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The Rangeland Journal publishes original work on the biophysical, social, cultural, economic, and policy influences affecting rangeland use and management. More

Editor-in-Chief: Paul Novelly


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Published online 27 April 2016
Talking camels: a consultation strategy for consent to conduct feral camel management on Aboriginal-owned land in Australia 
Ben Kaethner, Peter See and Adam Pennington

The Australian Feral Camel Management Project required informed consent from Aboriginal land owners to reduce feral camel densities in arid Australia. Aboriginal organisations consulted widely with remote communities in a way that considered the different opinions that people have on camels, and presented information clearly and consistently. The communities agreed to a variety of management options that allowed the Australian Feral Camel Management Project to reduce camel densities over three states.

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Published online 22 April 2016
Planning and conducting aerial culling operations for feral camels 
Glenn Edwards, Donna Digby, Paul O'Leary, Dennis Rafferty, Mac Jensen, Andrew Woolnough, Nick Secomb, Mark Williams, Kym Schwartzkopff and Ross Bryan

This paper describes the application of aerial culling to the management of feral camels during the Australian Feral Camel Management Project. It covers the following: key challenges involved, guiding principles, factors which facilitated the application of aerial culling, the planning and implementation of actual culling operations, feedback loops, and the key operational achievements of the aerial culling program.

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Published online 22 April 2016
Effective collaboration and governance processes to underpin large-scale natural resource management projects: the Australian Feral Camel Management Project experience 
Quentin Hart and Andrew Bubb

Effective collaboration and governance are the foundational building blocks for successful projects in any field. There are particular challenges associated with managing a pest animal that may also be considered a resource across a large area involving many land tenures and stakeholders. Although focusing on the experiences of the Australian Feral Camel Management Project, this paper is relevant to all large-scale rangelands projects.

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Published online 14 April 2016
Implications of retaining woody regrowth for carbon sequestration for an extensive grazing beef business: a bio-economic modelling case study 
Giselle Whish, Lester Pahl and Steven Bray

Through the Australian government’s Emission Reduction Fund beef producers can receive income for storing carbon in woody regrowth. Bio-economic modelling determined there was a relatively low opportunity cost for a beef grazing enterprise in central Queensland of retaining woody regrowth for carbon storage. Although uncertainty remains around the price received for carbon, this study demonstrated a conservatively stocked breeding operation can achieve positive production, environmental and economic outcomes, including increases in the net carbon stock.

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Published online 12 April 2016
Engaging the Pastoral Industry in the Australian Feral Camel Management Project (AFCMP) 
Donna Digby, Liz Bird, Lyndee Severin, Paul O'Leary, Mac Jensen, Robin Mills and Glenn Edwards

The Pastoral Industry was a key contributor to the Australian Feral Camel Management Project from its inception to completion. Pastoralists were involved in strategy, planning, communication, collaboration and decision making at local, regional and national scales. This paper highlights an innovative approach using a suite of elements that underpinned the successful engagement of the pastoral industry in a national landscape-scale natural resource management program. This approach could be adopted and be of benefit to the successful delivery of landscape-scale natural resource management programs in the future.

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Published online 10 March 2016
Outcomes of the Australian Feral Camel Management Project and the future of feral camel management in Australia 
Quentin Hart and Glenn Edwards

This paper outlines the main achievements of the Australian Feral Camel Management Project in relation to reduced densities of feral camels around key environmental sites and improving capacity (knowledge, skills, equipment and infrastructure) for future feral camel management. It provides an update on ongoing feral camel management activities and emphasises the importance of maintaining the momentum of the project.

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Published online 04 March 2016
Integrating animal welfare into wild herbivore management: lessons from the Australian Feral Camel Management Project 
Jordan O. Hampton, Bidda Jones, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller and Quentin Hart

Animal welfare has become an integral part of managing wild herbivores worldwide. We developed a transparent welfare auditing process for the management of a novel pest species, feral camels in Australia. We present the approach taken to animal welfare under Australian feral camel management as a lesson for other wild herbivore contexts while acknowledging the limitations of our methods.

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blank image The Rangeland Journal
Volume 38 Number 1 2016

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Rangeland responses to pastoralists' grazing management on a Tibetan steppe grassland, Qinghai Province, China 
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Richard B. Harris , Leah H. Samberg , Emily T. Yeh , Andrew T. Smith , Wang Wenying , Wang Junbang , Gaerrang and the late Donald J. Bedunah
pp. 1-15

We studied responses of vegetation and erosion indices to 4 years of pastoralists’ winter stocking rates on working Tibetan steppe pastures in Qinghai Province, China, 2009–2012. We accounted for annual weather variation, heterogeneity in site characteristics, and variation in phenology. Pastoralists stocked sheep adaptively, responding to herbage mass of palatable species rather than to total mass. However, herbage of preferred species declined, and erosion increased, with winter stocking rate.


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Seed bank persistence and germination of chinee apple (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.) 
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Faiz F. Bebawi , Shane D. Campbell and Robert J. Mayer
pp. 17-25

Chinee apple trees are a scourge on tropical Australia’s woodlands and cattle industry – and with their prolific rate of seed production have the potential to increase their impacts, which already include reduced stocking rates, impeding mustering and restricting water access. This paper explores three experiments related to the seed dynamics of chinee apple and its propensity to remain viable under different conditions. While findings do indicate that chinee apple could expand its distribution to cooler areas, annual control activities should be sufficient to ensure that new plants do not produce and replenish soil seed banks.


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The impact of recent volcanic ash depositions on herbivores in Patagonia: a review 
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Werner T. Flueck
pp. 27-34

Ash depositions from the Puyehue (2011) and Calbuco (2015) volcanic eruptions may cause havoc for wild and domestic animals and the people dependent on them. The negative impact on sheep wool production was thought to be related to reduced forage and tooth wear, but as shown here, there was also a major effect from fluoride intoxication. The recognition of toxic effects such as fluorosis have a strong bearing on diagnosing the types of impacts and selecting appropriate remedy measures aimed at reducing the impacts.


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The potential distribution of the woody weed Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton (Asclepiadaceae) in Australia 
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Enock O. Menge , Alyson Stobo-Wilson , Sofia L. J. Oliveira and Michael J. Lawes
pp. 35-46

Rubber bush infests 3.7 million ha of pastoral land in northern Australia. We modelled its potential distribution under current and future climates. Although widespread across north Australia, models show that rubber bush has not saturated its current potential distribution. However, under future climates it will spread into all three states surrounding the Northern Territory, but mostly into north-eastern Western Australia and north-western Queensland. Joint management of rubber bush at a regional scale and across jurisdictions, is urgently advised.


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Effects of fenced seed production areas and restoration treatments on the size and composition of the native grass seedbanks in moderately degraded rangelands in semiarid Australia 
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Judith M. Bean , Gavin J. Melville , Ronald B. Hacker , Sharon Anderson , Alicia Whittington and Stephen P. Clipperton
pp. 47-56

Fencing of topographically high areas with remnant perennial grasses, and implementation on surrounding slopes of mechanical pitting and piles of fine shrub branches led to an increase in size of the seedbank on the slopes (initially almost bare of preferred grasses). Pits favoured incorporation of the unpreferred No. 9 wiregrass and the piles of branches favoured incorporation of the preferred species Mulga oats. The treatments were more effective on a hard-setting red earth than a medium-textured lithosol.


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Individual and social optima of rural land allocation by stakeholders: a case study on eco-fragile areas of northern China 
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Min Liu , Wim Heijman , Xueqin Zhu , Liesbeth Dries and Jikun Huang
pp. 57-72

The divergence in preferences over rural land allocation among stakeholders is getting stronger with the decrease in available rural land, especially in populous countries. This paper explores individual optima and social optima of rural land allocation by different stakeholders in China, presenting the degree of divergence among stakeholders. The analysis provides policy insights that may help to achieve efficient land allocation while jointly considering all stakeholders’ ecological and economic preferences.


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Cattle removal in arid Australia benefits kangaroos in high quality habitat but does not affect camels 
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Anke S. K. Frank , Glenda M. Wardle , Aaron C. Greenville and Chris R. Dickman
pp. 73-84

Destocking may not alter grazing impacts on vegetation if introduced or native herbivores replace cattle. After less than 5 years of cattle removal no compensatory use of habitats by either kangaroos or camels was found, but there was higher kangaroo activity in high quality habitat while camels were not affected by continuous cattle grazing or cattle removal. Methods to improve the monitoring of large herbivores in the presence and absence of livestock to assess conservation goals are discussed.


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Comparing fixed and flexible stocking as adaptations to inter-annual rainfall variability in the extensive beef industry of northern Australia 
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Lester Pahl , Joe Scanlan , Giselle Whish , Robyn Cowley and Neil MacLeod
pp. 85-102

This simulation study compared the pasture condition and cattle productivity achieved by fixed stocking (attempting to maintain a constant herd size from year-to-year) at the long-term carrying capacity with that of 55 flexible stocking strategies at 28 locations across Queensland and the Northern Territory. Constrained flexibility, which limited increases in stocking rates after good growing seasons to 10% but decreased them by up to 20% after poor growing seasons, provides sustainable productivity gains for cattle producers in northern Australia.


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Chemical composition of Salicornia arabica (L.), a potential halophyte for arid rangelands 
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Bouzid Nedjimi and Brahim Beladel
pp. 103-107

Salicornia arabica L. (Amaranthaceae) produce high edible biomass in Algerian arid rangelands where non-halophytic species cannot grow. This species was qualified as a potential source of major (K, Ca) and trace elements (Fe, Zn, Co) for small ruminants. However, high Na content and probable secondary metabolites (e.g. oxalates) can reduce their digestibility and enhance the amounts of drinking water. Appropriate mixing of this shrub with non-halophytic forage species, could minimise the negative effects of these components.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    RJ16012  Accepted 21 April 2016
    Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacities and fatty acids profile of 18 alpine plants available as forage for yaks on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    G Cui, Allan Degen, X Wei, J Zhou, Luming Ding, Zhanhuan Shang, X Wei, Ruijun Long

    RJ15111  Accepted 12 April 2016
    The Future of Yak Farming in Bhutan "Policy measures government should adopt”
    Jigme Wangdi

    RJ15061  Accepted 11 April 2016
    Down scaling to regional assessment of greenhouse gas emissions to enable consistency in accounting for emissions reduction projects and national inventory accounts for northern beef production in Australia
    Sandra Eady, Guillaume Havard, Steven Bray, William Holmes, Javier Navarro Garcia

    RJ15106  Accepted 06 April 2016
    Measured reductions in the density of camels under the Australian Feral Camel Management Project
    Mark Lethbridge, Keith Saalfeld, Glenn Edwards

    RJ15019  Accepted 05 April 2016
    The influence of shrub species and fine-scale plant density on arthropods in a semi-arid shrubland
    Alan Kwok, David Eldridge

    RJ16028  Accepted 29 March 2016
    Guest editorial - Special edition of Rangeland Journal on feral camels
    Quentin (Guest Editor) Hart, Glenn (Guest Editor) Edwards

    RJ15093  Accepted 22 March 2016
    Rangeland profitability in the northern Gulf region of Queensland: Understanding beef business complexity and the subsequent impact on land resource management and environmental outcomes
    Joe Rolfe, Alison Larard, Bernie English, Emma Hegarty, Tim McGrath, Niilo Gobius, Joanne De Faveri, Joanna Srhoj, Michael Digby, Richard Musgrove

    RJ15066  Accepted 20 March 2016
    Facilitating feral camel removal in Australia through commercial use
    John Virtue, Phil Gee, Nick Secomb, Paul O'Leary, Brenton Grear

    RJ15064  Accepted 11 March 2016
    Optimising beef business performance in northern Australia: what can thirty years of commercial innovation teach us?
    Dionne (Guest Editor) Walsh, Robyn Cowley

    RJ15098  Accepted 10 March 2016
    Feral camels: a nationally significant pest animal requiring a national management approach
    Andrew Woolnough, Glenn (Guest Editor) Edwards, Quentin (Guest Editor) Hart

    RJ15073  Accepted 04 March 2016
    The impact of feral camels (Camelus dromedarius) on woody vegetation in arid Australia
    Jayne Brim Box, Catherine Nano, Glenis McBurnie, Don Waller, Kathy McConnell, Chris Brock, Rachel Paltridge, Alison McGilvray, Andrew Bubb, Glenn (Guest Editor) Edwards

    RJ15074  Accepted 04 March 2016
    The impact of feral camels (Camelus dromedarius) on remote waterholes in central Australia
    Jayne Brim Box, Glenis McBurnie, Karin Strehlow, Tracey Guest, Martin Campbell, Andrew Bubb, Kathy McConnell, Sandy Willy, Reggie Uluru, Rene Kulitja, Bernard Bell, Selwyn Burke, Raymond James, Rodney Kunoth, Brett Stockman

    RJ15097  Accepted 29 February 2016
    Is land condition a useful indicator of soil organic carbon stock in Australia’s northern grazing land?
    Steven (Guest Editor) Bray, Diane Allen, Ben Harms, David Reid, Grant Fraser, Ram Dalal, Dionne (Guest Editor) Walsh, David George (Guest Editor) Phelps, Rebecca Gunther

    RJ15103  Accepted 29 February 2016
    Use of business analysis in beef businesses to direct management practice change for climate adaptation outcomes
    Kiri Broad, Roger Sneath, Timothy Emery

    RJ15063  Accepted 29 February 2016
    The effect of earlier mating and improving fertility on greenhouse gas emissions intensity of beef production in northern Australian herds
    Brendan Cullen, Richard Eckard, Mary Timms, David George (Guest Editor) Phelps


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 15 May 2015
The relative impacts of grazing, fire and invasion by buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) on the floristic composition of a rangeland savanna ecosystem

Roderick J. Fensham, Jian Wang and Cameron Kilgour

2. Published 24 July 2015
Climate change and adaptive capacity in the Western Australian rangelands: a review of current institutional responses

Ellena Shaw and G. Bradd Witt

3. Published 15 May 2015
A life cycle assessment approach to quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from land-use change for beef production in eastern Australia

Beverley K. Henry, D. Butler and S. G. Wiedemann

4. Published 15 May 2015
The relationship between soil organic carbon and soil surface characteristics in the semi-arid rangelands of southern Australia

C. M. Waters, G. J. Melville, S. E. Orgill and Y. Alemseged

5. Published 24 July 2015
Quantifying carbon sequestration on sheep grazing land in Australia for life cycle assessment studies

B. K. Henry, D. Butler and S. G. Wiedemann

6. Published 15 May 2015
Ephemeral plant indicators of livestock grazing in arid rangelands during wet conditions

Helen P. Waudby and Sophie Petit

7. Published 22 December 2015
Challenging the concept of Aboriginal mosaic fire practices in the Lake Eyre Basin

R. G. Kimber and M. H. Friedel

8. Published 15 May 2015
Effect of summer livestock grazing on plant species richness and composition in the Himalayan rangelands

Suman Aryal, Geoff Cockfield and Tek Narayan Maraseni

9. Published 15 May 2015
Seed availability, landscape suitability and the regeneration of perennial grasses in moderately degraded rangelands in semiarid Australia

Judith M. Bean, Gavin J. Melville, Ronald B. Hacker and Stephen P. Clipperton

10. Published 15 May 2015
Biomass retention and carbon stocks in integrated vegetation bands: a case study of mixed-age brigalow-eucalypt woodland in southern Queensland, Australia

Justin G. Ryan, Christine T. Fyfe and Clive A. McAlpine

11. Published 24 July 2015
The effects of a moratorium on land-clearing in the Douglas-Daly region, Northern Territory, Australia

M. J. Lawes, R. Greiner, I. A. Leiper, R. Ninnis, D. Pearson and G. Boggs

12. Published 22 December 2015
New partnerships for managing large desert landscapes: experiences from the Martu Living Deserts Project

Tony Jupp, James Fitzsimons, Ben Carr and Peter See

13. Published 30 October 2015
Agricultural transition and land-use change: considerations in the development of irrigated enterprises in the rangelands of northern Australia

Lisa McKellar, Rosalind H. Bark and Ian Watson

14. Published 30 October 2015
Improved grazing management practices in the catchments of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia: does climate variability influence their adoption by landholders?

Megan Star, John Rolfe, Peter Long, Giselle Whish and Peter Donaghy

15. Published 24 July 2015
The population dynamics of some arid zone plants during 46 years of grazing on Mileura Station, Western Australia

S. J. J. F. Davies, S. A. Kenny and T. F. M. Walsh

16. Published 24 July 2015
Preventing weed spread: a survey of lifestyle and commercial landholders about Nassella trichotoma in the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia

A. Ruttledge, R. D. B. Whalley, I. Reeve, D. A. Backhouse and B. M. Sindel

17. Published 15 May 2015
Application of payment for ecosystem services in China’s rangeland conservation initiatives: a social-ecological system perspective

Yanbo Li, Mingming Fan and Wenjun Li

18. Published 11 March 2016
Rangeland responses to pastoralists' grazing management on a Tibetan steppe grassland, Qinghai Province, China

Richard B. Harris, Leah H. Samberg, Emily T. Yeh, Andrew T. Smith, Wang Wenying, Wang Junbang, Gaerrang and the late Donald J. Bedunah

19. Published 15 May 2015
Seed bank longevity and age to reproductive maturity of Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton in the dry tropics of northern Queensland

Faiz F. Bebawi, Shane D. Campbell and Robert J. Mayer

20. Published 30 October 2015
Flooding and geomorphology influence the persistence of the invasive annual herb Noogoora burr (Xanthium occidentale Bertol.) in the riparian zone of the dryland Darling River, Australia

Melissa Parsons and Mark Southwell

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