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Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 66(7)

Applications of Mass Spectrometry in Proteomics

Izabela Sokolowska A , Armand G. Ngounou Wetie A , Alisa G. Woods A B and Costel C. Darie A C

A Biochemistry and Proteomics Group, Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Science, Clarkson University, 8 Clarkson Avenue, Potsdam, NY 13699-5810, USA.
B Neuropsychology Clinic and Psychoeducation Services, SUNY Plattsburgh, Plattsburgh, NY 12901, USA.
C Corresponding author. Email: cdarie@clarkson.edu

Australian Journal of Chemistry 66(7) 721-733 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/CH13137
Submitted: 27 March 2013  Accepted: 14 May 2013   Published: 3 June 2013


 
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Abstract

Characterisation of proteins and whole proteomes can provide a foundation to our understanding of physiological and pathological states and biological diseases or disorders. Constant development of more reliable and accurate mass spectrometry (MS) instruments and techniques has allowed for better identification and quantification of the thousands of proteins involved in basic physiological processes. Therefore, MS-based proteomics has been widely applied to the analysis of biological samples and has greatly contributed to our understanding of protein functions, interactions, and dynamics, advancing our knowledge of cellular processes as well as the physiology and pathology of the human body. This review will discuss current proteomic approaches for protein identification and characterisation, including post-translational modification (PTM) analysis and quantitative proteomics as well as investigation of protein–protein interactions (PPIs).





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