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Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology


Functional Plant Biology publishes new and significant information on the functional biology of plants at all scales from the molecular through whole plant to community. More

Editor-in-Chief: Sergey Shabala


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Published online 23 July 2014
Do wide crowns in arid woodland trees reflect hydraulic limitation and reduction of self-shading? 
Martín Escoto-Rodríguez, José M. Facelli and Jennifer R. Watling

In arid lands many trees develop broad crowns that affect many ecological interactions, but how that form is acquired is unresolved. We measured crown shape and carbon isotope ratios. We found that upper branches suffered more water stress than laterally spreading branches, and that lower branches were affected by self-shading. When lower and upper branches are stressed, lateral spreading at middle crown become the best alternative for growth. These results advance our understanding of crown development in trees.

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Published online 22 July 2014
Early detection of Psa infection in kiwifruit by means of infrared thermography at leaf and orchard scale 
Wouter H. Maes, Peter E. H. Minchin, William P. Snelgar and Kathy Steppe

Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) the causal agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit, has become a worldwide threat for the kiwifruit industry. In this work, we show that Psa can be detected at early stages of infection both at leaf and canopy scale using infrared thermography. At leaf scale, this method will be able to assist fundamental research of infection mechanisms; at canopy scale, the method could be used to identify regions of Psa-infection to be pruned out to prevent further devastating spread of the disease.

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Published online 22 July 2014
Genomics-assisted breeding for drought tolerance in chickpea 
Mahendar Thudi, Pooran M. Gaur, Lakshmanan Krishnamurthy, Reyazul R. Mir, Himabindu Kudapa, Asnake Fikre, Paul Kimurto, Shailesh Tripathi, Khela R. Soren, Richard Mulwa, Chellapilla Bharadwaj, Subhojit Datta, Sushil K. Chaturvedi and Rajeev K. Varshney

For enhancing precision and efficiency in chickpea breeding especially for drought tolerance, large-scale genomic resources have been developed. These resources together with genetics and physiological approaches facilitated dissecting complex phenomenon of drought tolerance. Marker-assisted backcrossing has generated several lines with enhanced yield under rained conditions. Such advances have made it possible to deploy genomics-assisted breeding for drought tolerance in chickpea.

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   |        Open Access Article
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Published online 18 July 2014
Balancing crop yield and water productivity tradeoffs in herbaceous and woody crops 
Elías Fereres, Francisco Orgaz, Victoria Gonzalez-Dugo, Luca Testi and Francisco J. Villalobos

Trade-offs between crop yield and water productivity (WP; yield divided by water use) are important in water-limited situations. Genetic improvement for WP generally has yield trade-offs, whereas management measures devised to improve WP tend to enhance yield as well. In contrast to the behaviour of the major herbaceous crops, WP increases in woody crops in response to water stress, facilitating the application of deficit irrigation strategies.

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Published online 04 July 2014
Genetic variability and identification of quantitative trait loci affecting plant growth and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in the model legume Medicago truncatula under control and salt stress conditions 
Sarah Exbrayat, Georges Bertoni, Mohamad Reza Naghavie, Ali Peyghambari, Mounavar Badri and Frédéric Debelle

Salinity is one of the major stresses that limits crop production worldwide and affects most physiological activities in plants. An experiment was undertaken to determine genetic variability in Medicago truncatula, and to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs). Nineteen QTLs were identified under 100 mm salt stress conditions. The results should be helpful information for further functional analysis of salt tolerance in M. truncatula.

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Published online 27 June 2014
Quantitative trait locus mapping of the transpiration ratio related to preflowering drought tolerance in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) 
Mohankumar H. Kapanigowda, William A. Payne, William L. Rooney, John E. Mullet and Maria Balota

Improving the ratio of biomass produced to water transpired is one way to improve water productivity, which is necessary to increase production to feed 9.6 billion by 2050. The study aimed to understand the genetic basis of the transpiration ratio (A : E), and the genetic and physiological determinants of water use in sorghum. Favourable alleles for A : E traits related to preflowering drought tolerance along with stay-green may help develop more drought-tolerant sorghum cultivars.

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    | Supplementary Material (172 KB)
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Published online 13 June 2014
Individual and combined effects of transient drought and heat stress on carbon assimilation and seed filling in chickpea 
Rashmi Awasthi, Neeru Kaushal, Vincent Vadez, Neil C. Turner, Jens Berger, Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Harsh Nayyar

Droughts are often accompanied by rising temperatures, severely affecting seed filling. The effects of these stresses, individually or combined, on biochemical processes related to seed filling was investigated in chickpea genotypes having contrasting sensitivity to heat and drought stress. Leaf photosynthetic function and sucrose metabolism in seeds were severely disrupted, especially by combined stress, resulting in reductions in seed weight and yield. A drought-tolerant genotype appeared to have partial cross-tolerance to heat stress.

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Published online 10 June 2014
Review on shape formation in epidermal pavement cells of the Arabidopsis leaf 
Eveline Jacques, Jean-Pierre Verbelen and Kris Vissenberg

Epidermal pavement cells appear with a fascinating irregular wavy shape in the Arabidopsis thaliana leaf. This review addresses the possible biomechanical benefits of this cell shape over other organisations as well as the biomechanical accomplishment of shape and refers to the cell wall and cytoskeletal involvement herein. A current model for pavement cell development integrating genetic and biochemical regulatory pathways is discussed, but remaining questions and pitfalls are put forward.

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Published online 10 June 2014
Post-anthesis heat and a Gpc-B1 introgression have similar but non-additive effects in bread wheat 
Lancelot Maphosa, Nicholas C. Collins, Julian Taylor and Diane E. Mather

We examined the effects of a genetic factor (an introgression segment) and an environmental factor (heat) on grain filling in wheat. Both factors accelerated senescence and affected grain protein, but only the heat treatment reduced grain size.

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    | Supplementary Material (215 KB)
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Published online 10 June 2014
Crop yield components – photoassimilate supply- or utilisation limited-organ development? 
John W. Patrick and Kim Colyvas

Sucrose production, transport and utilisation are central processes determining crop yield. Their relative quantitative contributions (limitations) to yield are a core plank to direct strategies for crop improvement. Using published responses of a selection of crop species to elevated carbon dioxide concentrations, our analysis demonstrates that numbers in particular and, to a lesser extent potential sizes, of harvested organs are sucrose production/transport (i.e. supply) limited whereas filling these organs is sucrose utilisation limited. These conditions apply across a range of harvested organ types including storage stems and roots, fleshy fruits, grains and tubers.

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    | Supplementary Material (641 KB)
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Published online 16 May 2014
Mucilage exudation facilitates root water uptake in dry soils 
Mutez A. Ahmed, Eva Kroener, Maire Holz, Mohsen Zarebanadkouki and Andrea Carminati

As roots take up water and the soil dries, water depletion is expected to occur near the root surface, ultimately limiting root water uptake. By exuding mucilage, a gel that can hold much water, roots keep the soil in their vicinity wet and can better extract water from dry soils. Mucilage exudation seems to be an optimal plant trait that favours the capture of water during drought.

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Published online 13 May 2014
When smaller is better: leaf hydraulic conductance and drought vulnerability correlate to leaf size and venation density across four Coffea arabica genotypes 
Andrea Nardini, Eele Õunapuu-Pikas and Tadeja Savi

Coffee productivity and survival are posed at risk by ongoing climate changes. Leaf hydraulic capacity and drought vulnerability are key functional traits influencing plant performance under drought stress conditions. Coffee genotypes with small leaves and high vein length per unit leaf area displayed higher leaf hydraulic efficiency, gas exchange rates and resistance to drought-induced hydraulic dysfunction, with respect to large-leaf cultivars.

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Published online 13 May 2014
Genotype-dependent influence of night-time vapour pressure deficit on night-time transpiration and daytime gas exchange in wheat 
Rémy Schoppach, Elodie Claverie and Walid Sadok

The amount of water lost by crops during the night through transpiration can represent a substantial fraction of the daytime water loss, but no efforts have been made to identify possible drought tolerance strategies resulting from such responses. Here we report substantial cultivar-dependent night-time transpirational water losses in wheat, which are dependent on nocturnal evaporative conditions and are strongly related to daytime water loss. These findings open new possibilities for breeding drought-tolerant cultivars based on night-time water use.

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Published online 07 May 2014
Root traits and cellular level tolerance hold the key in maintaining higher spikelet fertility of rice under water limited conditions 
Bheemanahalli R. Raju, Beerasandra R. Narayanaswamy, Malagondanahalli V. Mohankumar, Kambalimath K. Sumanth, Mavinahalli P. Rajanna, Basavaiah Mohanraju, Makarla Udayakumar and Madavalam S. Sheshshayee

Saving and sustaining productivity of rice under water limited is essential to feed the growing population. Better water acquisition coupled with higher cellular level tolerance maintained significantly higher spikelet fertility and thus emphasised the relevance of combining these for improving field level tolerance of rice to water limitation. Such lines can be exploited in breeding to develop superior trait pyramided cultivars. Aerobic cultivation of rice saves water but reduced spikelet fertility causes significant yield loss. We demonstrated that superior roots traits when combined with higher cellular level tolerance maintained higher spikelet fertility and yield. The identified trait donor genotypes can be exploited to develop trait pyramided aerobic cultivation worthy cultivars.

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    | Supplementary Material (455 KB)
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Published online 07 May 2014
Bark and woody tissue photosynthesis: a means to avoid hypoxia or anoxia in developing stem tissues 
Christiane Wittmann and Hardy Pfanz

In plants, specialised systems for O2 delivery as in animals are lacking. Plant cells are thus frequently challenged with limited oxygen supply. Under illumination, bark and woody tissue photosynthesis rapidly increased plant internal oxygen concentrations and thereby counteracted localised oxygen deficiency (hypoxia). Beneath its role in plant carbon economy, bark and woody tissue photosynthesis may also be important for preventing low-oxygen limitations of respiration in these dense and metabolically active tissues.

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Published online 06 May 2014
Responses of rice to Fe2+ in aerated and stagnant conditions: growth, root porosity and radial oxygen loss barrier 
Jenjira Mongon, Dennis Konnerup, Timothy D. Colmer and Benjavan Rerkasem

Lowland rice grows in flooded soils which often have low redox potential and high soluble iron (Fe2+), so the effects of Fe2+ concentrations on growth, root porosity and barrier to radial oxygen loss induction were assessed in aerobic and in stagnant conditions. High Fe2+ (0.72 mM) resulted in increased porosity and barrier induction in roots of rice in aerated conditions, whereas in stagnant conditions these root aeration traits were already induced even without addition of high Fe2+. Barrier induction and root aeration would contribute to Fe2+ tolerance in rice.

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Published online 29 April 2014
Alterations in stem sugar content and metabolism in sorghum genotypes subjected to drought stress 
Hilal A. Qazi, Pinnamaneni Srinivasa Rao, Akanksha Kashikar, Penna Suprasanna and Sujata Bhargava

Sorghum plants store sugar in their stems, besides yielding grain, making it an attractive crop for food and biofuel production. The role of stem sugar accumulation in helping plants cope with drought has been investigated. Stems serve as independent sinks for photoassimilates in addition to the panicle in some genotypes; in others, the stored stem sugars appear to be mobilised to the panicle to augment grain yields in drought-stressed plants.

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Published online 11 April 2014
Genomics for drought resistance – getting down to earth 
Abraham Blum

This Perspective paper inquires why, after 20 years of extensive research into the genomics of drought resistance, there are hardly any transgenic genetically modified drought-resistant crop cultivar on the market to date. An important reason is that often, the drought stress simulations and testing methods used in genomics are at fault. Guidelines for relevant drought stress physiological methods in genomics are suggested.

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Published online 03 April 2014
Partial root zone drying exerts different physiological responses on field-grown grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Monastrell) in comparison to regulated deficit irrigation 
Pascual Romero, Juan Gabriel Pérez-Pérez, Francisco M. del Amor, Adrián Martinez-Cutillas, Ian C. Dodd and Pablo Botía

High irrigation volumes applied to the wet part of the root system are critical to successfully implement partial root zone drying irrigation (PRI) to improve vine performance compared to regulated deficit irrigation under semiarid conditions. Physiological responses induced by PRI were due to both the placement of irrigation and the volume of water. Thresholds and optima of soil water content in wet and dry root zones were established.

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Published online 27 March 2014
Soil water-holding capacity mediates hydraulic and hormonal signals of near-isohydric and near-anisohydric Vitis cultivars in potted grapevines 
Sara Tramontini, Johanna Döring, Marco Vitali, Alessandra Ferrandino, Manfred Stoll and Claudio Lovisolo

The ecophysiological behaviour of grapevine cultivars in response to drought is influenced by the soil conditions and by the plant genotype. These two components interact through a complex of hydraulic and hormonal signal exchanges occurring between roots and leaves. Our work highlights the differences in these signals observed in a near-isohydric and a near-anisohydric grapevine cultivars on two soil substrates with different textures, causing different dynamics of water deprivation during an imposed increasing water stress.

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Published online 14 February 2014
Physiological basis of salt stress tolerance in rice expressing the antiapoptotic gene SfIAP 
Thi My Linh Hoang, Brett Williams, Harjeet Khanna, James Dale and Sagadevan G. Mundree

Salinity is a growing problem worldwide that causes a significant reduction in crop yields. We have addressed this problem by manipulating the programmed cell death pathways in rice, resulting in enhanced salt stress tolerance. The implication is that farmers could grow rice containing such a trait in environments where salinisation of the soil exists, thereby addressing food security needs.

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blank image Functional Plant Biology
Volume 41 Number 8 2014

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Descriptive Table of Contents 
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Retrotransposon-based molecular markers for assessment of genomic diversity 
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Ahmed M. Alzohairy , Gábor Gyulai , Mohamed F. Ramadan , Sherif Edris , Jamal S. M. Sabir , Robert K. Jansen , Hala F. Eissa and Ahmed Bahieldin
pp. 781-789

Retrotransposons (RTs) are major components of most eukaryotic genomes. Molecular markers play an essential role in all aspects of genetics and genomics, and RTs represent a powerful tool compared with other molecular and morphological markers. Here, we review the utility of some PCR retrotransposon-based molecular markers, including inter-primer binding sequence (IPBS), sequence-specific amplified polymorphism (SSAP), retrotransposon-based insertion polymorphism (RBIP), inter retrotransposon amplified polymorphism (IRAP) and retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism (REMAP).


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SsHKT1;1 is a potassium transporter of the C3 halophyte Suaeda salsa that is involved in salt tolerance 
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Qun Shao , Ning Han , Tonglou Ding , Feng Zhou and Baoshan Wang
pp. 790-802

K+ nutrition plays a critical role in plants under salinity. We have characterised a potassium transporter, SsHKT1;1, from the euhalophyte Suaeda salsa L. and provide molecular and physiological evidence that it plays pivotal role in salt tolerance in halophytes such as S. salsa. These results will pave the way for improving the salt tolerance of crops by genetic engineering.

    | Supplementary Material (148 KB)

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Cytosolic alkalisation and nitric oxide production in UVB-induced stomatal closure in Arabidopsis thaliana 
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Xiao-Min Ge , Yan Zhu and Jun-Min He
pp. 803-811

Although stomatal movement is regulated by UVB radiation, the underlying mechanism is unclear. The data presented here show that both cytosolic alkalisation and NO participate in UVB-induced stomatal closure, and indicate that NO generation is elicited following cytosolic alkalisation and regulates cytosolic alkalisation via feedback. These findings help us gain further insights into UVB signalling, and the interaction of cytosolic alkalisation and NO production during multiple stimuli-triggered signalling in plants.


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Water uptake and redistribution during drought in a semiarid shrub species 
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Iván Prieto , Francisco I. Pugnaire and Ronald J. Ryel
pp. 812-819

In arid systems, plants die during long drought periods and their performance may depend on their use of episodic rain events. Water from these events is often rapidly lost to evaporation but plants may draw it to deep soil layers, storing it to prevent evaporation and to allow for an efficient use. This mechanism supports longer plant survival and may be of great relevance in dry environments.

    | Supplementary Material (99 KB)

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Photosynthesis–nitrogen relationships in tropical forest tree species as affected by soil phosphorus availability: a controlled environment study 
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Keith J. Bloomfield , Graham D. Farquhar and Jon Lloyd
pp. 820-832

Tropical forests play a vital role in the global carbon cycle and there is growing evidence that here, phosphorus (rather than nitrogen) may be the key nutrient limiting photosynthetic rates. In a greenhouse study of Australian tropical tree species, we found that phosphorus limitation reduced photosynthetic capacity and altered nitrogen use. The results underline the importance of phosphorus effects for future studies of tropical forest productivity.

    | Supplementary Material (772 KB)

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Leaf shape influences spatial variation in photosynthetic function in Lomatia tinctoria 
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Andrea Leigh , Ross Hill and Marilyn C. Ball
pp. 833-842

It is not yet known why leaf shape varies so widely among different plant species, but plant biologists suspect one reason might relate to different adaptations for optimal water delivery to and within leaves. This study showed that in response to extreme short-term water stress, photosynthetic function was more spatially uniform in broad-shaped leaves, despite the lower density of water conducting veins to support photosynthesis, relative to narrow-shaped leaves. These findings suggest that the spatial arrangement of veins alone is partially responsible for different stress responses in contrasting leaf shapes.


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Limited photosynthetic plasticity in the leaf-succulent CAM plant Agave angustifolia grown at different temperatures 
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Joseph A. M. Holtum and Klaus Winter
pp. 843-849

We tested whether growth of Agave angustifolia is reduced at high night temperatures as has been reported for many other succulents from habitats with pronounced day-night temperature variations. The persistence of appreciable rates of water-conserving dark CO2 fixation even at high day and night temperatures demonstrates the potential of this Agave, and perhaps others like it, for biomass production in seasonally-dry landscapes.


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Physiological controls of the isotopic time lag between leaf assimilation and soil CO2 efflux 
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Yann Salmon , Romain L. Barnard and Nina Buchmann
pp. 850-859

The dynamics of recently assimilated carbon are a key driver of the carbon budget of terrestrial ecosystems and of their response to global change. Our study shows that belowground transfer of photosynthates is related to plant physiological controls, which, unlike environmental controls, are still poorly characterised. Our study contributes to improve the understanding of the dynamics of carbon allocation and isotopic signatures in terrestrial ecosystems.

    | Supplementary Material (66 KB)

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Evaluating growth platforms and stress scenarios to assess the salt tolerance of wheat plants 
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Harald Hackl , Yuncai Hu and Urs Schmidhalter
pp. 860-873

Selection of crops under saline conditions has been notoriously difficult. Simplified platforms and stress scenarios are used too often to evaluate the salt tolerance and to extrapolate to real field conditions. We evaluated growth platforms and stress scenarios and conclude that a combined salinity + drought stress scenario and a reliable growth platform are of utmost importance in screening for salt tolerance.

    | Supplementary Material (79 KB)

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Evaluating the potential of a novel dual heat-pulse sensor to measure volumetric water use in grapevines under a range of flow conditions 
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Kyle R. Pearsall , Larry E. Williams , Sean Castorani , Tim M. Bleby and Andrew J. McElrone
pp. 874-883

Accurate quantification of crop water use is needed for efficient irrigation management in dry growing regions. We evaluated how well a novel application of sap-flow sensor technology measures grapevine water use, and found that flow rates measured with these new sensors correlated well other methods of water use quantification. This technology has potential use in irrigation management and research settings.


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Fruit presence negatively affects photosynthesis by reducing leaf nitrogen in almond 
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Sebastian Saa and Patrick H. Brown
pp. 884-891

Fruiting in many tree species is known to impact productivity in subsequent years. In this research we tested whether almond fruit competes with leaves for nitrogen and hypothesised how this would impact leaf carbon assimilation rates through the season. The results showed that almond cannot supply sufficient nitrogen simultaneously to fully satisfy the demands of leaves and fruits born in the same spur (principal bearing structure of almond trees).


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    FP14047  Accepted 21 July 2014
    Bioimage Informatics For Plant Sciences. Blobs and Curves: Object-Based Colocalisation for Plant Cells
    Carl Nelson, Patrick Duckney, Timothy Hawkins, Michael Deeks, Philippe Laissue, Patrick Hussey, Boguslaw Obara

    FP14104  Accepted 19 July 2014
    High night temperature induces contrasting responses for spikelet fertility, spikelet tissue temperature, flowering characteristics and grain quality in rice
    Onoriode Coast, Richard Ellis, Alistair Murdoch, Cherryl Quiñones, Krishna Jagadish

    FP14062  Accepted 18 July 2014
    Nitrogen supply controls vegetative growth, biomass and nitrogen allocation for grapevine (cv. Shiraz) grown in pots
    Aurélie Metay, Jessica Magnier, Nicolas Guilpart, Angelique Christophe

    FP14159  Accepted 11 July 2014
    Suppression of starch synthesis in rice stems splays tiller angle due to gravitropic insensitivity but does not affect yield
    Masaki Okamura, Tatsuro Hirose, Yoichi Hashida, Ryu Ohsugi, Naohiro Aoki

    FP14097  Accepted 11 July 2014
    Potential advantages of highly mycotrophic foraging for the establishment of early successional pioneer plants on sand
    Ingo Höpfner, Martina Friede, Stephan Unger, Wolfram Beyschlag

    FP14115  Accepted 10 July 2014
    Changes in timing of water uptake and phenology favors yield gain in terminal water stressed chickpea AtDREB1A transgenics
    Kritika Anbazhagan, Pooja Bhatnagar, Kiran Sharma, Rekha Badam, Kavi Kishore, Vincent Vadez

    FP14040  Accepted 09 July 2014
    Foliar trait contrasts between African forest and savanna trees: Genetic versus environmental effects.
    Franziska Schrodt, Tomas Domingues, Ted Feldpausch, Gustavo Saiz, Carlos Quesada, Michael Schwarz, Francoise Ishida, Halidou Compaore, Adamo Diallo, Gloria Djagbletey, Fidele Hien, Bonaventure Sonke, Hermann Taedoumg, Louis Zapfack, Pierre Hiernaux, Eric Mougin, Michael Bird, John Grace, Elmar Veenendaal, Jonathan Lloyd

    FP14101  Accepted 07 July 2014
    PvLOX2 silencing in common bean roots impairs arbuscular mycorrhiza-induced resistance without affecting symbiosis establishment
    Guadalupe Mora-Romero, Maria Gonzalez-Ortiz, Francisco Quiroz-Figueroa, Carlos Calderon-Vazquez, Sergio Medina-Godoy, Ignacio Maldonado-Mendoza, Analilia Arroyo-Becerra, Anahi Perez-Torres, Fulgencio Alatorre-Cobos, Federico Sanchez, Melina Lopez-Meyer

    FP14078  Accepted 02 July 2014
    Radial oxygen loss and physical barriers in relation to root tissue age in species with different types of aerenchyma
    Milena Manzur, Agustín Grimoldi, Pedro Insausti, Gustavo Striker

    FP14100  Accepted 02 July 2014
    Increasing nitrogen supply stimulates phosphorus-acquisition responses in the fynbos species Aspalathus linearis
    Pravin Maistry, Muthama Muasya, Alexander Valentine, Samson Chimphango

    FP14070  Accepted 28 June 2014
    Automated estimation of leaf area development in pepper plants from image analysis.
    Graham Horgan, Yu Song, Chris Glasbey, Gerie van der Heijden, Gerrit Polder, Anja Dieleman, Marco Bink, Fred van Eeuwijk

    FP14095  Accepted 25 June 2014
    Light-stimulated heat tolerance in leaves of two neotropical tree species, Ficus insipida and Calophyllum longifolium
    G Heinrich Krause, Klaus Winter, Barbara Krause, Aurelio Virgo

    FP14043  Accepted 25 June 2014
    Transcriptional regulation of phosphate transporters from Lolium perenne and its mycorrhizal symbionts in response to phosphorus supply
    Qianhe Liu, Anthony Parsons, Hong Xue, Chris Jones, Susanne Rasmussen

    FP14089  Accepted 23 June 2014
    Vigor reduction in girdled peach trees is related to lower midday stem water potentials
    Sergio Tombesi, Kevin Day, Scott Johnson, Becky Phene, Theodore DeJong

    FP14052  Accepted 17 June 2014
    Phenotyping novel stay-green traits to capture genetic variation in senescence dynamics
    John (Jack) Christopher, Mathieu Veyradier, Andrew Borrell, Greg Harvey, Susan Fletcher, Karine Chenu

    FP14066  Accepted 11 June 2014
    Rhizobium-induced elevation in xylem cytokinin delivery in pigeonpea induces changes in shoot development and leaf physiology
    Jean Yong, David Letham, Suan Chin Wong, Graham Farquhar

    FP14012  Accepted 09 June 2014
    Photoperiodic variations induce shifts in the leaf metabolic profile of Chrysanthemum morifolium
    Katrine Kjær, Morten Clausen, Ulrik Sundekilde, Bent Petersen, Hanne Bertram, Carl-Otto Ottosen

    FP14094  Accepted 08 June 2014
    Genotypic differences in deep water extraction associated with drought tolerance in wheat
    Eric Ober, Peter Werner, Edward Flatman, Bill Angus, Peter Jack, Lucy Smith-Reeve, Chris Tapsell

    FP14105  Accepted 05 June 2014
    Two potato (Solanum tuberosum) varieties differ in drought tolerance due to differences in root growth at depth
    Jaime Puertolas, Carlos Ballester, David Elphinstone, Ian Dodd

    FP14077  Accepted 04 June 2014
    Functional characterization of a WRKY Transcription Factor of wheat and its expression analysis during leaf rust pathogenesis
    Dhananjay Kumar, Anjali Kapoor, Dharmendra Singh, Lopamudra Satapathy, Ashwini Singh, Manish Kumar, Kumble Prabhu, Kunal Mukhopadhyay

    FP14093  Accepted 03 June 2014
    Post–flood nitrogen and basal phosphorus management affects survival, metabolic changes and antioxidant enzyme activities of submerged rice (Oryza sativa L.)
    Priyanka Gautam, B. Lal, R Raja, M Baig, Deepika Haldar, Liza Rath, Md Shahid, R Tripathi, S. Mohanty, P. Bhattacharyya, A. Nayak

    FP14061  Accepted 31 May 2014
    Response of floret fertility and individual grain weight of wheat to high temperature stress: sensitive stages and thresholds for temperature and duration
    P.V. Vara Prasad, Maduraimuthu Djanaguiraman

    FP13362  Accepted 31 May 2014
    Brachypodium distachyon: a model species for aluminium tolerance in Poaceae
    Roberto Contreras, Ana Figueiras, Francisco Gallego, Cesar Benito

    FP14069  Accepted 28 May 2014
    Development of a diurnal dehydration index for spring barley phenotyping
    Pablo Rischbeck, Peter Baresel, Salah Elsayed, Bodo Mistele, Urs Schmidhalter

    FP13366  Accepted 26 May 2014
    Seedling mortality during biphasic drought in sandy Mediterranean soils
    Stephen Benigno, Kingsley Dixon, Jason Stevens

    FP14108  Accepted 25 May 2014
    Drought tolerances of three stem-succulent halophyte species of an inland semi-arid salt lake system
    Victoria Marchesini, Chuanhua Yin, Tim Colmer, Erik Veneklaas

    FP13355  Accepted 23 May 2014
    Modelling the effect of plant water use traits on yield and stay-green expression in sorghum
    Jana Kholova, Murugesan Tharanya, Siva Sakthi, Srikanth Mallayee, Rekha Badam, Graeme Hammer, Greg McLean, Santosh Deshpande, Charles Hash, Peter Craufurd, Vincent Vadez

    FP13324  Accepted 14 April 2014
    Grain yield and physiological traits of rice drought-yield QTL qDTY12.1 lines showed different responses to drought and soil characteristics in upland environments
    Amelia Henry, Shalabh Dixit, Nimai Mandal, S Anantha, Rolando Torres, Arvind Kumar

    FP14057  Accepted 02 April 2014
    Strategies to increase yield and yield stability of crops under drought – are we making progress?
    Neil Turner, Abraham Blum, Mehmet Cakir, Pasquale Steduto, Roberto Tuberosa , Neil Young

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 12 December 2013
Development and evaluation of a field-based high-throughput phenotyping platform

Pedro Andrade-Sanchez, Michael A. Gore, John T. Heun, Kelly R. Thorp, A. Elizabete Carmo-Silva, Andrew N. French, Michael E. Salvucci and Jeffrey W. White

2. Published 12 July 2013
Sensors and imaging techniques for the assessment of the delay of wheat senescence induced by fungicides

Carlos Andres Berdugo, Anne-Katrin Mahlein, Ulrike Steiner, Heinz-Wilhelm Dehne and Erich-Christian Oerke

3. Published 6 January 2014
Wheat genotypes with high early vigour accumulate more nitrogen and have higher photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency during early growth

Jiayin Pang, Jairo A. Palta, Gregory J. Rebetzke and Stephen P. Milroy

4. Published 11 February 2014
Root growth and anchorage by transplanted ‘Tifgreen’ (Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis) turfgrass

Jeffrey S. Amthor and James B. Beard

5. Published 6 January 2014
Plot size matters: interference from intergenotypic competition in plant phenotyping studies

Greg J. Rebetzke, Ralph (Tony) A. Fischer, Anthony F. van Herwaarden, Dave G. Bonnett, Karine Chenu, Allan R. Rattey and Neil A. Fettell

6. Published 2 August 2013
Plant proteome responses to salinity stress – comparison of glycophytes and halophytes

Klára Kosová, Pavel Vítámvás, Milan Oldřich Urban and Ilja Tom Prášil

7. Published 15 November 2013
Plant–aphid interactions with a focus on legumes

Lars G. Kamphuis, Katherine Zulak, Ling-Ling Gao, Jonathan Anderson and Karam B. Singh

8. Published 13 September 2013
Transcriptome analyses and virus induced gene silencing identify genes in the Rpp4-mediated Asian soybean rust resistance pathway

Aguida M. A. P. Morales, Jamie A. O'Rourke, Martijn van de Mortel, Katherine T. Scheider, Timothy J. Bancroft, Aluízio Borém, Rex T. Nelson, Dan Nettleton, Thomas J. Baum, Randy C. Shoemaker, Reid D. Frederick, Ricardo V. Abdelnoor, Kerry F. Pedley, Steven A. Whitham and Michelle A. Graham

9. Published 15 November 2013
FT genes and regulation of flowering in the legume Medicago truncatula

Joanna Putterill, Lulu Zhang, Chin Chin Yeoh, Martin Balcerowicz, Mauren Jaudal and Erika Varkonyi Gasic

10. Published 11 February 2014
Identification of stay-green and early senescence phenotypes in high-yielding winter wheat, and their relationship to grain yield and grain protein concentration using high-throughput phenotyping techniques

Sebastian Kipp, Bodo Mistele and Urs Schmidhalter

11. Published 13 September 2013
Physiological perspectives of reduced tillering and stunting in the tiller inhibition (tin) mutant of wheat

Tesfamichael H. Kebrom and Richard A. Richards

12. Published 12 July 2013
Quantifying the relationship between temperature regulation in the ear and floret development stage in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under heat and drought stress

Frederick T. Steinmeyer, Martin Lukac, Matthew P. Reynolds and Hannah E. Jones

13. Published 15 November 2013
Overexpression of miR160 affects root growth and nitrogen-fixing nodule number in Medicago truncatula

Pilar Bustos-Sanmamed, Guohong Mao, Ying Deng, Morgane Elouet, Ghazanfar Abbas Khan, Jérémie Bazin, Marie Turner, Senthil Subramanian, Oliver Yu, Martin Crespi and Christine Lelandais-Brière

14. Published 15 November 2013
Water: the most important ‘molecular’ component of water stress tolerance research

Vincent Vadez, Jana Kholova, Mainassara Zaman-Allah and Nouhoun Belko

15. Published 15 November 2013
VIGS technology: an attractive tool for functional genomics studies in legumes

Stéphanie Pflieger, Manon M. S. Richard, Sophie Blanchet, Chouaib Meziadi and Valérie Geffroy

16. Published 2 August 2013
Balancing salinity stress responses in halophytes and non-halophytes: a comparison between Thellungiella and Arabidopsis thaliana

Dorothea Bartels and Challabathula Dinakar

17. Published 15 October 2013
A dynamic model of tomato fruit growth integrating cell division, cell growth and endoreduplication

Julienne Fanwoua, Pieter H. B. de Visser, Ep Heuvelink, Xinyou Yin, Paul C. Struik and Leo F. M. Marcelis

18. Published 2 August 2013
Physiological response of halophytes to multiple stresses

Karim Ben Hamed, Hasna Ellouzi, Ons Zribi Talbi, Kamel Hessini, Ines Slama, Taher Ghnaya, Sergi Munné Bosch, Arnould Savouré and Chedly Abdelly

19. Published 12 December 2013
Root growth and N dynamics in response to multi-year experimental warming, summer drought and elevated CO2 in a mixed heathland-grass ecosystem

M. F. Arndal, I. K. Schmidt, J. Kongstad, C. Beier and A. Michelsen

20. Published 2 August 2013
Salt stress, signalling and redox control in seeds

Ilse Kranner and Charlotte E. Seal

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