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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Stan Boutin, Andrea Taylor and Piran White


blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 41 Number 5 2014

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Fertilisation, cattle grazing and voles: collapse of meadow vole populations in young forests? 
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Thomas P. Sullivan and Druscilla S. Sullivan
pp. 367-378

Population fluctuations of voles may have been damped out in young forests of the Pacific north-west of North America, possibly owing to cattle grazing. In high-quality habitats where cover and other attributes of vegetation are substantial enough to generate population increases and fluctuations of voles, grazing of vegetation by cattle may lead to potential collapse of fluctuations. Reductions in populations of voles may have serious consequences for predator communities and other ecological functions.


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Habitat use and behaviour of birds in areas invaded by buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) and in restored habitat 
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Lauren Young and Christine Schlesinger
pp. 379-394

Buffel grass is considered an important pasture introduction in Australia, yet habitat change associated with its invasion is likely to impact native fauna. By comparing bird behaviour and microhabitat use in sub-sites where buffel grass had been managed and unmanaged sub-sites we found that bird behaviour, particularly time spent on the ground and foraging, was influenced by buffel grass cover. Our study provides information for land managers about the costs and benefits associated with local scale buffel grass management.


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Measuring connectivity of invasive stoat populations to inform conservation management 
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A. J. Veale , D. M. Gleeson and M. N. Clout
pp. 395-406

Stoats in New Zealand are invasive introduced predators that negatively affect a range of indigenous species. We used genetic techniques to estimate the connectivity of stoat populations across the Auckland region to assist the planning of control and eradication operations. We found that we could describe the origin of individuals well at this regional scale, and highlight that the isolation of the Waiheke Island stoat population means that eradication here is likely to be feasible with low reinvasion rates. Photographed by Patrick Garvey – University of Auckland.

    | Supplementary Material (19 KB)

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Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania 
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Billie T. Lazenby , Nicholas J. Mooney and Christopher R. Dickman
pp. 407-420

Feral cats threaten biodiversity, and are often culled to reduce their impact. The effectiveness of culling is largely unknown in areas where new cats can replace those removed, but by using remote camera technology to identify individuals, we found that low-level culling resulted in an increase in cat numbers and activity. This unexpected result demonstrates the importance of monitoring management actions, and the need for strategic, systematic, and ongoing commitment to managing feral cats if their impact on biodiversity is to be reduced.


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Influence of industrial light pollution on the sea-finding behaviour of flatback turtle hatchlings 
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Ruth L. Kamrowski , Col Limpus , Kellie Pendoley and Mark Hamann
pp. 421-434

Rapid industrialisation of Australia’s coastline will increase light pollution, posing a significant threat to turtle hatchlings. This study investigates sea-finding behaviour by flatback turtle hatchlings in areas of planned or ongoing industrial development. Sky glow produced by large-scale industry appears detrimental to sea-finding ability of hatchlings. As development continues around Australia, we strongly recommend continued monitoring of adjacent turtle nesting beaches, and rigorous industrial light management. Photograph by Morgan Payne.


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A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management 
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Tim S. Doherty , Andrew J. Bengsen and Robert A. Davis
pp. 435-446

Feral cats have a wide global distribution and are a serious threat to biodiversity; an understanding of their habitat use is essential to reducing their impacts. Our review shows that current knowledge of the factors influencing cat habitat use is poor. Future studies will benefit from employing an experimental approach and collecting data on the relative abundance and activity of prey and other predators. Local knowledge and active monitoring is essential when deciding on control programs.


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Using novel spatial mark–resight techniques to monitor resident Canada geese in a suburban environment 
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M. Elizabeth Rutledge , Rahel Sollmann , Brian E. Washburn , Christopher E. Moorman and Christopher S. DePerno
pp. 447-453

Baseline demographic estimates for resident Canada goose (Branta canadensis) populations are needed to better understand their ecology in suburban areas where a high number of goose-human interactions occur. Traditional mark–resight models are limited when it comes to density estimation because the abundance estimate is not linked to a specific area; therefore, the use of novel spatial mark-resight techniques allowed us to determine goose densities by season, detection rates, and the movements and home range radii of the geese. Spatial mark–resight methods provide managers with statistically robust population estimates and allow insight into animal space use without the need to employ more costly methods (e.g. telemetry).

    | Supplementary Material (4 KB)

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Effects of landscape matrix type, patch quality and seasonality on the diet of frugivorous bats in tropical semi-deciduous forest 
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Beatriz Bolívar-Cimé , Javier Laborde , M. Cristina MacSwiney G. and Vinicio J. Sosa
pp. 454-464

Obtaining food in highly seasonal and fragmented habitats requires a greater effort by frugivorous bats; the presence of high-quality sites that provide food is crucial in these habitats. Since frugivorous bats are important seed dispersers, we assessed bat diet in seasonal and fragmented tropical forest. Frugivorous bats were flexible and capable of tracking variations in food availability; owing to their foraging habits they create strong connections between both fragmented and continuous forest by carrying seeds that later contribute to forest regeneration.

    | Supplementary Material (18 KB)

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Published online 03 December 2014
Evaluation of short-, mid- and long-term effects of toe clipping on a wild rodent 
Benny Borremans, Vincent Sluydts, Rhodes H. Makundi and Herwig Leirs

Toe clipping is a cheap and efficient method for marking rodents, yet its effect is not well known. Using a 17-year capture–mark–recapture dataset in which mice were individually marked using toe clipping, we found no evidence for a biologically significant effect of clipping. We did observe that when mice were trapped for the first time, there was an effect on body condition and a scare effect, where they moved further away from the trap location.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR14126  Accepted 27 February 2015
    Food base of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) in Ethiopia
    Gidey Yirga, Hans De Iongh, Herwig Leirs, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Hans Bauer

    WR14225  Accepted 21 February 2015
    Nest location influences hatching success in the Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) on Siniya Island, United Arab Emirates
    Sabir Muzaffar, Rob Gubiani, Sonya Benjamin

    WR14193  Accepted 21 February 2015
    How to snap your cat. Optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia
    John Read, Andrew Bengsen, Katherine Moseby, Paul Meek

    WR14168  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Remote sensing can locate and assess the changing abundance of hollow-bearing trees for wildlife in Australian native forests
    Christopher Owers, Rodney Kavanagh, Eleanor Bruce

    WR14063  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Camera-trapping as a methodology to assess the persistence of wildlife carcasses resulting from collisions with human-made structures
    João Paula, Regina Bispo, Andreia Leite, Pedro Pereira, Hugo Costa, Carlos Fonseca, Miguel Mascarenhas, Joana Bernardino

    WR14134  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Mule deer-cattle interactions in managed coniferous forests during seasonal grazing periods in southern British Columbia, Canada
    Tom Sullivan, Pontus Lindgren

    WR14223  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Anthropogenic stressors influence small mammal communities in tropical east African savanna at multiple spatial scales
    Andrea Byrom, Ally Nkwabi, Kristine Metzger, Simon Mduma, Guy Forrester, Wendy Ruscoe, Denne Reed, John Bukombe, John Mchetto, A (Tony) Sinclair

    WR14152  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Degradation and detection of fox (Vulpes vulpes) scats in Tasmania – evidence from field trials
    Bill (William) Brown, David Ramsey, Robbie Gaffney

    WR14220  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Giant anteater road-kills in southeastern Brazil: 10 years monitoring spatial and temporal determinants
    Carlos de Freitas, Carla Justino, Eleonore Setz

    WR14190  Accepted 02 February 2015
    How guardian dogs protect livestock from predators: territorial enforcement by Maremma sheepdogs
    Linda van Bommel, Chris Johnson

    WR14234  Accepted 30 January 2015
    Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and alternative localised prey
    Jennyffer Cruz, Chris Woolmore, Maria Latham, Andrew Latham, Roger Pech, Dean Anderson

    WR14165  Accepted 30 January 2015
    Recovery of small rodent populations after population collapse
    Susanne Hein, Jens Jacob

    WR14201  Accepted 27 January 2015
    Progress on research on rodents and rodent-borne zoonoses in Southeast Asia
    Kim Blasdell, Frédéric Bordes, Kittipong Chaisiri, Yannick Chaval, Julien Claude, Jean-François Cosson, Alice Latinne, Johan Michaux, Serge Morand, Marie Pagès, Annelise Tran

    WR14196  Accepted 27 January 2015
    The effect of research activities and winter precipitation on voiding behavior of Agassiz’s desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii)
    Mickey Agha, Mason Murphy, Jeffrey Lovich, Joshua Ennen, Christian Oldham, Kathie Meyer, Curtis Bjurlin, Meaghan Austin, Sheila Madrak, Caleb Loughran, Laura Tennant, Steven Price

    WR14240  Accepted 16 January 2015
    Arctic Ground Squirrel Population Collapse in the Boreal Forests of the Southern Yukon
    Jeffery Werner, Charles Krebs, Scott Donker, Michael Sheriff, Rudy Boonstra

    WR14061  Accepted 16 January 2015
    Survival and cause-specific mortality of the female eastern wild turkey at its northern range edge
    Britney Niedzielski, Jeffrey Bowman

    WR14195  Accepted 13 January 2015
    The population ecology of the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi) in complex lowland agro-ecosystems in the Philippines
    Alexander Stuart, Grant Singleton, Colin Prescott

    WR14108  Accepted 14 January 2015
    Assessing the efficacy of medetomidine and tiletamine-zolazepam for remote immobilisation of feral horses (Equus caballus)
    Magdalena Zabek, John Wright, David Berman, Jordan Hampton, Christina Collins

    WR14121  Accepted 27 December 2014
    Reproduction and survival of rodents in crop fields; the effects of rainfall, crop stage and stone bund density
    Yonas Meheretu, Kiros Welegerima, Vincent Sluydts, Hans Bauer, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Rhodes Makundi, Herwig Leirs

    WR14160  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Weighed down by science: do collar-mounted tags affect domestic cat behaviour?
    Cayley Coughlin, Yolanda van Heezik

    WR14136  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Nest caging as a conservation tool for threatened songbirds
    Richard Major, Michael Ashcroft, Adrian Davis

    WR14043  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Landscape predictors of wolf attacks on bear-hunting dogs in Wisconsin, USA
    Erik Olson, Adrian Treves, Adrian Wydeven, Stephen Ventura

    WR14189  Accepted 18 December 2014
    Estimating rodent losses to stored rice as a means to assess efficacy of rodent management
    Steven Belmain, Nyo Me Htwe, Nazira Kamal, Grant Singleton

    WR14174  Accepted 18 December 2014
    Influence of the yellow-throated miner (Manorina flavigula) on bird communities and tree health in a fragmented landscape
    Thea O'Loughlin, Luke O'Loughlin, Michael Clarke

    WR14138  Accepted 09 December 2014
    Attachment and performance of Argos satellite tracking devices fitted to black cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus spp.)
    Christine Groom, Kris Warren, Anna Le Souef, Rick Dawson

    WR14104  Accepted 03 December 2014
    Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens
    Aaron Vines, Alan Lill

    WR14171  Accepted 03 December 2014
    Assessing potential effects of land-use and climate change on mammal distributions in northern Thailand
    Yongyut Trisurat, Budsabong Kanchanasaka, Holger Kreft

    WR14211  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Mutualistic and predatory interactions are driven by rodent body size and seed traits in a rodent-seed system in warm-temperate forest in northern China
    Hongmao Zhang, Zhenzhen Wang, Qinghuan Zeng, Gang Chang, Zhenyu Wang, Zhibin Zhang

    WR14151  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Yellow-footed rock-wallaby population recovery following fox control, in New South Wales and South Australia
    Andy Sharp, Melinda Norton, Chris Havelberg, Wendy Cliff, Adam Marks

    WR14083  Accepted 17 November 2014
    Spatial analysis of limiting resources on an island: diet and shelter use reveal sites of conservation importance for the Rottnest Island quokka
    Holly Poole, Laily Mukarromah, Halina Kobryn, Patricia Fleming

    WR13178  Accepted 15 November 2014
    Using digital data collection tools to improve overall cost-efficiency and provide timely analysis for decision making during invasive species eradication campaigns
    David Will, Karl Campbell, Nick Holmes

    WR14107  Accepted 11 November 2014
    Recovery of South Australian rabbit populations from the impact of rabbit haemorrhagic disease
    Greg Mutze, Peter Bird, Scott Jennings, Nicki de Preu, Brian Cooke, Lorenzo Capucci, David Peacock, John Kovaliski

    WR14032  Accepted 11 November 2014
    A recovering flagship: giant otters, communities and tourism in Northern Peru
    Maribel Recharte, Ian Bride, Mark Bowler

    WR13206  Accepted 08 November 2014
    Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia
    Joanne Potts, Nicholas Beeton, David Bowman, Grant Williamson, Edward Lefroy, Chris Johnson

    WR14094  Accepted 06 November 2014
    Evaluation of a spring-powered captive bolt gun for killing kangaroo pouch young
    Trudy Sharp, Steve McLeod, Keith Leggett, Troy Gibson

    WR14059  Accepted 06 November 2014
    How many are there? The use and misuse of continental-scale wildlife abundance estimates
    Jim Hone, Tony Buckmaster

    WR14150  Accepted 16 October 2014
    Behavioural responses of wintering black-faced spoonbills (Platalea minor) to disturbance
    Chang-Yong Choi, Hyun-Young Nam, Woo-Shin Lee

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 13 August 2014
First in, first served: uptake of 1080 poison fox baits in south-west Western Australia

Shannon J. Dundas, Peter J. Adams and Patricia A. Fleming

2. Published 22 May 2014
Extinction in Eden: identifying the role of climate change in the decline of the koala in south-eastern NSW

Daniel Lunney, Eleanor Stalenberg, Truly Santika and Jonathan R. Rhodes

3. Published 22 May 2014
Fertility control to mitigate human–wildlife conflicts: a review

Giovanna Massei and Dave Cowan

4. Published 25 March 2014
Continuous monitoring of feeding by koalas highlights diurnal differences in tree preferences

Karen J. Marsh, Ben D. Moore, Ian R. Wallis and William J. Foley

5. Published 6 October 2014
Lessons from long-term predator control: a case study with the red fox

Roger Kirkwood, Duncan R. Sutherland, Stuart Murphy and Peter Dann

6. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of coordinated poison-baiting programs on survival and abundance in two red fox populations

Andrew Bengsen

7. Published 22 May 2014
Expenditure and motivation of Australian recreational hunters

Neal Finch, Peter Murray, Julia Hoy and Greg Baxter

8. Published 13 August 2014
Is wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax, survival and breeding success closely linked to the abundance of European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus?

Jerry Olsen, Brian Cooke, Susan Trost and David Judge

9. Published 13 August 2014
Quantitative analysis of animal-welfare outcomes in helicopter shooting: a case study with feral dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Jordan O. Hampton, Brendan D. Cowled, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Bidda Jones and Quentin Hart

10. Published 22 May 2014
Overcoming the challenges of measuring the abundance of a cryptic macropod: is a qualitative approach good enough?

Karlene Bain, Adrian Wayne and Roberta Bencini

11. Published 25 March 2014
Aerially deployed baits in the northern rangelands of Western Australia are available to wild dogs

Malcolm S. Kennedy, Ken Rose and Gary Martin

12. Published 22 May 2014
Recolonisation of rabbit warrens following coordinated ripping programs in Victoria, south-eastern Australia

D. S. L. Ramsey, S. R. McPhee, D. M. Forsyth, I. G. Stuart, M. P. Scroggie, M. Lindeman and J. Matthews

13. Published 6 October 2014
Interactions between the superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) and fire in south-eastern Australia

Daniel T. Nugent, Steven W. J. Leonard and Michael F. Clarke

14. Published 25 March 2014
Testing the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodland

Paul R. Lintott, Elisa Fuentes-Montemayor, Dave Goulson and Kirsty J. Park

15. Published 13 August 2014
Factors influencing occurrence of a freshwater turtle in an urban landscape: a resilient species?

Danielle Stokeld, Andrew J. Hamer, Rodney van der Ree, Vincent Pettigrove and Graeme Gillespie

16. Published 25 March 2014
Utility of owl pellets for monitoring threatened mammal communities: an Australian case study

Kye McDonald, Scott Burnett and Wayne Robinson

17. Published 22 May 2014
Estimates of abundance and apparent survival of coastal dolphins in Port Essington harbour, Northern Territory, Australia

Carol Palmer, Lyndon Brooks, Guido J. Parra, Tracey Rogers, Debra Glasgow and John C. Z. Woinarski

18. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of a GnRH vaccine on the movement and activity of free-living wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Roger J. Quy, Giovanna Massei, Mark S. Lambert, Julia Coats, Lowell A. Miller and David P. Cowan

19. Published 20 February 2015
A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management

Tim S. Doherty, Andrew J. Bengsen and Robert A. Davis

20. Published 20 February 2015
Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania

Billie T. Lazenby, Nicholas J. Mooney and Christopher R. Dickman

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Volume 41 (5)

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