Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Individual-specific transgenerational marking of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., using 86Sr/84Sr double spikes

A. Zitek A C , J. Irrgeher A , M. Cervicek A , M. Horsky A , M. Kletzl B , T. Weismann B and T. Prohaska A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, BOKU-UFT, Department of Chemistry, Division of Analytical Chemistry – VIRIS Laboratory for Analytical Ecogeochemistry, Konrad-Lorenz-Straße 24, A-3430, Tulln, Austria.

B Federal Agency for Water Management, Institute for Water Ecology, Fisheries and Lake Research, Research Fishery Kreuzstein, A-5310, Mondsee, Austria.

C Corresponding author. Email: andreas.zitek@boku.ac.at

Marine and Freshwater Research 65(11) 978-986 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF13235
Submitted: 7 September 2013  Accepted: 7 February 2014   Published: 4 July 2014

Abstract

Transgenerational isotopic marking has been recognised as an efficient tool for mass marking of high numbers of fish larvae by injecting female spawners with enriched isotope solutions. So far, mainly enriched stable barium isotopes have been applied for this purpose. Here, we present an alternative approach for individual-specific transgenerational marking using strontium 86Sr/84Sr double spikes. Four isotonic double-spike solutions with different molar fractions of 86Sr and 84Sr and different total Sr concentrations were administered to four female spawners of common carp, Cyprinus carpio, L., by intraperitoneal injection, and one additional female spawner was injected a blank isotonic solution as control. Otoliths (lapilli) were sampled from juvenile offspring and analysed for their Sr isotopic composition by laser ablation–multi collector–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry. Central otolith regions of the progeny of female carps treated with concentrations of at least 0.45 mg 84Sr kg–1 bodyweight and 2.28 mg 86Sr kg–1 bodyweight showed a significant shift of the absolute 88Sr/86Sr and 88Sr/84Sr isotope ratios from the natural baseline. Isotope pattern deconvolution was successfully applied for the identification of the originally injected 86Sr/84Sr molar fraction ratios of the individual double spikes. Enriched stable Sr isotope double spikes represent an important alternative to enriched stable Ba isotopes for transgenerational marking, especially in freshwater systems.


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