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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Andrea Taylor and Piran White



blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 43 Number 1 2016

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Soft-release versus hard-release for reintroduction of an endangered species: an experimental comparison using eastern barred bandicoots (Perameles gunnii) 
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Jasmine de Milliano , Julian Di Stefano , Peter Courtney , Peter Temple-Smith and Graeme Coulson
pp. 1-12

Soft-release measures have commonly been used for reintroductions of endangered species, yet they are rarely experimentally tested for effectiveness in improving reintroduction success. We tested an acclimatisation soft-release against a hard-release control group for the eastern barred bandicoot Perameles gunnii [mainland subspecies], which relies on reintroduction for its survival, and found that despite some differences between the groups, soft-release did not confer a substantive advantage to establishing bandicoots. Our study suggests that a hard-release may be suitable for future releases of this species and contributes to a broader understanding of the usefulness of soft-releases in reintroductions. Photographer: Jasmine de Milliano.


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Western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus) include fauna underpasses in their home range 
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Paul D. Chachelle , Brian K. Chambers , Roberta Bencini and Shane K. Maloney
pp. 13-19

Fenced roads can have significant impacts on the ability of large mammals, such as kangaroos, to move about the landscape. We studied the use of three fauna underpasses by western grey kangaroos and their home ranges and found that kangaroos frequently used the largest underpass, but this did not impact home range size. Our results show that the fencing of roads and the provision of underpasses can make roads safer for both motorists and kangaroos.


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Cooperative hunting between humans and domestic dogs in eastern and northern Australia 
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Jessica Sparkes , Guy Ballard and Peter J. S. Fleming
pp. 20-26

Dogs are commonly used in the pursuit of pest and game animals, but our knowledge on how these dogs interact with target and non-target wildlife, and their potential to transmit zoonotic diseases is limited. Through the use of a questionnaire, we found that hunters frequently travelled large distances with their dogs, while encounters with non-target animals, including wild dogs were common. Because of the distances travelled and high encounter rates, hunters could assist in the early detection of exotic disease incursions through reporting unusual behaviour and collecting samples.

    | Supplementary Material (289 KB)

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An assessment of ‘turtle-friendly' lights on the sea-finding behaviour of loggerhead turtle hatchlings (Caretta caretta) 
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Katharine Robertson , David T. Booth and Colin J. Limpus
pp. 27-37

Artificial lights on sea turtle nesting beaches disrupt the sea-finding behaviour of sea turtle hatchlings, but the manufacture of ‘turtle-friendly’ lights may mitigate this problem. We tested whether ‘turtle-friendly’ lights disrupted the sea-finding ability of logger turtle hatchlings and found that ‘turtle-friendly’ lights disrupted hatchling ability, particularly on moonless nights. Because the sea turtle visual spectrum completely encompasses the human visual spectrum, it appears that no ‘human-useful’ lights are available that will not also disrupt sea-finding behaviour of sea turtle hatchlings.


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Predation by feral cats key to the failure of a long-term reintroduction of the western barred bandicoot (Perameles bougainville) 
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Jeff Short
pp. 38-50

Reintroduction is a key management activity to restore mammal species within Australia, but there are few long-term case studies.Western barred bandicoots were reintroduced to an arid coastal site in Western Australia in 1996 to establish the first mainland population in over 60 years. Subsequent establishment and trend were monitored to 2010, revealing the response of the population to key challenges: predation, extreme drought, and loss of shelter to rabbits. The study highlights the difficulties of maintaining management over the long-term for species that require ongoing active intervention, particularly control of exotic predators. Photograph by Jeff Short.


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The relationship between physiological stress and wildlife disease: consequences for health and conservation 
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Stephanie Hing , Edward J. Narayan , R. C. Andrew Thompson and Stephanie S. Godfrey
pp. 51-60

Stress may influence patterns of infectious disease in wildlife populations, with consequences for biodiversity conservation, animal and human health. However, few studies have examined wildlife stress and infection parameters in parallel. We outline the importance of monitoring and managing stress and infectious disease in wildlife and discuss approaches for future investigation.


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Potential impacts of poison baiting for introduced house mice on native animals on islands in Jurien Bay, Western Australia 
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Clifford Bennison , J. Anthony Friend , Timothy Button , Harriet Mills , Cathy Lambert and Roberta Bencini
pp. 61-68

House mice (Mus domesticus) are present on Boullanger and Whitlock islands, Western Australia, and could potentially threaten populations of the dibbler (Parantechinus apicalis) and grey-bellied dunnart (Sminthopsis griseoventer) through competition for resources. This study found that poison baiting could effectively eradicate mice from Boullanger and Whitlock islands but not without mortality for dibblers. There was no evidence of bait acceptance by grey-bellied dunnarts. Non-target species, such as dibblers, would need to be temporarily removed from the islands before the application of baits.


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What are they hunting for? Investigating heterogeneity among sika deer (Cervus nippon) hunters 
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Geoffrey N. Kerr and Walt Abell
pp. 69-79

There is potential to enhance recreational hunting experiences by managing the resource to satisfy the aspirations of hunters’ diverse preferences. A choice experiment identified significantly different objectives for three groups of hunters. The current open-access hunting regime undermines the ability of hunters to realise their aspirations, providing the opportunity to add value by management of sika deer and sika deer hunting to meet the needs of the three groups identified by the research.


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Managing coniferous production forests towards bat conservation 
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Maria João Ramos Pereira , Filipa Peste , Anabela Paula , Pedro Pereira , Joana Bernardino , José Vieira , Carlos Bastos , Miguel Mascarenhas , Hugo Costa and Carlos Fonseca
pp. 80-92

Threatened worldwide, forest bats are important providers of ecosystems services, thus understanding the effects of forest management actions on their activity is fundamental for the implementation of sustainable forestry practices. By evaluating bat species richness and activity concomitantly with their prey availability in plots with distinct management schemes we suggest management actions for coniferous production forests. The adoption of more sustainable forestry practices that support bat populations benefits from the build up of scientifically knowledge of their efficacy.

    | Supplementary Material (34 KB)

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Published online 11 April 2016
Priorities for management of chytridiomycosis in Australia: saving frogs from extinction 
Lee F. Skerratt, Lee Berger, Nick Clemann, Dave A. Hunter, Gerry Marantelli, David A. Newell, Annie Philips, Michael McFadden, Harry B. Hines, Ben C. Scheele, Laura A. Brannelly, Rick Speare, Stephanie Versteegen, Scott D. Cashins and Matt West

Frog populations crashed after the arrival of the amphibian chytrid fungus in Australia in the late 1970s, and six species are likely to be extinct. Six other frog species that have persisted despite high rates of death are now on the brink, and a seventh species is predicted to collapse. Increased resources and urgent action could save these seven species, but amphibian conservation is being neglected in Australia. Photograph: critically endangered Pseudophryne pengilleyi (northern corroboree frog) from alpine NSW, by Michael McFadden, Taronga Zoo.

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Published online 11 April 2016
Successional changes in feeding activity by threatened cockatoos in revegetated mine sites 
Tim S. Doherty, Briana N. Wingfield, Vicki L. Stokes, Michael D. Craig, Jessica G. H. Lee, Hugh C. Finn and Michael C. Calver

Threatened cockatoos in the jarrah forest of Western Australia have a wide range, so their conservation requires support from all land tenures, not just reserves. We surveyed cockatoo feeding activity in revegetation at three mine sites and found that the food species used by cockatoos changed with revegetation age. Monitoring fauna recolonisation over appropriate time scales is essential to understanding how successional processes influence population persistence of fauna in production landscapes. Photograph by Tim Doherty.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR15223  Accepted 21 April 2016
    The role of non-declining amphibian species as reservoirs for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in an amphibian community
    Michelle Stockwell, Deborah Bower, John Clulow, Michael Mahony

    WR15147  Accepted 09 April 2016
    Complex demographic responses of a common small mammal to a plant invasion
    Andrea Litt, Robert Steidl

    WR15198  Accepted 07 April 2016
    Reducing the primary exposure risk of Henderson crakes (Porzana atra) during aerial broadcast eradication by selecting appropriate bait colour
    Steffen Oppel, Jennifer Lavers, Alexander Bond, Gavin Harrison

    WR15194  Accepted 26 March 2016
    Incubating snowy plovers (Charadrius nivosus) exhibit site-specific patterns of disturbance from human activities
    Cara Faillace, Bradley Smith

    WR16030  Accepted 22 March 2016
    Soil phosphorous predicts feral pig (Sus scrofa) occupancy, detection probability and feeding activity in a temperate montane rainforest
    Dave Forsyth, Robert Allen, Roy Allen, Kathrin Affeld, Darryl MacKenzie

    WR15181  Accepted 22 March 2016
    Land cover patterns surrounding Caucasian grouse leks in Arasbaran region, East Azerbaijan, Iran
    Nader Habibzadeh, Omid Rafieyan

    WR16023  Accepted 22 March 2016
    An assessment of animal welfare for the culling of peri-urban kangaroos
    Jordan Hampton, Dave Forsyth

    WR15158  Accepted 22 March 2016
    Survival of translocated sharp-tailed grouse: temporal threshold and age effects
    Steven Mathews, Peter Coates, David Delehanty

    WR15176  Accepted 15 March 2016
    Comparative efficacy of levonorgestrel and deslorelin contraceptive implants in free-ranging eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus)
    Michelle Wilson, Graeme Coulson

    WR15008  Accepted 13 March 2016
    Do indirect bite count surveys accurately represent diet selection of white-tailed deer in a forested environment?
    Marcus Lashley, M Chitwood, Garrett Street, Chris Moorman, Christopher DePerno

    WR15188  Accepted 10 March 2016
    Diagnosing species decline: a contextual review of threats, causes and future directions for management and conservation of the eastern quoll
    Bronwyn Fancourt

    WR15132  Accepted 10 March 2016
    A review of biodiversity outcomes from possum-focused pest control in New Zealand
    Andrea Byrom, John Innes, Rachelle Binny

    WR15133  Accepted 27 February 2016
    Control of the red fox in remnant forest habitats
    Alison Towerton, Christopher Dickman, Rodney Kavanagh, Trent Penman

    WR15196  Accepted 27 February 2016
    Identification of Kill Sites from GPS Clusters for Jaguars (Panthera onca) in the Southern Pantanal, Brazil
    Eric Gese, Pat Terletzky, Sandra Calvacanti

    WR15034  Accepted 26 February 2016
    Subtle use of a disturbance mosaic by the South-eastern Long-eared Bat Nyctophilus corbeni: an extinction-prone, narrow-space bat
    Bradley Law, Leroy Gonsalves, Mark Chidel, Traecey Brassil

    WR15123  Accepted 27 February 2016
    Brown hyaena population explosion: rapid population growth in a small, fenced system
    Rebecca Welch, Daniel Parker

    WR15220  Accepted 23 February 2016
    Fire and grass cover influence occupancy patterns of rare rodents and feral cats in a mountain refuge: implications for management
    Peter McDonald, Al Stewart, Andrew Schubert, Catherine Nano, Christopher Dickman, Gary Luck

    WR15118  Accepted 23 February 2016
    Effects of culling on vigilance behaviour and endogenous stress response of female fallow deer
    Ilaria Pecorella, Francesco Ferretti, Andrea Sforzi, Elisabetta Macchi

    WR15040  Accepted 28 January 2016
    Assessment of non-target risks from sodium fluoroacetate (1080), para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) and sodium cyanide (NaCN) for fox incursion response in Tasmania
    Stephen Mallick, Matthew Pauza, Charles Eason, Nicholas Mooney, Robbie Gaffney, Stephen Harris

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 15 July 2015
Monitoring the use of road-crossing structures by arboreal marsupials: insights gained from motion-triggered cameras and passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags

Kylie Soanes, Peter A. Vesk and Rodney van der Ree

2. Published 18 September 2015
The effectiveness and cost of camera traps for surveying small reptiles and critical weight range mammals: a comparison with labour-intensive complementary methods

Dustin J. Welbourne, Christopher MacGregor, David Paull and David B. Lindenmayer

3. Published 15 July 2015
Density and home range of feral cats in north-western Australia

Hugh W. McGregor, Sarah Legge, Joanne Potts, Menna E. Jones and Christopher N. Johnson

4. Published 22 May 2015
How to snap your cat: optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia

J. L. Read, A. J. Bengsen, P. D. Meek and K. E. Moseby

5. Published 4 January 2016
Human–wildlife interactions in urban areas: a review of conflicts, benefits and opportunities

Carl D. Soulsbury and Piran C. L. White

6. Published 17 April 2015
How guardian dogs protect livestock from predators: territorial enforcement by Maremma sheepdogs

Linda van Bommel and Chris N. Johnson

7. Published 17 February 2016
Multiple cameras required to reliably detect feral cats in northern Australian tropical savanna: an evaluation of sampling design when using camera traps

Danielle Stokeld, Anke S. K. Frank, Brydie Hill, Jenni Low Choy, Terry Mahney, Alys Stevens, Stuart Young, Djelk Rangers, Warddeken Rangers and Graeme R. Gillespie

8. Published 17 February 2016
Toxic Trojans: can feral cat predation be mitigated by making their prey poisonous?

J. L. Read, D. Peacock, A. F. Wayne and K. E. Moseby

9. Published 17 April 2015
Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia

J. M. Potts, N. J. Beeton, D. M. J. S. Bowman, G. J. Williamson, E. C. Lefroy and C. N. Johnson

10. Published 15 July 2015
Is fire a threatening process for Liopholis kintorei, a nationally listed threatened skink?

Danae Moore, Michael Ray Kearney, Rachel Paltridge, Steve McAlpin and Adam Stow

11. Published 17 April 2015
Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and localised alternative prey

Jennyffer Cruz, Chris Woolmore, M. Cecilia Latham, A. David M. Latham, Roger P. Pech and Dean P. Anderson

12. Published 15 July 2015
What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife

Edith MacDonald, Taciano Milfont and Michael Gavin

13. Published 9 November 2015
Dingo interactions with exotic mesopredators: spatiotemporal dynamics in an Australian arid-zone study

T. Schroeder, M. M. Lewis, A. D. Kilpatrick and K. E. Moseby

14. Published 22 May 2015
Dimensions of local public attitudes towards invasive species management in protected areas

Adriana E. S. Ford-Thompson, Carolyn Snell, Glen Saunders and Piran C. L. White

15. Published 12 June 2015
The ecological impacts of commensal species: black rats, Rattus rattus, at the urban–bushland interface

Peter B. Banks and Helen M. Smith

16. Published 17 April 2015
Remote sensing can locate and assess the changing abundance of hollow-bearing trees for wildlife in Australian native forests

Christopher J. Owers, Rodney P. Kavanagh and Eleanor Bruce

17. Published 24 August 2015
The influence of urban encroachment on squirrel gliders (Petaurus norfolcensis): effects of road density, light and noise pollution

Mitchell J. Francis, Peter G. Spooner and Alison Matthews

18. Published 4 January 2016
A cross-continental look at the patterns of avian species diversity and composition across an urbanisation gradient

Barbara Clucas and John M. Marzluff

19. Published 18 September 2015
Spatially explicit capture–recapture analysis of bobcat (Lynx rufus) density: implications for mesocarnivore monitoring

Daniel H. Thornton and Charles E. Pekins

20. Published 17 February 2016
Precision, accuracy and bias of walked line-transect distance sampling to estimate eastern grey kangaroo population size

Ruth Glass, David M. Forsyth, Graeme Coulson and Marco Festa-Bianchet

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