Historical Records of Australian Science Historical Records of Australian Science Society
The history of science, pure and applied, in Australia, New Zealand and the southwest Pacific

Author Instructions

Publishing Policies
Historical Records of Australian Science insists on high standards of ethical behaviour throughout the publication process. Our journal editors work within the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Further information on our policies can be found at http://www.publish.csiro.au/hr/PublishingPolicies.

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Peer review
Historical Records of Australian Science is a peer-reviewed journal that uses a single-blind peer-review. The Editors are responsible to maintain high-quality peer-review of papers submitted to the journal and work together with the Editorial Board to ensure a thorough and fair peer-review and the highest scientific publishing standards. All submissions undergo preliminary assessment by an Editor, who may reject a paper before peer review when it is outside the journal’s scope or is of insufficient quality. Editors select reviewers and after at least two review reports are received, they make the decision whether to accept/reject or send a manuscript for revision. The final decision is made by an Editor.

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The conditions around authorship for Historical Records of Australian Science should follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), for more information see http://www.publish.csiro.au/hr/PublishingPolicies.

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Licence to publish
It is the author's responsibility to secure any necessary permission for publication. The journal assumes that all authors of a multi-authored article agree to its submission. For further details regarding copyright, please see Copyright/Licence to Publish.

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Open Access
Authors may choose to publish their article Open Access on payment of a publication fee. See Open Access for more details.

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Journal policy

HRAS is a bi-annual journal that publishes two kinds of unsolicited manuscripts — Historical Articles and Historical Documents — on the history of science in Australia, New Zealand and the southwest Pacific. The journal also publishes Reviews, Memoirs of deceased Fellows of the Australian Academy of Science, Book Reviews, and an Annual Bibliography of the history of science in Australia and the southwest Pacific.

Historical Articles, Historical Documents, Reviews and Memoirs are subject to a formal process of peer review and are considered on the understanding that they are the result of original research that has not, and will not, appear elsewhere in substantially the same form. The journal is published in June and December.

There are no page charges.

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Submission procedure
All manuscripts should be submitted via ScholarOne Manuscripts. This online management system can be reached directly through this link or from the link on the journal’s homepage. First-time users should register via the ‘Register here’ link, and subsequently log in with existing username and password. Once logged in, click on the ‘Author Centre’ link and proceed. It is essential to include name, address, fax (where possible) and telephone numbers and email address of the Corresponding Author.

If you encounter any difficulties, or you have any queries, please contact:
Historical Records of Australian Science
CSIRO Publishing
Locked Bag 10
Clayton South VIC 3169
Telephone +[61 3] 9545 2994
Fax +[61 3] 9545 8578
Email publishing.hras@csiro.au

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Guidelines for the preparation of manuscripts

General presentation
Manuscripts should be prepared as Word documents, double-spaced with generous margins (at least 3 cm). Appropriate subheadings should be used. Spelling should follow the Oxford English Dictionary, and style generally that of Fowler’s Modern English Usage and the Australian Government Publishing Service Style Manual. Do not include full points in acronyms: thus CSIRO (not C.S.I.R.O.) and IUHPS for the International Union for History of Science (not I.U.H.P.S.). Attention of the editors should be drawn to unusual alphabets, symbols, special characters and mathematical and chemical formulae. When two or more authors have collaborated in preparing a manuscript, an indication should be given as to which is the principal or corresponding author to whom correspondence concerning the article, once published, may be addressed.

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Types of manuscript

HRAS publishes two kinds of unsolicited manuscripts:
Historical Articles
Original scholarly pieces of peer-reviewed research of no more than 8000 words in length (without consultation with the editors) (including references). Appendices, documents and other materials can be included in 'Supplementary Material'.

Historical Documents
Either hitherto unpublished or obscurely published primary sources (word limit subject to negotiation), along with a peer-reviewed scholarly introduction of between 4000 and 6000 words (including endnotes). The introduction will appear within the journal and the document(s) will appear in 'Supplementary Material'.

The journal also publishes a number of commissioned manuscripts:
Review articles by leading scholars on current areas of research and/or debates about theoretical and methodological issues in the history of science in Australia, New Zealand and the southwest Pacific, commissioned by the Editors.

Biographies of deceased Fellows of the Academy of Australian Science, commissioned by the Academy. The memoirs are between 5000 and 8000 words (including endnotes).
Bibliographies of Fellows’ publications are included in 'Supplementary Material'.

Book Reviews
Critical appraisals of recently published books (and other media) on the history of science in Australia, New Zealand and the southwest Pacific, commissioned by the Book Review Editor.

Annual Bibliography
A list of print and digital publications on the history of science in Australia, New Zealand and the southwest Pacific arranged by subject.

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Make the title concise and informative. It should contain the main keywords but additional keywords may also be suggested. An abridged title, for use as a running head, should also be provided.

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Authors and addresses
Please include full first name, initial(s) and surnames for all authors, and current contact details (mail and email) of the Corresponding Author.

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Manuscripts should be accompanied by a brief summary for use by appropriate abstracting journals. This should state the scope of the work and the principal conclusions reached.

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Conflicts of Interest
A ´Conflicts of Interest´ section should be included at the end of the manuscript. It should identify any financial or non-financial (political, personal, professional) interests/relationships that may be interpreted to have influenced the manuscript. If there is no conflict of interest, please include the statement "The authors declare no conflicts of interest".

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All manuscripts should be rigorously documented, with source information provided in endnotes, not parenthetically in the text. The endnotes will be given the title of 'References'. In the text, endnotes should be indicated with superscript numbers throughout (e.g. 1), running sequentially through the article. Superscript numbers should be placed outside punctuation.

References should be cited in endnotes as follows:

  • Book
    C. M. H. Clark, A History of Australia, Vol. 4 (Melbourne, 1978), p. 91.

  • Chapter in a book
    Diana Dyason, 'After Thirty Years: History and Philosophy of Science in Australia, 1946–1976', in Melbourne Studies in Education 1977, ed. Stephen Murray-Smith (Melbourne, 1977), pp. 45–74; p. 57.

  • Journal article
    Hugh Hammersley, 'Radiation Science and Australian Medicine', Historical Records of Australian Science, 5(3) (1982), 41–63.
    R. J. Elliott, W. P. Malcolm and J. B. Moore, 'Robust Control of a Partially Observed Markov Chain', Applied Mathematics and Optimization, 56(3) (2007), 303–311.

  • Newspapers
    Argus (Melbourne), 1 February 1890, p. 18.

  • Manuscript Materials
    e.g. Mitchell Library, ML MSS 988/1, f. 7; or W.H. Bragg to J.P.V. Madsen, 29 April 1909, Bragg-Madsen correspondence, Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Article in Conference Proceedings
    P. T. Hayman and I. J. Collett, 'Estimating Soil Water: To Kick, to Stick, to Core or to Computer?' in Proceedings of the 8th Australian Agronomy Conference, Toowoomba, Australia, ed. M. Ashghar, Vol. 2 (Toowoomba, Qld, 1990), p. 664.

HRAS no longer uses Latin phrases and abbreviations but replaces them with plain English. Some examples: op. cit. (already cited); ibid (as above); n.b. (note or note that); i.e. (that is); e.g. (for example); ca (approximately); per se (specifically).

Take special care checking the accuracy of endnotes and references; we take no editorial responsibility for them. Give titles of books and names of journals in full. Include the title of the article in all journal references, and provide first and last page numbers for all entries.

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Authors may use appropriate historical units and currencies, and may choose to give the metric equivalents or conversion factors in an endnote. Otherwise, use the SI system, especially for exact measurement of physical quantities. Use the negative index system; e.g. g m-2, kg ha-1, m m-2 s-1.

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Refer to every table in the text. Number each with an Arabic numeral and supply a heading. If using Microsoft Word, please use Table Formatting (i.e. use table cells). Otherwise, please use tabs (not spaces or hard returns) when setting up columns.

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A small number of illustrations may accompany a historical article. Refer to every figure or illustration in the text, and number all illustrations in a common sequence. Take particular care that photographs accompanying each copy of the manuscript (as electronic files) show all relevant features. Colour figures are accepted and must be supplied in CMYK and not RGB format.

Computer-generated figures must be saved as follows: Please note that Adobe Illustrator is the preferred program for line and/or graph figures and (editable vector graphic) .eps files are the preferred format for photographs:

  • for Adobe Illustrator, save as .eps (encapsulated postscript) files;
  • for Sigmaplot, save in .eps format. Native SigmaPlot files (.jnb format) are not acceptable;
  • for PowerPoint, save in .wmf/windows metafile format;
  • for Excel, save as an Excel 97 worksheet (must contain spreadsheet and embedded chart);
  • for CorelDraw, save as an .eps file that can be opened by Adobe Illustrator

Scanned photographs must be saved as .tiff files; all supplied .tiff files must be compatible with Adobe Photoshop, which is the preferred program. If figures are prepared in a 'paint' program, line art should be saved at 600 dpi, and greyscale or colour images should be saved at 300 dpi. Electronic photographic work should be submitted at the intended print size (85 mm wide for one column and up to a page width of 175 mm), on Zip disks or CD-ROM if necessary.

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Supplementary Material
Material that cannot be contained within the word limit, such as extensive tabulations or citations, can be submitted through the relevant section of ScholarOne Manuscripts and will be considered for separate online publication via a link to the journal’s website included in the text of the article.

The documents associated with Historical Document manuscripts will be included in Supplementary Material. The bibliographies of deceased Fellows will also be included in Supplementary Material.

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Proofs and reprints
Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author for checking prior to publication. Proofs should be checked and returned to the production editor within seven days. At this stage, only essential alterations and correction of typesetter errors will be accepted. A charge will be made for excessive changes. PDF files of published articles will be provided to corresponding authors.

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Biographical Memoirs
Biographical memoirs of deceased Fellows of the Australian Academy of Science are commissioned by the Council of the Academy. While as a general rule authors of memoirs are selected from the Fellowship, the Council may, when appropriate, appoint authors who are not Fellows of the Academy. The Council is keen to ensure that a high standard is maintained in biographical memoirs, so that they will become established as authoritative accounts of the life and work of deceased Fellows. In addition to an account of the Fellow’s scientific work, the memoir should include an assessment of its significance. Personal aspects of the Fellow should be included; relevant anecdotal material is welcome.

It is desirable that memoirs should be published within a reasonable time after the decease of the Fellow. In the event of an author failing to deliver the typescript within a year of accepting authorship, the Council will consider the advisability of inviting another author to write the memoir. If circumstances arise in which an author finds it impossible to meet their deadline, they should consult an Editor.

Memoirs of Fellows who were also FRS and which are to be published in parallel in the Royal Society´s yearly Biographical Memoirs series can for this reason only be published in the November issue of HRAS.

The memoir should be between 5000 and 8000 words in length (including references and excluding the bibliography of Fellow's publications). Authors must not exceed the specified maximum limit without prior consultation with an Editor.

Care should be taken to include the following particulars whenever possible: (1) place and exact date of birth of the subject; (2) place and exact date of death of the subject; (3) full name, occupation and place of residence of the father; (4) forenames, maiden name and occupation (if any) of the mother; (5) the subject's place in the family and the number of brothers and sisters; (6) full name of the wife or husband, with parents' names and professions if appropriate; year of marriage; number of sons and daughters (if any of these has attained distinction, the fact should be briefly noted); (7) the subject´s place of education from secondary school onwards; (8) the year of the more important civil or academic distinctions and service promotions. Academic distinctions should include degrees, scholarships and exhibitions, fellowships, academic prizes and honours conferred by learned societies.

A photograph of the subject should accompany each biographical memoir. The Academy holds photographs of many Fellows, and the author of a memoir may use such a photograph when available, or may provide a more appropriate one. The date, or approximate date, on which the photograph was taken, should be indicated. Additional illustrations may be included as appropriate.

Abstract. Authors should provide a brief abstract of the memoir, suitable for use by the standard abstracting services. This should not normally exceed 75 words in length.

References. References to work cited in the Memoir, including publications by the deceased Fellow, should be numbered in order of citation and grouped at the end of the memoir. They should be indicated in the text by superscript numerals, as is done in research articles. This is a changed from previous practice in HRAS where items in the 'Bibliography' could be indicated by numbers inserted in the text.

Bibliography. A bibliography of the Fellow’s publications should be prepared, arranged chronologically and normally in one sequence. If the list is known to be less than complete, this should be stated. Careful attention should be paid to the preparation of this list. Standard abbreviations should be used for journal titles (see ´Journal Abbreviation Resources on the Web´ http://www.library.illinois.edu/biotech/j-abbrev.html). The bibliography of a Fellow's publications will be treated as 'Supplementary material'.

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