Australian Journal of Botany Australian Journal of Botany Society
Southern hemisphere botanical ecosystems
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The dendrochronology of Callitris intratropica in northern Australia: annual ring structure, chronology development and climate correlations

Patrick J. Baker A D , Jonathan G. Palmer B and Rosanne D’Arrigo C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia.

B Gondwana Tree-ring Laboratory, PO Box 14, Little River, Canterbury, 7546, New Zealand.

C Tree-ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, 10964, USA.

D Corresponding author. Email: patrick.baker@sci.monash.edu.au

Australian Journal of Botany 56(4) 311-320 https://doi.org/10.1071/BT08040
Submitted: 7 March 2008  Accepted: 17 April 2008   Published: 16 June 2008

Abstract

In this study we demonstrate the significant dendrochronological potential of Callitris intratropica, a native conifer distributed across much of the seasonal tropics of northern Australia. We developed two rigorously cross-dated chronologies from sites in the Northern Territory, Australia. The first chronology (1965–2004) was developed from plantation C. intratropica of known-age at Howard Springs and was heavily replicated both within and among trees to evaluate the quality of cross-dating for the species. The second chronology (1847–2006) was developed from trees growing naturally near Pine Creek and compared with long-term instrumental climate records to assess the potential for dendroclimatic reconstructions. Both chronologies had mean interseries correlations >0.65, the highest reported for a tropical tree species. The Howard Springs chronology demonstrated that C. intratropica produces anatomically distinct annual growth rings with the consistent ring-width variation within and among trees necessary for rigorous dendrochronological studies. The Pine Creek chronology exhibited statistically significant correlations with rainfall and the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI; integrated measures of plant water stress), and to a lesser extent temperature. The strongest correlations between the climate data and tree-ring width indices were for early monsoon rainfall (October–December; Pearson’s r = 0.53) and late monsoon PDSI (May; Pearson’s r = 0.41). Our study demonstrates the significant potential of high-quality dendrochronological research on mainland Australia in general, and of C. intratropica, specifically, to reconstruct historical variation of the Australian monsoon system. In addition, C. intratropica may be able to provide novel insights into the dynamics of forests in the seasonal tropics of northern Australia and the role of disturbances, such as fire and cyclones, on these ecosystems.


Acknowledgements

We thank Dick Williams and Garry Cook, CSIRO Tropical Ecosystems Research Centre (Darwin), for their help in identifying and facilitating access to the research sites. This work was funded by the US National Science Foundation (Grant ATM-OCE 04–02474) and by an Early Career Researcher grant from Monash University and an Australian Research Council grant (DP0878744) to PJB. This is LDEO Contribution no. 7165.


References


Allen KJ, Cook ER, Francey RJ, Michael K (2001) The climatic response of Phyllocladus aspleniifolius (Labill.) Hook. f in Tasmania. Journal of Biogeography 28, 305–316.
CrossRef |

Ash J (1983) Tree rings in tropical Callitris macleayana F. Muell. Australian Journal of Botany 31, 277–281.
CrossRef |

Baker PJ, Bunyavejchewin S (2006) Suppression, release, and canopy recruitment patterns in a seasonal tropical forest in western Thailand. Journal of Tropical Ecology 22, 521–529.
CrossRef |

Baker PJ, Bunyavejchewin S, Oliver CD, Ashton PS (2005) Disturbance history and historical stand dynamics of a seasonal tropical forest in western Thailand. Ecological Monographs 75, 317–343.
CrossRef |

Banks JCG (1982) The use of dendrochronology in the interpretation of the dynamics of the snow gum forest. PhD Thesis, Australian National University, Department of Forestry, Canberra.

Bowman DMJS, Panton WJ (1993) Decline of Callitris intratropica in the Northern Territory: implications for pre-and post-European colonization fire regimes. Journal of Biogeography 20, 373–381.
CrossRef |

Brienen RJW, Zuidema PA (2005) Relating tree growth to rainfall in Bolivian rain forests: a test for six species using tree ring analysis. Oecologia 146, 1–12.
CrossRef |

Briffa KR (1995) Interpreting high-resolution proxy climate data-the example of dendroclimatology. In ‘Analysis of climate variability: applications of statistical techniques’. (Eds H von Storch, A Navarra) pp. 77–94. (Springer: Berlin)

Brookhouse M (2006) Eucalypt dendrochronology: past, present, and potential. Australian Journal of Botany 54, 435–449.
CrossRef |

Buckley BM, Barbetti M, Watanasak M, D’Arrigo RD, Boonchirdchoo S, Sarutanon S (1995) Dendrochronological investigations in Thailand. IAWA Journal 16, 393–409.

Buckley BM, Cook ER, Peterson MJ, Barbetti M (1997) A changing temperature response with elevation for Lagarostrobos franklinii in Tasmania, Australia. Climatic Change 36, 477–498.
CrossRef |

Buckley BM, Palakit K, Duangsathaporn K, Sanguantham P, Prasomsin P (2007) Decadal scale droughts over north western Thailand over the past 448 years: links to the tropical Pacific and Indian Ocean sectors. Climate Dynamics 29, 63–71.
CrossRef |

Burrows ND, Ward B, Robinson AD (1995) Jarrah forest fire history from stem analysis and anthropological evidence. Australian Forestry 58, 7–16.

Cook ER , Holmes RL (1985) Program ARSTAN and users manual. Tucson, Laboratory of Tree Ring Research, University of Arizona.

Cook ER, Bird T, Peterson M, Barbetti M, Buckley B, D’Arrigo R, Francey R, Tans P (1991) Climatic change in Tasmania inferred from a 1089-year tree-ring chronology of subalpine huon pine. Science 253, 1266–1268.
CrossRef |

Cook ER, Buckley BM, D’Arrigo RD, Peterson MD (2000) Warm-season temperatures since 1600 BC reconstructed from Tasmanian tree rings and their relationship to large-scale sea surface temperature anomalies. Climate Dynamics 16, 79–91.
CrossRef |

Cook ER, Esper J, D’Arrigo R (2004) Extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere temperature variability over the past 1000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 23, 2063–2074.
CrossRef |

Cook ER, Buckley BM, Palmer JG, Fenwick P, Peterson MJ, Boswijk G, Fowler A (2006) Millennia-long tree-ring records from Tasmania and New Zealand: a basis for modelling climate variability and forcing, past, present and future. Journal of Quaternary Science 21, 689–699.
CrossRef |

Cook ER, Seager R, Cane MA, Stahle DW (2007) North American drought: reconstructions, causes, and consequences. Earth-Science Reviews 81, 93–134.
CrossRef |

Cullen LE, Grierson PF (2007) A stable oxygen, but not carbon, isotope chronology of Callitris collumellaris reflects recent climate change in north-western Australia. Climatic Change 85, 213–229.
CrossRef |

D’Arrigo R, Wilson R, Jacoby G (2006a) On the long-term context for late twentieth century warming. Journal of Geophysical Research 111, D03103.
CrossRef |

D’Arrigo R, Wilson R, Palmer J, Krusic P, Curtis A, Sakulich J, Bijaksana S, Zulaikah S, Ngkoimani O, Tudhope S (2006b) Reconstructed Indonesian warm pool SSTs from tree rings and corals: linkages with ENSO and the Asian monsoon. Paleoceanography 21, PA3005.
CrossRef |

D’Arrigo R, Wilson R, Palmer J, Krusic P, Curtis A, Sakulich J, Bijaksana S, Zulaikah S, Ngkoimani O (2006c) Monsoon drought over Java, Indonesia during the past two centuries. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L04709.
CrossRef |

D’Arrigo R, Baker PJ, Palmer J, Anchukaitis K, Cook G (2008) Experimental reconstruction of monsoon drought variability for Australasia using tree rings and corals. Geophysical Research Papers (in press) ,
CrossRef |

Dunisch O, Montoia VR, Bauch J (2003) Dendroecological investigations on Swieteniamacrophylla King and Cedrelaodorata L. (Meliaceae) in the central Amazon. Trees (Berlin) 17, 244–250.

Dunwiddie PW, LaMarche VC (1980) Dendrochronological characteristics of some native Australian trees. Australian Forestry 43, 124–135.

Fichtler E, Trouet V, Beeckman H, Coppin P, Worbes M (2004) Climatic signals in tree rings of Burke aafricana and Pterocarpus angolensis from semiarid forests in Namibia. Trees (Berlin) 18, 442–451.

Flora of Australia (1998) Ferns, gymnosperms andallied groups. Vol. 48. (ARBS/CSIRO: Canberra)

Friedman J (1984) ‘A variable span smoother’. Department of Statistics, Stanford University Technical Report LCS 5.

Fritts HC (1976) ‘Tree rings and climate’. (Academic Press: London)

Glasby P, Selkirk PM, Adamson D, Downing AJ, Selkirk DR (1987) Blue Mountains Ash (Eucalyptus oreades R. T. Baker) in the western Blue Mountains. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 110, 141–158.

Grissino-Mayer H (2001) Evaluating cross-dating accuracy: a manual and tutorial for the computer program COFECHA. Tree-Ring Research 57, 205–221.

Heinrich I, Banks JCG (2005) Dendroclimatological potential of Australian red cedar. Australian Journal of Botany 53, 21–32.
CrossRef |

Holmes R (1983) Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree-Ring Bulletin 43, 69–75.

Ilic J (1996) ‘A guide to the wood of Australia’ (CSIRO Publishing: Canberra)

LaMarche VC, Hirschboeck KK (1984) Frost rings in trees as records of major volcanic eruptions. Nature 307, 121–126.
CrossRef |

LaMarche VC , Holmes RL , Dunwiddie PW , Drew LG (1979) ‘Tree-ring chronologies of the Southern Hemisphere.’ Chronology Series V, Laboratory of Tree-ring Research (University of Arizona, Tucson: Arizona)

McBride JR, Lewis HT (1984) Occurrence of fire scars in relation to the season and frequency of surface fires in Eucalyptus forests of the Northern Territory, Australia. Forest Science 30, 970–976.

Ogden J (1978) On the dendrochronological potential of Australian trees. Australian Journal of Ecology 3, 339–356.
CrossRef |

Ogden J (1981) Dendrochronological studies and the determination of tree ages in the Australian tropics. Journal of Biogeography 8, 405–420.
CrossRef |

Palmer WC (1965) Meteorological drought. Research Paper No. 45 (US Department of Commerce Weather Bureau: Washington, DC)

Pearman GI (1971) An exploratory investigation of the growth rings of Callitris preissii from Garden Island and Naval Base. Western Australian Naturalist 12, 12–17.

Pearson SG, Searson MJ (2002) High-resolution data from Australian trees. Australian Journal of Botany 50, 431–439.
CrossRef |

Schweingruber FH (1992) Annual growth rings and growth zones in woody plants of southern Australia. IAWA Bulletin 13, 359–379.

Searson M , Pearson S (2001) A new technique in dendroecology using Callitris. In ‘Perfumed pineries: environmental history of Australias Callitris forests’. (Eds J Dargavel, D Hart, B Libbis) pp. 39–47. (Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Australian National University: Canberra)

Simkin R, Baker PJ (2008) Disturbance history and stand dynamics in tall open forest and riparian rainforest in the Central Highlands of Victoria. Austral Ecology in press ,

Stahle DW, Mushove PT, Cleaveland MK, Roig F, Haynes GA (1999) Management implications of annual growth rings in Pterocarpus angolensis from Zimbabwe. Forest Ecology and Management 124, 217–229.
CrossRef |

Stokes MA , Smiley TL (1968) ‘An introduction to tree-ring dating.’ (University of Chicago Press: Chicago)

Swetnam TW, Lynch AM (1993) Multicentury, regional-scale patterns of western spruce budworm outbreaks. Ecological Monographs 63, 399–424.
CrossRef |

van der Schrier G, Bri?a KR, Jones PD, Osborne TJ (2006) Summer moisture variability across Europe. Journal of Climate 19, 2818–2834.
CrossRef |

Worbes M (2002) One hundred years of tree-ring research in the tropics–a brief history and an outlook to future challenges. Dendrochronologia 20, 217–231.
CrossRef |








Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation Cited By (26)