CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Sexual Health   
Sexual Health
Journal Banner
  Publishing on sexual health from the widest perspective
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Sample Issue
Call for Papers
For Authors
General Information
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Library Recommendation
For Advertisers

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter logo LinkedIn

red arrow Interview with Kit Fairley
blank image
Hear Kit Fairley speak about what is sexual health.


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 7(2)

Trends in the location of the HIV-positive population in Australia: Implications for access to healthcare services and delivery

Marina Carman A B, Jeffrey Grierson A, Marian Pitts A, Michael Hurley A, Jennifer Power A

A Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, LaTrobe University, 1st Floor, 215 Franklin Street, Melbourne, Vic. 3000, Australia.
B Corresponding author. Email: m.carman@latrobe.edu.au
PDF (98 KB) $25
 Export Citation


Background: Examining existing and potential trends in the HIV-positive population in Australia is important for current and future healthcare service development and delivery. Methods: A new analysis of existing data on this population from the HIV Futures 5 survey was based on linking a geographic breakdown of respondents based on ‘area type’ – capital city or inner suburban, outer suburban, regional centre and rural – with patterns of healthcare service access. In addition, the distance between the postcode of the respondent’s residence and the postcode of the doctor seen for HIV-related treatment was calculated. An analysis of ‘area type’ by income and age was also conducted. Results: The ‘area type’ analysis showed important differences in patterns of access to antiretroviral prescriptions and choice of provider for HIV-related and general healthcare. The median distance travelled to see a doctor for HIV-related treatment was higher for those living in outer suburbs than those living in regional centres. Discussion: Differences in service use appear to be related to geographic accessibility of different service types. However, there may be other important social, economic and cultural factors involved. Ageing and socio-economic pressures may be influencing a move away from inner suburban areas where most HIV-specific care is located. This new analysis assists in finding the right balance between increasing the accessibility of HIV-specific services and ‘mainstreaming’. Longitudinal data collection would further assist in tracking trends in geographic location, and how often and at what intervals people living with HIV utilise healthcare services.

Keywords: AIDS, demographics, distance.

Subscriber Login

Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2016