Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Influence of local-scale and landscape-scale habitat characteristics on California spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus) abundance and survival

Thien T. Mai A B C and Kevin A. Hovel A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Biology, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182, USA.

B Present address: Section of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

C Corresponding author. Email: mai@ucdavis.edu

Marine and Freshwater Research 58(5) 419-428 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF06141
Submitted: 4 August 2006  Accepted: 12 February 2007   Published: 17 May 2007

Abstract

For many marine systems, little is known about the effects of habitat structure on ecological processes that dictate population dynamics. This study focused on the effects of habitat structure on behaviour, abundance, and survival of California spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus Randall) in the Point Loma kelp forest, San Diego, California. Habitat characteristics were quantified in 400-m2 landscapes to determine the role of shelter and understorey kelp characteristics at local (shelter) scales and landscape scales on lobster habitat use. A tethering experiment determined the effects of the presence of understorey kelp on lobster survival. At the shelter scale, lobsters preferred permanent shelters to ephemeral shelters, but did not respond to shelter size. At the landscape scale, lobster density increased with Pterygophora californica (stipitate kelp) density and decreased with Laminaria farlowii (prostrate kelp) density, but lobster density did not vary with shelter density or dispersion. Lobster size increased with P. californica density in two of three surveys, while lobster size did not vary with L. farlowii density. Lobster relative survival was higher in the presence of understorey kelp than when kelp was absent. We conclude that lobsters respond to habitat characteristics at local and landscape scales, and that understorey kelp has strong effects on lobster habitat use and survival.

Additional keywords: behaviour, distribution, fragmentation, kelp forest, shelter, understorey kelp.


Acknowledgements

We thank C. Loflen, K. Palaoro, B. Reed, R. Kushner, L. Sirota, D. Healey, P. Matson, and A. G. Cabello for help in the field, D. Deutschman for statistical advice, and M. Edwards and D. Stow for helpful comments on an earlier version of this manuscript. We also thank the San Diego Foundation, P.A.D.I. Foundation, Project AWARE Foundation, and the SDSU Research Foundation for funding. This is a contribution from the Coastal and Marine Institute at San Diego State University.


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