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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Stan Boutin, Andrea Taylor and Piran White


blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 40 Number 8 2013

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Aerially deployed baits in the northern rangelands of Western Australia are available to wild dogs 
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Malcolm S. Kennedy, Ken Rose and Gary Martin
pp. 633-638

Aerial baiting is a cost-effective method of wild-dog control in remote areas; however, aerially deployed baits may be lost to positions that are inaccessible to wild dogs. We examined availability of aerially deployed baits to wild dogs across four commonly baited landforms in the northern rangelands of Western Australia and found high availability across all landforms. The low loss of baits means operators do not need to address losses through compensatory baiting. Photograph by Malcolm Kennedy.


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Continuous monitoring of feeding by koalas highlights diurnal differences in tree preferences 
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Karen J. Marsh, Ben D. Moore, Ian R. Wallis and William J. Foley
pp. 639-646

Because they are such highly specialised feeders, understanding which trees koalas feed from is essential to identify and manage their habitat. Using radio-collars fitted with microphones, we recorded koala feeding continuously for periods of 2 weeks and found that tree use and feeding preferences differed between day and night. This work should prompt a re-evaluation of how koala observations are used to infer koala diet and habitat preferences. Photograph by Karen Marsh.

    | Supplementary Material (1.8 MB)

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Toxicity effects of oral gavage of aqueous solutions of cube-root powder and sodium nitrite in common carp 
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D. K. J. Morgan, H. Kumar, N. Ling and B. J. Hicks
pp. 647-653

The deployment of a toxic bait may be a logistically simple tool to reduce populations of common carp; however, the piscicide commonly used in previous attempts to produce a carp bait, rotenone, is very expensive. We tested the toxicity of two alternative piscicides that are considerably less expensive and found that the LD50 (dose rate the kills 50% of subjects) of cube root powder and sodium nitrite was 135.7 mg kg–1 and 122.0 mg kg–1, respectively. Our results indicate that either piscicide may be incorporated into a pellet to target carp and further investigation of delivery in bait is now warranted.


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Habitats associated with vehicle collisions with wild pigs 
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James C. Beasley, Tracy E. Grazia, Paul E. Johns and John J. Mayer
pp. 654-660

In recent decades the frequency of wild pig–vehicle collisions (WPVC) and the number of human fatalities associated with these accidents have increased concurrent with expanding populations of this species, particularly in regions outside its native distribution. Using a 20-year dataset we were able to determine that collision locations with wild pigs occurred most frequently in areas of preferred habitats such as nearby stream crossings and riparian areas. Knowledge of landscape characteristics associated with collisions with wild pigs is essential to the development of mitigation strategies to reduce the frequency and impacts of WPVC’s in areas of high pig densities. Photograph by Jack Mayer.


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Population dynamics of house mice in Queensland grain-growing areas 
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Anthony Pople, Joe Scanlan, Peter Cremasco and Julianne Farrell
pp. 661-674

Mouse plagues are irregular and costly, but crop farmers usually only implement control when they see damage. This is often too late to prevent heavy losses and so early predictions or warnings of a plague will allow farmers to control mice proactively with poison baits. Using a 35-year trapping dataset from southern Queensland, models predicting peak mouse numbers in autumn and winter were developed using rainfall and spring mouse abundance. The latter needs to be determined from local, farm-based monitoring. Photograph by Biosecurity Queensland.


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Testing the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodland 
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Paul R. Lintott, Elisa Fuentes-Montemayor, Dave Goulson and Kirsty J. Park
pp. 675-684

Accurately estimating species’ population abundance is essential for wildlife and habitat management. We show that, for some bat species, acoustic monitoring can be used as a surrogate for trapping as a measure of relative abundance within woodlands, while the use of an acoustic lure can increase trapping efficiency. The use of these techniques can enhance surveying effectiveness, maximise the knowledge of diversity in an area, minimise wildlife disturbance and improve the accuracy of targeted conservation decisions. Photograph by J. M. Wallace.


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Utility of owl pellets for monitoring threatened mammal communities: an Australian case study 
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Kye McDonald, Scott Burnett and Wayne Robinson
pp. 685-697

The Wet Tropics bioregion of Queensland is a biodiversity hotspot being the home to numerous rare endemic small mammal species, many of which are elusive to catch, and thus very difficult to monitor. We trial an alternative monitoring approach, using feeding remains (regurgitated pellets) from lesser sooty owls in an inventory of small mammals in Danbulla National Park near Cairns. Lesser sooty owl pellets performed better than traditional trapping methods for listing small mammal species in the park, but more work needs to be done to assess its use for monitoring population abundances. Photograph by Rohan Bilney.

    | Supplementary Material (1.8 MB)

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Responses of phenology, synchrony and fecundity of breeding by African ungulates to interannual variation in rainfall 
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Joseph O. Ogutu, Hans-Peter Piepho and Holly T. Dublin
pp. 698-717

The effect of global warming on vegetation can profoundly alter timing, spread and fecundity of reproduction in large mammals. Our analysis of how timing, spread and fecundity of births vary with between-year variation in rainfall among large mammals living in equatorial African savannas show that births are delayed, fewer and more spread out in drought than in wet years. Hence an increase in the frequency and severity of droughts due to global warming will likely alter the timing of births relative to resource peaks, lower female fecundity and offspring survival in large mammals. Photograph by Niels Mogensen.

    | Supplementary Material (8.8 MB)

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Published online 10 April 2014
Extinction in Eden: identifying the role of climate change in the decline of the koala in south-eastern NSW 
Daniel Lunney, Eleanor Stalenberg, Truly Santika and Jonathan R. Rhodes

There was once enough koalas in south-eastern NSW to support a pelt trade, but they are now rare. This study has demonstrated that drought and rising temperatures – manifestations of climate change – have progressively compounded the recognised threats to koalas from an increasing human population and habitat loss. At the local level, there is a need for adaptation strategies for individual species, such as koalas, through local plans of management in response to the challenges of climate change. Photograph by Daniel Lunney.

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Published online 02 April 2014
Is quantity or quality of food influencing the reproduction of rice-field rats in the Philippines? 
Nyo Me Htwe and Grant R. Singleton

An increase in breeding performance of rodents is often the main reason populations reach high densities. The association between the quality and quantity of food and the reproductive success of female rats in the Philippines were examined and we found that the extension of the growing season provides high-quality food for rodents and the availability of spilled rice grain at the stubble stage is a source of good-quality food for pregnant and lactating females. Synchronous planting with good post-harvest management of rice stubble are important to prevent high population densities of rice-field rats. Photograph by Nyo Me Htwe.

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    | Supplementary Material (1.9 MB)
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Published online 02 April 2014
Recolonisation of rabbit warrens following coordinated ripping programs in Victoria, south-eastern Australia 
D. S. L. Ramsey, S. R. McPhee, D. M. Forsyth, I. G. Stuart, M. P. Scroggie, M. Lindeman and J. Matthews

The destruction of warrens of the European rabbit has been shown to be one of the most effective methods for their control. Recolonisation of ripped warrens was shown to be highly influenced by both the distance to, and size of, neighbouring active warrens. The efficacy of ripping programs for long-term control of rabbits could be increased by adopting an adaptive monitoring program incorporating warren size and spatial relationships among warrens to better target maintenance-control activities. Photograph by Ivor Stuart.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR13197  Accepted 09 April 2014
    Locating species range frontiers: a cost and efficiency comparison of citizen science and hair-tube survey methods for use in tracking an invasive squirrel
    Emily Goldstein, Colin Lawton, Emma Sheehy, Fidelma Butler

    WR13171  Accepted 09 April 2014
    The expenditure and motivation of Australian recreational hunters
    Neal Finch, Peter Murray, Julia Hoy, Greg Baxter

    WR13141  Accepted 27 February 2014
    Fertility control to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts: a review
    Giovanna Massei, Dave Cowan

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert

    WR14031  Accepted 18 February 2014
    Estimates of abundance and apparent survival of coastal dolphins in Port Essington harbour, Northern Territory, Australia
    Carol Palmer, Lyndon Brooks, Guido Parra, Tracey Rogers, Debra Glasgow, John Woinarski

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 26 September 2013
A cost-effective and informative method of GPS tracking wildlife

Blake M. Allan, John P. Y. Arnould, Jennifer K. Martin and Euan G. Ritchie

2. Published 21 May 2013
Purposes, outcomes and challenges of eradicating invasive mammals from New Zealand islands: an historical perspective

D. R. Towns, C. J. West and K. G. Broome

3. Published 27 May 2013
Fox baiting in agricultural landscapes: preliminary findings on the importance of bait-site selection

Andrew Carter and Gary W. Luck

4. Published 21 May 2013
Designing a practical and rigorous framework for comprehensive evaluation and prioritisation of environmental projects

David J. Pannell, Anna M. Roberts, Geoff Park and Jennifer Alexander

5. Published 27 May 2013
Importance of getting the numbers right: quantifying the rapid and substantial decline of an abundant marsupial, Bettongia penicillata

A. F. Wayne, M. A. Maxwell, C. G. Ward, C. V. Vellios, B. G. Ward, G. L. Liddelow, I. Wilson, J. C. Wayne and M. R. Williams

6. Published 21 May 2013
Biodiversity protection prioritisation: a 25-year review

Ross Cullen

7. Published 27 May 2013
Genetic profile of dingoes (Canis lupus dingo) and free-roaming domestic dogs (C. l. familiaris) in the Tanami Desert, Australia

Thomas M. Newsome, Danielle Stephens, Guy-Anthony Ballard, Christopher R. Dickman and Peter J. S. Fleming

8. Published 27 May 2013
Queensland northern quolls are not immune to cane toad toxin

Beata Ujvari, Meri Oakwood and Thomas Madsen

9. Published 21 May 2013
Assignment of measurable costs and benefits to wildlife conservation projects

S. A. Shwiff, A. Anderson, R. Cullen, P. C. L. White and S. S. Shwiff

10. Published 13 November 2013
Effectiveness of commercial harvesting in controlling feral-pig populations

Matthew Gentle and Anthony Pople

11. Published 26 September 2013
Characteristics of refugia used by the threatened Australian growling grass frog (Litoria raniformis) during a prolonged drought

Nick Clemann, Michael P. Scroggie, Michael J. Smith, Garry N. L. Peterson and David Hunter

12. Published 27 May 2013
No trespassing: using a biofence to manipulate wolf movements

David E. Ausband, Michael S. Mitchell, Sarah B. Bassing and Craig White

13. Published 21 May 2013
The precautionary principle, uncertainty and the Noah’s Ark problem

Neil Perry

14. Published 26 September 2013
Are there habitat thresholds in koala occupancy in the semiarid landscapes of the Mulgalands Bioregion?

Andrew G. Smith, Clive McAlpine, Jonathan Rhodes, Leonie Seabrook, Daniel Lunney and Greg Baxter

15. Published 26 June 2013
Impact of a toxic invasive species on freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus johnstoni) populations in upstream escarpments

Adam R. C. Britton, Erin K. Britton and Clive R. McMahon

16. Published 27 May 2013
Spatial relationships of sympatric wolves (Canis lupus) and coyotes (C. latrans) with woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) during the calving season in a human-modified boreal landscape

A. David M. Latham, M. Cecilia Latham, Mark S. Boyce and Stan Boutin

17. Published 13 November 2013
When deer must die: large uncertainty surrounds changes in deer abundance achieved by helicopter- and ground-based hunting in New Zealand forests

David M. Forsyth, David S. L. Ramsey, Clare J. Veltman, Robert B. Allen, Will J. Allen, Richard J. Barker, Chris L. Jacobson, Simon J. Nicol, Sarah J. Richardson and Charles R. Todd

18. Published 26 June 2013
Body of evidence: forensic use of baseline health assessments to convict wildlife poachers

Brian T. Henen, Margaretha D. Hofmeyr and Ernst H. W. Baard

19. Published 26 September 2013
Marine turtle nest depredation by feral pigs (Sus scrofa) on the Western Cape York Peninsula, Australia: implications for management

Poppy A. Whytlaw, Will Edwards and Bradley C. Congdon

20. Published 26 September 2013
Deslorelin implants in free-ranging female eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus): mechanism of action and contraceptive efficacy

Michelle E. Wilson, Graeme Coulson, Geoff Shaw and Marilyn B. Renfree

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Volume 40 (8)

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