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Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 66(2)

Chemically Modified Lagenaria vulgaris as a Biosorbent for the Removal of CuII from Water

Maja N. Stanković A , Nenad S. Krstić A C , Ian J. Slipper B , Jelena Z. Mitrović A , Miljana D. Radović A , Danijela V. Bojić A and Aleksandar Lj. Bojić A

A Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, University of Niš, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia.
B School of Science, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, Kent, ME4 4TB, UK.
C Corresponding author. Email: nenad.krstic84@yahoo.com

Australian Journal of Chemistry 66(2) 227-236 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/CH12422
Submitted: 14 September 2012  Accepted: 19 October 2012   Published: 26 November 2012


 
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Abstract

The ability of a biosorbent based on a chemically modified Lagenaria vulgaris shell for CuII ion removal from aqueous solution was studied in batch conditions. The biosorbent was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and the effect of relevant parameters such as contact time, pH, biomass dosage, and initial metal ion concentration was evaluated. The sorption process was found to be fast, attaining equilibrium within 40 min, and results were found to be best fitted by a pseudo-second order kinetic model. Experimental data showed that the biosorption is highly pH dependent, and the optimal pH was 5.0. Results were analyzed in terms of the following adsorption isotherms: Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Flory–Huggins, by a linear regression method. The CuII biosorption followed the Langmuir isotherm model (r2 = 0.998) with the maximum sorption capacity of 14.95 mg g–1. The methyl-sulfonated Lagenaria vulgaris biomass investigated in this study exhibited a high potential for the removal of CuII from aqueous solution.





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