The production and storage of a fermentor-grown bacterial culture containing Synergistes jonesii, for protecting cattle against mimosine and 3-hydroxy-4(1H)-pyridone toxicity from feeding on Leucaena leucocephala
A. V. Klieve, D. Ouwerkerk, A. Turner and R. Roberton
Australian Journal of Agricultural Research
53(1) 1 - 5
Published: 03 January 2002
The leguminous shrub Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena) iswidely used as a forage species for cattle in tropical agriculture. However,leucaena contains the toxic amino acid mimosine. Both mimosine and its primaryruminal degradation product 3-hydroxy-4(1H)-pyridone (DHP) are toxic and theiraccumulation in the animal’s system results in hair loss, reducedliveweight gain, and goitre. The ruminal bacteriumngle cultivar bywithholding water. In Expt 2, plants of EP and MK were grown together in thesame container and received water daily with gradation in intensity of waterdeficit achieved by varying the daily water ration per container.
All cultivars in each experiment exhibited commonly reported responses towater deficit, characterised by diminished evaporative surface area andincreased root : shoot ratio. The response of MK was primarily morphologicaland MK plants had smaller plant size, higher root : shoot ratio,Keywords: rumen, beef cattle, PCR assay.
Full text doi:10.1071/AR00121
© CSIRO 2002