Australian Journal of Chemistry Australian Journal of Chemistry Society
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Isomers of 1,4,8,11-Tetraazacyclotetradecane-6,13-dicarboxylate Characterized as Cobalt(III) Complexes

Paul V. Bernhardt, Trevor W. Hambley, Geoffrey A. Lawrance, Marcel Maeder and Eric N. Wilkes

Australian Journal of Chemistry 56(7) 679 - 684
Published: 30 June 2003


The major trans (1) and minor cis (2) isomers of 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-6,13-dicarboxylate have been characterized as the complexes [Co(1)](ClO4) and [Co(H2)(OH2)]Cl(ClO4)·H2O. The former crystallized in the C2/c space group and the latter in the P21/c space group, with cell parameters a 16.258(7), b 9.050(3), c 15.413(6) Å, β133.29(3)°, and a 9.694(4), b 16.135(1), c 12.973(5) Å, β 93.00(2)°, respectively. Their characterization completes identification of the respective trans and cis isomers for the series of c-pendant macrocycles also including 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-6-amine-13-carboxylate ((3), (4)) and 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-6,13-diamine ((5), (6)). The complexes show limited distortion from octahedral geometry with the strain in the presence of the coordinated c-pendant carboxylate significantly reduced compared with that for the c-pendant amine in analogues, a consequence mainly of six-membered as opposed to five-membered chelate rings involving the pendant donor. A comparison of the physical properties for the trans isomers of the octahedral complexes of (1), (3), and (5), which reflect progressively increasing strain, is presented.

© CSIRO 2003

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