Synthesis of α-Tocopherol Analogues
Cacang Suarna, Roger T. Dean and Peter T. Southwell-Keely
Australian Journal of Chemistry
50(12) 1129 - 1136
A range of a-tocopherol analogues of varying side-chain length and structure has been prepared by the Wittig reaction of alkyltriphenylphosphonium bromides with either 6-benzyloxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman- 2-carbaldehyde (8) or 6-acetoxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carbaldehyde (14). These analogues include 2-hexyl-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-6-ol (11), 2-heptyl-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-6-ol (12) and 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-(pent-1-enyl)chroman-6-ol (15). Methoxycarbonylmethyl 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylate (2) was formed by reaction of the triethylammonium salt of trolox (1) with methyl bromoacetate. Reaction of methoxycarbonylmethyltriphenylphosphonium bromide (16) with (8) did not produce the expected methyl 3-(6-benzyloxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-yl)prop-2-enoate (17), but rather 4-(6-benzyloxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-yl)but-3-en-2-one (22). A proposed mechanism for this unusual reaction is discussed.
Full text doi:10.1071/C97044
© CSIRO 1997