Explicit Anisotropic P-wave Ray Velocity Functions
Fanmin Zhang and Norm Uren
ASEG Extended Abstracts
2001(1) 1 - 4
Sedimentary rocks encountered in seismic exploration frequently exhibit directional seismic wave velocity dependence. These anisotropic rocks often can be regarded as transversely isotropic (TI) media in which the ray velocity surface of SH-waves is elliptical, while those of P- and SV-waves are non-elliptical. Transversely isotropic phase velocity expressions exist for P-, SH- and SV-waves. Unfortunately, until now no explicit exact analytical ray velocity functions exist for P- or SV-waves propagating in TI media. In exploration seismology, explicit ray velocity functions are needed for efficient migration, velocity analysis and other seismic processing procedures. Approximate explicit analytical P-wave ray velocity functions in transversely isotropic media have now been developed. These ray velocity functions include a new dimensionless constant, A, which depends on elastic parameters C11, C33, C44, and C13, or Thomsen?s parameters e, d, a0, and b0. The accuracy of the functions has been tested for all the materials published by Thomsen (1986). From these ray velocity functions, the travel time between any two points in homogeneous transversely isotropic media may be calculated. Reflection travel times from a single horizontal reflector overlain by transversely isotropic media with vertical symmetrical axis (VTI) are also calculated and compared with those obtained by Tsvankin (1996). The results show that the proposed explicit ray velocity functions have high accuracy.
Full text doi:10.1071/ASEG2001ab153
© ASEG 2001