Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The rise and fall of a translocated population of the endangered Macquarie perch, Macquaria australasica, in south-eastern Australia

Mark Lintermans

Conservation Planning and Research, Environment and Sustainable Development Directorate, ACT Government, GPO Box 158, Canberra, ACT, 2601. Present address: Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia. Email: Mark.Lintermans@canberra.edu.au

Marine and Freshwater Research 64(9) 838-850 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF12270
Submitted: 23 September 2012  Accepted: 20 February 2013   Published: 6 September 2013

Abstract

Translocation is an increasingly popular conservation management activity worldwide, but the success of translocation is often not measured or reported. A population of the endangered Macquarie perch was imperilled by the damming in 1977 of the Queanbeyan River, near Canberra in south-eastern Australia. In November 1980, 66 adult Macquarie perch (309–389-mm total length) individuals were collected from the newlyformed reservoir, and translocated approximately 4 km upstream into the Queanbeyan River past a waterfall (which prevented access to spawning habitat). Five years of post-translocation monitoring at the release sites resulted in the capture of only a single individual in late 1981. Consequently, monitoring ceased because the translocation was assumed to have failed. However, subsequent angler reports and a preliminary survey in 1991 confirmed that some translocated fish had survived, and a small recruiting population had established. More intensive follow-up surveys and subsequent monitoring from 1996 to 2006 demonstrated an established population with consistent recruitment until 2001. However, after 2001, there was no evidence of recruitment and the population is now undetectable, with the prolonged ‘millennium drought’ (1997–2010) being the most plausible cause. The present study demonstrates the potentially ephemeral nature of assessments of success and failure, and the importance of targeted long-term monitoring programs.

Additional keywords: drought, long-term monitoring, measures of success, reintroduction, threatened.


References

Armstrong, D. P., and Seddon, P. J. (2008). Directions in reintroduction biology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23, 20–25.
Directions in reintroduction biology.CrossRef | open url image1

Ayres, R., Stoessel, D., Nicol, M., and Raadik, T. (2011). Moving forward in leaps and bounds to conserve the threatened barred galaxias (Galaxias fuscus). Australian Society for Fish Biology Newsletter 41, 3–6. open url image1

Barlow, C. G., Hogan, A. E., and Rodgers, L. J. (1987). Implication of translocated fishes in the apparent extinction in the wild of the Lake Eacham rainbowfish, Melanotaenia eachamensis. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 38, 897–902.
Implication of translocated fishes in the apparent extinction in the wild of the Lake Eacham rainbowfish, Melanotaenia eachamensis.CrossRef | open url image1

Bearlin, A. R., Schreiber, E. S. G., Nicol, S. J., Starfield, A. M., and Todd, C. R. (2002). Identifying the weakest link: simulating adaptive management of the reintroduction of a threatened fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59, 1709–1716.
Identifying the weakest link: simulating adaptive management of the reintroduction of a threatened fish.CrossRef | open url image1

Blomqvist, D., Pauliny, A., Larsson, M., and Flodin, L.-A. (2010). Trapped in the extinction vortex? Strong genetic effects in a declining vertebrate population. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10, 33.
Trapped in the extinction vortex? Strong genetic effects in a declining vertebrate population.CrossRef | 20122269PubMed | open url image1

Bond, N. R., Lake, P. S., and Arthington, A. H. (2008). The impacts of drought on freshwater ecosystems: an Australian perspective. Hydrobiologia 600, 3–16.
The impacts of drought on freshwater ecosystems: an Australian perspective.CrossRef | open url image1

Broadhurst, B., Ebner, B., and Clear, R. (2012). A rock-ramp fishway expands nursery grounds of the endangered Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica. Australian Journal of Zoology 60, 91–100.
A rock-ramp fishway expands nursery grounds of the endangered Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica.CrossRef | open url image1

Brown, C., and Day, R. (2002). The future of stock enhancements: lessons for hatchery practice from conservation biology. Fish and Fisheries 3, 79–94.
The future of stock enhancements: lessons for hatchery practice from conservation biology.CrossRef | open url image1

Cadwallader, P. L. (1981). Past and present distributions of Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica (Pisces: Percichthyidae), with particular reference to Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 93, 23–30. open url image1

Cadwallader, P. L., and Douglas, J. D. (1986). Changing food habits of Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica Cuvier (Pisces: Percichthyidae) during the initial filling phase of Lake Darmouth, Victoria. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 37, 647–657.
Changing food habits of Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica Cuvier (Pisces: Percichthyidae) during the initial filling phase of Lake Darmouth, Victoria.CrossRef | open url image1

Cadwallader, P. L., and Gooley, G. J. (1984). Past and present distributions and translocations of Murray Cod Maccullochella peeli and trout cod M. macquariensis (Pisces: Percicthyidae) in Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 96, 33–43. open url image1

Cadwallader, P. L., and Rogan, P. L. (1977). The Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica (Pisces: Percichthyidae), of Lake Eildon, Victoria. Australian Journal of Ecology 2, 409–418.
The Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica (Pisces: Percichthyidae), of Lake Eildon, Victoria.CrossRef | open url image1

Caughlan, L., and Oakley, K. L. (2001). Cost considerations for long-term ecological monitoring. Ecological Indicators 1, 123–134.
Cost considerations for long-term ecological monitoring.CrossRef | open url image1

Chades, I., McDonald-Madden, E., McCarthy, M. A., Wintle, B., Linkie, M., and Possingham, H. P. (2008). When to stop managing or surveying cryptic threatened species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105, 13936–13940.
When to stop managing or surveying cryptic threatened species.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1cXhtFKiurbE&md5=1e380041f8896c9bf3c782ea4b33e163CAS | open url image1

Collins, J. P., Young, C., Howell, J., and Minckley, W. L. (1981). Impact of flooding in a Sonoran Desert stream, including elimination of an endangered fish population (Poeciliopsis o. occidentalis, Poeciliidae). The Southwestern Naturalist 26, 415–423.
Impact of flooding in a Sonoran Desert stream, including elimination of an endangered fish population (Poeciliopsis o. occidentalis, Poeciliidae).CrossRef | open url image1

Crivelli, A. J. (1995). Are fish introductions a threat to endemic freshwater fishes in the northern Mediterranean region? Biological Conservation 72, 311–319.
Are fish introductions a threat to endemic freshwater fishes in the northern Mediterranean region?CrossRef | open url image1

CSIRO and Bureau of Meteorology (2007). Climate change in Australia: technical report. CSIRO, Melbourne. Available at http://climatechangeinaustralia.com.au/technical_report.php [accessed 4 February 2013].

Deredec, A., and Courchamp, F. (2007). Importance of the Allee effect for reintroductions. Ecoscience 14, 440–451.
Importance of the Allee effect for reintroductions.CrossRef | open url image1

Douglas, J. (2002). Observations on aspects of Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica (Cuvier) spawning natural recruitment and selected population attributes in Lake Dartmouth and the Mitta Mitta River between 1994 and 1998. Marine and Freshwater Resources Institute Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 02/07. Marine and Freshwater Resources Institute, Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Melbourne.

Douglas, J., Giles, A., and Strongman, R. (2002). Lake Dartmouth multi-species fishery assessment. Marine and Freshwater Resources Institute Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 02/2. Marine and Freshwater Resources Institute, Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Melbourne.

Dudgeon, D., Arthington, A. H., Gessner, M. O., Kawabata, Z. I., Knowler, D. J., Leveque, C., Naiman, R. J., Prieur-Richard, A. H., Soto, D., Stiassny, M. L. J., and Sullivan, C. A. (2006). Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 81, 163–182.
Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges.CrossRef | 16336747PubMed | open url image1

Ebner, B. C., Thiem, J. D., and Lintermans, M. (2007). Fate of 2 year-old, hatchery-reared trout cod Maccullochella macquariensis (Percichthyidae) stocked into two upland rivers. Journal of Fish Biology 71, 182–199.
Fate of 2 year-old, hatchery-reared trout cod Maccullochella macquariensis (Percichthyidae) stocked into two upland rivers.CrossRef | open url image1

Farrington, L. W., Lintermans, M., and Ebner, B. C. (2009). Characterising genetic diversity in the nationally threatened fish Macquarie perch, Macquaria australasica in the upper Murrumbidgee River. Final Report for the Natural Heritage Trust NHT Project No: 18152. Parks, Conservation and Lands, ACT Government, Canberra.

Faulks, L. K., Gilligan, D. M., and Beheregaray, L. B. (2010). Evolution and maintenance of divergent lineages in an endangered freshwater fish, Macquaria australasica. Conservation Genetics 11, 921–934.
Evolution and maintenance of divergent lineages in an endangered freshwater fish, Macquaria australasica.CrossRef | open url image1

Ficke, A., Myrick, C., and Hansen, L. (2007). Potential impacts of global climate change on freshwater fisheries. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17, 581–613.
Potential impacts of global climate change on freshwater fisheries.CrossRef | open url image1

Fischer, J., and Lindenmayer, D. B. (2000). An assessment of the published results of animal relocations. Biological Conservation 96, 1–11.
An assessment of the published results of animal relocations.CrossRef | open url image1

Frankham, R. (2008). Genetic adaptation to captivity in species conservation programs. Molecular Ecology 17, 325–333.
Genetic adaptation to captivity in species conservation programs.CrossRef | 18173504PubMed | open url image1

Frankham, R. (2010). Challenges and opportunities of genetic approaches to biological conservation. Biological Conservation 143, 1919–1927.
Challenges and opportunities of genetic approaches to biological conservation.CrossRef | open url image1

Franklin, I. R., and Frankham, R. (1998). How large must populations be to retain evolutionary potential? Animal Conservation 1, 69–70.
How large must populations be to retain evolutionary potential?CrossRef | open url image1

García, N., Cuttelod, A., and Abdul Malak, D. (Eds) (2010). ‘The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Northern Africa.’ (IUCN: Gland, Switzerland.)

George, A. L., Kuhajda, B. R., Williams, J. D., Cantrell, M. A., Rakes, P. L., and Shute, J. R. (2009). Guidelines for propagation and translocation for freshwater fish conservation. Fisheries 34, 529–545.
Guidelines for propagation and translocation for freshwater fish conservation.CrossRef | open url image1

Goren, M. (2010). Re-introduction of the ‘Extinct in the Wild’ Yarqon bleak, Israel. In ‘Global Reintroduction Perspectives: 2010’. (Ed. P.S. Soorae.) pp. 45–48. (IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.)

Griffith, B., Scott, J. M., Carpenter, J. W., and Reed, C. (1989). Translocation as a species conservation tool: status and strategy. Science 245, 477–480.
Translocation as a species conservation tool: status and strategy.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DC%2BC3cvitlKqsA%3D%3D&md5=8c0d664e9414a5ecdbe66c663c805823CAS | 17750257PubMed | open url image1

Hammer, M., Wedderburn, S., and Van Weenen, J. (2009). ‘Action Plan for South Australian Freshwater Fishes.’(Native Fish Australia (SA): Adelaide.)

Harig, A. L., and Fausch, K. D. (2002). Minimum habitat requirements for establishing translocated cutthroat trout populations. Ecological Applications 12, 535–551.
Minimum habitat requirements for establishing translocated cutthroat trout populations.CrossRef | open url image1

Helfman, S. (2007). ‘Fish Conservation: a Guide to Understanding and Restoring Global Aquatic Biodiversity and Fishery Resources.’ (Island Press: Washington, DC.)

Hendrickson, D. A., and Brooks, J. E. (1991). Transplanting short-lived fishes in North American deserts: review, assessment, and recommendations. In ‘Battle Against Extinction: Native Fish Management in the American West’. (Eds W.L. Minckley and J.E. Deacon.) pp. 283–298. (University of Arizona Press: Tucson, AZ.)

Ingram, B. A., Douglas, J. W., and Lintermans, M. (2000). Threatened fishes of the world: Macquaria australasica Cuvier, 1830 (Percichthyidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 59, 68.
Threatened fishes of the world: Macquaria australasica Cuvier, 1830 (Percichthyidae).CrossRef | open url image1

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)(2007). ‘Climate Change 2007: the Physical Science Basis.’ Contribution of Working Group I to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.)

International Union for the Conservation of Nature (2012). IUCN Guidelines for Reintroductions and Other Conservation Translocations. Available at http://www.issg.org/pdf/publications/Translocation-Guidelines-2012.pdf [accessed 5 March 2013]

Jelks, H. L., Walsh, S. J., Burkhead, N. M., Contreras-Balderas, S., Díaz-Pardo, E., Hendrickson, D. A., Lyons, J., Mandrak, N. E., McCormick, F., Nelson, J. S., Platania, S. P., Porter, B. A., Renaud, C. B., Schmitter-Soto, J. J., Taylor, E. B., and Warren, M. L. Jr. (2008). Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33, 372–407.
Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes.CrossRef | open url image1

Kearns, J., and Lyon, J. (2010). An assessment of the status of Macquarie perch, Macquaria australasica, in the Broken River, Victoria 2010. Confidential Client Report prepared for the Goulburn Broken Catchment Authority. Department of Sustainability and Environment, Melbourne.

Kearns, J., Ayres, R., O’Mahony, J., Hackett, G., and Lyon, J. (2011). An investigation into Macquarie perch and trout cod populations in the Goulburn–Broken Catchment and their response to increased flows during 2010/2011. Confidential Client Report prepared for the Goulburn Broken Catchment Authority. Department of Sustainability and Environment, Melbourne.

Kereszy, A., and Fensham, R. (2013). Conservation of the endangered red-finned blue-eye, Scaturiginichthys vermeilipinnis, and control of alien gambusia, Gambusia holbrooki, in a spring wetland complex. Marine and Freshwater Research 64, 851–863.
Conservation of the endangered red-finned blue-eye, Scaturiginichthys vermeilipinnis, and control of alien gambusia, Gambusia holbrooki, in a spring wetland complex.CrossRef | open url image1

King, A. J., Tonkin, Z., and Lieshcke, J. (2012). Short-term effects of a prolonged blackwater event on aquatic fauna in the Murray River, Australia: considerations for future events. Marine and Freshwater Research 63, 576–586.
Short-term effects of a prolonged blackwater event on aquatic fauna in the Murray River, Australia: considerations for future events.CrossRef | open url image1

Kukolic, K., and Rutzou, T. (1992). The changing status of Macquarie perch (Macquaria australasica) at Googong Reservoir, New South Wales. Australian Society for Fish Biology Newsletter 22, 39. open url image1

Langdon, J. S. (1989). Experimental transmission and pathogenicity of epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) in redfin perch Perca fluviatilis L., and 11 other teleosts. Journal of Fish Diseases 12, 295–310.
Experimental transmission and pathogenicity of epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) in redfin perch Perca fluviatilis L., and 11 other teleosts.CrossRef | open url image1

Lindenmayer, D. B., and Likens, G. E. (2009). Adaptive monitoring: a new paradigm for long-term research and monitoring. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 24, 482–486.
Adaptive monitoring: a new paradigm for long-term research and monitoring.CrossRef | open url image1

Lindenmayer, D. B., and Likens, G. E. (2010). The science and application of ecological monitoring. Biological Conservation 143, 1317–1328.
The science and application of ecological monitoring.CrossRef | open url image1

Lintermans, M. (2000). Recolonisation by the mountain galaxias Galaxiasolidus of a montane stream after the eradication of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Marine and Freshwater Research 51, 799–804.
Recolonisation by the mountain galaxias Galaxiasolidus of a montane stream after the eradication of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss.CrossRef | open url image1

Lintermans, M. (2002). ‘Fish in the Upper Murrumbidgee Catchment: a Review of Current Knowledge.’ (Environment ACT: Canberra.)

Lintermans, M. (2006). The re-establishment of the endangered Macquarie perch, Macquaria australasica, in the Queanbeyan River, New South Wales, with an examination of dietary overlap with alien trout.CRC Freshwater Ecology Technical Report. Available at http://www.ewater.canberra.edu.au/domino/html/Site-CRCFE/CRCFE_WebSite.nsf [accessed March 2013].

Lintermans, M. (2007). ‘Fishes of the Murray–Darling Basin: an Introductory Guide.’ (Murray–Darling Basin Commission: Canberra.)

Lintermans, M. (2012). Managing potential impacts of reservoir enlargement on threatened Macquaria australasica and Gadopsis bispinosus in southeastern Australia. Endangered Species Research 16, 1–16.
Managing potential impacts of reservoir enlargement on threatened Macquaria australasica and Gadopsis bispinosus in southeastern Australia.CrossRef | open url image1

Lintermans, M. (2013a). Conservation and Management. In ‘The Ecology of Australian Freshwater Fish’. (Eds P. Humphries and K. Walker.) pp. 283–316. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Lintermans, M. (2013b). A review of on-ground recovery actions for threatened freshwater fish in Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 64, 775–791.
A review of on-ground recovery actions for threatened freshwater fish in Australia.CrossRef | open url image1

Lintermans, M., and Cottingham, P. (Eds) (2007). Fish out of water – lessons for managing native fish during drought. Final Report of the Drought Expert Panel. Murray–Darling Basin Commission, Canberra.

Lintermans, M., and Ebner, B. (2010). Threatened Fish Profile: ‘Western’ Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica Cuvier 1830. Australian Society for Fish Biology Newsletter 40, 76–78. open url image1

Luikart, G., Sherwin, W. B., Steel, B. M., and Allendorf, F. W. (1998). Usefulness of molecular markers for detecting population bottlenecks via monitoring genetic change. Molecular Ecology 7, 963–974.
Usefulness of molecular markers for detecting population bottlenecks via monitoring genetic change.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaK1cznslOnsw%3D%3D&md5=85360df649b1a81ac8b1e58e237477ffCAS | 9711862PubMed | open url image1

Lyon, J. P., Todd, C., Nicol, S. J., MacDonald, A., Stoessel, D., Ingram, B. A., Barker, R. J., and Bradshaw, C. J. A. (2012). Reintroduction success of threatened Australian trout cod (Maccullochella macquariensis) based on growth and reproduction. Marine and Freshwater Research 63, 598–605.
Reintroduction success of threatened Australian trout cod (Maccullochella macquariensis) based on growth and reproduction.CrossRef | open url image1

Martin, J., Kitchens, W. M., and Hines, J. E. (2007). Importance of well-designed monitoring programs for the conservation of endangered species: case study of the snail kite. Conservation Biology 21, 472–481.
Importance of well-designed monitoring programs for the conservation of endangered species: case study of the snail kite.CrossRef | 17391197PubMed | open url image1

Maxwell, D., and Jennings, S. (2005). Power of monitoring programmes to detect decline and recovery of rare and vulnerable fish. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 25–37.
Power of monitoring programmes to detect decline and recovery of rare and vulnerable fish.CrossRef | open url image1

McDowall, R. M. (2006). Crying wolf, crying foul, or crying shame: alien salmonids and a biodiversity crisis in the southern cool–temperate galaxioid fishes? Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 16, 233–422.
Crying wolf, crying foul, or crying shame: alien salmonids and a biodiversity crisis in the southern cool–temperate galaxioid fishes?CrossRef | open url image1

Ministerial Council on Forestry, Fisheries and Aquaculture (MCFFA)(1999). ‘National Policy for the Translocation of Live Aquatic Organisms – Issues, Principles and Guidelines for Implementation.’ (Ministerial Council on Forestry, Fisheries and Aquaculture: Canberra.)

Minckley, W. L. (1995). Translocation as a tool for conserving imperiled fishes: experiences in western United States. Biological Conservation 72, 297–309.
Translocation as a tool for conserving imperiled fishes: experiences in western United States.CrossRef | open url image1

Morrongiello, J. R., Beatty, S. J., Bennett, J. C., Crook, D. A., Ikedife, D. N. E. N., Kennard, M. J., Kerezsy, A., Lintermans, M., McNeil, D. G., Pusey, B. J., and Rayner, T. (2011). Climate change and its implications for Australia’s freshwater fish. Marine and Freshwater Research 62, 1082–1098.
Climate change and its implications for Australia’s freshwater fish.CrossRef | open url image1

National Trust of Australia (1980). Murrumbidgee River valley study. A report prepared for the National Trust of Australia. Canberra, National Trust of Australia, Canberra.

Nichols, J. D., and Williams, B. K. (2006). Monitoring for conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 21, 668–673.
Monitoring for conservation.CrossRef | open url image1

Norris, R. H., Wright, D. W., Lintermans, M., Bourke, D. F., and Harrison, E. T. (2012). Food resources for Macquarie perch in Cotter Reservoir. Final Report to the Bulk Water Alliance. Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra.

NSW Fisheries (2003). ‘Environmental Impact Statement on Freshwater Fish Stocking in NSW. Public Consultation Document. 3 vols.’ (NSW Fisheries: Sydney.)

Palmer, M. A., Bernhardt, E. S., Allan, J. D., Lake, P. S., Alexander, G., Brooks, S., Carr, J., Clayton, S., Dahm, C. N., Shah, J. F., Galat, D. L., Loss, S. G., Goodwin, P., Hart, D. D., Hassett, B., Jenkinson, R., Kondolf, G. M., Lave, R., Meyer, J. L., O’Donnell, T. K., Pagano, L., and Sudduth, E. (2005). Standards for ecologically successful river restoration. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 208–217.
Standards for ecologically successful river restoration.CrossRef | open url image1

Philippart, J. C. (1995). Is captive breeding an effective solution for the preservation of endemic species? Biological Conservation 72, 281–295.
Is captive breeding an effective solution for the preservation of endemic species?CrossRef | open url image1

Pritchard, J., Hammer, M., Hall, A., Lugg, A., Pearce, L., Kearns, J., Hames, F., and Lyon, J. (2009). Drought and threatened species. In ‘Proceedings of the Murray–Darling Basin Authority Native Fish Forum 2009’, 1–2 September 2009. (Ed. J. Pritchard.) pp. 63–73. (Murray–Darling Basin Authority: Canberra.)

Raadik, T. A., Fairbrother, P. S., and Smith, S. J. (2010). ‘National Recovery Plan for the Barred Galaxias Galaxia fuscus.’(Department of Sustainability and Environment: Melbourne.)

Rowe, D. K. (1993). Disappearance of koaro, Galaxias brevipinnis from Lake Rotopounamu, New Zealand, following the introduction of smelt Retropinna retropinna. Environmental Biology of Fishes 36, 329–336.
Disappearance of koaro, Galaxias brevipinnis from Lake Rotopounamu, New Zealand, following the introduction of smelt Retropinna retropinna.CrossRef | open url image1

Sarrazin, F., and Barbault, R. (1996). Reintroduction: challenges and lessons for basic ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 11, 474–478.
Reintroduction: challenges and lessons for basic ecology.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DC%2BC3M7itFGmtg%3D%3D&md5=62ced288a1ed43af5c3a2fc55d82e722CAS | open url image1

Seddon, P. J. (1999). Persistence without intervention: assessing success in wildlife reintroductions. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 14, 503.
Persistence without intervention: assessing success in wildlife reintroductions.CrossRef | open url image1

Seddon, N. J., Armstrong, D. P., and Maloney, R. F. (2007). Developing the science of reintroduction biology. Conservation Biology 21, 303–312.
Developing the science of reintroduction biology.CrossRef | open url image1

Sheller, F. J., Fagan, W. F., and Unmack, P. J. (2006). Using survival analysis to study translocation success in the Gila topminnow (Poeciliopsis occidentalis). Ecological Applications 16, 1771–1784.
Using survival analysis to study translocation success in the Gila topminnow (Poeciliopsis occidentalis).CrossRef | open url image1

Soorae, P. S. (Ed.) (2008). ‘Global Re-introduction Perspectives: re-introduction CaseStudies from Around the Globe’. (IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.)

Soorae, P. S. (Ed.) (2010). ‘Global Re-introduction Perspectives: 2010. Additional CaseStudiesfrom Around the Globe.’ (IUCN/ SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.)

Soorae, P. S. (Ed.) (2011). ‘Global Re-introduction Perspectives: 2011. More Case Studiesfrom Around the Globe.’ (IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group: Gland, Switzerland, and Environment Agency-Abu Dhabi: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.)

Storfer, A. (1999). Gene flow and endangered species translocations: a topic revisited. Biological Conservation 87, 173–180.
Gene flow and endangered species translocations: a topic revisited.CrossRef | open url image1

Thompson, W. L. (Ed.) (2004). ‘Sampling Rare or Elusive Species.’ (Island Press: Washington, DC.)

Todd, C. R. (2009). ‘Murray Cod Management Model: an Application of Essential.’(Heidelberg: Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research, Department of Sustainability and Environment: Melbourne.) Available at http://www.dse.vic.gov.au/ari/software [accessed March 2013].

Todd, C. R., Nicol, S. J., and Koehn, J. D. (2004). Density-dependence uncertainty in population models for the conservation management of trout cod, Maccullochella macquariensis. Ecological Modelling 171, 359–380.
Density-dependence uncertainty in population models for the conservation management of trout cod, Maccullochella macquariensis.CrossRef | open url image1

Tonkin, Z., Lyon, J., and Pickworth, A. (2010). Spawning behaviour of the endangered Macquarie Perch Macquaria australasica in an upland Australian river. Ecological Management & Restoration 11, 223–226.
Spawning behaviour of the endangered Macquarie Perch Macquaria australasica in an upland Australian river.CrossRef | open url image1

Trueman, W. T. (2011). ‘True Tales of the Trout Cod: River Histories of the Murray-Darling Basin’ MDBA Publication No. 215/11. (Murray–Darling Basin Authority: Canberra)

Trueman, W. T. (2012). ‘True Tales of the Trout Cod: River Histories of the Murray–Darling Basin (Murrumbidgee River Catchment Booklet).’ MDBA Publication No. 07/12. (Murray–Darling Basin Authority: Canberra.)

Threatened Species Section (2006). ‘Recovery Plan: Tasmanian Galaxiidae 2006–2010.’(Threatened Species Section, Department of Primary Industries, Water: Hobart.)

Vincenzi, S., Crivelli, A. J., Jesensek, D., and De Leo, G. A. (2012). Translocation of stream-dwelling salmonids in headwaters: insights from a 15-year reintroduction experience. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 22, 437–455.
Translocation of stream-dwelling salmonids in headwaters: insights from a 15-year reintroduction experience.CrossRef | open url image1

Weeks, A. R., Sgro, C. M., Young, A. G., Frankham, R., Mitchell, N. J., Miller, K. A., Byrne, M., Coates, D. J., Eldridge, M. D. B., Sunnucks, P., Breed, M. F., James, E. A., and Hoffmann, A. A. (2011). Assessing the benefits and risks of translocations in changing environments: a genetic perspective. Evolutionary Applications 4, 709–725.
Assessing the benefits and risks of translocations in changing environments: a genetic perspective.CrossRef | 22287981PubMed | open url image1

Welcomme, R. L. (1988). International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 294, 1–318. open url image1

Wharton, J. C. F. (1968). Spawning areas of the Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica above the Eildon Lake (Victoria). Australian Society for Limnology Newsletter 6, 11–13. open url image1

Whittington, R. J., Kearns, C., Hyatt, A. D., Hengstberger, S., and Rutzou, T. (1996). Spread of epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) in redfin perch (Perca fluviatilis) in southern Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 73, 112–114.
Spread of epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) in redfin perch (Perca fluviatilis) in southern Australia.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaK283mtFaktQ%3D%3D&md5=2ad5365d0086f1a5e81e2224c59070f3CAS | 8660213PubMed | open url image1



Export Citation