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Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 24(1)

Tuberculosis in NSW, 2009–2011

Chris Lowbridge A B , Amanda Christensen A and Jeremy M. McAnulty A

A Health Protection NSW
B Corresponding author. Email: clowb@moh.health.nsw.gov.au

NSW Public Health Bulletin 24(1) 3-9 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/NB12115
Published: 15 July 2013


 
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Abstract

Aim: To describe the epidemiology of tuberculosis in NSW between 2009 and 2011 and compare with previous years. Methods: Data from all cases of tuberculosis notified in NSW during this period were extracted from the Notifiable Conditions Information Management System. Descriptive analyses of notification data were undertaken. Incidence rates were calculated per 100 000 population. Results: Between 2009 and 2011, there were 1548 cases of tuberculosis notified in NSW, translating to an average annual notification rate of 7.2 per 100 000 population for this period. A total of 89% (n = 1371) of notified cases were overseas-born, and 1.6% (n = 24) of cases were recorded as Aboriginal persons. The most common site of infection was the lung (60% of cases). Of notified cases, 68% were reported as having been tested for HIV, of which 3% (n = 28) of cases had HIV/tuberculosis co-infection. There were 20 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, including one case of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Conclusion: The notification rate of tuberculosis in NSW has remained relatively stable over the past two decades, though small incremental increases since 2003 are evident. Endemic transmission of tuberculosis within sub-groups of the NSW population, as well as the ongoing high endemnicity for tuberculosis in neighbouring countries, highlight the importance of tuberculosis control as a continued strategic priority for disease control in NSW.



References

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[3]  Communicable Diseases Branch. GL2005_030 Tuberculosis prevention and control services: the role of chest clinics in NSW. Sydney: NSW Department of Health; 2005.

[4]  O'Connor BA, Fritsche LL, Christensen AJ, McAnulty JM. EpiReview: Tuberculosis in NSW, 2003–2007. N S W Public Health Bull 2009; 20: 59–68.
CrossRef |

[5]  World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis control 2011. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.

[6]  National Tuberculosis Advisory Committee Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Commun Dis Intell 2007; 31: 406–9.

[7]  Australian Bureau of Statistics. Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2011.

[8]  Barry C, Waring J, Stapledon R, Konstantinos A. National Tuberculosis Advisory Committee, for the Communicable Diseases Network Australia. Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 2008 and 2009. Commun Dis Intell 2012; 36: 82–94.

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