Australian Journal of Chemistry Australian Journal of Chemistry Society
An international journal for chemical science
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Synthesis, Characterization, and Self-Assembly of Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)-block-poly(vinyl acetate)

Nathalie Bailly A , Gwenaelle Pound-Lana A and Bert Klumperman A B

A Stellenbosch University, Department of Chemistry and Polymer Science, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa.

B Corresponding author. Email: bklump@sun.ac.za

Australian Journal of Chemistry 65(8) 1124-1131 https://doi.org/10.1071/CH12185
Submitted: 5 April 2012  Accepted: 26 May 2012   Published: 2 August 2012

Abstract

Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)-block-poly(vinyl acetate) (PVP-b-PVAc) block copolymers of varying molar mass and hydrophobic block lengths were synthesized by xanthate-mediated radical polymerization. In order to control the molar mass of the hydrophilic PVP block, a xanthate chain transfer agent, S-(2-cyano-2-propyl) O-ethyl xanthate, was used. The PVP-b-PVAc block copolymer is composed of a hydrophilic and hydrophobic segment, and has the ability to self-assemble in aqueous solution. The PVP-b-PVAc block copolymers were characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy to confirm their self-assembly in water. The critical micelle concentration was determined by fluorescence spectroscopy. A combination of dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and static light scattering was used to further characterize the self-assembly of the block copolymers in water.


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