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International Journal of Wildland Fire welcomes papers on basic and applied aspects of wildland fire science including, but not confined to, ecological impact, modelling fire and its effects, and management of fire. More

Editors in Chief: Susan G. Conard and Stefan Doerr


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Published online 21 July 2014
Social science research on Indigenous wildfire management in the 21st century and future research needs 
Amy Christianson

This article reviews social science research on Indigenous wildfire management in Australia, Canada and the United States after the year 2000 and explores future research needs in the field.

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Published online 21 July 2014
Investigation of the decline in reported smoking-caused wildfires in the USA from 2000 to 2011 
David T. Butry, Jeffrey P. Prestemon and Douglas S. Thomas

We evaluate the rate of smoking-caused wildfires as a function of weather, other ignitions, adult smokers, improved wildfire cause-determination methods and sale of less fire-prone cigarettes. We find a reduction in smoking-caused wildfires by 23% from less fire-prone cigarettes, 48% from improved cause classification and 9% from the decline in adult smokers.

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Published online 21 July 2014
Preparing ... for what? Developing multi-dimensional measures of community wildfire preparedness for researchers, practitioners and households 
Patrick D. Dunlop, Ilona M. McNeill, Jessica L. Boylan, David L. Morrison and Timothy C. Skinner

In this study, a new assessment of householder preparedness for wildfire that can be used by householders, practitioners and researchers was developed. This tool focuses on preparedness to (i) evacuate, (ii) actively defend the property and (iii) improve the prospects of a house surviving a fire with no defender present.

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    | Supplementary Material (796 KB)
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Published online 09 July 2014
Simulation and thermal imaging of the 2006 Esperanza Wildfire in southern California: application of a coupled weather–wildland fire model 
Janice L. Coen and Philip J. Riggan

Simulations with a coupled weather–wildland fire model and airborne infrared imagery were used to investigate the 2006 Esperanza wildfire. Fire growth was directed by Santa Ana winds that were channelled by mountain ranges, accelerated over peaks and driven across canyons, and by the fire drawing itself up drainages. Simulations captured observed fire spread west-south-westward, splitting of the head, flank runs and feathering at the leading edge.

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Published online 01 July 2014
Area burned in Portugal over recent decades: an extreme value analysis 
M. G. Scotto, S. Gouveia, A. Carvalho, A. Monteiro, V. Martins, M. D. Flannigan, J. San-Miguel-Ayanz, A. I. Miranda and C. Borrego

In this paper, daily area burned records from 18 Portuguese districts are analysed. A time series clustering approach that combines extreme value theory and classification techniques is adopted for the analysis of the extreme area burned and regional variability in Portugal from 1980 to 2010.

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Published online 27 June 2014
Biomass dynamics of central Siberian Scots pine forests following surface fires of varying severity 
Elena A. Kukavskaya, Galina A. Ivanova, Susan G. Conard, Douglas J. McRae and Valery A. Ivanov

We describe effects of fires of various severities on biomass and fuel characteristics for a typical dry Scots pine forest in central Siberia. Post-fire accumulation of different components of above-ground biomass was related to both fire severity and time since burning. Such data provide a basis for quantifying and modelling post-fire fuel dynamics and carbon stocks.

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Published online 27 June 2014
Fuel reduction burning mitigates wildfire effects on forest carbon and greenhouse gas emission 
Liubov Volkova, C. P. Mick Meyer, Simon Murphy, Thomas Fairman, Fabienne Reisen and Christopher Weston

A high-intensity wildfire burnt through a dry Eucalyptus forest that had been fuel treated 3 months prior. Carbon loss and greenhouse gas emissions were measured after wildfire, both with and without prior fuel reduction burning. The paper discusses the benefits of prescribed fire in reducing wildfire emissions.

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Published online 27 June 2014
Ignition and fire behaviour of Juniperus virginiana in response to live fuel moisture and fire temperature in the southern Great Plains 
John R. Weir and J. Derek Scasta

Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is expanding beyond its historical range. Prescribed fire is needed to reduce wildfire risk and invasion. Hotter fires and lower live fuel moisture (LFM) increase J. virginiana ignition. LFM <60% represents a threshold of rapid ignition, greater flame lengths, higher fuel consumption and increased risk.

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Published online 27 June 2014
Numerical prediction of size, mass, temperature and trajectory of cylindrical wind-driven firebrands 
Luis A. Oliveira, António G. Lopes, Bantwal R. Baliga, Miguel Almeida and Domingos X. Viegas

Mathematical models of the trajectory, oscillations, rotation, and mass and size time-evolution of cylindrical wind-driven firebrands are proposed. The total distance travelled by the firebrand is an increasing function of its initial aspect ratio. Particle initial orientation relative to the wind, and its oscillation, significantly influence its trajectory.

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Published online 27 June 2014
Use of night vision goggles for aerial forest fire detection 
L. Tomkins, T. Benzeroual, A. Milner, J. E. Zacher, M. Ballagh, R. S. McAlpine, T. Doig, S. Jennings, G. Craig and R. S. Allison

Two sets of flight trials explored the potential of night vision aids in aerial wildfire detection. One was a controlled experiment and the other part of operational aerial detection patrols. Small fires could be detected and reliably discriminated using night vision goggles from distances compatible with daytime aerial detection patrols.

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    | Supplementary Material (681 KB)
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Published online 19 June 2014
Equilibrium moisture content and timelag of dead Pinus pinaster needles 
Sérgio Lopes, Domingos Xavier Viegas, Luís Teixeira de Lemos and Maria Teresa Viegas

This study aims to improve fine fuel moisture content prediction below fibre saturation of Pinus pinaster dead needles through modelling of sorption processes and equilibrium moisture content. Good fit between the results of combinations of models and laboratory and field measurements was obtained.

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Published online 10 June 2014
Simulated western spruce budworm defoliation reduces torching and crowning potential: a sensitivity analysis using a physics-based fire model 
Gregory M. Cohn, Russell A. Parsons, Emily K. Heyerdahl, Daniel G. Gavin and Aquila Flower

Simulation modelling revealed that defoliation by western spruce budworm inhibited the vertical spread of fire into a tree crown as well as the horizontal spread of fire between adjacent trees.

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Published online 10 June 2014
The temporal evolution of wildfire ash and implications for post-fire infiltration 
Victoria N. Balfour, Stefan H. Doerr and Peter R. Robichaud

Ash crust formation can occur following severe wildfire events. Initial ash composition and a hydrating rainfall event are necessary precursors for crust formation. An ash crust can decrease ash hydraulic conductivity by 1 order of magnitude as well as significantly decrease ash layer porosity and increase bulk density.

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Published online 29 May 2014
Exposing hidden-value trade-offs: sharing wildfire management responsibility between government and citizens 
Blythe McLennan and Michael Eburn

Using a conceptual framework we make explicit some of the necessary but often hidden trade-offs that are implicit in assessments of ‘shared responsibility’ for wildfire management. We compare and contrast potential legal and governance implications of four extreme positions on wildfire management to encourage stakeholders to acknowledge and debate the necessary value trade-offs.

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Published online 22 May 2014
Modern fire regime resembles historical fire regime in a ponderosa pine forest on Native American lands 
Amanda B. Stan, Peter Z. Fulé, Kathryn B. Ireland and Jamie S. Sanderlin

We studied the surface fire regime in a forest on tribal lands where prescribed burning has occurred since the 1960s. Fire frequency and synchrony were similar, but fire seasonality was dissimilar, between the historical and modern land-use periods. Fuels, climate and human land uses regulated the fire regime over time.

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Published online 15 May 2014
Diet of the silky mouse (Pseudomys apodemoides) and the heath rat (P. shortridgei) in a post-fire environment 
Julian Di Stefano, Amanda Ashton and Alan York

We quantified the winter and spring diet of silky mice (Pseudomys apodemoides) and heath rats (P. shortridgei) at sites ranging from 2 to 55 years post fire. Silky mice ate different foods at very recently burnt and mature forest sites whereas heath rats ate similar foods across the time-since-fire spectrum.

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Published online 09 April 2014
Wildfire evacuation and its alternatives: perspectives from four United States 
Sarah McCaffrey, Alan Rhodes and Melanie Stidham

Alternatives to mass evacuation during a wildfire are being increasingly considered in the United States. We examine how individuals in four communities considering an alternative assess the issues. The tension between increasing safety and reducing uncertainty for emergency responders versus for residents is a key consideration in choosing a preferred strategy.

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Published online 31 March 2014
Predicting delay in residents’ decisions on defending v. evacuating through antecedents of decision avoidance 
Ilona M. McNeill, Patrick D. Dunlop, Timothy C. Skinner and David L. Morrison

Many residents of at-risk areas delay committing to defence or evacuation as their response to wildfire threat. This study compared several plausible causes of decision delay and determined that householders’ delay was best predicted by the difference in perceived values of defending v. evacuating, resulting in decision delay when both options get closer in attractiveness.

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Published online 07 March 2014
Trend analysis of medium- and coarse-resolution time series image data for burned area mapping in a Mediterranean ecosystem 
Thomas Katagis, Ioannis Z. Gitas, Pericles Toukiloglou, Sander Veraverbeke and Rudi Goossens

Time series of low-resolution satellite imagery were analysed with the use of the Breaks for Additive Seasonal and Trend (BFAST) method. Trend changes were identified after a fire event in southern Greece, resulting in the mapping of the burned area and illustration of the post-fire vegetation recovery trend.

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Published online 07 March 2014
Mapping the daily progression of large wildland fires using MODIS active fire data 
Sander Veraverbeke, Fernando Sedano, Simon J. Hook, James T. Randerson, Yufang Jin and Brendan M. Rogers

We developed an approach to derive continuous maps of daily fire progression using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) active fire and thermal anomaly data. The method outperformed the temporal reporting accuracy of two MODIS burnt area products. Remote sensing data on fire progression have the potential to improve our understanding of climate and vegetation controls fire behaviour and emissions.

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Published online 15 August 2013
Monitoring post-fire vegetation recovery in the Mediterranean using SPOT and ERS imagery 
A. Polychronaki, I. Z. Gitas and A. Minchella

Burned areas were investigated ~20 years after fire events in Greece. Results indicated that the synergy of multi-temporal optical and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images could provide valuable information for monitoring long-term post-fire vegetation recovery.

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Published online 25 July 2013
Development and mapping of fuel characteristics and associated fire potentials for South America 
M. Lucrecia Pettinari, Roger D. Ottmar, Susan J. Prichard, Anne G. Andreu and Emilio Chuvieco

This research proposes a process to generate a fuel map for large areas, using the Fuel Characteristic Classification System. Fuelbeds were built to represent fuels across the continent of South America. Fire potentials including indexed values of surface fire behaviour, crown fire and available fuels were computed and mapped, enabling users to assess fire hazard, predict fire behaviour and calculate fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

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Published online 08 March 2013
Assessment of fire selectivity in relation to land cover and topography: a comparison between Southern European countries 
Sandra Oliveira, Francisco Moreira, Roberto Boca, Jesús San-Miguel-Ayanz and José M. C. Pereira

This study investigates the selectivity of fire in relation to land cover type and topography in Southern Europe. Shrubland and grassland are more fire prone, whereas agricultural areas and artificial surfaces are less susceptible to burn. There are significant differences between countries and regions. Slopes >25% and north facing ones were less fire prone.

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Published online 22 October 2012
Integrating geospatial information into fire risk assessment 
E. Chuvieco, I. Aguado, S. Jurdao, M. L. Pettinari, M. Yebra, J. Salas, S. Hantson, J. de la Riva, P. Ibarra, M. Rodrigues, M. Echeverría, D. Azqueta, M. V. Román, A. Bastarrika, S. Martínez, C. Recondo, E. Zapico and F. J. Martínez-Vega

This paper presents a method to generate fire risk maps making extensive use of geographic information technologies. It describes how the variables were generated and integrated, and how the final index was validated using two years of fire occurrence.

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blank image International Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume 23 Number 4 2014

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Experimental modelling of crown fire initiation in open and closed shrubland systems 
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Watcharapong Tachajapong , Jesse Lozano , Shankar Mahalingam and David R. Weise
pp. 451-462

The effect of varying wind speed on the transition of surface fire to live shrub crown fuel composed of chamise was studied in an open-topped wind tunnel. Increasing wind speed from 1.5 to 1.8 m s–1 enhanced heat transfer to the crown fuel, promoting crown fire ignition and spread.


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Experimental confirmation of the MWIR and LWIR grey body assumption for vegetation fire flame emissivity 
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J. M. Johnston , M. J. Wooster and T. J. Lynham
pp. 463-479

This study provides experimental evidence to support the validity of the grey body assumption for vegetation flame emissivity in two important infrared spectral windows.


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De-coupling seasonal changes in water content and dry matter to predict live conifer foliar moisture content 
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W. Matt Jolly , Ann M. Hadlow and Kathleen Huguet
pp. 480-489

We present a simple model that separates dry matter and water content changes to explain 85% of the seasonal variation in live foliar moisture content (LMFC) in Pinus contorta. This methodology could be applied across a range of plant functional types to better understand seasonal LFMC variations and their influence on live fuel flammability.


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Dynamics of moisture content in spruce–feather moss and spruce–Sphagnum organic layers during an extreme fire season and implications for future depths of burn in Clay Belt black spruce forests 
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Aurélie Terrier , William J. de Groot , Martin P. Girardin and Yves Bergeron
pp. 490-502

We assessed the moisture dynamics in spruce–feather moss and spruce–Sphagnum organic soil layers during an extreme fire season. We used this information to project the effects of climate change on potential depth of burn in these stands. Results suggest that climate change will increase depth of burn in spruce–feather moss stands, but not in spruce–Sphagnum stands.


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Assessment of the temporal pattern of fire activity and weather variability in Lebanon 
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Liliane Salloum and George Mitri
pp. 503-509

The start, peak and end dates of the yearly fire season and its temporal changes were determined. Weather variability and its relationship to changes in fire occurrence and seasonality was also evaluated. The study highlighted the need to advance research on the influence of a changing climate on forest fires in the semi-arid environment of Lebanon.


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A fire weather index as a basis for an early warning system in Spain 
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A. Mestre and M. I. Manta
pp. 510-519

Wildfires currently represent one of the most critical environmental concerns that Spain has to face. This study aims at evaluating the potential economic savings that can be obtained by the use of a meteorological fire risk index to decide when to adopt fire preventive actions in two zones of Spain.


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Predicting the number of daily human-caused bushfires to assist suppression planning in south-west Western Australia 
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M. P. Plucinski , W. L. McCaw , J. S. Gould and B. M. Wotton
pp. 520-531

Negative binomial models predicting the daily number of bushfires occurring within management regions of south-west Western Australia were developed and tested with data from incident records. The models had reasonable fits but did not show enough prediction variation to be of practical use in areas with few fires.


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A quantitative study of the proximity of satellite detected active fires to roads and rivers in the Brazilian tropical moist forest biome 
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Sanath S. Kumar , David P. Roy , Mark A. Cochrane , Carlos M. Souza , Chirstopher P. Barber and L. Boschetti
pp. 532-543

Analysis of 8 years of MODIS active fire detections across the Brazilian tropical moist forest biome indicates that fire is anthropogenic and occurs close to surface transportation networks with 50 and 95% of all MODIS active fire detections within 1 and 10 km respectively of a road or navigable river.


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A methodology for determining operational priorities for prevention and suppression of wildland fires 
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Francisco Rodríguez y Silva , Juan Ramón Molina Martínez and Armando González-Cabán
pp. 544-554

Forest management and protection program budgets are limited, and managers are requesting help to objectively assign their limited protection resources based on environmental characteristics of a site and the available firefighting resources and existing infrastructure. The methodology presented here provides managers with fundamental information for strategic planning and development of tactical operations for resource protection.


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Exploring the use of economic evaluation in Australian wildland fire management decision-making 
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Helena Clayton , Melinda R. Mylek , Jacki Schirmer , Geoffrey J. Cary and Stephen R. Dovers
pp. 555-566

We present findings from a survey of the Australian wildland fire sector on the actual and potential role of economics in supporting wildland fire management decisions. Analysis of the survey results informed several recommendations on ways to improve the integration of economics into wildland fire management.

    | Supplementary Material (581 KB)

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Cost shared wildfire risk mitigation in Log Hill Mesa, Colorado: survey evidence on participation and willingness to pay 
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James R. Meldrum , Patricia A. Champ , Travis Warziniack , Hannah Brenkert-Smith , Christopher M. Barth and Lilia C. Falk
pp. 567-576

We analyse survey data from a wildland–urban interface community for residents’ willingness to participate in, and pay for, cost shared wildfire risk mitigation. Results suggest residents participate both to address costs and to acquire property-specific information. Risk perceptions positively correlate with participation, but assessed risk levels negatively correlate with participation.


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A ‘responsibility for place’ – firefighter deployment, local knowledge and risk 
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Tarnya M. Kruger and Ruth Beilin
pp. 577-584

This research investigates the role of place and the challenges and dilemmas confronted by firefighters. Local knowledge can assist firefighters, but can make it more hazardous for local firefighters if they feel compelled to do more because of their ‘responsibility for place’.


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Assessing the quality of forest fuel loading data collected using public participation methods and smartphones 
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Colin J. Ferster and Nicholas C. Coops
pp. 585-590

A smartphone application to assess the amount of fuel in a wildland–urban interface area was used by volunteers with varying levels of forest measurement experience and the data quality was evaluated. We conclude that the approach was successful and if implemented may lead to improved fire management decision making.


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Carnivore distributions across chaparral habitats exposed to wildfire and rural housing in southern California 
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P. A. Schuette , J. E. Diffendorfer , D. H. Deutschman , S. Tremor and W. Spencer
pp. 591-600

Our research examined the effect of one of the largest wildfires in Californian history on native carnivore species that dwell in chaparral shrublands. We used camera surveys to document the response of coyote, bobcat, gray fox and striped skunk to this wildfire and to rural human residences.

    | Supplementary Material (1.3 MB)

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Corrigendum to: Wildland fire ash and particulate distribution in adjacent residential areas 
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Richard L. Wade , Amir Jokar , Kristina Cydzik , Adam Dershowitz and Rod Bronstein
pp. 601-601
 |    Corrigendum PDF (231 KB) - $25.00  

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WF13152  Accepted 23 July 2014
    Relationships between annual plant productivity, nitrogen deposition and fire size in low elevation California desert scrub
    Leela Rao, John Matchett, Matthew Brooks, Robert Johnson, Richard Minnich, Edith Allen

    WF13058  Accepted 14 July 2014
    The challenges of assessing fire and burn severity using field measures, remote sensing and modeling
    Penny Morgan, Robert (Bob) Keane, Gregory Dillon, Theresa (Terrie) Jain, Andrew Hudak, Eva Karau, Pamela Sikkink, Zachary Holden, Eva Strand

    WF13046  Accepted 14 July 2014
    Santa Ana winds and predictors of wildfire progression in southern California
    Michael Billmire, Nancy French, Tatiana Loboda, Robert Owen, Marlene Tyner

    WF14117  Accepted 08 July 2014
    Advances in remote sensing and GIS applications in support of forest fire management
    Ioannis Gitas, Jesús San-Miguel-Ayanz, Emilio Chuvieco, Andrea Camia

    WF13219  Accepted 08 July 2014
    Predictors of south-eastern Australian householders’ strengths of intentions to self-evacuate if a wildfire threatens: Two theoretical models
    Jim McLennan, Sean Cowlishaw, Douglas Paton, Ruth Beatson, Glenn Elliott

    WF12169  Accepted 21 June 2014
    Behaviour of fire weather indices in the 2009-10 New Zealand wildland fire season
    Colin Simpson, H Pearce, Andrew Sturman, Peyman Zawar-Reza

    WF13195  Accepted 19 June 2014
    Improvement of Fire Danger Modeling with Geographically Weighted Logistic Model
    Haijun Zhang, Pengcheng Qi, Guangmeng Guo

    WF12189  Accepted 19 June 2014
    Effect of slope on spread of a linear flame front over a pine needle fuel bed: experiments and modeling
    Naian Liu, Jinmo Wu, Haixiang Chen, Xiaodong Xie, Linhe Zhang, Bin Yao, Jiping Zhu, Yanlong Shan

    WF13115  Accepted 18 June 2014
    Modeling and mapping dynamic variability in large fire probability in the lower Sonoran Desert of southwestern Arizona
    Miranda Gray, Brett Dickson, Luke Zachmann

    WF14024  Accepted 16 June 2014
    Location, timing, and extent of wildfire vary by ignition cause
    Alexandra Syphard, Jon Keeley

    WF13158  Accepted 30 May 2014
    The role of defensible space for residential structure protection during wildfires
    Alexandra Syphard, Teresa Brennan, Jon Keeley

    WF13079  Accepted 29 May 2014
    Bulk and particle properties of pine needle fuel beds – Influence on combustion
    Paul Santoni, Pauline Bartoli, Albert Simeoni, Jose Torero

    WF13175  Accepted 21 May 2014
    Short-term effect of fuel treatments on fire behaviour in a mixed-heathland: a comparative assessment in an outdoor wind-tunnel
    Eva Marino, Carmen Hernando, Javier Madrigal, Mercedes Guijarro

    WF13192  Accepted 19 May 2014
    A synthesis of post-fire Burned Area Reports from 1972 to 2009 for western US Forest Service lands: trends in wildfire characteristics and post-fire stabilization treatments and expenditures
    Peter Robichaud, Hakjun Rhee, Sarah Lewis

    WF14026  Accepted 18 May 2014
    Impact of fire on small mammals: a systematic review
    Tony Griffiths, Barry Brook

    WF13189  Accepted 18 May 2014
    Pyrogenic carbon: the influence of particle size and chemical composition on soil carbon release
    Meaghan Jenkins, Tina Bell, Jaymie Norris, Mark Adams

    WF13169  Accepted 18 May 2014
    Climate and very large wildland fires in the contiguous Western USA
    Natasha Stavros, John Abatzoglou, Narasimhan Larkin, Don McKenzie, E. Ashley Steel

    WF13214  Accepted 09 May 2014
    Fine-scale factors influence fire regimes in mixed-conifer forests on three high mountains in Mexico
    Larissa Yocom, Peter Fule, Don Falk, Celia García-Domínguez, Eladio Cornejo-Oviedo, Peter Brown, José Villanueva-Díaz, Julián Cerano, Citlali Cortés Montaño

    WF13150  Accepted 09 May 2014
    Successional stage after land abandonment modulates fire severity and post-fire recovery in a Mediterranean mountain landscape
    Rosario López-Poma, Barron Orr, Susana Bautista

    WF12090  Accepted 09 May 2014
    A comparison of three approaches for simulating fine-scale surface winds in support of wildland fire management: Part II – an exploratory study of the impact of simulated winds on fire growth simulations
    Forthofer Jason, Bret Butler, Charles (Chuck) McHugh, Mark Finney, Larry Bradshaw, Richard (Rick) Stratton, Kyle Shannon, Natalie Wagenbrenner

    WF12089  Accepted 09 May 2014
    A comparison of three approaches for simulating fine-scale winds in support of wildland fire management: Part I –model formulation and comparison against measurements
    Forthofer Jason, Bret Butler, Natalie Wagenbrenner

    WF13204  Accepted 07 May 2014
    Wildfire Initial Response Planning Using Probabilistically Constrained Stochastic Integer Programming
    Julián Gallego Arrubla, Lewis Ntaimo, Curt Stripling

    WF13136  Accepted 07 May 2014
    Controls on the spatial pattern of wildfire ignitions in Southern California
    Nicolas Faivre, Yufang Jin, Michael Goulden, James Randerson

    WF14016  Accepted 27 April 2014
    Mathematical Model and Sensor Development for Measuring Energy Transfer from Wildland Fires
    Erik Sullivan, Andre McDonald

    WF13184  Accepted 22 April 2014
    Managing burned landscapes: evaluating future management strategies for resilient forests under a warming climate
    Kristen Shive, Peter Fule, Carolyn Hull Sieg, Barbara Strom, Molly Hunter

    WF13157  Accepted 23 April 2014
    Calibration of the Fire Weather Index over Mediterranean Europe based on fire activity retrieved from MSG satellite imagery
    Carlos DaCamara, Teresa Calado, Sofia Ermida, Isabel Trigo, Malik Amraoui, K Turkman

    WF13006  Accepted 20 April 2014
    Biomass and litter accumulation patterns in species-rich shrublands for fire hazard assessment
    Vanessa Westcott, Neal Enright, Ben Miller, Joseph Fontaine, Janneke Lade, Byron Lamont

    WF13160  Accepted 28 March 2014
    High-Resolution Observations of Combustion in Heterogeneous Surface Fuels
    Eva (Louise) Loudermilk, Gary Achtemeier, Joseph OBrien, John Hiers, Benjamin Hornsby

    WF13188  Accepted 21 March 2014
    Holocene fire in Fennoscandia and Denmark
    Jennifer Clear, Chiara Molinari, Richard Bradshaw

    WF13206  Accepted 20 March 2014
    An accuracy assessment of the MTBS burned area product for shrub-steppe fires in the northern Great Basin, United States
    Aaron Sparks, Luigi Boschetti, Wade Tinkham, Alistair Smith, Karen Lannom, Beth Newingham

    WF13077  Accepted 12 March 2014
    The Effect of Forest Fire on Mass Movement in Lebanese mountainous areas
    Rouba Ziade, Chadi Abdallah, Nicolas Baghdadi

    WF13045  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Flammability of litter sampled according to two different methods: comparison of results in laboratory experiments.
    Anne Ganteaume, Marielle Jappiot, Thomas Curt, Corinne Lampin, Laurent Borgniet

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 29 August 2013
Community safety during the 2009 Australian 'Black Saturday' bushfires: an analysis of household preparedness and response

Joshua Whittaker, Katharine Haynes, John Handmer and Jim McLennan

2. Published 24 October 2013
Is burn severity related to fire intensity? Observations from landscape scale remote sensing

Heather Heward, Alistair M. S. Smith, David P. Roy, Wade T. Tinkham, Chad M. Hoffman, Penelope Morgan and Karen O. Lannom

3. Published 24 October 2013
Allowing a wildfire to burn: estimating the effect on future fire suppression costs

Rachel M. Houtman, Claire A. Montgomery, Aaron R. Gagnon, David E. Calkin, Thomas G. Dietterich, Sean McGregor and Mark Crowley

4. Published 4 February 2014
Is fire severity increasing in the Sierra Nevada, California, USA?

Chad T. Hanson and Dennis C. Odion

5. Published 4 February 2014
Dead fuel moisture research: 1991–2012

Stuart Matthews

6. Published 24 October 2013
The relationship of large fire occurrence with drought and fire danger indices in the western USA, 1984–2008: the role of temporal scale

Karin L. Riley, John T. Abatzoglou, Isaac C. Grenfell, Anna E. Klene and Faith Ann Heinsch

7. Published 24 October 2013
Relationships between climate and macroscale area burned in the western United States

John T. Abatzoglou and Crystal A. Kolden

8. Published 2 December 2013
Comparing three sampling techniques for estimating fine woody down dead biomass

Robert E. Keane and Kathy Gray

9. Published 4 February 2014
Can precipitation influence landscape controls on wildfire severity? A case study within temperate eucalypt forests of south-eastern Australia

L. Collins, R. A. Bradstock and T. D. Penman

10. Published 21 March 2014
Estimation of forest structure and canopy fuel parameters from small-footprint full-waveform LiDAR data

Txomin Hermosilla, Luis A. Ruiz, Alexandra N. Kazakova, Nicholas C. Coops and L. Monika Moskal

11. Published 4 February 2014
Current status and future needs of the BehavePlus Fire Modeling System

Patricia L. Andrews

12. Published 21 March 2014
Forecasting fire activity in Victoria, Australia, using antecedent climate variables and ENSO indices

Sarah Harris, Neville Nicholls and Nigel Tapper

13. Published 29 August 2013
Effects of salvage logging and pile-and-burn on fuel loading, potential fire behaviour, fuel consumption and emissions

Morris C. Johnson, Jessica E. Halofsky and David L. Peterson

14. Published 8 May 2014
Wildland firefighter safety zones: a review of past science and summary of future needs

B. W. Butler

15. Published 21 March 2014
Large airtanker use and outcomes in suppressing wildland fires in the United States

David E. Calkin, Crystal S. Stonesifer, Matthew P. Thompson and Charles W. McHugh

16. Published 25 July 2013
Large eddy simulation of atypical wildland fire spread on leeward slopes

Colin C. Simpson, Jason J. Sharples, Jason P. Evans and Matthew F. McCabe

17. Published 4 February 2014
Environmental assessment of erosion following prescribed burning in the Mount Lofty Ranges, Australia

Rowena H. Morris, Ross A. Bradstock, Deirdre Dragovich, Meredith K. Henderson, Trent D. Penman and Bertram Ostendorf

18. Published 8 May 2014
Defining extreme wildland fires using geospatial and ancillary metrics

Karen O. Lannom, Wade T. Tinkham, Alistair M.S. Smith, John Abatzoglou, Beth A. Newingham, Troy E. Hall, Penelope Morgan, Eva K. Strand, Travis B. Paveglio, John W. Anderson and Aaron M. Sparks

19. Published 2 December 2013
Optimising fuel treatments over time and space

Woodam Chung, Greg Jones, Kurt Krueger, Jody Bramel and Marco Contreras

20. Published 24 October 2013
Wildland firefighter entrapment avoidance: modelling evacuation triggers

Gregory K. Fryer, Philip E. Dennison and Thomas J. Cova

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