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International Journal of Wildland Fire
  Journal of the International Association of Wildland Fire
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International Journal of Wildland Fire welcomes papers on basic and applied aspects of wildland fire science including, but not confined to, ecological impact, modelling fire and its effects, and management of fire. More

Editors-in-Chief: Susan G. Conard and Stefan Doerr


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Published online 21 July 2017
The impact of traditional fire management on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in a montane forest, southern Ethiopia 
Dong-Gill Kim, Habitamu Taddese, Abrham Belay and Randy Kolka

Traditional fire management has been used in African landscapes but there is uncertainty in our understanding of its impact on soil carbon and nitrogen. Our study shows that traditional fire management did not affect forest floor or mineral soil carbon and nitrogen pools in a montane forest in southern Ethiopia.

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Published online 02 August 2016
Predicting wildfire spread and behaviour in Mediterranean landscapes 
Michele Salis, Bachisio Arca, Fermin Alcasena, Margarita Arianoutsou, Valentina Bacciu, Pierpaolo Duce, Beatriz Duguy, Nikos Koutsias, Giorgos Mallinis, Ioannis Mitsopoulos, José M. Moreno, José Ramón Pérez, Itziar R. Urbieta, Fotios Xystrakis, Gonzalo Zavala and Donatella Spano

We used the FARSITE fire spread simulator to predict the spread of a set of wildfires that occurred in southern Europe. We statistically evaluated the accuracy of FARSITE in predicting the actual fires. We observed a positive effect of the use of customised fuel models vs standard models on simulation accuracy.

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    | Supplementary Material (1.5 MB)
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Published online 01 August 2016
Laboratory experiments to estimate interception of infrared radiation by tree canopies 
Bill J. Mathews, Eva K. Strand, Alistair M. S. Smith, Andrew T. Hudak, , B. Dickinson and Robert L. Kremens

This study quantified the impact of canopy cover interception on estimates of fire radiative power via a laboratory experiment. Samples included both desiccated and non-transpiring living branches assessed over a range of canopy covers. Results characterised the rate of attenuation of fire radiative power with canopy cover.

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Published online 19 July 2016
Modelling fire probability in the Brazilian Amazon using the maximum entropy method 
Marisa G. Fonseca, Luiz Eduardo O. C. Aragão, André Lima, Yosio E. Shimabukuro, Egidio Arai and Liana O. Anderson

We use the Maximum Entropy method (MaxEnt) to model the probability of fire occurrence in the Brazilian Amazon during the 2008 and 2010 fire seasons and we conclude that MaxEnt may become an important tool to guide firefighting and fire-prevention programs to minimise forest degradation and carbon loss from fires in the Amazon.

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Published online 18 July 2016
Identifying key climate and environmental factors affecting rates of post-fire big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) recovery in the northern Columbia Basin, USA 
Douglas J. Shinneman and Susan K. McIlroy

To better understand post-fire recovery of big sagebrush ecosystems, we sampled and analysed data collected in and near 16 fires that burned between 5 and 28 years ago. Our results indicate that big sagebrush recovery is a highly variable but generally slow process that may require several decades on average.

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Published online 18 July 2016
Fire regime from 1973 to 2011 in north-western Patagonian grasslands 
Facundo José Oddi and Luciana Ghermandi

Studies about fire regimes in grasslands are lacking. We described the recent fire regime of north-western Patagonian grasslands using remote sensed data combined with fire statistics from an operational database. Our results contribute to general knowledge about fire in grasslands and provide useful information for sustainable management of these ecosystems.

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Published online 11 July 2016
The importance of the traditional fire knowledge system in a subtropical montane socio-ecosystem in a protected natural area 
H. Leonardo Martínez-Torres, Alicia Castillo, M. Isabel Ramírez and Diego R. Pérez-Salicrup

A traditional fire knowledge system exists in the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve in Mexico that is transmitted orally and through practice. It includes nine types of fire uses for agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry activities. We recommend that this knowledge should be incorporated into an integrated fire management plan.

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Published online 11 July 2016
Positive effects of fire on birds may appear only under narrow combinations of fire severity and time-since-fire 
Richard L. Hutto and David A. Patterson

We calculated occurrence rates of 50 bird species in a mixed-conifer forest for 10 years following fire and found that most species (60%) were more abundant in burned than unburned forest, but the positive response to fire was often apparent only under a specific combination of fire severity and time-since-fire parameters.

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Published online 11 July 2016
Response of soil seed bank to a prescribed burning in a subtropical pine–oak forest 
Susana Zuloaga-Aguilar, Alma Orozco-Segovia, Oscar Briones and Enrique Jardel Pelaez

This is the first study conducted on the effect of prescribed burning on the soil seed bank in a subtropical pine–oak forest. Our results show that the soil seed bank can promote revegetation, persistence and diversity of the pine–oak understorey vegetation following fire.

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Published online 05 July 2016
Evaluation of the predictive capacity of dead fuel moisture models for Eastern Australia grasslands 
Miguel G. Cruz, Susan Kidnie, Stuart Matthews, Richard J. Hurley, Alen Slijepcevic, David Nichols and Jim S. Gould

We evaluated the predictive capacity of dead fuel moisture models for grassland fuels in Australia. We identified the most accurate models and the error associated with them. Results have direct operational application for fire behaviour prediction and fire danger rating, and to determine public warning levels.

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Published online 05 July 2016
A power series formulation for two-dimensional wildfire shapes 
J. E. Hilton, C. Miller and A. L. Sullivan

How a fire develops into a certain shape is still an open area of research. We provide a method to mathematically describe the growth of a fire perimeter and use this method to produce shapes described in the literature and matched to experimental fires. The method could be used for flexible fire shape templates in computational systems or to build two-dimensional rate of spread models for fire prediction.

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Published online 05 July 2016
The impact of aging on laboratory fire behaviour in masticated shrub fuelbeds of California and Oregon, USA 
Jesse K. Kreye, J. Morgan Varner, Jeffrey M. Kane, Eric E. Knapp and Warren P. Reed

Through laboratory-scale burning experiments, we determined that fire intensity in masticated fuels declined with fuelbed age and older fuels smouldered for a longer duration.

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Published online 23 June 2016
Chaparral growth-ring analysis as an indicator of stand biomass development 
Kellie A. Uyeda, Douglas A. Stow, John F. O'Leary, Christina Tague and Philip J. Riggan

We investigated the utility of using shrub growth-ring measurements to estimate annual biomass accumulation in a stand of southern California chaparral from 4 to 11 years after burning. The pattern of biomass accumulation tracked closely with precipitation.

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    | Supplementary Material (364 KB)
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Published online 16 June 2016
Fire spread in chaparral – a comparison of laboratory data and model predictions in burning live fuels 
David R. Weise, Eunmo Koo, Xiangyang Zhou, Shankar Mahalingam, Frédéric Morandini and Jacques-Henri Balbi

Prescribed burning in chaparral occurs under marginal burning conditions that are often difficult to predict. This paper compares the ability of several models to predict fire spread success and fire rate of spread with observed rate of spread from laboratory fires in fuel beds composed of only live chaparral shrubs.

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blank image International Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume 25 Number 8 2016
RESEARCH FRONT: Forest Fires and Climate Change

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Forest fires and climate change: causes, consequences and management options 
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Cristina Aponte , William J. de Groot and B. Mike Wotton
pp. i-ii

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Regional aspects of modelling burned areas in Europe 
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Andrey Krasovskii , Nikolay Khabarov , Mirco Migliavacca , Florian Kraxner and Michael Obersteiner
pp. 811-818

This paper presents a series of improvements to the quantitative modelling of burned areas in Europe under historical climate. Our analysis is carried out for 2000–2008 for 17 European countries. The annual burned areas modelled by an improved version of the Standalone Fire Model (SFM) are in good agreement with historical observations.


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How drought-induced forest die-off alters microclimate and increases fuel loadings and fire potentials 
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Katinka X. Ruthrof , Joseph B. Fontaine , George Matusick , David D. Breshears , Darin J. Law , Sarah Powell and Giles Hardy
pp. 819-830

Drought-induced forest die-offs are expected to change fuels and microclimate and likely influence fire behaviour. Fuel loading and microclimate measurements following die-off in south-western Australia showed that die-off plots had 20% higher quantities of 1-h fuels and elevated temperature and wind, which when combined, predicted a 30% higher rate of fire spread.


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Too much, too soon? A review of the effects of increasing wildfire frequency on tree mortality and regeneration in temperate eucalypt forests 
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Thomas A. Fairman , Craig R. Nitschke and Lauren T. Bennett
pp. 831-848

We use south-eastern Australia as a case study to review effects of increasingly frequent and severe wildfires on tree mortality and regeneration in temperate eucalypt forests. We propose conceptual models to articulate these changes and highlight knowledge gaps in our understanding of alternative stable states in these forests.


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Lack of soil seedbank change with time since fire: relevance to seed supply after prescribed burns 
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Matthew P. Chick , Janet S. Cohn , Craig R. Nitschke and Alan York
pp. 849-860

Environmental variability, geographic variability and time since disturbance influence plant diversity in soil seedbanks. Knowledge around the relative importance of each of these factors is lacking. This research examined the influence of environmental, geographical and temporal variability on species richness and composition in the soil seedbank within a fire-prone heathy-woodland.

    | Supplementary Material (382 KB)

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High-severity fire reduces early successional boreal larch forest aboveground productivity by shifting stand density in north-eastern China 
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Wen H. Cai and Jian Yang
pp. 861-875

Fire severity affects Chinese boreal larch forest aboveground productivity (ANPP) through its influence on forest structure. Changes in recruitment composition or the increase of understorey ANPP cannot offset the decrease of sapling ANPP in high-severity burned areas where low stand density is a strong limiting factor.


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Targeting forest management through fire and erosion modelling 
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William J. Elliot , Mary Ellen Miller and Nic Enstice
pp. 876-887

Fire intensity and soil erosion models were used on a 1500-km2 forested watershed to aid in targeting areas that would most benefit from forest management to reduce fire risk. Soil erosion following wildfire was estimated to be reduced by 56 percent if areas most susceptible to fire and erosion were thinned.


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Fire effects on pollination in a sexually deceptive orchid 
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Julian Brown , Alan York and Fiona Christie
pp. 888-895

We observed pollinator visitation to flowers of sexually deceptive Caladenia tentaculata and related it to post-fire age class at multiple spatial scales. Visitation was highest when the sample location was recently burnt and there was long-unburnt vegetation in the surrounding landscape.


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Places where wildfire potential and social vulnerability coincide in the coterminous United States 
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Gabriel Wigtil , Roger B. Hammer , Jeffrey D. Kline , Miranda H. Mockrin , Susan I. Stewart , Daniel Roper and Volker C. Radeloff
pp. 896-908

We identified places in the US that are vulnerable to wildfire hazards. We combined data describing wildfire potential and social vulnerability. We mapped and compared wildfire potential and social vulnerability across wildland–urban interface categories. Our analysis supports evaluating priorities in wildfire hazard prevention and mitigation efforts.


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Corrigendum to: Altered mixed-severity fire regime has homogenised montane forests of Jasper National Park 
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Raphaël D. Chavardès and Lori D. Daniels
pp. 909-909
 |    Corrigendum PDF (562 KB) - $25.00  

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WF16038  Accepted 25 August 2016
    Near-term probabilistic forecast of significant wildfire events for the Western United States
    Haiganoush Preisler, Karin Riley, Crystal Stonesifer, David Calkin, William Jolly

    WF16070  Accepted 22 August 2016
    Curvature effects in the dynamic propagation of wildfires
    James Hilton, Claire Miller, Jason Sharples, Andrew Sullivan

    WF16072  Accepted 18 August 2016
    Spatial variability of surface fuels in treated and untreated ponderosa pine forests of the southern Rocky Mountains
    Emma Vakili, Chad Hoffman, Robert (Bob) Keane, Wade Tinkham, Yvette Dickinson

    WF15218  Accepted 12 August 2016
    Dead organic matter and the dynamics of carbon and greenhouse gas emissions in frequently burnt savannas
    Garry Cook, Mick Meyer, Maelys Muepu, Adam Liedloff

    WF15204  Accepted 10 August 2016
    Fire severity alters spatio-temporal movements and habitat utilization by an arboreal marsupial, the Mountain Brushtail Possum (Trichosurus Cunninghami)
    Laurence Berry, David Lindenmayer, Todd Dennis, Don Driscoll, Sam Banks

    WF16058  Accepted 07 August 2016
    Anthropogenic influence on wildfire activity in Alberta, Canada
    François-Nicolas Robinne, Marc-AndrÄ— Parisien, Mike Flannigan

    WF16050  Accepted 07 August 2016
    Historical reconstructions of California wildfires vary by data source
    Alexandra Syphard, Jon Keeley

    WF16032  Accepted 06 August 2016
    Projected changes in Australian fire regimes during the 21st century and consequences for ecosystems
    Sandy Harrison, Douglas Kelley

    WF15223  Accepted 07 August 2016
    Visual assessments of fuel loads are poorly related to destructively sampled fuel loads in eucalypt forests
    Liubov Volkova, Andrew Sullivan, Steve Roxburgh, Christopher Weston

    WF15120  Accepted 01 August 2016
    Spatial and temporal variations of fire regimes in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and Foothills of southern Alberta
    Marie-Pierre Rogeau, Mike Flannigan, Brad Hawkes, Marc-AndrÄ— Parisien, Rick Arthur

    WF16016  Accepted 26 July 2016
    Soil heating during the complete combustion of mega-logs and broadcast burning in central Oregon USA pumice soils
    Jane Smith, Ariel Cowan, Stephen Fitzgerald

    WF15150  Accepted 26 July 2016
    Faster prediction of wildfire behaviour by physical models through application of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition
    Elisa Guelpa, Adriano Sciacovelli, Vittorio Verda, Davide Ascoli

    WF16020  Accepted 22 July 2016
    Recovery and adaptation after wildfire on the Colorado Front Range (2010-2012).
    Miranda Mockrin, Susan Stewart, Volker Radeloff, Roger Hammer

    WF15162  Accepted 19 July 2016
    Rapid Response Tools and Datasets for Post-fire Remediation: Linking Remote Sensing and Process-based Hydrological Models
    Mary Miller, William Elliot, Michael Billmire, Peter Robichaud, K. Arthur Endsley

    WF15164  Accepted 19 July 2016
    Acceptability of fuel management in the Australian Capital Territory and surrounding region
    Melinda Mylek, Jacki Schirmer

    WF16031  Accepted 14 July 2016
    Short-term fire front spread prediction using inverse modelling and airborne infrared images
    Oriol Rios, Elsa Pastor, Mario Valero, Eulalia Planas

    WF15171  Accepted 21 June 2016
    The role of weather, past fire and topography in crown fire occurrence in eastern Australia
    Michael Storey, Owen Price, Elizabeth Tasker

    WF13206  Accepted 20 March 2014
    An accuracy assessment of the MTBS burned area product for shrub-steppe fires in the northern Great Basin, United States
    Aaron Sparks, Luigi Boschetti, Wade Tinkham, Alistair Smith, Karen Lannom, Beth Newingham


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 1 December 2015
Wildfire smoke and public health risk

Fabienne Reisen, Sandra M. Duran, Mike Flannigan, Catherine Elliott and Karen Rideout

2. Published 15 October 2015
Climate change presents increased potential for very large fires in the contiguous United States

R. Barbero, J. T. Abatzoglou, N. K. Larkin, C. A. Kolden and B. Stocks

3. Published 4 August 2016
Too much, too soon? A review of the effects of increasing wildfire frequency on tree mortality and regeneration in temperate eucalypt forests

Thomas A. Fairman, Craig R. Nitschke and Lauren T. Bennett

4. Published 1 December 2015
Spatial patterns of wildfire ignitions in south-eastern Australia

Kathryn M. Collins, Owen F. Price and Trent D. Penman

5. Published 4 April 2016
Wildfire survival plans in theory and practice

Christine Eriksen, Trent Penman, Bronwyn Horsey and Ross Bradstock

6. Published 28 August 2015
Operational wildfire suppression modelling: a review evaluating development, state of the art and future directions

Thomas J. Duff and Kevin G. Tolhurst

7. Published 4 April 2016
1984–2010 trends in fire burn severity and area for the conterminous US

Joshua J. Picotte, Birgit Peterson, Gretchen Meier and Stephen M. Howard

8. Published 15 October 2015
Limitations and utilisation of Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity products for assessing wildfire severity in the USA

Crystal A. Kolden, Alistair M. S. Smith and John T. Abatzoglou

9. Published 4 February 2016
Wildland fire limits subsequent fire occurrence

Sean A. Parks, Carol Miller, Lisa M. Holsinger, L. Scott Baggett and Benjamin J. Bird

10. Published 1 December 2015
Long-distance spotting potential of bark strips of a ribbon gum (Eucalyptus viminalis)

James Hall, Peter F. Ellis, Geoffrey J. Cary, Glenys Bishop and Andrew L. Sullivan

11. Published 7 January 2016
Measurements relating fire radiative energy density and surface fuel consumption – RxCADRE 2011 and 2012

Andrew T. Hudak, Matthew B. Dickinson, Benjamin C. Bright, Robert L. Kremens, E. Louise Loudermilk, Joseph J. O'Brien, Benjamin S. Hornsby and Roger D. Ottmar

12. Published 3 March 2016
Relations between soil hydraulic properties and burn severity

John A. Moody, Brian A. Ebel, Petter Nyman, Deborah A. Martin, Cathelijne Stoof and Randy McKinley

13. Published 7 January 2016
High-resolution infrared thermography for capturing wildland fire behaviour: RxCADRE 2012

Joseph J. O'Brien, E. Louise Loudermilk, Benjamin Hornsby, Andrew T. Hudak, Benjamin C. Bright, Matthew B. Dickinson, J. Kevin Hiers, Casey Teske and Roger D. Ottmar

14. Published 4 May 2016
Structure-level fuel load assessment in the wildland–urban interface: a fusion of airborne laser scanning and spectral remote-sensing methodologies

Nicholas S. Skowronski, Scott Haag, Jim Trimble, Kenneth L. Clark, Michael R. Gallagher and Richard G. Lathrop

15. Published 4 February 2016
Towards a new paradigm in fire severity research using dose–response experiments

Alistair M. S. Smith, Aaron M. Sparks, Crystal A. Kolden, John T. Abatzoglou, Alan F. Talhelm, Daniel M. Johnson, Luigi Boschetti, James A. Lutz, Kent G. Apostol, Kara M. Yedinak, Wade T. Tinkham and Robert J. Kremens

16. Published 4 April 2016
Global fire size distribution: from power law to log-normal

Stijn Hantson, Salvador Pueyo and Emilio Chuvieco

17. Published 4 April 2016
A quantitative assessment of shoot flammability for 60 tree and shrub species supports rankings based on expert opinion

Sarah V. Wyse, George L. W. Perry, Dean M. O’Connell, Phillip S. Holland , Monique J. Wright, Catherine L. Hosted, Samuel L. Whitelock, Ian J. Geary, Kévin J. L. Maurin and Timothy J. Curran

18. Published 15 October 2015
Sources and implications of bias and uncertainty in a century of US wildfire activity data

Karen C. Short

19. Published 7 January 2016
Pre-fire and post-fire surface fuel and cover measurements collected in the south-eastern United States for model evaluation and development – RxCADRE 2008, 2011 and 2012

Roger D. Ottmar, Andrew T. Hudak, Susan J. Prichard, Clinton S. Wright, Joseph C. Restaino, Maureen C. Kennedy and Robert E. Vihnanek

20. Published 28 August 2015
Effects of curing on grassfires: II. Effect of grass senescence on the rate of fire spread

Miguel G. Cruz, Jim S. Gould, Susan Kidnie, Rachel Bessell, David Nichols and Alen Slijepcevic

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Volume 25 (8)

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