Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

A new genus for Chlorodiella longimana (H. Milne Edwards) supported by morphology and molecular data, with a preliminary phylogeny of the Chlorodiellinae (Crustacea : Decapoda : Xanthidae)

Robert M. Lasley Jr. A C , Joelle C. Y. Lai A and Brent P. Thoma B

A Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543.

B University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Department of Biology and Laboratory for Crustacean Research, PO Box 42451, Lafayette, LA 70504, USA.

C Corresponding author. Email: rlasleyjr@gmail.com

Invertebrate Systematics 27(4) 379-390 https://doi.org/10.1071/IS12075
Submitted: 26 September 2012  Accepted: 1 February 2013   Published: 30 August 2013

Abstract

Chlorodiella longimana is the only chlorodielline species presently known from the western Atlantic Ocean. Although C. longimana superficially resembles other species of the genus in general appearance of the carapace, morphological analyses revealed a suite of characters that separate it from all other known species of Chlorodiella – in particular, ambulatory legs having dactyli with a single tip and a basal antennal segment with a lateral flange that extends halfway into the orbital hiatus, excluding the antennal flagellum. In addition, a phylogenetic analysis of the Chlorodiellinae inferred from three mitochondrial markers (12S, 16S, COXI) and a nuclear marker (histone H3), confirms that C. longimana is genetically distinct from its congeners. A new genus, Ratha, is proposed to accommodate C. longimana. In addition, a phylogenetic analysis of six chlorodielline genera indicates that the subfamily is polyphyletic as presently defined.


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