151 PROTEOMICS ANALYSIS OF PREGNANCY-SPECIFIC SERUM PROTEINS IN BOVINE
D. I. Jin, H. R. Lee, H. R. Kim, H. J. Lee, J. T. Yoon and C. S. Park
Reproduction, Fertility and Development
18(2) 183 - 183
Published: 14 December 2005
To identify early pregnancy-specific serum proteins in bovine, we performed proteomics analysis using blood serum samples of pregnant and non-pregnant Holstein dairy cattle Days 21 and 35 after AI. A total of eight pregnant and eight non-pregnant cattle were used for collection of the blood samples. The global proteomics approach was exploited by the use of 2-D gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry to sort out pregnancy-specific proteins. Serum proteins within isoelectric point ranges of 4.0 to 7.0, 6.0 to 9.0, and 5.5 to 6.7 were analyzed separately by 2-D electrophoresis with three replications of each sample. The stained gels were scanned and calibrated at an optical resolution of 63.5 ¼m/pixel using a GS-710 imaging densitometer (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA, USA). A total of approximately 1200 spots were detected in 2-D gels stained with Coomassie-blue. In the comparison of serum samples from pregnant and non-pregnant cattle, nine pregnancy-specific spots were detected unanimously in Day 21 and Day 35 serum samples. Pregnancy-specific proteins were identified as transferrin, albumin, IgG2a heavy chain constant region, and immunoglobulin gamma heavy chain variable region by means of MALDI-TOF-MS (PerSeptive Biosystems, Framingham, MA, USA). Even though the identified spots were abundant serum proteins, their molecular weights and pI values were different from those of the main serum proteins. Most proteins identified in this analysis appeared to be related with pregnancy-specific subunits or fragments of transferrin, albumin, and IgG. One of the pregnancy-specific proteins, transferrin, is known to be related to iron transport during pregnancy. Western blot analysis using polyclonal anti-transferrin antibody revealed specific transferrin expression in the serum samples from the pregnant cattle but no detectable expression in the serum samples from the non-pregnant cattle. Our results revealed composite profiles of key proteins involved in early pregnancy and suggest the potential use of identified proteins to detect early pregnancy in bovine.
Full text doi:10.1071/RDv18n2Ab151
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