Functional Plant Biology Functional Plant Biology Society
Plant function and evolutionary biology
REVIEW

Plant–aphid interactions with a focus on legumes

Lars G. Kamphuis A B , Katherine Zulak A , Ling-Ling Gao A , Jonathan Anderson A B and Karam B. Singh A B C

A CSIRO Plant Industry, Private Bag 5, Wembley, WA 6913, Australia.

B The UWA Institute of Agriculture, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia.

C Corresponding author. Email: karam.singh@csiro.au

This paper originates from a presentation at the ‘VI International Conference on Legume Genetics and Genomics (ICLGG)’ Hyderabad, India, 2–7 October 2012.

Functional Plant Biology 40(12) 1271-1284 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP13090
Submitted: 10 April 2013  Accepted: 29 May 2013   Published: 25 July 2013

Abstract

Sap-sucking insects such as aphids cause substantial yield losses in agriculture by draining plant nutrients as well as vectoring viruses. The main method of control in agriculture is through the application of insecticides. However, aphids rapidly evolve mechanisms to detoxify these, so there is a need to develop durable plant resistance to these damaging insect pests. The focus of this review is on aphid interactions with legumes, but work on aphid interactions with other plants, particularly Arabidopsis and tomato is also discussed. This review covers advances on the plant side of the interaction, including the identification of major resistance genes and quantitative trait loci conferring aphid resistance in legumes, basal and resistance gene mediated defence signalling following aphid infestation and the role of specialised metabolites. On the aphid side of the interaction, this review covers what is known about aphid effector proteins and aphid detoxification enzymes. Recent advances in these areas have provided insight into mechanisms underlying resistance to aphids and the strategies used by aphids for successful infestations and have significant impacts for the delivery of durable resistance to aphids in legume crops.

Additional keywords: antibiosis, antixenosis, defence signaling, defense signalling, legume, sap-sucking insect.


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