Relation between level of autumn dormancy and salt tolerance in lucerne (Medicago sativa)Kunyong Huang A D , Xiaoxia Dai A D , Yiquan Xu A , Shibing Dang A , Tianran Shi A , Jianmin Sun B and Kehua Wang A C
A Department of Grassland Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.
B Beijing Clover Group Co. Ltd., Beijing, 100029, China.
C Corresponding author. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
D These authors contributed equally to this work.
Crop and Pasture Science 69(2) 194-204 https://doi.org/10.1071/CP17121
Submitted: 27 March 2017 Accepted: 1 November 2017 Published: 22 January 2018
Experiments were conducted to study the relationship between autumn (fall) dormancy rating (FDR) and salt tolerance of lucerne (alfalfa, Medicago sativa L.). Seeds of eight cultivars with different FDRs (range 2.0–10.2) were germinated in a growth chamber under five concentrations of NaCl (range 0–1.2%). A subordinate function value method was adopted for comprehensive evaluation of salt tolerance of the lucerne cultivars. Seed germination rate and germination potential, and seedling electrolyte leakage, shoot length, root length, fresh weight, root : shoot length ratio, Na+ and K+ concentrations and K+ : Na+ ratio were used as the indices of evaluation. Under 1.2% salt treatment, salt-tolerance ranking of the cultivars was WL656HQ > WL440HQ > WL712HQ > WL525HQ > WL343HQ > WL319HQ > WL363HQ > WL168HQ, with respective FDRs of 9.3, 6.0, 10.2, 8.2, 3.9, 2.8, 4.9 and 2.0. The results of this study show that non-dormant cultivars were generally more salt tolerant than dormant cultivars.
Additional keyword: fall dormancy rating.
ReferencesAbunada Z, Nassar A (2015) Impacts of wastewater irrigation on soil and alfalfa crop: Case study from Gaza strip. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy 34, 648–654.
| Impacts of wastewater irrigation on soil and alfalfa crop: Case study from Gaza strip.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXhsFWlurbF&md5=3649209df2d672dbac102ba1f606f937CAS |
Al-Khateeb SA (2006) Effect of calcium/sodium ratio on growth and ion relations of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seedling grown under saline condition. Journal of Agronomy 5, 175–181.
| Effect of calcium/sodium ratio on growth and ion relations of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seedling grown under saline condition.CrossRef |
Barnes DK, Smith DM, Stucker RE, Elling LJ (1979) Fall dormancy in alfalfa: A valuable predictive tool. In ‘Report of the 26th Alfalfa Improvement Conference, South Dakota State University’. (Ed. DK Barnes) p. 34. (Brookings Publishing: Washington, DC)
Chen THH, Chen FSC (1988) Relations between photoperiod, temperature, abscisic acid, and fall dormancy in alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Canadian Journal of Botany 66, 2491–2498.
| Relations between photoperiod, temperature, abscisic acid, and fall dormancy in alfalfa (Medicago sativa).CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaL1MXhsFWnsbo%3D&md5=77e2772aa7c002ea3e89aae818f35514CAS |
Davies PJ (2010) Regulatory factors in hormone action: level, location and signal transduction. In ‘Plant hormones: biosynthesis, signal transduction, action’. (Ed. PJ Davies) pp. 16–35. (Springer Publishing: Dordrecht, The Netherlands)
Deinlein U, Stephan AB, Horie T, Luo W, Xu G, Schroeder JI (2014) Plant salt-tolerance mechanisms. Trends in Plant Science 19, 371–379.
| Plant salt-tolerance mechanisms.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXksVWmsb8%3D&md5=7699e5bab5343dd769a8f4443adb628dCAS |
Dhont C, Castonguay Y, Nadeau P, Belanger G, Chalifour FP (2002) Alfalfa root carbohydrates and regrowth potential in response to fall harvests. Crop Science 42, 754–765.
| Alfalfa root carbohydrates and regrowth potential in response to fall harvests.CrossRef |
Fan WA, Sun XG, Ni JX, Du HQ, Shi YH (2014) Effect of photoperiod on phytochromes and endogenous hormones of alfalfa with different fall dormancies. Acta Practaculturae Sinica 23, 177–184.
FAO (2008) FAO land and plant nutrition management service. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at: www.fao.org/ag/agl/agll/spush.
Gower JC (1971) A general co-efficient of similarity and some of its properties. Biometrics 27, 857–871.
| A general co-efficient of similarity and some of its properties.CrossRef |
Grieve CM, Poss JA, Grattan SR, Suarez DL, Benes SE, Robinson PH (2004) Evaluation of salt-tolerant forages for sequential water reuse systems: II. Plant–ion relations. Agricultural Water Management 70, 121–135.
Haagenson DM, Cunningham SM, Joern BC, Volenec JJ (2003) Autumn defoliation effects on alfalfa winter survival, root physiology, and gene expression. Crop Science 43, 1340–1348.
| Autumn defoliation effects on alfalfa winter survival, root physiology, and gene expression.CrossRef |
Hoagland DR, Arnon DI (1950) The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. California Agricultural Experiment Station Circular 347, 1–32.
Hu T, Li HY, Zhang XZ, Luo H, Fu JM (2011) Toxic effect of NaCl on ion metabolism, antioxidative enzymes and gene expression of perennial ryegrass. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 74, 2050–2056.
| Toxic effect of NaCl on ion metabolism, antioxidative enzymes and gene expression of perennial ryegrass.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3MXht1ehs7jF&md5=5acf7f794d888305c54a6c03b364d220CAS |
Hu LX, Li HY, Pang HC, Fu JM (2012) Responses of antioxidant gene, protein and enzymes to salinity stress in two genotypes of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) differing in salt tolerance. Journal of Plant Physiology 169, 146–156.
| Responses of antioxidant gene, protein and enzymes to salinity stress in two genotypes of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) differing in salt tolerance.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3MXhs1Ols7vL&md5=2213c7a12da5d14fa6de34fe7bc8fcf5CAS |
Jia Y, Li FM, Wang XL, Xu JZ (2006) Dynamics of soil organic carbon and soil fertility affected by alfalfa productivity in a semiarid agro-ecosystem. Biogeochemistry 80, 233–243.
| Dynamics of soil organic carbon and soil fertility affected by alfalfa productivity in a semiarid agro-ecosystem.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XhtValtbbE&md5=ec25335e25db267b3742f7a59192991aCAS |
Johnson DW, Smith SE, Dobrenz AK (1992a) Genetic and phenotypic relationships in response to NaCl at different developmental stages in alfalfa. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 83, 833–838.
Johnson DW, Smith SE, Dobrenz AK (1992b) Selection for increased forage yield in alfalfa at different NaCl levels. Euphytica 60, 27–35.
Li XL, Wan LQ (2004) Alfalfa fall dormancy and its relationship to winter hardiness and yield. Acta Pratacultural Science 13, 57–61.
Lopez MV, Satti SME (1996) Calcium and potassium-enhanced growth and yield of tomato under sodium chloride stress. Plant Science 114, 19–27.
| Calcium and potassium-enhanced growth and yield of tomato under sodium chloride stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK28Xnslaqug%3D%3D&md5=a63b95253ef464338ed54c4095cc8825CAS |
Maas EV, Hoffman GJ (1977) Crop salt tolerance—current assessment. Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division 103, 115–134.
Monirifar H, Barghi M (2009) Identification and selection for salt tolerance in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) ecotypes via physiological traits. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 1, 63–66.
Munns R (2002) Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant, Cell & Environment 25, 239–250.
| Comparative physiology of salt and water stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38Xhslakurw%3D&md5=b4b5a6349eb80d1ae48fd686ed1563c8CAS |
Noble CL, Halloran GM, West DW (1984) Identification and selection for salt tolerance in lucerne (Medicago sativa L.). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 35, 239–252.
| Identification and selection for salt tolerance in lucerne (Medicago sativa L.).CrossRef |
Parida AK, Das AB (2005) Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants: a review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 60, 324–349.
| Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants: a review.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXhtVKlt7nN&md5=dc0ba23061b6afd12af68b4be05dec2fCAS |
Rengasamy P (2006) World salinization with emphasis on Australia. Journal of Experimental Botany 57, 1017–1023.
| World salinization with emphasis on Australia.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28Xis1Gls74%3D&md5=14f8c803358e2842ea263f25bcc7246cCAS |
Rokebul Anower MR, Mott IW, Peel MD, Wu YJ (2013) Characterization of physiological responses of two alfalfa half-sib families with improved salt tolerance. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 71, 103–111.
| Characterization of physiological responses of two alfalfa half-sib families with improved salt tolerance.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhsFemtLjP&md5=9411c4f0f24db5234387d2aa1401ceb4CAS |
Roumiantseva ML, Stepanova GV, Kurchak ON, Onishchuk OP, Muntyan VS, Dzyubenko EA, Dzyubenko N, Simarov BV (2015) Selection of salt tolerant alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) plants from different varieties and their biological and symbiotic properties analysis. Agricultural Biology 50, 673–684.
Ryu H, Cho YG (2015) Plant hormones in salt stress tolerance. Journal of Plant Biology 58, 147–155.
| Plant hormones in salt stress tolerance.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2MXps1Slsbg%3D&md5=170ad25f62092bc44b7fb15dee6f680fCAS |
Türkan I, Demiral T (2009) Recent developments in understanding salinity tolerance. Environmental and Experimental Botany 67, 2–9.
| Recent developments in understanding salinity tolerance.CrossRef |
Veronesi F, Brummer EC, Huyghe C (2010) Alfalfa. In ‘Fodder crops and amenity grasses’. (Eds B Boller, UK. Posselt, F Veronesi) pp. 395–396. (Springer Publishing: New York)
Wang BS, Zhao KF (1995) Comparison of extractive methods of Na and K in wheat leaves. Plant Physiology Communications 30, 50–52.
Wang CZ, Ma BL, Han JF, Wang YH, Gao YX, Hu XF, Zhang CM (2008) Photoperiod effect on phytochrome and abscisic acid in alfalfa varieties differing in fall dormancy. Journal of Plant Nutrition 31, 1257–1269.
| Photoperiod effect on phytochrome and abscisic acid in alfalfa varieties differing in fall dormancy.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1cXnsVSltbo%3D&md5=ad98349b4c0f96b33a557fa0392b5ee5CAS |
Wang CZ, Ma BL, Yan XB, Han JF, Guo YX, Wang YH, Li P (2009) Yield of alfalfa varieties with different fall-dormancy levels in a temperate environment. Agronomy Journal 101, 1146–1152.
| Yield of alfalfa varieties with different fall-dormancy levels in a temperate environment.CrossRef |
Wang YX, Chen AP, Zhang B (2010) The preliminary study on salt tolerance of different alfalfa varieties. Pratacultural Science 27, 102–106.
Wang RF, Wang TM, Lu XS, Wang WZ (2012) Study on the acid tolerance of alfalfa varieties of three different fall dormancy levels in seedling stage. Chinese Journal of Grassland 34, 37–41.
Wu R, Yu LQ, Ci ZL, Wang FG, Su D (2011) The effect of low temperature on cold resistance of alfalfa with different fall dormancy type. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin 27, 113–119.
Xu Z, Xue H (2012) Plant hormones: function and molecular mechanism. In ‘The role of plant hormones in the embryo and seed development’. pp. 382–395. (Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers: Shanghai)
Yacoubi R, Job C, Belghazi M, Chaibi W, Job D (2013) Proteomic analysis of the enhancement of seed vigor in osmoprimed alfalfa seeds germinated under salinity stress. Seed Science Research 23, 99–110.
| Proteomic analysis of the enhancement of seed vigor in osmoprimed alfalfa seeds germinated under salinity stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXnsFejt7Y%3D&md5=9c002a5962849d4181484b5593f3087dCAS |
Yadav S, Irfan M, Ahmad A, Hayat S (2011) Causes of salinity and plant manifestations to salt stress: A review. Journal of Environmental Biology 32, 667–685.
Yue MQ (2011) Comparison of salt tolerance of 20 alfalfa varieties. MSc Thesis, Hebei Agricultural University, Hebei, China.
Zhu KK, Zhang J, Cui WT, Jin QJ, Muhammad KS, Shen WB (2014) Role of heme oxygenase-1 in spermidine-induced alleviation of salt toxicity during alfalfa seed germination. Plant and Soil 375, 275–287.
| Role of heme oxygenase-1 in spermidine-induced alleviation of salt toxicity during alfalfa seed germination.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhslGjsbfN&md5=8accc802b0f8bfe0a4b0e46897546307CAS |