Mapping and QTL analysis of the barley population Tallon × Kaputar
Australian Journal of Agricultural Research
54(12) 1155 - 1162
Published: 17 December 2003
AbstractA genetic map of barley with 224 AFLP and 39 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers was constructed using a doubled haploid (DH) mapping population from a cross between the varieties Tallon and Kaputar. Linkage groups were assigned to individual barley chromosomes using the published map locations of the SSR markers as reference points. This genetic map was used to identify markers with linkage to agronomic, disease, and quality traits in barley. The population, which comprised 65 lines, was tested in a range of environments across Australia. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) analyses were performed using software packages MapMaker, MapManager, and Qgene. Significant associations with markers were found for several traits. Grain yield showed significant association with regions on chromosomes 2H, 3H, and 5H over a range of sites throughout Australia. Regions on chromosomes 2H and 3H explained 30% and 26% of variation in lodging, respectively. Among quality traits, diastatic power was associated with regions on chromosomes 1H, 2H, and 5H (R2 = 37%). Hot water extract was associated with a region on chromosome 6H and a marker not assigned to a chromosome (R2 = 45%). There were also environment-specific QTLs for the traits analysed. The markers identified here present an opportunity for marker assisted selection of lines for these traits in barley breeding programs.
Keywords: SSR, AFLP, genetic mapping, quantitative trait loci.
© CSIRO 2003