1985 a Follicle population dynamics in sheep with different ovulation rate potentials. Livestock Production Science 13 21 33
DOI

Driancourt MA Cahill LP Bindon BM 1985 b Ovarian follicular populations and pre-ovulatory enlargement in Booroola and control Merino ewes. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 73 93 107

Driancourt MA Castonguay F Bindon BM Piper LR Quirke JF Hanrahan JP 1990 Ovarian follicular dynamics in lines of sheep (Finn, Merinos) selected on ovulation rate. Journal of Animal Science 68 2034 2041


Findlay JK Bindon BM 1976 Plasma FSH in Merino lambs selected for fecundity. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 46 515 516


Fry RC Cahill LP Cummins JT Bindon BM Piper LR Clarke IJ 1987 The half life of follicle stimulating hormone in ovary-intact and ovariectomised Booroola and control Merino ewes. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 81 611 615


Fry RC Simpson TL Squires TJ Harris SG Findlay JK 1995 The effect of FSH, AIB and bST on follicular growth and oocyte recovery in young calves. Proceedings of the Australian Society for Reproductive Biology 27 76


Gordon I (1996) Induction of twin births in cattle. In ‘Controlled reproduction in cattle and buffaloes’. (Ed. I Gordon) pp. 372–416. (CAB International: Wallingford)

Gregory KE Echternkamp SE Cundiff LV 1996 Effects of twinning on dystocia, calf survival, carcass traits, and cow productivity. Journal of Animal Science 74 1223 1233


Gregory KE Bennett GL Van Vleck LD Echternkamp SE Cundiff LV 1997 Genetic and environmental parameters for ovulation rate, twinning rate, and weight traits in a cattle population selected for twinning. Journal of Animal Science 75 1213 1222


Guerra-Martinez P Dickerson GE Anderson GB Green RD 1990 Embryo-transfer twinning and performance efficiency in beef production. Journal of Animal Science 68 4039 4050


Hennessy DW Wilkins JF Williamson PJ Andrews CM Makings BJ 1994 Forage intake and efficiency of beef cows rearing single or twin calves and grazing irrigated pastures. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 20 33 34


Hillard MA Wilkins JF Cummins LJ Bindon BM Tsonis CG Findlay JK O’Shea T 1995 Immunological manipulation of ovulation rate for twinning in cattle. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility. Supplement 49 351 364


Holland EJ Bindon BM Piper LR Thimonier J Cornish KA Radford HM 1981 Endoscopy in cattle: techniques for ovarian examination by the paralumbar and mid-ventral routes. Animal Reproduction Science 4 127 135
DOI

Kind K Bindon BM Hilllard MA O′Shea T 1988 Plasma follicle stimulating hormone, ovulation rate and fertility in Merino ewes treated with bovine follicular fluid. Animal Reproduction Science 16 27 38 DOI

Lamond DR Bindon BM 1962 Oestrus, ovulation and fertility following suppression of ovarian cycles in Merino ewes by progesterone. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 4 57 66

Lamond DR Bindon BM 1966 a Biological assay of follicle-stimulating hormone in hypophysectomized immature mice. Journal of Endocrinology 34 365 376


Lamond DR Bindon BM 1966 b The effect of gonadotrophins on uterine growth of hypophysectomized mice. Nature 209 512 513


Lloyd HM Bindon BM Lamond DR Meares DJ 1968 Starch gel electrophoresis of mouse pituitary gonadotrophins. Journal of Endocrinology 40 313 323


Martin FIR Bindon BM Lamond DR 1969 Collaborative bioassay of follicle stimulating hormone in hypophysectomized mice. Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science 47 281 282


McGuirk BJ, Killeen ID, Piper LR, Bindon BM, Caffery G, Langford D (1982) Evaluation of Booroola-Collinsville Merino crosses in southern NSW. In ‘The Booroola Merino. Proceedings of a workshop held in Armidale, August 1980’. (Eds LR Piper, BM Bindon, RD Nethery) pp. 69–76. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)

McNatty KP, Henderson KM, Fleming JS, Clarke IJ, Bindon BM, Piper LR, O’Shea T, Hillard MA, Findlay JK (1991) The physiology of the Booroola ewe. In ‘Major genes for reproduction in sheep. 2nd International workshop, Toulouse, France, July 1990’. (Eds J Melsen, L Bodin, J Thimonier) pp. 105–124. (INRA: Paris)

Mulsant P Lecerf F Fabre S Schibler L Monget P et al 2001 Mutation in bone morphogenetic protein receptor-1B is associated with increased ovulation rate in Booroola Merino ewes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98 5104 5109
DOI

Mulsant P, Lecerf F, Fabre S, Bodin L, Thimonier J, Monget P, Lanneluc I, Monniaux D, Teyssier J, Elsen JM (2003) Prolificacy genes in sheep: the French genetic programs. In ‘Proceedings of the 6th international symposium on reproduction in domestic ruminants. August 14–17, 2002, Crieff, Scotland, UK. Supplément 61’. pp. 353–359. (Society for Reproduction and Fertility: Scotland)

O’Shea T Bindon BM Forage RG Findlay JK Tsonis CG 1993 Active immunization of Merino ewe lambs with recombinant inhibin advances puberty and increases ovulation rate. Reproduction, Fertility and Development 5 173 180 DOI

O’Shea T Cummins LJ Bindon BM Findlay JK 1982 Increased ovulation rate in ewes vaccinated with an inhibin-enriched fraction from bovine follicular fluid. Proceedings of the Australian Society for Reproductive Biology 14 85

O’Shea T Hillard MA Anderson ST Bindon BM Findlay JK Tsonis CG Wilkins JF 1994 Inhibin immunization for increasing ovulation rate and superovulation. Theriogenology 41 3 17
DOI

Owens JL Bindon BM Edey TN Piper LR 1984 Effect of litter size on blood haematocrit and liveweight in Booroola Merino and Merino ewes during pregnancy and the post-partum period. Theriogenology 22 579 586 DOI

Owens JL Bindon BM Edey TN Piper LR 1985 a Behaviour at parturition and lamb survival of Booroola Merino sheep. Livestock Production Science 13 359 372 DOI

Owens JL Edey TN Bindon BM Piper LR 1985 b Parturient behaviour and calf survival in a herd selected for twinning. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 13 321 333 DOI

Piper LR Allison AJ Bindon BM Gheradi P Kelly RW Killeen ID Lindsay DR Oldham C Robertson D Stevenson JR 1976 Ovulation rate in high fecundity Merino crosses. Theriogenology 6 622 DOI

Piper LR, Bindon BM (1982) The Booroola Merino and the performance of medium non-Peppin crosses at Armidale. In ‘The Booroola Merino. Proceedings of a workshop held in Armidale, August 1980’. (Eds LR Piper, BM Bindon, RD Nethery) pp. 9–20. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

Piper LR Bindon BM 1983 The Booroola Merino and the performance of medium non-Peppin crosses at Armidale. Wool Technology and Sheep Breeding 31 14 19

Piper LR Bindon BM 1986 The reproductive biology of prolific sheep breeds. Oxford Reviews of Reproductive Biology 8 414 451


Piper LR Bindon BM 1990 Genetic and non-genetic approaches to increasing prolificacy in beef cattle. Proceedings of the Australian Association of Animal Breeding and Genetics 8 381 388


Piper LR, Bindon BM (1996) The Booroola Merino. In ‘Prolific sheep’. (Ed. MH Fahmy) pp. 152–160. (CAB International: Wallingford)

Piper LR, Bindon BM, Davis GH (1985) The single gene inheritance of the high litter size of the Booroola Merino. In ‘The genetics of reproduction in sheep’. (Eds RB Land, DW Robinson) pp. 115–26. (Butterworths: London)

Reverter A Johnston DJ Burrow HM Oddy VH Perry D Ferguson DM Thompson JM Goddard ME Bindon BM 2003 Genetic and phenotypic characterisation of live animal, carcass and meat quality traits from temperate and tropically adapted beef breeds. IV. Correlations among live animal, abattoir carcass and meat quality traits. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 54 149 158
DOI

Roberts EM Bindon BM Houlahan PM 1963 Preliminary report on regulation of oestrus and fertility in cyclic ewes by oral administration of 6-methyl-17-acetoxy-progesterone. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 3 78 80 DOI

Roberts EM Bindon BM 1966 A study of the effect of short and long-acting progestagens on anoestrous Merino and Romney ewes. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 12 155 159

Robertson DM Ellis S Foulds LM Findlay JK Bindon BM 1984 Pituitary gonadotrophins in Booroola and control Merino sheep. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 71 189 197


Scaramuzzi RJ Geldard H Beels CM Hoskinson RM Cox RI 1983 Increasing lambing percentages through immunization against steroid hormones. Wool Technology and Sheep Breeding 31 87 97


Souza CJ MacDougall C Campbell BK McNeilly AS Baird DT 2001 The Booroola (FecB) phenotype is associated with a mutation in the bone morphogenetic receptor type 1 B (BMPR1B) gene. The Journal of Endocrinology 169 R1 R6
DOI

Tassell RJ Kennedy JP Bindon BM Piper LR 1983 Ovarian follicles from new-born Merino lambs from genetic lines which differ in fecundity. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 36 351 355

Thimonier J Bindon BM Piper RL 1979 Ovarian response to PMSG in cattle selected for twinning. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Reproductive Biology 11 5


Thimonier J Bindon BM Piper LR Curtis YM Cheers MA Farrell RM 1985 Seasonal changes in spontaneous oestrus and ovulation in Border Leicester × Merino and Dorset × Merino ewes. Wool Technology and Sheep Breeding 33 28 31


Turner HN (1982) Origins of the CSIRO Booroola. In ‘The Booroola Merino. Proceedings of a workshop held in Armidale, August 1980’. (Eds LR Piper, BM Bindon, RD Nethery) pp. 1–7. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)

Wilkins JF Fowler DG Piper LR Bindon BM 1982 Observations on litter size and reproductive wastage using ultrasonic scanning. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 14 637


Wilkins JF Fowler DG Bindon BM Piper LR Hall DG Fogarty NM 1984 Measuring foetal loss with real time scanning. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 15 768


Wilkins JF Hennessy DW Cummins LJ Hillard MA 1994 Embryo loss in multiple bearing cows. In Cummins LJ ‘Beef cattle twinning’ (Contract review). Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 20 29 30



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