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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Andrea Taylor and Piran White



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Published online 25 January 2016
Ground penetrating radar as a non-invasive tool to better understand the population dynamics of a fossorial species: mapping the warrens of southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) 
Michael J. Swinbourne, David A. Taggart, Elisa Sparrow, Michael Hatch and Bertram Ostendorf

Mapping the areal extent of southern hairy-nosed wombat warrens presents a challenge for researchers. Ground penetrating radar offers a non-invasive means of mapping warren structure, and reveals that warrens underneath a layer of calcrete limestone can consist of an extensive array of tunnels and caverns suitable for occupation by a large number of wombats. Estimates of wombat abundance need to take into account the different soil conditions in which warrens are located. Photograph by David Taggart.

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Published online 25 January 2016
Toxic Trojans: can feral cat predation be mitigated by making their prey poisonous? 
J. L. Read, D. Peacock, A. F. Wayne and K. E. Moseby

Innovative techniques are required to sustainably reduce the catastrophic effect of cat predation on prey species that are vulnerable to extinction. We propose several novel or modified feral cat control techniques that exploit cats’ innate hunting instincts and their greater susceptibility to certain toxins than native fauna. Creation of toxic cat prey could improve the sustainability and cost-effectiveness, whilst minimising non-target risks, of cat control programs.

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Published online 18 January 2016
Historical resurveys reveal persistence of smoky mouse (Pseudomys fumeus) populations over the long-term and through the short-term impacts of fire 
Phoebe A. Burns, Karen M. C. Rowe, Benjamin P. Holmes and Kevin C. Rowe

The endangered smoky mouse (Pseudomys fumeus) fluctuates through periods of low and high local abundance, creating difficulties in assessing whether the species is locally extinct. We report the species’ long-term persistence in the presence of drought and invasive predators, and short-term persistence in situ through a severe wildfire. We also demonstrate that at least three nights of trapping are needed to reliably detect P. fumeus when they are present at relatively high abundance. This research highlights the importance of long-term monitoring programs to adequately manage endangered species. Photograph by David Paul.

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Published online 18 December 2015
Precision, accuracy and bias of walked line-transect distance sampling to estimate eastern grey kangaroo population size 
Ruth Glass, David M. Forsyth, Graeme Coulson and Marco Festa-Bianchet

Knowing how many kangaroos live in a park or reserve is important for management. We used a kangaroo population of known size to evaluate the performance of a survey method that is widely used to count kangaroos (walked line-transect sampling). We found that the method provided accurate estimates of the number of kangaroos present. Wildlife managers can have confidence in kangaroo counts made using this survey method.

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Published online 18 December 2015
Long-term survival and reproductive success of New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri) treated with ivermectin as pups 
S. A. Michael, B. L. Chilvers, W. D. Roe and B. D. Gartrell

Hookworms commonly parasitise young sea lion and fur seal pups causing reduced growth and survival but it is unknown if these effects later impact on long-term survival and reproduction. This study found, by investigating a control group and a sample of NZ sea lion pups treated with an anti-parasitic, a trend toward improved survival in the latter group. Anti-parasitic treatment at the crucial neonatal stage may have wider-ranging beneficial implications throughout the life of the animal.

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Published online 18 December 2015
Multiple cameras required to reliably detect feral cats in northern Australian tropical savanna: an evaluation of sampling design when using camera traps 
Danielle Stokeld, Anke S. K. Frank, Brydie Hill, Jenni Low Choy, Terry Mahney, Alys Stevens, Stuart Young, , and Graeme R. Gillespie

We provide an evaluation of sampling designs using camera traps to detect feral cats in northern Australia. Neither lure type nor micro-habitat influenced detections. Our modelled relationship between effort and detection probability can be used to optimise sample design.

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Published online 18 December 2015
Delimiting road-effect zones for threatened species: implications for mitigation fencing 
J. Mark Peaden, Tracey D. Tuberville, Kurt A. Buhlmann, Melia G. Nafus and Brian D. Todd

Roads negatively affect many wildlife species and contribute to habitat loss that often exceeds the footprint of the roads themselves. This study estimated the extent to which habitat along roads is lost for the protected Mojave desert and found that impacts increase with the size and traffic volume of roads. More habitat could be reclaimed by installing fencing along larger, higher-traffic volume roads, but current mortality would more likely be reduced by installing fencing along smaller, lower-traffic volume roads.

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Published online 02 December 2015
Increasing abundance of pups of the long-nosed fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) on Kangaroo Island, South Australia, over 26 breeding seasons to 2013–14 
Peter D. Shaughnessy and Simon D. Goldsworthy

Fur seal populations in southern Australia are recovering from over-harvesting in the early nineteenth century. Two colonies in South Australia have increased at about 10% per annum over 26 years. The increase demonstrates that fur seals can recover from uncontrolled harvesting provided breeding habitat ashore is protected, and it has led to enhanced levels of interference with fishers and predation on little penguins. Photograph by David Sinclair.

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Volume 42 Number 7 2015
Interactions Between Humans and Wildlife in Urban Areas

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Human–wildlife interactions in urban ecosystems 
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Carl D. Soulsbury and Piran C. L. White
pp. iii-v

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Human–wildlife interactions in urban areas: a review of conflicts, benefits and opportunities 
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Carl D. Soulsbury and Piran C. L. White
pp. 541-553

There is a pressing need to understand the type and nature of human–wildlife interactions within urban environments, to help manage, mitigate or even promote these interactions. There is an inherent bias in the literature towards quantifying and assessing human–wildlife conflict, whereas the benefit wildlife brings to urban areas is poorly characterised, but includes benefits such as ecosystem services and through to health and wellbeing. Research is critically needed to improve our understanding in this area, requiring wildlife biologists to work with other research disciplines.


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A cross-continental look at the patterns of avian species diversity and composition across an urbanisation gradient 
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Barbara Clucas and John M. Marzluff
pp. 554-562

As the world becomes more urban, the importance of protecting wildlife in urban areas increases. We found that certain bird species do better in human-dominated areas, in particular those that use bird feeders. In order to conserve the greatest bird diversity in urban areas, urban planners and residents should provide a variety of habitats, supplemental natural foods and nesting places for birds. Photograph by Jacob Clifford.

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Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) concentrate around urban waste dumps across Tigray, northern Ethiopia 
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Gidey Yirga , Herwig Leirs , Hans H. De Iongh , Tsehaye Asmelash , Kindeya Gebrehiwot , Jozef Deckers and Hans Bauer
pp. 563-569

The spotted hyena lives in remarkably close proximity to humans in the degraded and prey-depleted landscapes in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. We sought to provide an estimate of hyena abundance at garbage dumps and open agricultural areas. A very large hyena population persists in unprotected areas of Tigray, where they concentrate around urban waste dumps at night for scavengeable food resources. Photograph by Gidey Yirga.


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Evaluating patterns of human–reptile conflicts in an urban environment 
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Camila Palhares Teixeira , Luiza Passos , Vinicius D. L. R. Goulart , Andre Hirsch , Marcos Rodrigues and Robert J. Young
pp. 570-578

City inhabitants have a range of perceptions about urban reptiles. Whereas some species are kept as pets, others are seen as a significant threat. We investigated the patterns of human–reptile conflicts in a large Brazilian city. The density of human–reptile conflicts was related to socio-economic factors and landscape composition, thereby suggesting particular management actions.


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Good neighbours: distribution of black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in an urban environment 
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Bruno Teixeira , Andre Hirsch , Vinicius D. L. R. Goulart , Luiza Passos , Camila P. Teixeira , Philip James and Robert Young
pp. 579-589

The increasing growth of human urban populations leads to complex alterations of landscapes, the effects of which on wildlife are not fully understood. The way wildlife responds to such impacts is an important aspect to be considered in urban planning and management. We found that marmoset groups were found in green areas surrounded by highly populated areas; however, socioeconomical factors were significantly related to the occurrence of primate groups.


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Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens 
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Aaron Vines and Alan Lill
pp. 590-597

To successfully inhabit cities, birds must be inherently able or learn to cope with high volumes of pedestrian and vehicular traffic. This study showed that urban little ravens were much more tolerant of approaches by pedestrians than their exurban counterparts, but urban individuals living in high- and low-volume traffic areas varied little in their tolerance of human proximity and a simulated vehicle sound. A high level of boldness appears to be important in facilitating urban-living by native little ravens and may be genetically and/or learning-based.


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The fancy city life: Kuhl's pipistrelle, Pipistrellus kuhlii, benefits from urbanisation 
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Leonardo Ancillotto , Alessandra Tomassini and Danilo Russo
pp. 598-606

Understanding why some species benefit from urbanisation is central for appropriate wildlife management in human-dominated ecosystems. We found that the bat Pipistrellus kuhlii, increasing its range across Europe, obtains major reproductive advantages in urban areas. Although this fitness advantage may help explain the observed increase in geographical distribution, a positive effect of climate change on this warm-adapted bat cannot be ruled out. Photograph by Jens Rydell.


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Achieving positive social outcomes through participatory urban wildlife conservation projects 
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Sarah J. Hobbs and Piran C. L. White
pp. 607-617

We evaluated the personal and social outcomes experienced by participants as a result of their involvement in a wildlife conservation project in the city of Hull, UK. We found that participation was a positive experience for the volunteers, leading to both personal and wider social benefits. Such benefits can be maximised by linking volunteering opportunities with pre-existing community-based networks that can act as advocates for conservation.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR15040  Accepted 28 January 2016
    Assessment of non-target risks from sodium fluoroacetate (1080), para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) and sodium cyanide (NaCN) for fox incursion response in Tasmania
    Stephen Mallick, Matthew Pauza, Charles Eason, Nicholas Mooney, Robbie Gaffney, Stephen Harris

    WR15071  Accepted 26 January 2016
    Priorities for management of chytridiomycosis in Australia: saving frogs from extinction
    Lee Skerratt, Lee Berger, Nick Clemann, David Hunter, Gerry Marantelli, David Newell, Annie Philips, Michael McFadden, Harry Hines, Ben Scheele, Laura Brannelly, Rick Speare, Stephanie Versteegen, Scott Cashins, Matt West

    WR15070  Accepted 26 January 2016
    Predation by feral cats key to the failure of a long-term reintroduction of the western barred bandicoot Perameles bougainville
    Jeff Short

    WR15053  Accepted 26 January 2016
    Successional changes in feeding activity by threatened cockatoos in revegetated mine sites
    Tim Doherty, Briana Wingfield, Vicki Stokes, Michael Craig, Jess Lee, Hugh Finn, Michael Calver

    WR14256  Accepted 10 January 2016
    Managing coniferous production forests towards bat conservation
    Maria João Ramos Pereira, Filipa Peste, Anabela Paula, Pedro Pereira, Joana Bernardino, José Vieira, Carlos Bastos, Miguel Mascarenhas, Hugo Costa, Carlos Fonseca

    WR15138  Accepted 10 January 2016
    An assessment of ‘turtle friendly’ lights on the sea-finding behaviour of loggerhead turtle hatchlings (Caretta caretta)
    Katharine Robertson, David Booth, Col Limpus

    WR15117  Accepted 29 December 2015
    What are they hunting for? Investigating heterogeneity among sika deer (Cervus nippon) hunters
    Geoffrey Kerr, Walt Abell

    WR15126  Accepted 12 December 2015
    Potential impacts of poison baiting for introduced house mice on native animals on islands in Jurien Bay, Western Australia
    Clifford Bennison, Tony Friend, Tim Button, Harriet Mills, Cathy Lambert, Roberta Bencini

    WR15028  Accepted 12 December 2015
    Cooperative hunting between humans and domestic dogs in eastern and northern Australia
    Jessica Sparkes, Guy Ballard, Peter Fleming

    WR15011  Accepted 23 November 2015
    Amplified predation after fire suppresses rodent populations in Australia’s tropical savannas
    Lily Leahy, Sarah Legge, Katherine Tuft, Hugh McGregor, Leon Barmuta, Menna Jones, Chris Johnson

    WR14257  Accepted 23 November 2015
    Soft-release versus hard-release for re-introduction of an endangered species: an experimental comparison using eastern barred bandicoots (Perameles gunnii)
    Jasmine de Milliano, Julian Di Stefano, Peter Courtney, Peter Temple-Smith, Graeme Coulson

    WR15056  Accepted 12 November 2015
    Importance of reproductive biology of a harvest lizard, Tupinambis merianae, for the management of commercial harvesting
    Sergio Naretto, Gabriela Cardozo, Cecilia Blengini, Margarita Chiaraviglio

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 20 February 2015
Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania

Billie T. Lazenby, Nicholas J. Mooney and Christopher R. Dickman

2. Published 20 February 2015
A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management

Tim S. Doherty, Andrew J. Bengsen and Robert A. Davis

3. Published 18 September 2015
The effectiveness and cost of camera traps for surveying small reptiles and critical weight range mammals: a comparison with labour-intensive complementary methods

Dustin J. Welbourne, Christopher MacGregor, David Paull and David B. Lindenmayer

4. Published 15 July 2015
Density and home range of feral cats in north-western Australia

Hugh W. McGregor, Sarah Legge, Joanne Potts, Menna E. Jones and Christopher N. Johnson

5. Published 22 May 2015
How to snap your cat: optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia

J. L. Read, A. J. Bengsen, P. D. Meek and K. E. Moseby

6. Published 4 March 2015
How many are there? The use and misuse of continental-scale wildlife abundance estimates

Jim Hone and Tony Buckmaster

7. Published 17 April 2015
How guardian dogs protect livestock from predators: territorial enforcement by Maremma sheepdogs

Linda van Bommel and Chris N. Johnson

8. Published 4 January 2016
Human–wildlife interactions in urban areas: a review of conflicts, benefits and opportunities

Carl D. Soulsbury and Piran C. L. White

9. Published 15 July 2015
Is fire a threatening process for Liopholis kintorei, a nationally listed threatened skink?

Danae Moore, Michael Ray Kearney, Rachel Paltridge, Steve McAlpin and Adam Stow

10. Published 17 April 2015
Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia

J. M. Potts, N. J. Beeton, D. M. J. S. Bowman, G. J. Williamson, E. C. Lefroy and C. N. Johnson

11. Published 17 April 2015
Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and localised alternative prey

Jennyffer Cruz, Chris Woolmore, M. Cecilia Latham, A. David M. Latham, Roger P. Pech and Dean P. Anderson

12. Published 12 June 2015
The ecological impacts of commensal species: black rats, Rattus rattus, at the urban–bushland interface

Peter B. Banks and Helen M. Smith

13. Published 9 November 2015
Dingo interactions with exotic mesopredators: spatiotemporal dynamics in an Australian arid-zone study

T. Schroeder, M. M. Lewis, A. D. Kilpatrick and K. E. Moseby

14. Published 20 March 2015
Population recovery of the yellow-footed rock-wallaby following fox control in New South Wales and South Australia

Andy Sharp, Melinda Norton, Chris Havelberg, Wendy Cliff and Adam Marks

15. Published 15 July 2015
What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife

Edith MacDonald, Taciano Milfont and Michael Gavin

16. Published 20 February 2015
Influence of industrial light pollution on the sea-finding behaviour of flatback turtle hatchlings

Ruth L. Kamrowski, Col Limpus, Kellie Pendoley and Mark Hamann

17. Published 17 April 2015
Remote sensing can locate and assess the changing abundance of hollow-bearing trees for wildlife in Australian native forests

Christopher J. Owers, Rodney P. Kavanagh and Eleanor Bruce

18. Published 22 May 2015
Dimensions of local public attitudes towards invasive species management in protected areas

Adriana E. S. Ford-Thompson, Carolyn Snell, Glen Saunders and Piran C. L. White

19. Published 15 July 2015
Monitoring the use of road-crossing structures by arboreal marsupials: insights gained from motion-triggered cameras and passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags

Kylie Soanes, Peter A. Vesk and Rodney van der Ree

20. Published 24 August 2015
The influence of urban encroachment on squirrel gliders (Petaurus norfolcensis): effects of road density, light and noise pollution

Mitchell J. Francis, Peter G. Spooner and Alison Matthews

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Volume 42 (7)

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