320 pages, 246 x 189 mm
Earthscan from Routledge
This major textbook provides a broad coverage of the ecological foundations of marine conservation, including the rationale, importance and practicalities of various approaches to marine conservation and management. The scope of the book encompasses an understanding of the elements of marine biodiversity - from global to local levels - threats to marine biodiversity, and the structure and function of marine environments as related to conservation issues.
The authors describe the potential approaches, initiatives and various options for conservation, from the genetic to the species, community and ecosystem levels in marine environments. They explore methods for identifying the units of conservation, and the development of defensible frameworks for marine conservation. They describe planning of ecologically integrated conservation strategies, including decision-making on size, boundaries, numbers and connectivity of protected area networks. The book also addresses relationships between fisheries and biodiversity, novel methods for conservation planning in the coastal zone and the evaluation of conservation initiatives.
1: Introduction: Why marine conservation is necessary
2: The marine environment: Physico-chemical characteristics
3: The marine environment: Ecology and biology
4: Approaches to marine conservation
5: Representative areas: Global to ecoregional
6: Habitats and communities: Ecoregional to local
7: Distinctive areas: Species and ecosystem processes
8: Patterns of biodiversity: Species diversity
9: Species and focal species
10: Genetic diversity
11: Coastal zones
12: High seas and deep seas
13: Linking fisheries management with marine conservation objectives through ecosystem approaches
14: Size and boundaries of protected areas
15: Evaluation of protected areas
16: Sets of protected areas
17: Networks of protected areas
18. Approaches to the establishment of marine monitoring programs
19: Remaining problems in marine conservation
John Roff was Professor and Canada Research Chair in Environmental Science and Conservation at Acadia University, Canada, and is now European Scholar in the EU Erasmus Mundus Programme.
Mark Zacharias is Adjunct Associate Professor of Geography at the University of Victoria, Canada, and Assistant Deputy Minister with the Province of British Columbia, Canada.
The book also includes earlier contributions by Jon Day, who is currently Director, Ecosystem Conservation and Sustainable Use, with the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority in Australia. Jon's contributions primarily occurred during the late 1990s when he was working in North America, but today Jon's expertise is widely recognised in marine spatial planning and marine management matters.