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International Journal of Wildland Fire
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International Journal of Wildland Fire welcomes papers on basic and applied aspects of wildland fire science including, but not confined to, ecological impact, modelling fire and its effects, and management of fire. More

Editors in Chief: Susan G. Conard and Stefan Doerr

 
 
 

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Published online 22 June 2016
Relationships between fire danger and the daily number and daily growth of active incidents burning in the northern Rocky Mountains, USA 
Patrick H. Freeborn, Mark A. Cochrane and W. Matt Jolly

Associating daily National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) indices with daily metrics of ongoing fire activity reveals that as fire danger increases there is a corresponding but seasonally dependent increase in both the average and variability in the daily number and daily growth of active incidents burning in the northern Rocky Mountains, USA.

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Published online 22 June 2016
An empirical wildfire risk analysis: the probability of a fire spreading to the urban interface in Sydney, Australia 
Owen Price, Rittick Borah, Ross Bradstock and Trent Penman

We developed a statistical model to predict whether random points on the urban interface were burnt by a sample of 677 past wildfires. The model had 98% accuracy and shows promise for predicting and mapping wildfire risk. Fire weather, the extent of forest, distance and time-since-fire were important predictors.

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Published online 02 July 2015
Sources and implications of bias and uncertainty in a century of US wildfire activity data 
Karen C. Short

Data for US wildfire activity analyses are typically acquired from archival summary reports of the federal or interagency fire organisations; incident-level wildfire reporting systems of the federal, state and local fire services; and, increasingly, remote-sensing programs. This paper provides an overview of these sources and highlights major reporting biases, inconsistencies and uncertainty within each.

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Published online 23 June 2015
Post-wildfire soil and plant foliar nutrient ratios and soil fungi : bacterial ratios in alpine meadows on the southeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau 
Lin Zhang, Lijuan Liu, Kaiwen Pan, Wei Li, Yanjie Wang, Mingrui Deng, Jiguo Xia and Xu Yang

We explored post-wildfire nutrient ratios of soil and dominant plant species leaves and soil fungi : bacterial ratios in alpine meadows on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The results indicated that wildfire reduces the supply capacity of nitrogen for plants relative to phosphorus and potassium in soils, and affects micro-organism composition by the change of multiple nutrient ratios.

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Published online 22 June 2015
High-resolution infrared thermography for capturing wildland fire behaviour: RxCADRE 2012 
Joseph J. O'Brien, E. Louise Loudermilk, Benjamin Hornsby, Andrew T. Hudak, Benjamin C. Bright, Matthew B. Dickinson, J. Kevin Hiers, Casey Teske and Roger D. Ottmar

Herein we describe the usefulness of long-wave infrared (LWIR) imagery for capturing fire behaviour in space and time. We explore how images captured at different perspectives and varying spatial resolutions affect measurements of fire. We discuss of the usefulness of multiple measurements and potential in quantifying fire patterns of fire spread and fire effects.

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Published online 15 June 2015
Anthropogenic effects on global mean fire size 
Stijn Hantson, Gitta Lasslop, Silvia Kloster and Emilio Chuvieco

Humans have an important effect on fire size, but this has so far not been well quantified at a global scale. Here we describe a linear negative relationship between mean fire size and population density over the globe. We use this information to improve the global fire model SPITFIRE–JSBACH.

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Published online 15 June 2015
Driving factors of fire density can spatially vary at the local scale in south-eastern France 
Anne Ganteaume and Marlène Long-Fournel

Spatial relationships between fire density and biophysical and human-related factors were found in in a south-eastern France study, pointing to wildland–urban interface as the principal driver of fire density; but at a smaller scale, some of these factors spatially varied. A better understanding of their influence on fire density will help to improve fire prevention at a fine scale.

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Published online 15 June 2015
Modelling static fire hazard in a semi-arid region using frequency analysis 
Hamed Adab, Kasturi Devi Kanniah, Karim Solaimani and Roselina Sallehuddin

Fire is a common hazard in forested areas in arid and semi-arid regions. This study presents a static fire hazard model to identify the locations in north-eastern Iran that are prone to fire hazard. The results show that approximately 14% of Golestan Province in Iran is subject to ≥66% fire hazard level.

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Published online 12 June 2015
Modelling and mitigating dose to firefighters from inhalation of radionuclides in wildland fire smoke 
Brian J. Viner, Tim Jannik, Daniel Stone, Allan Hepworth, Luke Naeher, Olorunfemi Adetona, John Blake and Teresa Eddy

Fires in radiological contaminated areas may expose firefighters to airborne radioactive material. Modelling fuel conditions and smoke dispersion for a range of case studies showed regulatory dose limits were not exceeded in most cases. Consideration of plume rise further reduced the predicted dose. Our approach can be applied to a range of burn scenarios.

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Published online 12 June 2015
Operational wildfire suppression modelling: a review evaluating development, state of the art and future directions 
Thomas J. Duff and Kevin G. Tolhurst

An efficient suppression response has been demonstrated to reduce the size and subsequent impacts of wildfires. This has stimulated the development of fire suppression models that form part of decision support systems. We review the historic development of such models, assess the state of the art and provide perspectives on future research.

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Published online 11 June 2015
Techniques for evaluating wildfire simulators via the simulation of historical fires using the Australis simulator 
Joel K. Kelso, Drew Mellor, Mary E. Murphy and George J. Milne

A technique for validating wildfire simulators using historical fire data is presented. The technique was applied to a large wildfire occurring in Western Australian sand-plain heathlands. Historical fire spread was compared with that produced by the Australis simulator. Issues regarding the quality of data available for simulator evaluation are discussed.

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Published online 04 June 2015
Effect of fire prevention programs on accidental and incendiary wildfires on tribal lands in the United States 
Karen L. Abt, David T. Butry, Jeffrey P. Prestemon and Samuel Scranton

New prevention programs were shown to reduce the number of human-caused wildfires for selected US tribal lands. Prevention reduced wildfires caused by children, equipment, escaped campfires and fire-use, but did not reduce smoking- or arson-caused wildfires. Average benefits exceeded average costs for the programs we examined.

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Published online 04 June 2015
Dormant season grazing may decrease wildfire probability by increasing fuel moisture and reducing fuel amount and continuity 
Kirk W. Davies, Chad S. Boyd, Jon D. Bates and April Hulet

We evaluated the effects of winter grazing on fuels in rangelands. Winter grazing compared with no grazing decreased fine fuels and increased fuel moisture content without increasing exotic annuals or negatively impacting native plants. The cumulative effect of winter grazing on fuels reduces wildfire risk and potential severity.

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Published online 04 June 2015
Too hot to trot? Evaluating the effects of wildfire on patterns of occupancy and abundance for a climate-sensitive habitat specialist 
Johanna Varner, Mallory S. Lambert, Joshua J. Horns, Sean Laverty, Laurie Dizney, Erik A. Beever and M. Denise Dearing

We investigated the effects of fire on a climate-sensitive mammal, namely the American pika. Despite loss of canopy cover and understorey vegetation as a result of the fire, pikas were widely distributed and abundant after the fire. The fire did not alter microclimates relevant to pikas, highlighting the value of talus as a thermal refuge.

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    | Supplementary Material (225 KB)
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Published online 01 June 2015
Local environmental covariates are important for predicting fire history from tree stem diameters 
J. Lazzari, H. J. Yoon, D. A. Keith and D. A. Driscoll

The frequent lack of recorded fire history means it is important to develop surrogates such as stem diameter to estimate time since fire. Even though stem diameter accounted for the greatest proportion of the explained variation in growth, local environmental influences on stem growth were important for estimating time since the last fire.

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Published online 21 May 2015
Small mammals decline with increasing fire extent in northern Australia: evidence from long-term monitoring in Kakadu National Park 
Michael J. Lawes, Brett P. Murphy, Alaric Fisher, John C. Z. Woinarski, Andrew C. Edwards and Jeremy Russell-Smith

We compared the effect of fire extent, fire frequency, season and spatial heterogeneity (patchiness) of the burnt area on mammal declines in Kakadu National Park over a recent decadal period. Fire extent was the most important aspect of fire regimes associated with declines. Small mammals appear most affected by extensive (at scales larger than the home ranges of small mammals) and less patchy fires.

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    | Supplementary Material (97 KB)
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Published online 18 May 2015
Leaf flammability and fuel load increase under elevated CO2 levels in a model grassland 
Anthony Manea, Saskia Grootemaat and Michelle R. Leishman

We tested the effect of CO2 level and soil P availability on leaf flammability and fuel load accumulation in plant species from Cumberland Plain Woodland, western Sydney. The results showed that leaf flammability and fuel load accumulation increased under elevated CO2 levels whereas soil P availability had no effect.

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Published online 15 May 2015
Contemporary fire regime risks to key ecological assets and processes in north Australian savannas 
Andrew Edwards, Jeremy Russell-Smith and Mick Meyer

Models describing fire effects on water, soil and biodiversity were applied across the north Australian tropical savannas using recent fire mapping. An existing improved fire management example, and the published effects of climate change, were modelled and indicated that improved management, even with the effects of climate change, is better.

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Published online 14 May 2015
Growth and reproductive post-fire responses of two shrubs in semiarid Patagonian grasslands 
S. L. Gonzalez, L. Ghermandi and D. V. Peláez

We studied the effect of fire temperatures on the survival, regrowth and reproduction of Senecio bracteolatus and Mulinum spinosum shrubs in Patagonian grasslands. High-temperature fire decreased survival and growth of S. bracteolatus plants, whereas low-temperature fire enhanced early seed production. Mulinum spinosum plants survived at high temperatures but delayed seed production.

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Published online 11 May 2015
Toward an integrated system for fire, smoke and air quality simulations 
Adam K. Kochanski, Mary Ann Jenkins, Kara Yedinak, Jan Mandel, Jonathan Beezley and Brian Lamb

This study presents and tests an integrated wildfire smoke prediction system formed by coupling WRF-Sfire, a weather research forecast system plus surface fire behaviour model, with the chemical transport model WRF-Chem. The coupled WRF-Sfire-Chem aims to predict pyro-plume development, and smoke dispersion and its air quality impacts, by comprehensively modelling fire spread, heat release during flaming combustion, fire emissions and fire plume rise, as well as downwind smoke dispersion and associated chemistry.

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Published online 01 May 2015
Incorporating vegetation attenuation in radiant heat flux modelling 
Glenn Newnham, Raphaele Blanchi, Kimberley Opie, Justin Leonard and Anders Siggins

We present a model of radiant heat incident on homes affected by wildfire. The model uses spatial information describing topography and arrangement of vegetation in the near vicinity. The attenuating influence of fuels that lie between the flame and the building are included in the calculation and their significance evaluated.

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Published online 30 April 2015
Integrating forest fuels and land cover data for improved estimation of fuel consumption and carbon emissions from boreal fires 
Kerry Anderson, Brian Simpson, Ronald J. Hall, Peter Englefield, Michael Gartrell and Juha M. Metsaranta

The potential of spatial fuel maps to improve estimation of wildland fire carbon emissions in Canada’s National Forest Carbon Monitoring, Accounting and Reporting System was evaluated. The use of spatial fuel maps was found to increase the precision of estimated total carbon emissions for select wildfires in western Canada.

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Published online 27 April 2015
Long-term effects of a wildfire on the soil nematode communities in the spruce forest ecosystem of High Tatra National Park 
Marek Ren?o and Andrea ?erevková

The paper presents analysis of the soil nematode communities as indicators of soil conditions 8 years after a wildfire in the spruce forest ecosystem. Results indicate that the soil ecosystem had recovered by this time.

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Published online 27 April 2015
A coupled modelling approach to assess the effect of fuel treatments on post-wildfire runoff and erosion 
Gabriel Sidman, D. Phillip Guertin, David C. Goodrich, David Thoma, Donald Falk and I. Shea Burns

Assessing the effectiveness of fuel treatments on reducing post-fire hydrologic response is an important challenge in fire management. We linked fuel treatment, wildfire and hydrological models spatially to measure the effects of fuel treatments on post-fire runoff and erosion in two case studies on National Park Service lands.

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Published online 02 April 2015
Post-wildfire debris flows in southern British Columbia, Canada 
Peter Jordan

Post-wildfire debris flows have occurred as a result of several severe wildfires in the southern interior of British Columbia since 2003. Such events can present a significant hazard to public safety and infrastructure below burned areas. Debris flows have been triggered by spring snowmelt, high-intensity summer rain and long-duration fall rain.

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Published online 02 April 2015
Fire history of a mixed conifer forest on the Mogollon Rim, northern Arizona, USA 
David W. Huffman, Thomas J. Zegler and Peter Z. Fulé

We reconstructed fire regime characteristics of a mixed conifer forest landscape in northern Arizona and analysed composite fire intervals, point fire intervals, natural fire rotation, landscape characteristics and forest age structure. Results showed that the historical fire regime on this landscape was one of high-frequency, low-severity fires.

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Published online 02 April 2015
Bird diversity increases after patchy prescribed fire: implications from a before–after control–impact study 
Holly Sitters, Julian Di Stefano, Fiona J. Christie, Paul Sunnucks and Alan York

We investigated avian responses to patchy, low-severity prescribed fire at two spatial scales. Prescribed fire increased bird diversity at finer spatial scales and allowed persistence of species detected in pre-fire surveys. We recommend formal incorporation of patchiness into prescribed burning for ecologically sensitive fire management.

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    | Supplementary Material (319 KB)
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Published online 02 April 2015
Interactions of fires of neighbouring shrubs in two- and three-shrub arrangements 
Ambarish Dahale, Babak Shotorban and Shankar Mahalingam

Interactions of shrub fires were studied by physics-based modelling. Peak mass-loss rate and vertical fire spread rate were found to be larger for cases with a smaller separation distance between the shrubs. Generation of strong vorticity by higher gravitational torque appeared to be the cause of enhanced burning in the three-shrub arrangement.

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Published online 31 March 2015
The influence of ignition technique on fire behaviour in spinifex open woodland in semiarid northern Australia 
Paul R. Williams, Eleanor M. Collins, Mick Blackman, Clare Blackman, Jackie McLeod, Leasie Felderhof, Lauren Colless, Kate Masters, Simon Coates, Andrew Sturgess and Graeme Martin

Managed fires using spot ignition in spinifex open woodland of northern Australia can produce a more patchily burnt landscape, with less canopy severity than wildfires. The high severity of wildfires appears strongly influenced by fire front length, irrespective of fire season.

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Published online 24 March 2015
Relations between soil hydraulic properties and burn severity 
John A. Moody, Brian A. Ebel, Petter Nyman, Deborah A. Martin, Cathelijne Stoof and Randy McKinley

Remote sensing is being widely used to detect landscape changes caused by wildfire and to provide detailed information for models. Our results show that remote sensing measures of these changes can be related to changes in soil properties that affect runoff. These relations will improve predictions of catastrophic floods from burned areas.

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Published online 23 March 2015
Fuel dynamics and vegetation recovery after fire in a semiarid Australian shrubland 
Sarah A. Dalgleish, Eddie J. B. van Etten, William D. Stock and Chris Knuckey

We showed that shrubland fuel levels in semiarid Australia gradually accumulated for many decades following burning due to increases in shrub size and density, and buildup of dead plant material. This suggests that fire hazard will also increase over such time frames and that prescribed burning may help reduce this threat.

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    | Supplementary Material (561 KB)
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blank image International Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume 24 Number 4 2015

 
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A generic, empirical-based model for predicting rate of fire spread in shrublands 
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Wendy R. Anderson, Miguel G. Cruz, Paulo M. Fernandes, Lachlan McCaw, Jose Antonio Vega, Ross A. Bradstock, Liam Fogarty, Jim Gould, Greg McCarthy, Jon B. Marsden-Smedley, Stuart Matthews, Greg Mattingley, H. Grant Pearce and Brian W. van Wilgen
pp. 443-460

We developed a generic fire spread model for shrubland vegetation using experimental fire data from Europe, Africa and Australasia. Independent variables describing fire spread were wind speed, dead fuel moisture, and vegetation height or bulk density. Models were evaluated against prescribed burn and wildfire data with encouraging results.

 
    | Supplementary Material (201 KB)
 

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Estimating radiated flux density from wildland fires using the raw output of limited bandpass detectors 
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Robert L. Kremens and Matthew B. Dickinson
pp. 461-469

Infrared radiant emissions from wildland fire pixels were simulated for the purpose of relating total emissions to radiation reaching a collection of limited bandpass sensors. Total radiation was an exponential function of sensor-reaching radiation with acceptable error (<10%) that was least for sensors that responded to mid-wave infrared radiation.

 
  
 

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Temporal fuel dynamics following high-severity fire in dry mixed conifer forests of the eastern Cascades, Oregon, USA 
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Christopher J. Dunn and John D. Bailey
pp. 470-483

Analysis of the temporal dynamics of wildland fire fuels following high-severity fire revealed the dominant factors influencing fuel inputs in the post-fire environment, as well as linear trends in fuel loadings up to 24 years post fire. This information helps determine how fuels could influence future fire effects, and will aid in developing appropriate fuels management strategies.

 
  
 

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Relating fuel loads to overstorey structure and composition in a fire-excluded Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest 
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Jamie M. Lydersen, Brandon M. Collins, Eric E. Knapp, Gary B. Roller and Scott Stephens
pp. 484-494

Surface fuels are highly heterogeneous in their characteristics and spatial distribution, but knowledge of within-stand variability is generally lacking. This paper examines relationships between fuel loads and overstorey characteristics in a mixed conifer forest, which explained around one-quarter of the variability in fuel loads.

 
    | Supplementary Material (891 KB)
 

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The effects of burn entry and burn severity on ponderosa pine and mixed conifer forests in Grand Canyon National Park 
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Anna M. Higgins, Kristen M. Waring and Andrea E. Thode
pp. 495-506

We studied the influence of burn severity and number of burn entries on forests in Grand Canyon National Park. We found second-entry, low-severity burns were effective in reducing white fir densities in the white fir encroachment type whereas high-severity fire was conducive to aspen regeneration in dry mixed conifer forests.

 
    | Supplementary Material (647 KB)
 

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Positive coupling between growth and reproduction in young post-fire Aleppo pines depends on climate and site conditions 
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Raquel Alfaro-Sánchez, J. Julio Camarero, Francisco R. López-Serrano, Raúl Sánchez-Salguero, Daniel Moya and Jorge De Las Heras
pp. 507-517

Aleppo pine forests are subjected to frequent wildfires and droughts, which constrain their reproduction and growth. We tested whether female cone production and radial growth were linked in post-fire young Aleppo pines and found that they were positively linked and enhanced by wet conditions and lower tree density.

 
  
 

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Post-fire seeding with ryegrass: implications for understorey plant communities and overall effectiveness 
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Melissa A. McMaster, Andrea Thode and Michael Kearsley
pp. 518-526

This study investigated the effectiveness of post-fire seeding in a high-severity burn and the resulting differences between seeded and non-seeded areas. Our results indicate that seeding on the Warm Fire was not effective at significantly increasing vegetation cover to decrease the invasion of non-native plants and reduce erosion.

 
  
 

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Predicting fire-based perennial bunchgrass mortality in big sagebrush plant communities 
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Chad S. Boyd, Kirk W. Davies and April Hulet
pp. 527-533

We correlated post-fire soil colour and environmental characteristics with perennial bunchgrass mortality in sagebrush plant communities. Soil colour and bunchgrass depth of burn were accurate predictors of bunchgrass mortality at individual plant and plant community scales and could be used to determine spatial allocation of post-fire bunchgrass rehabilitation effort.

 
  
 

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Response of a shrubland mammal and reptile community to a history of landscape-scale wildfire 
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Tim S. Doherty, Robert A. Davis, Eddie J. B. van Etten, Neil Collier and Josef Krawiec
pp. 534-543

The response of a shrubland mammal and reptile community to fire history was divergent both within and across taxonomic groups. Fire management that homogenises large areas of habitat through either fire exclusion or frequent burning may threaten species, so careful management of fire may be needed to maximise habitat suitability across the landscape.

 
    | Supplementary Material (324 KB)
 

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Temperatures below leaf litter during winter prescribed burns: implications for litter-roosting bats 
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Roger W. Perry and Virginia L. McDaniel
pp. 544-549

Some bat species in the south-eastern USA hibernate below leaf litter during the coldest periods of winter. If bats are unable to escape before the arrival of fire during winter prescribed burns, these fires produce temperatures below leaf litter that are mostly unsurvivable. Burning during the warmer periods of winter (e.g. ≥15°C) and during afternoons could potentially improve survival by reducing arousal and escape times for bats roosting under leaf litter.

 
  
 

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Does fire affect the ground-dwelling arthropod community through changes to fine-scale resource patches? 
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Alan B. C. Kwok and David J. Eldridge
pp. 550-559

Resource patches are important for ecosystem function, and influence the distribution of animals. We found that litter patches support a different arthropod community to open patches devoid of litter, in both a recently burnt and long-unburnt community. Certain taxa appear more dependent on litter than others.

 
  
 

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Monitoring live fuel moisture in semiarid environments using L-band radar data 
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M. A. Tanase, R. Panciera, K. Lowell and C. Aponte
pp. 560-572

Timely information on spatial variation of live fuel moisture is critical for fire risk assessment and behaviour modelling. This study demonstrates the utility of radar systems for live fuel moisture estimation. The estimation accuracy was equivalent to or higher than that obtained using optical-based vegetation indices.

 
    | Supplementary Material (117 KB)
 

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The effect of mastication on surface fire behaviour, fuels consumption and tree mortality in pine flatwoods of Florida, USA 
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Jesse K. Kreye and Leda N. Kobziar
pp. 573-579

Through field-scale burning experiments, we found that mastication treatments reduced fire behaviour during prescribed burning in pine flatwoods dominated by saw palmetto and gallberry. Recovering shrubs, however, influenced fire behaviour six months following mechanical treatment. Mastication may be effective at reducing fire hazard, but the duration of efficacy is unknown.

 
  
 

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Words matter: radio misunderstandings in wildland firefighting 
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Elena Gabor
pp. 580-588

Data from the Dutch Creek incident, the Cramer fire and the Panther fire are used to show that ambiguous radio messages can affect the safety of firefighters. Whereas previous research has pointed to technical barriers to effective radio communication, this paper draws attention to the actual wording of messages.

 
  
 

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WF15059  Accepted 30 June 2015
    Fire severity estimation from space: A comparison of active and passive sensors and their synergy for different forest types
    Mihai Andrei Tanase, Robert Kennedy, Cristina Aponte
    Abstract


    WF15031  Accepted 30 June 2015
    Long-distance spotting potential of bark strips of a ribbon gum - Eucalyptus viminalis
    James Hall, Peter Ellis, Geoff Cary, Glenys Bishop, Andrew Sullivan
    Abstract


    WF14167  Accepted 28 June 2015
    Fire in Arctic Tundra of Alaska: Past fire activity, future fire potential, and significance for land management and ecology
    Nancy French, Liza Jenkins, Tatiana Loboda, Mike Flannigan, Randi Jandt, Laura Bourgeau-Chavez, Matthew Whitley
    Abstract


    WF15034  Accepted 25 June 2015
    Wildfire smoke and public health risk
    Fabienne Reisen, Sandra Durán, Mike Flannigan, Catherine Elliot, Karen Rideout
    Abstract


    WF14155  Accepted 25 June 2015
    Re-analysis of wind and slope effects on flame characteristics of Mediterranean shrub fires
    Ralph Nelson
    Abstract


    WF15052  Accepted 13 June 2015
    Influence of wind speed on the global variability of burned fraction: a global fire model’s perspective
    Gitta Lasslop, Stijn Hantson, Silvia Kloster
    Abstract


    WF15083  Accepted 04 June 2015
    Climate change presents increased potential for very large fires in the contiguous United States
    Renaud Barbero, John Abatzoglou, Narasimhan Larkin, Crystal Kolden, Brian Stocks
    Abstract


    WF14143  Accepted 04 June 2015
    Impacts of repeated wildfire on long-unburned plant communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    Donald Hagan, Thomas Waldrop, Matthew Reilly, Timothy Shearman
    Abstract


    WF15055  Accepted 16 May 2015
    Winter grazing can reduce wildfire size, intensity, and behavior in a shrub-grassland
    Kirk Davies, Chad Boyd, Jon Bates, April Hulet
    Abstract


    WF14146  Accepted 16 May 2015
    Effects of curing on grassfires – II: The influence of grass senescence on the rate of fire spread
    Miguel Cruz, Jim Gould, Susan Kidnie, Rachel Bessell, David Nichols, Alen Slijepcevic
    Abstract


    WF14003  Accepted 16 May 2015
    The Economic Benefit of Localized, Short-term, Wildfire-potential Information Value of Wildfire-potential Information
    Laine Christman, Kimberly Rollins
    Abstract


    WF13149  Accepted 16 May 2015
    A Method for Estimating the Amount of Dead Grass Fuel Based on Spectral Reflectance Characteristics
    Zhengxiang Zhang, Hongyan Zhang, Zhiqiang Feng, Xuedong Li, Yunzhi Bi, Dongkai Shi, Daowei Zhou, Yong Wang, Duwala Bao, Jianjun Zhao
    Abstract


    WF14159  Accepted 11 May 2015
    Measurements relating fire radiative energy density and surface fuel consumption—RxCADRE 2011 and 2012
    Andrew Hudak, Matthew Dickinson, Benjamin Bright, Robert Kremens, Eva (Louise) Loudermilk, Joseph OBrien, Benjamin Hornsby, Roger Ottmar
    Abstract


    WF14140  Accepted 11 May 2015
    Effect of mastication and other mechanical treatments on fuel structure in chaparral
    Teresa Brennan, Jon Keeley
    Abstract


    WF14150  Accepted 30 April 2015
    Experimental analysis of fire spread across a two-dimensional ridge under wind conditions
    Jorge Raposo, Salvatore Cabiddu, Domingos Viegas, Michele Salis, Jason Sharples
    Abstract


    WF15011  Accepted 22 April 2015
    Carbon footprint from helitankers. Sustainable decision-making in aerial wildfire fighting
    Sergio Alvarez, Rosa Planelles, Agustin Rubio
    Abstract


    WF14187  Accepted 22 April 2015
    Relationships among wildfire, prescribed fire, and drought in a fire-prone landscape in the southeastern United States
    Robert Addington, Stephen Hudson, J Hiers, Matthew Hurteau, Thomas Hutcherson, George Matusick, James Parker
    Abstract


    WF14114  Accepted 09 April 2015
    Structural and functional connectivity as a driver of hillslope erosion following disturbance
    C. Williams, Frederick Pierson, Peter Robichaud, Osama Al-Hamdan, Jan Boll, Eva Strand
    Abstract


    WF14145  Accepted 08 April 2015
    Effects of curing on grassfires – I: Fuel dynamics in a senescing grassland
    Susan Kidnie, Miguel Cruz, Jim Gould, David Nichols, Wendy Anderson, Rachel Bessell
    Abstract


    WF14085  Accepted 23 March 2015
    Data assimilation of dead fuel moisture observations from remote automated weather stations
    Martin Vejmelka, Adam Kochanski, Jan Mandel
    Abstract


    WF14079  Accepted 15 March 2015
    Is aridity a high-order control on the hydro-geomorphic response of burned landscapes?
    Gary Sheridan, Petter Nyman, Christoph Langhans, Jane Cawson, Philip Noske, Akiko Oono, Rene Van der Sant, Patrick Lane
    Abstract


    WF14178  Accepted 11 March 2015
    Computational Study of Critical Moisture and Depth of Burn in Peat Fires
    Xinyan Huang, Guillermo Rein
    Abstract


    WF14071  Accepted 07 March 2015
    Risk-assessment of post-wildfire hydrological response in semi-arid basins: the effects of varying rainfall representations in the KINEROS2/AGWA model
    Gabriel Sidman, David Guertin, David Goodrich, Carl Unkrich, Ian Burns
    Abstract


    WF13206  Accepted 20 March 2014
    An accuracy assessment of the MTBS burned area product for shrub-steppe fires in the northern Great Basin, United States
    Aaron Sparks, Luigi Boschetti, Wade Tinkham, Alistair Smith, Karen Lannom, Beth Newingham
    Abstract


24


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 5 December 2014
Challenges of assessing fire and burn severity using field measures, remote sensing and modelling

Penelope Morgan, Robert E. Keane, Gregory K. Dillon, Theresa B. Jain, Andrew T. Hudak, Eva C. Karau, Pamela G. Sikkink, Zachary A. Holden and Eva K. Strand

2. Published 23 October 2014
Climate and very large wildland fires in the contiguous western USA

E. Natasha Stavros, John Abatzoglou, Narasimhan K. Larkin, Donald McKenzie and E. Ashley Steel

3. Published 23 October 2014
Effect of fire on small mammals: a systematic review

Anthony D. Griffiths and Barry W. Brook

4. Published 5 December 2014
The role of defensible space for residential structure protection during wildfires

Alexandra D. Syphard, Teresa J. Brennan and Jon E. Keeley

5. Published 10 September 2014
Fuel reduction burning mitigates wildfire effects on forest carbon and greenhouse gas emission

Liubov Volkova, C. P. Mick Meyer, Simon Murphy, Thomas Fairman, Fabienne Reisen and Christopher Weston

6. Published 18 March 2015
Social science research on Indigenous wildfire management in the 21st century and future research needs

Amy Christianson

7. Published 10 September 2014
Simulation and thermal imaging of the 2006 Esperanza Wildfire in southern California: application of a coupled weather–wildland fire model

Janice L. Coen and Philip J. Riggan

8. Published 1 August 2014
Advances in remote sensing and GIS applications in support of forest fire management

Ioannis Z. Gitas, Jesús San-Miguel-Ayanz, Emilio Chuvieco and Andrea Camia

9. Published 4 June 2015
A generic, empirical-based model for predicting rate of fire spread in shrublands

Wendy R. Anderson, Miguel G. Cruz, Paulo M. Fernandes, Lachlan McCaw, Jose Antonio Vega, Ross A. Bradstock, Liam Fogarty, Jim Gould, Greg McCarthy, Jon B. Marsden-Smedley, Stuart Matthews, Greg Mattingley, H. Grant Pearce and Brian W. van Wilgen

10. Published 1 August 2014
Integrating geospatial information into fire risk assessment

E. Chuvieco, I. Aguado, S. Jurdao, M. L. Pettinari, M. Yebra, J. Salas, S. Hantson, J. de la Riva, P. Ibarra, M. Rodrigues, M. Echeverría, D. Azqueta, M. V. Román, A. Bastarrika, S. Martínez, C. Recondo, E. Zapico and F. J. Martínez-Vega

11. Published 23 October 2014
Managing burned landscapes: evaluating future management strategies for resilient forests under a warming climate

K. L. Shive, P. Z. Fulé, C. H. Sieg, B. A. Strom and M. E. Hunter

12. Published 1 August 2014
Mapping the daily progression of large wildland fires using MODIS active fire data

Sander Veraverbeke, Fernando Sedano, Simon J. Hook, James T. Randerson, Yufang Jin and Brendan M. Rogers

13. Published 5 February 2015
Location, timing and extent of wildfire vary by cause of ignition

Alexandra D. Syphard and Jon E. Keeley

14. Published 10 September 2014
Preparing ... for what? Developing multi-dimensional measures of community wildfire preparedness for researchers, practitioners and households

Patrick D. Dunlop, Ilona M. McNeill, Jessica L. Boylan, David L. Morrison and Timothy C. Skinner

15. Published 23 October 2014
A synthesis of post-fire Burned Area Reports from 1972 to 2009 for western US Forest Service lands: trends in wildfire characteristics and post-fire stabilisation treatments and expenditures

Peter R. Robichaud, Hakjun Rhee and Sarah A. Lewis

16. Published 10 September 2014
Biomass and litter accumulation patterns in species-rich shrublands for fire hazard assessment

V. C. Westcott, N. J. Enright, B. P. Miller, J. B. Fontaine, J. C. Lade and B. B. Lamont

17. Published 5 February 2015
Does fire limit tree biomass in Australian savannas?

Brett P. Murphy, Adam C. Liedloff and Garry D. Cook

18. Published 1 August 2014
Modern fire regime resembles historical fire regime in a ponderosa pine forest on Native American lands

Amanda B. Stan, Peter Z. Fulé, Kathryn B. Ireland and Jamie S. Sanderlin

19. Published 5 February 2015
Correlations between components of the water balance and burned area reveal new insights for predicting forest fire area in the southwest United States

A. Park Williams, Richard Seager, Alison K. Macalady, Max Berkelhammer, Michael A. Crimmins, Thomas W. Swetnam, Anna T. Trugman, Nikolaus Buenning, David Noone, Nate G. McDowell, Natalia Hryniw, Claudia I. Mora and Thom Rahn

20. Published 10 September 2014
Controls on the spatial pattern of wildfire ignitions in Southern California

Nicolas Faivre, Yufang Jin, Michael L. Goulden and James T. Randerson


      
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