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  Rangeland Ecology & Management
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The Rangeland Journal publishes original work on the biophysical, social, cultural, economic, and policy influences affecting rangeland use and management. More

Editor-in-Chief: Paul Novelly


blank image The Rangeland Journal
Volume 38 Number 2 2016
Managing the Impacts of Feral Camels across the Rangelands: Results of the Australian Feral Camel Management Project

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Guest Editorial: Outcomes of the Australian Feral Camel Management Project and the future of feral camel management in Australia 
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Quentin Hart and Glenn Edwards
pp. i-iii

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Feral camels: a nationally significant pest animal requiring a national management approach 
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Andrew P. Woolnough , Glenn Edwards and Quentin Hart
pp. 109-115

Feral camel management in Australia has been guided by sophisticated scientific evidence and national policy, which have then informed investment decisions and coordinated action. The Australian Feral Camel Management Project is an example where evidence, policy and delivery have come together to deliver high quality outcomes at a continental scale. Such an approach has applicability to the management of other nationally significant established pest species.


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Effective collaboration and governance processes to underpin large-scale natural resource management projects: the Australian Feral Camel Management Project experience 
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Quentin Hart and Andrew Bubb
pp. 117-123

Effective collaboration and governance are the foundational building blocks for successful projects in any field. There are particular challenges associated with managing a pest animal that may also be considered a resource across a large area involving many land tenures and stakeholders. Although focusing on the experiences of the Australian Feral Camel Management Project, this paper is relevant to all large-scale rangelands projects.


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Talking camels: a consultation strategy for consent to conduct feral camel management on Aboriginal-owned land in Australia 
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Ben Kaethner , Peter See and Adam Pennington
pp. 125-133

The Australian Feral Camel Management Project required informed consent from Aboriginal land owners to reduce feral camel densities in arid Australia. Aboriginal organisations consulted widely with remote communities in a way that considered the different opinions that people have on camels, and presented information clearly and consistently. The communities agreed to a variety of management options that allowed the Australian Feral Camel Management Project to reduce camel densities over three states.


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Engaging the Pastoral Industry in the Australian Feral Camel Management Project (AFCMP) 
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Donna Digby , Liz Bird , Lyndee Severin , Paul O’Leary , Mac Jensen , Robin Mills and Glenn Edwards
pp. 135-142

The Pastoral Industry was a key contributor to the Australian Feral Camel Management Project from its inception to completion. Pastoralists were involved in strategy, planning, communication, collaboration and decision making at local, regional and national scales. This paper highlights an innovative approach using a suite of elements that underpinned the successful engagement of the pastoral industry in a national landscape-scale natural resource management program. This approach could be adopted and be of benefit to the successful delivery of landscape-scale natural resource management programs in the future.


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Facilitating feral camel removal in Australia through commercial use 
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J. G. Virtue , P. D. Gee , N. M. Secomb , P. R. O’Leary and B. P. Grear
pp. 143-151

A removal assistance scheme was developed through the Australian Feral Camel Management Project to facilitate commercial mustering of feral camels in priority areas. The scheme’s basis was a landholder agreement that incentivised removal of both camel sexes and required adherence to best practice feral camel management in order to receive payment. The project also supported field-based pet-meating as another means of commercially driven feral camel removal.


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Planning and conducting aerial culling operations for feral camels 
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Glenn Edwards , Donna Digby , Paul O’Leary , Dennis Rafferty , Mac Jensen , Andrew Woolnough , Nick Secomb , Mark Williams , Kym Schwartzkopff and Ross Bryan
pp. 153-162

This paper describes the application of aerial culling to the management of feral camels during the Australian Feral Camel Management Project. It covers the following: key challenges involved, guiding principles, factors which facilitated the application of aerial culling, the planning and implementation of actual culling operations, feedback loops, and the key operational achievements of the aerial culling program.


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Integrating animal welfare into wild herbivore management: lessons from the Australian Feral Camel Management Project 
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Jordan O. Hampton , Bidda Jones , Andrew L. Perry , Corissa J. Miller and Quentin Hart
pp. 163-171

Animal welfare has become an integral part of managing wild herbivores worldwide. We developed a transparent welfare auditing process for the management of a novel pest species, feral camels in Australia. We present the approach taken to animal welfare under Australian feral camel management as a lesson for other wild herbivore contexts while acknowledging the limitations of our methods.


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Measured reductions in the density of camels under the Australian Feral Camel Management Project 
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Mark Lethbridge , Keith W. Saalfeld and Glenn P. Edwards
pp. 173-179

We provide a coarse comparison between camel density estimates derived from aerial surveys before and late in removal operations conducted during the Australian Feral Camel Management Project. The aerial surveys detected a population decline in camels over the project period that is generally consistent with camel removal activities under the project. However, the population decline in the Simpson Desert cannot be explained by the camel removal alone.


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The impact of feral camels (Camelus dromedarius) on woody vegetation in arid Australia 
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Jayne Brim Box , Catherine E. M. Nano , Glenis McBurnie , Donald M. Waller , Kathy McConnell , Chris Brock , Rachel Paltridge , Alison McGilvray , Andrew Bubb and Glenn P. Edwards
pp. 181-190

This paper describes the impact of feral camels on woody plants in arid Australia. It examines browsing intensity and severity (stunting and canopy loss) in 22 species of woody plants in camel-affected regions across inland Australia prior to camel removal operations. It provides quantitative information on the relationship between camel density and plant damage.


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The impact of feral camels (Camelus dromedarius) on remote waterholes in central Australia 
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Jayne Brim Box , Glenis McBurnie , Karin Strehlow , Tracey Guest , Martin Campbell , Andy Bubb , Kathy McConnell , Sandy Willy , Reggie Uluru , Rene Kulitja , Bernard Bell , Selwyn Burke , Raymond James , Rodney Kunoth and Brett Stockman
pp. 191-200

This paper describes the impact of feral camels on remote waterholes in central Australia. It examines camel impacts on water quality/chemistry and on aquatic macroinvertebrates. It concludes that the management of large feral herbivores is a key component in efforts to conserve aquatic biodiversity in central Australia.


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Outcomes of the Australian Feral Camel Management Project and the future of feral camel management in Australia 
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Quentin Hart and Glenn Edwards
pp. 201-206

This paper outlines the main achievements of the Australian Feral Camel Management Project in relation to reduced densities of feral camels around key environmental sites and improving capacity (knowledge, skills, equipment and infrastructure) for future feral camel management. It provides an update on ongoing feral camel management activities and emphasises the importance of maintaining the momentum of the project.


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Published online 27 May 2016
The future of yak farming in Bhutan: policy measures government should adopt 
Jigme Wangdi

Yak farming is a reliable source of livelihoods for the mountains’ pastoralists in Bhutan. Rapid economic changes coupled with the government policy thrust for the equitable and balanced socioeconomic development across the country have undermined the sustainability of the age-old traditions of yak farming. The government should put in place enabling and appropriate policy supports for yak research and development that will encourage younger pastoralists to take up and continue with the age-old tradition of yak farming.

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Published online 25 May 2016
The influence of shrub species and fine-scale plant density on arthropods in a semiarid shrubland 
Alan B. C. Kwok and David J. Eldridge

Shrubs are important habitat for arthropods, such as insects, but we know surprisingly little about how factors like shrub density and species affect the fauna. We investigated the effects of two common shrubs on arthropods, and found that different shrubs support different animal communities. These results suggest biodiversity in shrublands may be quite high, and very region-specific.

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Published online 14 April 2016
Implications of retaining woody regrowth for carbon sequestration for an extensive grazing beef business: a bio-economic modelling case study 
Giselle Whish, Lester Pahl and Steven Bray

Through the Australian government’s Emission Reduction Fund beef producers can receive income for storing carbon in woody regrowth. Bio-economic modelling determined there was a relatively low opportunity cost for a beef grazing enterprise in central Queensland of retaining woody regrowth for carbon storage. Although uncertainty remains around the price received for carbon, this study demonstrated a conservatively stocked breeding operation can achieve positive production, environmental and economic outcomes, including increases in the net carbon stock.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    RJ15084  Accepted 26 May 2016
    Bioeconomic modelling of woody regrowth carbon offset options in productive grazing systems
    Rebecca Gowen, Steven Bray

    RJ15083  Accepted 24 May 2016
    Comparative daily energy expenditure and water turnover by Dorper and Merino sheep measured using doubly-labelled water.
    Adam Munn, Yohannes Alemseged, Catharina Vendl, Mathew Stewart, Keith Leggett

    RJ15124  Accepted 13 May 2016
    Climate Clever Beef: options to improve business performance and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in northern Australia
    Steven Bray, Dionne Walsh, David George Phelps, Joe Rolfe, Kiri Broad, Giselle Whish, Mick Quirk

    RJ15024  Accepted 09 May 2016
    Insights into feral goat movement in Australia using dynamic Brownian Bridges for movement analysis
    Mark Lethbridge

    RJ15109  Accepted 06 May 2016
    A 150-year fire history of mulga (Acacia aneura F. Muell. ex Benth.)-dominated vegetation in semi-arid Queensland, Australia
    Jennifer Silcock, G. Bradd Witt, Roderick Fensham

    RJ16012  Accepted 21 April 2016
    Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacities and fatty acids profile of 18 alpine plants available as forage for yaks on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    G Cui, Allan Degen, X Wei, J Zhou, Luming Ding, Zhanhuan Shang, X Wei, Ruijun Long

    RJ15061  Accepted 11 April 2016
    Down scaling to regional assessment of greenhouse gas emissions to enable consistency in accounting for emissions reduction projects and national inventory accounts for northern beef production in Australia
    Sandra Eady, Guillaume Havard, Steven Bray, William Holmes, Javier Navarro Garcia

    RJ15093  Accepted 22 March 2016
    Rangeland profitability in the northern Gulf region of Queensland: Understanding beef business complexity and the subsequent impact on land resource management and environmental outcomes
    Joe Rolfe, Alison Larard, Bernie English, Emma Hegarty, Tim McGrath, Niilo Gobius, Joanne De Faveri, Joanna Srhoj, Michael Digby, Richard Musgrove

    RJ15064  Accepted 11 March 2016
    Optimising beef business performance in northern Australia: what can thirty years of commercial innovation teach us?
    Dionne (Guest Editor) Walsh, Robyn Cowley

    RJ15097  Accepted 29 February 2016
    Is land condition a useful indicator of soil organic carbon stock in Australia’s northern grazing land?
    Steven (Guest Editor) Bray, Diane Allen, Ben Harms, David Reid, Grant Fraser, Ram Dalal, Dionne (Guest Editor) Walsh, David George (Guest Editor) Phelps, Rebecca Gunther

    RJ15103  Accepted 29 February 2016
    Use of business analysis in beef businesses to direct management practice change for climate adaptation outcomes
    Kiri Broad, Roger Sneath, Timothy Emery

    RJ15063  Accepted 29 February 2016
    The effect of earlier mating and improving fertility on greenhouse gas emissions intensity of beef production in northern Australian herds
    Brendan Cullen, Richard Eckard, Mary Timms, David George (Guest Editor) Phelps


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 15 May 2015
The relative impacts of grazing, fire and invasion by buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) on the floristic composition of a rangeland savanna ecosystem

Roderick J. Fensham, Jian Wang and Cameron Kilgour

2. Published 24 July 2015
Climate change and adaptive capacity in the Western Australian rangelands: a review of current institutional responses

Ellena Shaw and G. Bradd Witt

3. Published 22 December 2015
Challenging the concept of Aboriginal mosaic fire practices in the Lake Eyre Basin

R. G. Kimber and M. H. Friedel

4. Published 15 May 2015
A life cycle assessment approach to quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from land-use change for beef production in eastern Australia

Beverley K. Henry, D. Butler and S. G. Wiedemann

5. Published 24 July 2015
Quantifying carbon sequestration on sheep grazing land in Australia for life cycle assessment studies

B. K. Henry, D. Butler and S. G. Wiedemann

6. Published 15 May 2015
The relationship between soil organic carbon and soil surface characteristics in the semi-arid rangelands of southern Australia

C. M. Waters, G. J. Melville, S. E. Orgill and Y. Alemseged

7. Published 15 May 2015
Ephemeral plant indicators of livestock grazing in arid rangelands during wet conditions

Helen P. Waudby and Sophie Petit

8. Published 15 May 2015
Effect of summer livestock grazing on plant species richness and composition in the Himalayan rangelands

Suman Aryal, Geoff Cockfield and Tek Narayan Maraseni

9. Published 24 July 2015
The effects of a moratorium on land-clearing in the Douglas-Daly region, Northern Territory, Australia

M. J. Lawes, R. Greiner, I. A. Leiper, R. Ninnis, D. Pearson and G. Boggs

10. Published 22 December 2015
New partnerships for managing large desert landscapes: experiences from the Martu Living Deserts Project

Tony Jupp, James Fitzsimons, Ben Carr and Peter See

11. Published 15 May 2015
Biomass retention and carbon stocks in integrated vegetation bands: a case study of mixed-age brigalow-eucalypt woodland in southern Queensland, Australia

Justin G. Ryan, Christine T. Fyfe and Clive A. McAlpine

12. Published 24 July 2015
The population dynamics of some arid zone plants during 46 years of grazing on Mileura Station, Western Australia

S. J. J. F. Davies, S. A. Kenny and T. F. M. Walsh

13. Published 30 October 2015
Improved grazing management practices in the catchments of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia: does climate variability influence their adoption by landholders?

Megan Star, John Rolfe, Peter Long, Giselle Whish and Peter Donaghy

14. Published 30 October 2015
Agricultural transition and land-use change: considerations in the development of irrigated enterprises in the rangelands of northern Australia

Lisa McKellar, Rosalind H. Bark and Ian Watson

15. Published 15 May 2015
Seed availability, landscape suitability and the regeneration of perennial grasses in moderately degraded rangelands in semiarid Australia

Judith M. Bean, Gavin J. Melville, Ronald B. Hacker and Stephen P. Clipperton

16. Published 24 July 2015
Preventing weed spread: a survey of lifestyle and commercial landholders about Nassella trichotoma in the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia

A. Ruttledge, R. D. B. Whalley, I. Reeve, D. A. Backhouse and B. M. Sindel

17. Published 11 March 2016
Rangeland responses to pastoralists' grazing management on a Tibetan steppe grassland, Qinghai Province, China

Richard B. Harris, Leah H. Samberg, Emily T. Yeh, Andrew T. Smith, Wang Wenying, Wang Junbang, Gaerrang and the late Donald J. Bedunah

18. Published 15 May 2015
Application of payment for ecosystem services in China’s rangeland conservation initiatives: a social-ecological system perspective

Yanbo Li, Mingming Fan and Wenjun Li

19. Published 22 December 2015
Innovation in the rangelands: the role of people

F. Chaney

20. Published 22 December 2015
Cultural indicators, country and culture: the Arabana, change and water

Melissa Nursey-Bray and Arabana Aboriginal Corporation

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Volume 38 (2)

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