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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Stan Boutin, Andrea Taylor and Piran White


blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 41 Number 4 2014

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Testing the regional genetic representativeness of captive koala populations in South-East Queensland 
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Jennifer M. Seddon , Kristen E. Lee , Stephen D. Johnston , Vere N. Nicolson , Michael Pyne , Frank N. Carrick and William A. H. Ellis
pp. 277-286

As wildlife populations decline, supplementation of wild populations with captive individuals becomes a viable conservation strategy. As a case study, captive koala populations in South-East Queensland were tested and found to have nuclear but limited mitochondrial genetic variation as a potential genetic source for local wild populations. Measuring genetic representativeness is complex and population processes have likely led to genetic separation of populations.


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The influence of basic beliefs and object-specific attitudes on behavioural intentions towards a rare and little-known amphibian 
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Rebecca Perry-Hill , Jordan W. Smith , Adam Reimer , Amber S. Mase , Nathan Mullendore , Kate K. Mulvaney and Linda S. Prokopy
pp. 287-299

Understanding determinants of positive and negative human behaviour towards threatened and endangered species is critical for ensuring species survival. Attitudes towards wildlife are not usually measured in regards to a specific species; measuring species-specific attitudes helps explain behaviour more than general wildlife attitudes. Efforts to conserve species that are negatively impacted by human behaviour should focus on fostering positive attitudes towards these species.

    | Supplementary Material (285 KB)

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A survey of livestock losses caused by Asiatic wild dogs, leopards and tigers, and of the impact of predation on the livelihood of farmers in Bhutan 
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Om N. Katel , Saran Pradhan and Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt
pp. 300-310

Human–wildlife conflict is a serious issue in Bhutan and careful management is required if the dual goals of wildlife conservation and economic livelihoods of farmers are to be met. In Toebesa Gewog, dholes, leopards and tigers constitute a significant threat to farmers’ livelihood. Dholes caused maximum livestock depredation resulting into farmers’ loss of income. Reducing human wildlife conflict through public awareness on livestock and wildlife management may serve to achieve conservation goals in Bhutan and elsewhere.


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Effects of capturing and collaring on polar bears: findings from long-term research on the southern Beaufort Sea population 
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Karyn D. Rode , Anthony M. Pagano , Jeffrey F. Bromaghin , Todd C. Atwood , George M. Durner , Kristin S. Simac and Steven C. Amstrup
pp. 311-322

Capture-based research is an effective technique for studying polar bears, but there is a need to better understand the potential for capture to adversely affect bears. In this study, we found no adverse effects of capture or collaring on polar bear body condition, reproduction, or cub survival during a 40-year capture program. Our results suggest that capture is a safe and effective means of monitoring polar bear populations, which is becoming increasingly important as sea ice declines.

    | Supplementary Material (28 KB)

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Reproductive seasonality in African ungulates in relation to rainfall 
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Joseph O. Ogutu , Hans-Peter Piepho and Holly T. Dublin
pp. 323-342

The optimal period for birth peaks among ungulates living in rainfall-driven tropical savannas is both less reliably predictable and less well understood. We analysed effects of monthly rainfall on fecundity and juvenile recruitment among six ungulate species in the Mara–Serengeti Ecosystem and compared the patterns with those for the same and other species elsewhere. Timing of births was more flexible among African than northern temperate ungulates and was more strongly influenced by rainfall pre-conception to early gestation than at parturition for grazing ungulates. Poor nutrition pre-conception apparently suppressed or delayed conception, whereas good nutrition pre-conception enhanced or advanced oestrus.

    | Supplementary Material (8.4 MB)

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Patterns of grassland productivity, composition and seed abundance, and the diet of the flock bronzewing pigeon Phaps histrionica at one site in northern Australia over a period of marked seasonal change 
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P. L. Dostine , J. C. Z. Woinarski , B. Mackey and H. Nix
pp. 343-355

The flock bronzewing pigeon, Phaps histrionica, is an iconic bird of the Australian inland, noted for its strongly pulsing population, with large flocks appearing widely in some years interspersed with long periods of relative scarcity. Its ecology is poorly known, and this study sought to assess its resource use at one site across a period of changing food availability. Its conservation status has been considered insecure, and is likely to be dependent upon the effective management of its core refuge areas, which occur almost entirely in Mitchell grasslands, now almost exclusively used for pastoralism.


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Perceptions of ranchers towards livestock predation by large felids in the Brazilian Pantanal 
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R. L. P. Boulhosa and F. C. C. Azevedo
pp. 356-365

Human–wildlife competition is a worldwide problem. In the Brazilian Pantanal, the competition is between livestock and large cats, such as the jaguar (Panthera onca) and the puma (Puma concolor). Although cattle predation was a real concern for ranch operations, the majority of ranchers who implemented cattle management accept the risk of losing cattle to predation by large cats. We suggest that the focus of conservation actions be on cattle management aimed at minimising other sources of income loss caused by poor husbandry practices.


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Published online 03 December 2014
Evaluation of short-, mid- and long-term effects of toe clipping on a wild rodent 
Benny Borremans, Vincent Sluydts, Rhodes H. Makundi and Herwig Leirs

Toe clipping is a cheap and efficient method for marking rodents, yet its effect is not well known. Using a 17-year capture–mark–recapture dataset in which mice were individually marked using toe clipping, we found no evidence for a biologically significant effect of clipping. We did observe that when mice were trapped for the first time, there was an effect on body condition and a scare effect, where they moved further away from the trap location.

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    | Supplementary Material (37 KB)
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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR14201  Accepted 27 January 2015
    Progress on research on rodents and rodent-borne zoonoses in Southeast Asia
    Kim Blasdell, Frédéric Bordes, Kittipong Chaisiri, Yannick Chaval, Julien Claude, Jean-François Cosson, Alice Latinne, Johan Michaux, Serge Morand, Marie Pagès, Annelise Tran

    WR14196  Accepted 27 January 2015
    The effect of research activities and winter precipitation on voiding behavior of Agassiz’s desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii)
    Mickey Agha, Mason Murphy, Jeffrey Lovich, Joshua Ennen, Christian Oldham, Kathie Meyer, Curtis Bjurlin, Meaghan Austin, Sheila Madrak, Caleb Loughran, Laura Tennant, Steven Price

    WR14240  Accepted 16 January 2015
    Arctic Ground Squirrel Population Collapse in the Boreal Forests of the Southern Yukon
    Jeffery Werner, Charles Krebs, Scott Donker, Michael Sheriff, Rudy Boonstra

    WR14061  Accepted 16 January 2015
    Survival and cause-specific mortality of the female eastern wild turkey at its northern range edge
    Britney Niedzielski, Jeffrey Bowman

    WR14195  Accepted 13 January 2015
    The population ecology of the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi) in complex lowland agro-ecosystems in the Philippines
    Alexander Stuart, Grant Singleton, Colin Prescott

    WR14108  Accepted 14 January 2015
    Assessing the efficacy of medetomidine and tiletamine-zolazepam for remote immobilisation of feral horses (Equus caballus)
    Magdalena Zabek, John Wright, David Berman, Jordan Hampton, Christina Collins

    WR14121  Accepted 27 December 2014
    Reproduction and survival of rodents in crop fields; the effects of rainfall, crop stage and stone bund density
    Yonas Meheretu, Kiros Welegerima, Vincent Sluydts, Hans Bauer, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Rhodes Makundi, Herwig Leirs

    WR14160  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Weighed down by science: do collar-mounted tags affect domestic cat behaviour?
    Cayley Coughlin, Yolanda van Heezik

    WR14136  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Nest caging as a conservation tool for threatened songbirds
    Richard Major, Michael Ashcroft, Adrian Davis

    WR14043  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Landscape predictors of wolf attacks on bear-hunting dogs in Wisconsin, USA
    Erik Olson, Adrian Treves, Adrian Wydeven, Stephen Ventura

    WR14189  Accepted 18 December 2014
    Estimating rodent losses to stored rice as a means to assess efficacy of rodent management
    Steven Belmain, Nyo Me Htwe, Nazira Kamal, Grant Singleton

    WR14174  Accepted 18 December 2014
    Influence of the yellow-throated miner (Manorina flavigula) on bird communities and tree health in a fragmented landscape
    Thea O'Loughlin, Luke O'Loughlin, Michael Clarke

    WR14138  Accepted 09 December 2014
    Attachment and performance of Argos satellite tracking devices fitted to black cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus spp.)
    Christine Groom, Kris Warren, Anna Le Souef, Rick Dawson

    WR14104  Accepted 03 December 2014
    Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens
    Aaron Vines, Alan Lill

    WR14171  Accepted 03 December 2014
    Assessing potential effects of land-use and climate change on mammal distributions in northern Thailand
    Yongyut Trisurat, Budsabong Kanchanasaka, Holger Kreft

    WR14211  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Mutualistic and predatory interactions are driven by rodent body size and seed traits in a rodent-seed system in warm-temperate forest in northern China
    Hongmao Zhang, Zhenzhen Wang, Qinghuan Zeng, Gang Chang, Zhenyu Wang, Zhibin Zhang

    WR14151  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Yellow-footed rock-wallaby population recovery following fox control, in New South Wales and South Australia
    Andy Sharp, Melinda Norton, Chris Havelberg, Wendy Cliff, Adam Marks

    WR14083  Accepted 17 November 2014
    Spatial analysis of limiting resources on an island: diet and shelter use reveal sites of conservation importance for the Rottnest Island quokka
    Holly Poole, Laily Mukarromah, Halina Kobryn, Patricia Fleming

    WR13178  Accepted 15 November 2014
    Using digital data collection tools to improve overall cost-efficiency and provide timely analysis for decision making during invasive species eradication campaigns
    David Will, Karl Campbell, Nick Holmes

    WR14107  Accepted 11 November 2014
    Recovery of South Australian rabbit populations from the impact of rabbit haemorrhagic disease
    Greg Mutze, Peter Bird, Scott Jennings, Nicki de Preu, Brian Cooke, Lorenzo Capucci, David Peacock, John Kovaliski

    WR14032  Accepted 11 November 2014
    A recovering flagship: giant otters, communities and tourism in Northern Peru
    Maribel Recharte, Ian Bride, Mark Bowler

    WR13206  Accepted 08 November 2014
    Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia
    Joanne Potts, Nicholas Beeton, David Bowman, Grant Williamson, Edward Lefroy, Chris Johnson

    WR14094  Accepted 06 November 2014
    Evaluation of a spring-powered captive bolt gun for killing kangaroo pouch young
    Trudy Sharp, Steve McLeod, Keith Leggett, Troy Gibson

    WR14059  Accepted 06 November 2014
    How many are there? The use and misuse of continental-scale wildlife abundance estimates
    Jim Hone, Tony Buckmaster

    WR13185  Accepted 20 October 2014
    Effects of landscape matrix type, patch quality and seasonality on the diet of frugivorous bats in tropical semi-deciduous forest
    Beatriz Bolívar-Cimé, Javier Laborde, M. Cristina MacSwiney G., Vinicio J. Sosa

    WR14159  Accepted 18 October 2014
    A critical review of feral cat habitat use and key directions for future research and management
    Tim Doherty, Andrew Bengsen, Robert Davis

    WR14155  Accepted 18 October 2014
    Influence of industrial light pollution on the sea-finding behaviour of flatback turtle hatchlings
    Ruth Kamrowski, Col Limpus, Kellie Pendoley, Mark Hamann

    WR14069  Accepted 18 October 2014
    Using novel spatial mark-resight techniques to monitor resident Canada geese in a suburban environment
    M. Rutledge, Rahel Sollmann, Brian Washburn, Chris Moorman, Christopher DePerno

    WR14030  Accepted 18 October 2014
    Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania
    Billie Lazenby, Nicholas Mooney, Christopher Dickman

    WR14150  Accepted 16 October 2014
    Behavioural responses of wintering black-faced spoonbills (Platalea minor) to disturbance
    Chang-Yong Choi, Hyun-Young Nam, Woo-Shin Lee

    WR14015  Accepted 16 October 2014
    Measuring connectivity of invasive stoat populations to inform conservation management
    Andrew Veale, Dianne Gleeson, Mick Clout

    WR14022  Accepted 15 October 2014
    Habitat use and behaviour of birds in areas invaded by buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) and in restored habitat
    Lauren Young, Christine Schlesinger

    WR13209  Accepted 01 October 2014
    Fertilization, cattle grazing, and voles: Collapse of meadow vole populations in young forests?
    Tom Sullivan, Druscilla Sullivan

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 13 August 2014
First in, first served: uptake of 1080 poison fox baits in south-west Western Australia

Shannon J. Dundas, Peter J. Adams and Patricia A. Fleming

2. Published 22 May 2014
Fertility control to mitigate human–wildlife conflicts: a review

Giovanna Massei and Dave Cowan

3. Published 25 March 2014
Continuous monitoring of feeding by koalas highlights diurnal differences in tree preferences

Karen J. Marsh, Ben D. Moore, Ian R. Wallis and William J. Foley

4. Published 22 May 2014
Extinction in Eden: identifying the role of climate change in the decline of the koala in south-eastern NSW

Daniel Lunney, Eleanor Stalenberg, Truly Santika and Jonathan R. Rhodes

5. Published 6 October 2014
Lessons from long-term predator control: a case study with the red fox

Roger Kirkwood, Duncan R. Sutherland, Stuart Murphy and Peter Dann

6. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of coordinated poison-baiting programs on survival and abundance in two red fox populations

Andrew Bengsen

7. Published 22 May 2014
Expenditure and motivation of Australian recreational hunters

Neal Finch, Peter Murray, Julia Hoy and Greg Baxter

8. Published 10 February 2014
Slow recruitment in a red-fox population following poison baiting: a non-invasive mark–recapture analysis

Oliver Berry, Jack Tatler, Neil Hamilton, Steffi Hilmer, Yvette Hitchen and Dave Algar

9. Published 13 August 2014
Is wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax, survival and breeding success closely linked to the abundance of European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus?

Jerry Olsen, Brian Cooke, Susan Trost and David Judge

10. Published 13 August 2014
Quantitative analysis of animal-welfare outcomes in helicopter shooting: a case study with feral dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Jordan O. Hampton, Brendan D. Cowled, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Bidda Jones and Quentin Hart

11. Published 22 May 2014
Overcoming the challenges of measuring the abundance of a cryptic macropod: is a qualitative approach good enough?

Karlene Bain, Adrian Wayne and Roberta Bencini

12. Published 25 March 2014
Aerially deployed baits in the northern rangelands of Western Australia are available to wild dogs

Malcolm S. Kennedy, Ken Rose and Gary Martin

13. Published 22 May 2014
Recolonisation of rabbit warrens following coordinated ripping programs in Victoria, south-eastern Australia

D. S. L. Ramsey, S. R. McPhee, D. M. Forsyth, I. G. Stuart, M. P. Scroggie, M. Lindeman and J. Matthews

14. Published 6 October 2014
Interactions between the superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) and fire in south-eastern Australia

Daniel T. Nugent, Steven W. J. Leonard and Michael F. Clarke

15. Published 10 February 2014
Differences in brushtail possum home-range characteristics among sites of varying habitat and population density

Belinda I. Whyte, James G. Ross and Helen M. Blackie

16. Published 10 February 2014
Distribution, habitat preferences and management of the yellow-bellied glider, Petaurus australis, on the Bago Plateau, New South Wales: a reassessment of the population and its status

Peter J. Kambouris, Rodney P. Kavanagh and Kelly A. Rowley

17. Published 25 March 2014
Testing the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodland

Paul R. Lintott, Elisa Fuentes-Montemayor, Dave Goulson and Kirsty J. Park

18. Published 25 March 2014
Utility of owl pellets for monitoring threatened mammal communities: an Australian case study

Kye McDonald, Scott Burnett and Wayne Robinson

19. Published 22 May 2014
Estimates of abundance and apparent survival of coastal dolphins in Port Essington harbour, Northern Territory, Australia

Carol Palmer, Lyndon Brooks, Guido J. Parra, Tracey Rogers, Debra Glasgow and John C. Z. Woinarski

20. Published 10 February 2014
Estimating lizard population density: an empirical comparison between line-transect and capture–recapture methods

J. Ruiz de Infante Anton, A. Rotger, J. M. Igual and G. Tavecchia

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