Australian Journal of Biological Sciences Australian Journal of Biological Sciences Society
Biological Sciences

Studies on the Aleurone Layer I. Oonventional and Fluorescence Microscopy of the Cell Wall With Emphasis on Phenol-Carbohydrate Complexes in Wheat

RG Fulcher, TP O'brien and JW Lee

Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 25(1) 23 - 34
Published: 1972


In the ungerminated seed, the cell walls of the aleurone layer of wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Heron) are strongly autofluorescent and are stained by aniline blue, resorcinol blue, toluidine blue, and the periodic acid-Schiff's reaction. Thin-layer chromatography of acid or alkaline extracts and microspectrofluorimetry indicate that the fluorescent component of the wall is ferulic acid. During germina-tion, the ferulic acid disappears from the aleurone cell wall in a specific pattern and its loss is accompanied by loss of stainable substance except in the innermost layer of the wall. These facts suggest that the aleurone cell wall contains a ferulic acid-carbohydrate complex which renders it relatively resistant to the action of the hydro-lases which digest the endosperm.

© CSIRO 1972

PDF (5.6 MB) Export Citation