Determination of preferred habitats of early benthic juvenile California spiny lobster, Panulirus interruptus, on the Pacific coast of Baja California Sur, MexicoVerónica Castañeda-Fernández de Lara A , Mark Butler B , Sergio Hernández-Vázquez A , Sergio Guzmán del Próo C and Elisa Serviere-Zaragoza A D
A Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR), La Paz, B.C.S. 23090, Mexico.
B Department of Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0266, USA.
C Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Laboratorio de Ecología, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México, D.F. 02800, Mexico.
D Corresponding author. Email: email@example.com
Marine and Freshwater Research 56(7) 1037-1045 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF04284
Submitted: 30 November 2004 Accepted: 11 August 2005 Published: 3 November 2005
The habitat requirements of early benthic stage juveniles of California spiny lobster Panulirus interruptus are known only from studies conducted near its northernmost geographic range, where environmental conditions differ markedly from those along the Pacific coast of the southern Baja California Peninsula (Mexico). We determined the natural habitat of this stage of P. interruptus in the central portion of their range from sampling the available dominant vegetated habitats included various seagrasses and macroalgae. Additionally, experiments on habitat selection by early benthic juvenile P. interruptus were performed under laboratory conditions to test natural substrate selection and whether selection of substrata is affected by odour signals. Despite the abundance of different macrophytes as habitat, 93% of the juvenile lobsters were found at the base of the blades of Phyllospadix spp. in the intertidal zone at 0 to 3 m. The highest juvenile densities were found in September at both sites. In laboratory experiments, juvenile lobsters preferred, in order of preference, Gelidium robustum, Phyllospadix, Plocamium pacificum, and holdfasts of the kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. A second laboratory experiment showed that these preferences were affected by odour signals. Results indicate that the ecology of juvenile P. interruptus off the coast of the Mexican Baja is similar to that observed off the coast of southern California.
Extra keywords: early benthic stage juveniles, habitat preference, Panulirus interruptus, Phyllospadix, spiny lobster.
This research was supported by the National Counsel of Science and Technology (CONACYT 35151-B) and a CIBNOR institutional project, and partial supported by the project (NSF-0410439/CIBNOR 995–0). V. Castañeda received a fellowship from CONACYT Grant 112870. We thank Carlos Gomez-Rojo and Armando Vega-Velázquez, Coordinator of the lobster programme at the Regional Fishery Research Centre (INP-CRIP, La Paz), for logistical assistance, Juan José Ramírez for technical support in the field, and Alma Rosa Rivera for assistance with algae analysis in the laboratory. To ‘INP-CRIP, La Paz’ and ‘Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Laboratorio de Ecología, IPN’ for the supply of juveniles from artificial collectors. Fishing cooperatives ‘La Purísima’ and ‘Bahía Tortugas’, and especially Ignacio Villavicencio, and Alejandro Villa Bastida provided assistance in the field. The editor at CIBNOR improved the English text.
Acosta, C. A. , and Butler, M. J. (1997). Role of mangrove habitat as a nursery for juvenile spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, in Belize. Marine and Freshwater Research 48, 721–727.
| CrossRef |
Ayala-Martínez, Y. , and Chávez, H. (1985). Note on the collection of larvae and juveniles of the red lobster Panulirus interruptus (Randall) in the west coast of Baja California, Mexico. Ciencias Marinas 11, 93–100.
Booth, J. D. (2001). Habitat preference and behaviour of newly settled Jasus edwardsii (Palinuridae). Marine and Freshwater Research 52, 1055–1065.
| CrossRef |
Booth, J. D. , Carruthers, A. D. , Bolt, C. D. , and Stewart, R. A. (1991). Measuring depth of settlement in the red rock lobster, Jasus edwardsii
Boudreau, B. , Bourget, E. , and Simard, Y. (1993). Behavioural responses of competent lobster postlarvae to odor plumes. Marine Biology 117, 63–69.
| CrossRef |
Briones-Fourzán, P. , and Lozano-Álvarez, E. (2001). The importance of Lobophora variegata (Phaeophyta: Dictyotales) as a habitat for small juveniles of Panulirus argus (Decapoda: Palinuridae) in a tropical reef lagoon. Bulletin of Marine Science 68, 207–219.
Butler, M. J. , and Herrnkind, W. F. (1986). Factors regulating postlarval settlement and juvenile microhabitat use by spiny lobsters Panulirus argus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 34, 23–30.
Butler, M. J. , and Herrnkind, W. F. (1997). A test of recruitment limitation and the potential for artificial enhancement of spiny lobster (Panulirus argus) populations in Florida. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54, 452–463.
| CrossRef |
Butler, M. J. , Herrnkind, W. F. , and Hunt, J. H. (1997). Factors affecting the recruitment of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters dwelling in macroalgae. Bulletin of Marine Science 61, 3–19.
Butler, M. J. , MacDiarmid, A. B. , and Booth, J. D. (1999). The cause and consequence of ontogenetic changes in social aggregation in New Zealand spiny lobsters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 188, 179–191.
Caddy, J. F. , and Stomatopoulos, C. (1990). Mapping growth and mortality rates of crevice-dwelling organisms onto a perforated surface: The relevance of “cover” to the carrying capacity of natural and artificial habitats. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 31, 87–106.
Castañeda-Fernández de Lara, V. , Serviere-Zaragoza, E. , Hernández-Vázquez, S. , and Butler, M. J. (2005). Feeding ecology of juvenile spiny lobster, Panulirus interruptus, on the Pacific coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39, 425–435.
Cowan, D. F. (1999). Method for assessing relative abundance, size distribution, and growth of recently settled and early juvenile lobsters (Homarus americanus) in the lower intertidal zone. Journal of Crustacean Biology 19, 738–751.
Dawson, E. Y. (1951). A further study of upwelling and associated vegetation along Pacific Baja California, México. Journal of Marine Research 10, 39–58.
Dennis, D. M. , Skewes, T. D. , and Pitcher, C. R. (1997). Habitat use and growth of juvenile ornate rock lobsters, Panulirus ornatus (Fabricius, 1798), in Torres Strait, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 48, 663–670.
| CrossRef |
Forcucci, D. , Butler, M. J. , and Hunt, J. H. (1994). Population dynamics of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, in Florida Bay, Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 54, 805–818.
Forward, R. B. , and Tankersley, R. A. (2001). Selective tidal-stream transport of marine animals. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Reviews 39, 305–353.
Guzmán del Próo, S. A. , Carrillo-Laguna, J. , Belmar-Perez, J. , De la Campa, S. , and Villa, B. A. (1996). The puerulus settlement of red spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus) in Bahia Tortugas, Baja California, Mexico. Crustaceana 69, 949–957.
Herrnkind, W. F. , and Butler, M. J. (1986). Factors regulating postlarval settlement and juvenile microhabitat use by spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 34, 23–30.
Holmquist, J. G. , Powell, G. V. N. , and Sogard, S. M. (1989). Decapod and stomatopod assemblages on a system of seagrass-covered mud banks in Florida Bay. Marine Biology 100, 473–483.
| CrossRef |
Jernakoff, P. (1990). Distribution of newly settled western rock lobsters Panulirus cygnus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 66, 63–74.
Johnson, M. W. (1960). The offshore drift of larvae of the California spiny lobster, Panulirus interruptus. California Cooperation Oceanic Fishery Investigation Report 7, 147–161.
Lindberg, R. G. (1955). Growth, population dynamics, and field behavior in the spiny lobster Panulirus interruptus (Randall). University of California Publication in Zoology 59, 157–249.
Linnane, A. , Ball, B. , Munday, B. , and Mercer, J. P. (2000a). On the occurrence of juvenile lobster Homarus gammarus in intertidal habitat. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 80, 375–376.
| CrossRef |
Linnane, A. , Mazzoni, D. , and Mercer, J. P. (2000b). A long-term mesocosm study on the settlement and survival of juvenile European lobster Homarus gammarus L in four natural substrates. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 249, 51–64.
| CrossRef | PubMed |
Marx, J. M. , and Herrnkind, W. F. (1985a). Macroalgae (Rodophyta: Laurencia spp.) as habitat for young juvenile spiny lobsters Panulirus argus. Bulletin of Marine Science 36, 423–431.
Marx, J. M. , and Herrnkind, W. F. (1985b). Factors regulating microhabitat use by young juvenile spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus: food and shelter. Journal of Crustacean Biology 5, 650–657.
Norman, C. P. , Yamakawa, H. , and Yoshimura, T. (1994). Habitat selection, growth rate and density of juvenile Panulirus japonicus (Von Seibold, 1824) (Decapoda, Palinuridae) at Banda, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Crustaceana 66, 366–383.
Phillips, R. C. (1979). Ecological notes on Phyllospadix (Potamogetonaceae) in the Northeast Pacific. Aquatic Botany 6, 159–170.
| CrossRef |
Phillips, B. F. , and Booth, J. D. (1994). Design, use, and effectiveness of collectors for catching the puerulus stage of spiny lobsters. Reviews in Fisheries Sciences 2, 255–289.
Pringle, J. D. (1986). California spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus) larval retention and recruitment: A review and synthesis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43, 2142–2152.
Ramírez-García, P. , Lot, A. , Duarte, C. M. , Terrados, J. , and Agawin, N. S. R. (1998). Bathymetric distribution, biomass and growth dynamics of intertidal Phyllospadix scouleri and Phyllospadix torreyi in Baja California (Mexico). Marine Ecology Progress Series 173, 13–23.
Ramírez-García, P. , Terrados, J. , Ramos, F. , Lot, A. , Ocaña, D. , and Duarte, C. M. (2002). Distribution and nutrient limitation of surfgrass, Phyllospadix scoueleri, and Phyllospadix torrey, along the Pacific coast of Baja California (México). Aquatic Botany 74, 121–131.
| CrossRef |
Robles, C. D. (1997). Changing recruitment in constant species assemblages: implications for predation theory in intertidal communities. Ecology 78, 1400–1414.
Robles, C. D. , and Robb, J. (1993). Varied carnivore effects and the prevalence of intertidal algal turfs. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 166, 65–91.
| CrossRef |
Robles, C. D. , Sweetnam, D. , and Eminike, J. (1990). Lobster predation on mussel shore-level differences in prey vulnerability and predation preference. Ecology 71, 1564–1577.
Sainte-Marie, B. , and Chabot, D. (2002). Ontogenetic shifts in natural diet during benthic stages of American lobster (Homarus americanus), off the Magdalen Islands. Fishery Bulletin (Washington, D.C.) 100, 106–116.
Serfling, S. A. , and Ford, R. F. (1975). Ecological studies of the puerulos larval stage of the California spiny lobster Panulirus interruptus. Fishery Bulletin (Washington, D.C.) 73, 361–368.
Yoshimura, T. , Yamakawa, H. , and Norman, C. P. (1994). Comparison of hole and seaweed habitats of post-settled pueruli and early benthic juvenile lobsters, Panulirus japonicus (Von Siebold, 1824). Crustaceana 66, 356–365.