Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
REVIEW

A review of the status of Coptotermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae) species in Australia with the description of two new small termite species from northern and eastern Australia

Timothy R. C. Lee A B G , Theodore A. Evans C , Stephen L. Cameron D , Simon Y. W. Ho A , Anna A. Namyatova E F and Nathan Lo A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A University of Sydney, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

B Australian Museum Research Institute, Australian Museum, 1 William Street, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia.

C School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia.

D Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.

E University of New South Wales, Evolution & Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth & Environmental Sciences, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

F St Petersburg State University, Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, St Petersburg 199734, Russian Federation.

G Corresponding author. Email: Timothy.Lee@austmus.gov.au

Invertebrate Systematics 31(2) 180-190 https://doi.org/10.1071/IS16031
Submitted: 21 May 2015  Accepted: 21 September 2016   Published: 26 April 2017

Abstract

Integrative taxonomy, including molecular, morphological, distributional and biological data, is applied in a review of the taxonomy of the Australian species of the pest termite genus Coptotermes. The validity of the previously described species is discussed, and two new species, Coptotermes nanus, sp. nov. and Coptotermes cooloola, sp. nov., are described from the Kimberley region of Western Australia and south-east Queensland respectively. Their delimitation is based on morphological and distributional data, and the results of generalised mixed Yule-coalescent analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Images of the external view of the two new species are provided, as well as a key, based on soldier characters, for all Australian species of Coptotermes.

Additional keywords: Bayesian phylogenetics, integrative taxonomy, mitochondrial DNA, new species, species delimitation.


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