A Handbook of Global Freshwater Invasive Species

This book reviews the current state of knowledge of the most notable global invasive freshwater species or groups.

Invasive non-native species are a major threat to global biodiversity. Often introduced accidentally through international travel or trade, they invade and colonise new habitats, often with devastating consequences for the local flora and fauna. Their environmental impacts can range from damage to resource production (e.g. agriculture and forestry) and infrastructure (e.g. buildings, road and water supply), to human health. They consequently can have major economic impacts. It is a priority to prevent their introduction and spread, as well as to control them. Freshwater ecosystems are particularly at risk from invasions and are landscape corridors that facilitate the spread of invasives. + Full description

This book reviews the current state of knowledge of the most notable global invasive freshwater species or groups, based on their severity of economic impact, geographic distribution outside of their native range, extent of research, and recognition of the ecological severity of the impact of the species by the IUCN. As well as some of the very well-known species, the book also covers some invasives that are emerging as serious threats. Examples covered include a range of aquatic and riparian plants, insects, molluscs, crustacea, fish, amphibians, reptiles and mammals, as well as some major pathogens of aquatic organisms.

The book also includes overview chapters synthesizing the ecological impact of invasive species in fresh water and summarising practical implications for the management of rivers and other freshwater habitats.

- Short description


Invasive Alien Species in Freshwater Ecosystems: A Brief Overview
Part 1: Aquatic and Riparian Plants 2. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Grisebach (Alligator Weed) 3. Crassula Helmsii (T. Kirk) Cockayne (New Zealand Pygmyweed) 4. Eichhornia Crassipes Mart. (Solms-Laubach) (Water Hyacinth) 5. Heracleum Mantegazzianum Sommier and Levier (Giant Hogweed) 6. Impatiens Glandulifera Royle (Himalayan Balsam) 7. Lagarosiphon Major (Ridley) Moss ex Wager (Curly Water Weed) 8. Lythrum Salicaria L. (Purple Loosestrife) 9. Myriophyllum Aquaticum (Vell.) Verdcourt (Parrot Feather) 10. Spartina Anglica C.E. Hubbard (English Cord-Grass) 11. Tamarix spp. (Tamarisk, Saltcedar)
Part 2: Aquatic Invertebrates
12. Aedes Albopictus Skuse (Asian Tiger Mosquito) 13. An Overview of Invasive Freshwater Cladocerans: Bythotrephes Longimanus Leydig As a Case Study 14. Invasive Freshwater Copepods of North America 15. Corbicula fluminea Muller (Asian Clam) 16. Eriocheir Sinensis H. Milne-Edwards (Chinese Mitten Crab) 17. Pacifastacus Leniusculus Dana (North American Signal Crayfish) 18. Apple Snails 19. Potamopyrgus Antipodarum J. E. Grey (New Zealand Mudsnail)
Part 3: Fish
20. Bigheaded Carps of the Genus Hypophthalmichthys 21. Cyprinus Carpio L. (Common carp) 22. Gambusia Affinis (Baird and Girard) and Gambusia Holbrooki Girard (Mosquitofish) 23. Pseudorasbora Parva Temminck and Schlegel (Topmouth Gudgeon) 24. Salmo Trutta L. (Brown Trout)
Part 4: Amphibians and Reptiles
25. Rhinella Marina L. (Cane Toad) 26. Eleutherodactylus Coqui Thomas (Caribbean Tree Frog) 27. Rana (Lithobates) Catesbeiana Shaw (American Bullfrog) 28. Trachemys Scripta (Slider Terrapin) Part 5: Aquatic and Riparian Mammals 29. Castor Canadensis Kuhl (North American Beaver) 30. Myocastor Coypus Molina (Coypu) 31. Neovison Vison Schreber (American Mink)
Part 6: Aquatic Pathogens
32. Bothriocephalus Acheilognathi Yamaguti (Asian Tapeworm) 33. Centrocestus Frmosanus Nishigori (The Asian Gill-Trematode) 34. Myxobolus Cerebralis Hofer (Whirling Disease). Conclusion 35. Management of Freshwater Invasive Alien Species.


Robert A. Francis is a Senior Lecturer in Ecology at King's College London, UK. He has broad research interests in aquatic, riparian and urban ecology and has been secretary of the British Ecological Society special interest group on invasive species since 2008.