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Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The estimation of the phosphorus fertilizer requirements of wheat in southern New South Wales by soil analysis

JD Colwell

Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 3(10) 190 - 197
Published: 1963

Abstract

The usefulness of five contrasting methods of soil analysis for estimating the phosphorus fertilizer requirements of wheat in southern New South Wales has been investigated, using yield data provided by 27 field experiments. Because the level of yield of wheat is strongly affected by seasonal environmental conditions poor correlations are obtained between soil analysis and absolute or relative yield of wheat, Much better and often significant correlations are obtained between soil analysis and the absolute increase in yield from fertilizer application. The best correlations were obtained with an 0.5M NaHCO3 extraction of soil phosphorus. A regression response surface calculated from these relationships provides a method for making direct estimates of fertilizer requirements for maximum economic return to farmers under average climatic conditions. The precision of these estimates is limited more by the flatness of the response surface and uncontrolled variation in the field data, than by inadequacies in the representation of available phosphorus by the NaHCO3 analysis.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EA9630190

© CSIRO 1963


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