Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The true identities of the slipper lobsters Nisto laevis and Nisto asper (Crustacea: Decapoda: Scyllaridae) verified by DNA analysis

Ferran Palero A D E , Guillermo Guerao B , Paul F. Clark C and Pere Abelló D

A Departament de Genètica (Evolució), Facultat de Biologia (UB), Av. Diagonal 645, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

B IRTA Unitat de Cultius Experimentals, 43540 Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Catalonia, Spain.

C Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK.

D Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

E Corresponding author. Email: ferranpalero@ub.edu

Invertebrate Systematics 23(1) 77-85 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS08033
Submitted: 23 August 2008  Accepted: 21 November 2008   Published: 31 March 2009

Abstract

In 1885, Sarato created Nisto as a new genus of slipper lobster and assigned two species to his taxon, namely Nisto laevis and N. asper. Bouvier later regarded these two species as post-larval stages of Scyllarus arctus (Linnaeus, 1758). This viewpoint of two post-larval stages has been accepted and retained, including being cited in the most recent scyllarid literature. The discovery of N. laevis and N. asper specimens in the reference collection of the Natural History Museum, London and the capture of three nisto-stage individuals, one in the north-western Mediterranean Sea and two in the Gulf of Cádiz (eastern Atlantic Ocean) have facilitated a historical review into the post-larval stages of S. arctus, as well as new detailed morphological descriptions. From the present study, it has been possible to describe and illustrate the nisto stages of S. arctus and S. pygmaeus (Bate, 1888) and to resolve the true identities of N. laevis and N. asper by DNA analysis. Accordingly, N. laevis has been identified as the nisto stage of S. pygmaeus and N. asper as that of S. arctus.

Additional keywords: nisto, Scyllarus pygmaeus, S. arctus.


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